the origin and evolution of cultures evolution and cognition series

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The Origin And Evolution Of Cultures

Author : Robert Boyd
ISBN : 9780199883127
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 85 MB
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Oxford presents, in one convenient and coherently organized volume, 20 influential but until now relatively inaccessible articles that form the backbone of Boyd and Richerson's path-breaking work on evolution and culture. Their interdisciplinary research is based on two notions. First, that culture is crucial for understanding human behavior; unlike other organisms, socially transmitted beliefs, attitudes, and values heavily influence our behavior. Secondly, culture is part of biology: the capacity to acquire and transmit culture is a derived component of human psychology, and the contents of culture are deeply intertwined with our biology. Culture then is a pool of information, stored in the brains of the population that gets transmitted from one brain to another by social learning processes. Therefore, culture can account for both our outstanding ecological success as well as the maladaptations that characterize much of human behavior. The interest in this collection will span anthropology, psychology, economics, philosophy, and political science.

The Origin And Evolution Of Cultures

Author : Los Angeles Robert Boyd Professor of Anthropology University of California
ISBN : 0198040083
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35. 12 MB
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Oxford presents, in one convenient and coherently organized volume, 20 influential but until now relatively inaccessible articles that form the backbone of Boyd and Richerson's path-breaking work on evolution and culture. Their interdisciplinary research is based on two notions. First, that culture is crucial for understanding human behavior; unlike other organisms, socially transmitted beliefs, attitudes, and values heavily influence our behavior. Secondly, culture is part of biology: the capacity to acquire and transmit culture is a derived component of human psychology, and the contents of culture are deeply intertwined with our biology. Culture then is a pool of information, stored in the brains of the population that gets transmitted from one brain to another by social learning processes. Therefore, culture can account for both our outstanding ecological success as well as the maladaptations that characterize much of human behavior. The interest in this collection will span anthropology, psychology, economics, philosophy, and political science.

Origins Of The Modern Mind

Author : Merlin Donald
ISBN : 0674644840
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 83 MB
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This bold and brilliant book asks the ultimate question of life sciences: How did the human mind acquire its incomparable power? Origins of the Modern Mind traces the evolution of human culture and cognition from primitive apes to the era of artificial intelligence, and presents an original theory of how the human mind evolved from its presymbolic form. Illustrated with line drawings.

The Evolution Of Cognitive Maps

Author : Ervin Laszlo
ISBN : 2881245595
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72. 84 MB
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Cognitive maps, mental representations which inform thought and action, are templates for human perception and behavior. Bringing together diverse disciplines--cognitive and social psychology, biopsychology, history, physics, cosmology, chemistry, population ecology, economics, and philosophy of science--This volume comprises the revised and updated texts of the majority of papers first given at the international meeting of the General Evolution Research Group, held at the U. of Bologna, Italy in May 1989. The essays explore the development of cognitive maps from their biological and historical bases to their contemporary forms. Includes a closing commentary by Umberto Eco. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Evolution Culture And The Human Mind

Author : Mark Schaller
ISBN : 9781136950490
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 88. 48 MB
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An enormous amount of scientific research compels two fundamental conclusions about the human mind: The mind is the product of evolution; and the mind is shaped by culture. These two perspectives on the human mind are not incompatible, but, until recently, their compatibility has resisted rigorous scholarly inquiry. Evolutionary psychology documents many ways in which genetic adaptations govern the operations of the human mind. But evolutionary inquiries only occasionally grapple seriously with questions about human culture and cross-cultural differences. By contrast, cultural psychology documents many ways in which thought and behavior are shaped by different cultural experiences. But cultural inquires rarely consider evolutionary processes. Even after decades of intensive research, these two perspectives on human psychology have remained largely divorced from each other. But that is now changing - and that is what this book is about. Evolution, Culture, and the Human Mind is the first scholarly book to integrate evolutionary and cultural perspectives on human psychology. The contributors include world-renowned evolutionary, cultural, social, and cognitive psychologists. These chapters reveal many novel insights linking human evolution to both human cognition and human culture – including the evolutionary origins of cross-cultural differences. The result is a stimulating introduction to an emerging integrative perspective on human nature.

Evolution And The Human Mind

Author : Peter Carruthers
ISBN : 0521789087
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 83. 80 MB
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This volume of essays offers an interdisciplinary examination of the evolution of the human mind.

Developing Scaffolds In Evolution Culture And Cognition

Author : Linnda R. Caporael
ISBN : 9780262019552
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 29. 75 MB
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"Scaffolding" is a concept that is becoming widely used across disciplines. This book investigates common threads in diverse applications of scaffolding, including theoretical biology, cognitive science, social theory, science and technology studies, and human development. Despite its widespread use, the concept of scaffolding is often given short shrift; the contributors to this volume, from a range of disciplines, offer a more fully developed analysis of scaffolding that highlights the role of temporal and temporary resources in development, broadly conceived, across concepts of culture, cognition, and evolution. The book emphasizes reproduction, repeated assembly, and entrenchment of heterogeneous relations, parts, and processes as a complement to neo-Darwinism in the developmentalist tradition of conceptualizing evolutionary change. After describing an integration of theoretical perspectives that can accommodate different levels of analysis and connect various methodologies, the book discusses multilevel organization; differences (and reciprocality) between individuals and institutions as units of analysis; and perspectives on development that span brains, careers, corporations, and cultural cycles. ContributorsColin Allen, Linnda R. Caporael, James Evans, Elihu M. Gerson, Simona Ginsburg, James R. Griesemer, Christophe Heintz, Eva Jablonka, Sanjay Joshi, Shu-Chen Li, Pamela Lyon, Sergio F. Martinez, Christopher J. May, Johann Peter Murmann, Stuart A. Newman, Jeffrey C. Schank, Iddo Tavory, Georg Theiner, Barbara Hoeberg Wimsatt, William C. Wimsatt

The Cultural Origins Of Human Cognition

Author : Michael TOMASELLO
ISBN : 0674044371
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 83. 48 MB
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Bridging the gap between evolutionary theory and cultural psychology, Michael Tomasello argues that the roots of the human capacity for symbol-based culture are based in a cluster of uniquely human cognitive capacities. These include capacities for understanding that others have intentions of their own, and for imitating, not just what someone else does, but what someone else has intended to do. Tomasello further describes with authority and ingenuity how these capacities work over evolutionary and historical time to create the kind of cultural artifacts and settings within which each new generation of children develops.

In Gods We Trust

Author : Scott Atran
ISBN : 0198034059
Genre : Religion
File Size : 70. 25 MB
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This ambitious, interdisciplinary book seeks to explain the origins of religion using our knowledge of the evolution of cognition. A cognitive anthropologist and psychologist, Scott Atran argues that religion is a by-product of human evolution just as the cognitive intervention, cultural selection, and historical survival of religion is an accommodation of certain existential and moral elements that have evolved in the human condition.

Evolution And Culture

Author : Stephen C. Levinson
ISBN : 9780262122788
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 61 MB
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Twelve original essays examine the symbiotic relation of culture and genome.

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