the origin and evolution of cultures evolution and cognition series

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The Origin And Evolution Of Cultures

Author : Los Angeles Robert Boyd Professor of Anthropology University of California
ISBN : 0198040083
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80. 43 MB
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Oxford presents, in one convenient and coherently organized volume, 20 influential but until now relatively inaccessible articles that form the backbone of Boyd and Richerson's path-breaking work on evolution and culture. Their interdisciplinary research is based on two notions. First, that culture is crucial for understanding human behavior; unlike other organisms, socially transmitted beliefs, attitudes, and values heavily influence our behavior. Secondly, culture is part of biology: the capacity to acquire and transmit culture is a derived component of human psychology, and the contents of culture are deeply intertwined with our biology. Culture then is a pool of information, stored in the brains of the population that gets transmitted from one brain to another by social learning processes. Therefore, culture can account for both our outstanding ecological success as well as the maladaptations that characterize much of human behavior. The interest in this collection will span anthropology, psychology, economics, philosophy, and political science.

The Origin And Evolution Of Cultures

Author : Robert Boyd
ISBN : 9780199883127
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 3 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Oxford presents, in one convenient and coherently organized volume, 20 influential but until now relatively inaccessible articles that form the backbone of Boyd and Richerson's path-breaking work on evolution and culture. Their interdisciplinary research is based on two notions. First, that culture is crucial for understanding human behavior; unlike other organisms, socially transmitted beliefs, attitudes, and values heavily influence our behavior. Secondly, culture is part of biology: the capacity to acquire and transmit culture is a derived component of human psychology, and the contents of culture are deeply intertwined with our biology. Culture then is a pool of information, stored in the brains of the population that gets transmitted from one brain to another by social learning processes. Therefore, culture can account for both our outstanding ecological success as well as the maladaptations that characterize much of human behavior. The interest in this collection will span anthropology, psychology, economics, philosophy, and political science.

Origins Of The Modern Mind

Author : Merlin Donald
ISBN : 0674644840
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68. 31 MB
Format : PDF
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This bold and brilliant book asks the ultimate question of life sciences: How did the human mind acquire its incomparable power? Origins of the Modern Mind traces the evolution of human culture and cognition from primitive apes to the era of artificial intelligence, and presents an original theory of how the human mind evolved from its presymbolic form. Illustrated with line drawings.

Developing Scaffolds In Evolution Culture And Cognition

Author : Linnda R. Caporael
ISBN : 9780262019552
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 85. 66 MB
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"Scaffolding" is a concept that is becoming widely used across disciplines. This book investigates common threads in diverse applications of scaffolding, including theoretical biology, cognitive science, social theory, science and technology studies, and human development. Despite its widespread use, the concept of scaffolding is often given short shrift; the contributors to this volume, from a range of disciplines, offer a more fully developed analysis of scaffolding that highlights the role of temporal and temporary resources in development, broadly conceived, across concepts of culture, cognition, and evolution. The book emphasizes reproduction, repeated assembly, and entrenchment of heterogeneous relations, parts, and processes as a complement to neo-Darwinism in the developmentalist tradition of conceptualizing evolutionary change. After describing an integration of theoretical perspectives that can accommodate different levels of analysis and connect various methodologies, the book discusses multilevel organization; differences (and reciprocality) between individuals and institutions as units of analysis; and perspectives on development that span brains, careers, corporations, and cultural cycles. ContributorsColin Allen, Linnda R. Caporael, James Evans, Elihu M. Gerson, Simona Ginsburg, James R. Griesemer, Christophe Heintz, Eva Jablonka, Sanjay Joshi, Shu-Chen Li, Pamela Lyon, Sergio F. Martinez, Christopher J. May, Johann Peter Murmann, Stuart A. Newman, Jeffrey C. Schank, Iddo Tavory, Georg Theiner, Barbara Hoeberg Wimsatt, William C. Wimsatt

The Cultural Origins Of Human Cognition

Author : Michael TOMASELLO
ISBN : 0674044371
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 62. 76 MB
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Bridging the gap between evolutionary theory and cultural psychology, Michael Tomasello argues that the roots of the human capacity for symbol-based culture are based in a cluster of uniquely human cognitive capacities. These include capacities for understanding that others have intentions of their own, and for imitating, not just what someone else does, but what someone else has intended to do. Tomasello further describes with authority and ingenuity how these capacities work over evolutionary and historical time to create the kind of cultural artifacts and settings within which each new generation of children develops.

The Evolution Of Cultural Entities

Author : Michael Wheeler
ISBN : 0197262627
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 82. 85 MB
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Ever since Darwin, scholars have noted that cultural entities such as languages, laws and theories seem to evolve through variation, selection and replication. These essays consider whether this comparison is just a metaphor.

Origins Of Religion Cognition And Culture

Author : Armin W. Geertz
ISBN : 9781317544555
Genre : Religion
File Size : 24. 64 MB
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Attempts to understand the origins of humanity have raised fundamental questions about the complex relationship between cognition and culture. Central to the debates on origins is the role of religion, religious ritual and religious experience. What came first: individual religious (ecstatic) experiences, collective observances of transition situations, fear of death, ritual competence, magical coercion; mirror neurons or temporal lobe religiosity? Cognitive scientists are now providing us with important insights on phylogenetic and ontogenetic processes. Together with insights from the humanities and social sciences on the origins, development and maintenance of complex semiotic, social and cultural systems, a general picture of what is particularly human about humans could emerge. Reflections on the preconditions for symbolic and linguistic competence and practice are now within our grasp. Origins of Religion, Cognition and Culture puts culture centre stage in the cognitive science of religion.

Approaches To The Evolution Of Language

Author : James R. Hurford
ISBN : 0521639646
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 20. 1 MB
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This book considers language within the framework of modern evolutionary theory, emphasising its social bases.

The Evolution Of Cognition

Author : Cecilia M. Heyes
ISBN : 0262082861
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 65. 33 MB
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This book encompasses the behavior and mentality of nonhuman as well as human animalsand a full range of evolutionary approaches. Rather than a collection by and for the like-minded, itis a debate about how evolutionary processes have shaped cognition.

Genetic And Cultural Evolution Of Cooperation

Author : Germany) Dahlem Workshop on Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation (90th : 2002 : Berlin
ISBN : 0262083264
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 31. 2 MB
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Seeking to help exchanges between researchers in different disciplines, the 90th Dahlem Workshop was convened. This book, which grew out of that meeting, addresses such topics as emotions in human co-operation, reciprocity, biological markets and co-operation and conflict in multi-cellularity.

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