the nature of urban design a new york perspective on resilience

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The Nature Of Urban Design

Author : Alexandros Washburn
ISBN : 9781610915168
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 74. 59 MB
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The best cities become an ingrained part of their residents' identities. Urban design is the key to this process, but all too often, citizens abandon it to professionals, unable to see a way to express what they love and value in their own neighborhoods. New in paperback, this visually rich book by Alexandros Washburn, former Chief Urban Designer of the New York Department of City Planning, redefines urban design. His book empowers urbanites and lays the foundations for a new approach to design that will help cities to prosper in an uncertain future. He asks his readers to consider how cities shape communities, for it is the strength of our communities, he argues, that will determine how we respond to crises like Hurricane Sandy, whose floodwaters he watched from his home in Red Hook, Brooklyn. Washburn draws heavily on his experience within the New York City planning system while highlighting forward-thinking developments in cities around the world. He grounds his book in the realities of political and financial challenges that hasten or hinder even the most beautiful designs. By discussing projects like the High Line and the Harlem Children's Zone as well as examples from Seoul to Singapore, he explores the nuances of the urban design process while emphasizing the importance of individuals with the drive to make a difference in their city. Throughout the book, Washburn shows how a well-designed city can be the most efficient, equitable, safe, and enriching place on earth. The Nature of Urban Design provides a framework for participating in the process of change and will inspire and inform anyone who cares about cities.

Resilience

Author : Kevin Grove
ISBN : 9781317340003
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81. 67 MB
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Is resilience simply a fad, or is it a new way of thinking about human–environment relations, and the governance of these relations, that has real staying power? Is resilience a dangerous, depoliticizing concept that neuters incipient political activity, or the key to more empowering, emancipatory, and participatory forms of environmental management? Resilience offers an advanced introduction to these debates. It provides students with a detailed review of how the concept emerged from a small corner of ecology to critically challenge conventional environmental management practices, and radicalize how we can think about and manage social and ecological change. But Resilience also situates this new style of thought and management within a particular historical and geographical context. It traces the roots of resilience to the cybernetically-influenced behavioral science of Herbert Simon, the neoliberal political economic theory of new institutional economics, the pragmatist philosophy of John Dewey, and the modernist design aesthetic of the Bauhaus school. These diverse roots are what distinguish resilience approaches from other ways of studying human-environment relations. Resilience thinking recalibrates the study of social and environmental change around a will to design, a drive or desire to synthesize diverse forms of knowledge and develop collaborative, cross-boundary solutions to complex problems. In contrast to the modes of analysis and critique found in geography and cognate disciplines, resilience approaches strive to pragmatically transform human–environment relations in ways that will produce more sustainable futures for complex social and ecological systems. In providing a road map to debates over resilience that brings together research from geography, anthropology, sociology, international relations, and philosophy, this book gives readers the conceptual and theoretical tools necessary to engage with political and ethical questions about how we can and should live together in an increasingly interconnected and unpredictable world.

Urban Regions Now Tomorrow

Author : Sonja Deppisch
ISBN : 9783658167592
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 47. 83 MB
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This book points to three dominant concepts of how to deal with long-term or surprising and also sudden catastrophic changes, with a main focus on resilience. It is dealing with past, current and future change processes in European, Northern American as well as Australian cities and urban regions, and with the challenges they pose to a resilient urban development. Additionally, contributions deal with potential transformations of urban and regional development and related planning and governance approaches.

Resilience In Ecology And Urban Design

Author : S.T.A. Pickett
ISBN : 9789400753419
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 82 MB
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The contributors to this volume propose strategies of urgent and vital importance that aim to make today’s urban environments more resilient. Resilience, the ability of complex systems to adapt to changing conditions, is a key frontier in ecological research and is especially relevant in creative urban design, as urban areas exemplify complex systems. With something approaching half of the world’s population now residing in coastal urban zones, many of which are vulnerable both to floods originating inland and rising sea levels, making urban areas more robust in the face of environmental threats must be a policy ambition of the highest priority. The complexity of urban areas results from their spatial heterogeneity, their intertwined material and energy fluxes, and the integration of social and natural processes. All of these features can be altered by intentional planning and design. The complex, integrated suite of urban structures and processes together affect the adaptive resilience of urban systems, but also presupposes that planners can intervene in positive ways. As examples accumulate of linkage between sustainability and building/landscape design, such as the Shanghai Chemical Industrial Park and Toronto’s Lower Don River area, this book unites the ideas, data, and insights of ecologists and related scientists with those of urban designers. It aims to integrate a formerly atomized dialog to help both disciplines promote urban resilience.

