the making of modern colombia a nation in spite of itself

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The Making Of Modern Colombia

Author : David Bushnell
ISBN : 0520082893
Genre : History
File Size : 73. 22 MB
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"I simply cannot think of an example of recent scholarship on Latin America that I found as thoroughly rewarding and enjoyable as this study."--Charles Bergquist, University of Washington

Blood And Fire

Author : Mary Roldán
ISBN : 0822329182
Genre : History
File Size : 69. 83 MB
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Between 1946 and 1958 there was a surge of violence in Colombia that left 200,000 dead in one of the worst conflicts our hemisphere has ever experienced. This little-studied period of terror, known as La Violencia