Sustainable Transportation Planning

Author : Jeffrey Tumlin
ISBN : 9781118127629
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 85. 27 MB
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"The Great American Dream of cruising down the parkway, zippingfrom here to there at any time has given way to a true nightmarethat is destroying the environment, costing billions and deeplyimpacting our personal well-being. Getting from A to B has neverbeen more difficult, expensive or miserable. It doesn't have to bethis way. Jeffrey Tumlin's book Sustainable TransportationPlanning offers easy-to-understand, clearly explained tips andtechniques that will allow us to quite literally take back ourroads. Essential reading for anyone who wants to drive ourtransportation system out of the gridlock." -Marianne Cusato, home designer and author of Get Your HouseRight: Architectural Elements to Use and Avoid ?The book is full of useful ideas on nearly every page.? ? Bill DiBennedetto of Triple Pundit As transportations-related disciplines of urban planning,architecture, landscape architecture, urban economics, and socialpolicy have undergone major internal reform efforts in recentdecades Written in clear, easy-to-follow language, this bookprovides planning practitioners with the tools they need to achievetheir cities? economic development, social equity and ecologicalsustainability goals. Starting with detailed advice for improvingeach mode of transportation, the book offers guidance on balancingthe needs of each mode against each other, whether on a downtownstreet, or a small town neighborhood, or a regional network.

Prospects For Resilience

Author : Eric W. Sanderson
ISBN : 9781610917346
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 43 MB
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Given the realities of climate change and sea-level rise, coastal cities around the world are struggling with questions of resilience. Resilience, at its core, is about desirable states of the urban social-ecological system and understanding how to sustain those states in an uncertain and tumultuous future. How do physical conditions, ecological processes, social objectives, human politics, and history shape the prospects for resilience? Most books set out "the answer.” This book sets out a process of grappling with holistic resilience from multiple perspectives, drawing on the insights and experiences of more than fifty scholars and practitioners working together to make Jamaica Bay in New York City an example for the world. Prospects for Resilience establishes a framework for understanding resilience practice in urban watersheds. Using Jamaica Bay—the largest contiguous natural area in New York, home to millions of New Yorkers, and a hub of global air travel with John F. Kennedy International Airport—the authors demonstrate how various components of social-ecological systems interact, ranging from climatic factors to plant populations to human demographics. They also highlight essential tools for creating resilient watersheds, including monitoring and identifying system indicators; computer modeling; green infrastructure; and decision science methods. Finally, they look at the role and importance of a "boundary organization” like the new Science and Resilience Institute at Jamaica Bay in coordinating and facilitating resilience work, and consider significant research questions and prospects for the future of urban watersheds. Prospects for Resiliencesets forth an essential foundation of information and advice for researchers, urban planners, students and others who need to create more resilient cities that work with, not against, nature.

Restorative Commons

Author : Lindsay K. Campbell
ISBN : MINN:31951D029382317
Genre : Open spaces
File Size : 71. 32 MB
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The Risk City

Author : Yosef Jabareen
ISBN : 9789401797689
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37. 24 MB
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Contemporary cities face phenomenal risks, and they face particularly high levels of mounting social and environmental risks, including social polarization, urban conflicts, riots, terror, and climate change threats. This book suggests that climate change and its resulting uncertainties challenge the concepts, procedures, and scope of conventional approaches to planning, creating a need to rethink and revise current planning methods. Therefore, this book suggests a paradigm shift in our thinking, interrogation, and planning of our cities. Based on the contemporary conditions of risk at cities, this book conceptualizes the risk city as a construct of three interlinked concepts of risk, trust, and practice. It is a construct of risk and its new evolving conditions and knowledge of uncertainties stem from climate change and other risks and uncertainties. As a construct of practices, the risk city produces social and political institutional framework and promotes practices accordingly in order to reduce risk and risk possibilities and to increase trust. In light of the complex challenges and risks to the human habitat that have emerged in recent years, many cities have prepared various types of plans aimed at addressing the challenges posed by climate change. Nonetheless, despite the importance of these plans and the major public resources invested in their formulation, we still know little about them and have yet to begin studying them and assessing their contributions . From the innovative perspective of the risk city, this book asks critical questions about the nature, vision, practices, and potential impact of the recent climate change-oriented plans. What kinds of risks do they attempt to address, what types of practices do they institute, and what types of approaches do they apply? Do they adequately address the risks and uncertainties posed? How do they contribute to the worldwide effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions? This book uses the methodologically innovative Risk City framework to examine the nature, vision, outcomes, practices, and impact of these crucial plans, as well as their contribution to the resilience of our cities and to global efforts toward reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Designing Resilient Cities

Author : D. R. Lombardi
ISBN : MINN:31951D035012172
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34. 44 MB
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CD-ROM in pocket attached to inside front cover.

The World Bank Research Observer

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951P01152911J
Genre : Developing countries
File Size : 47. 80 MB
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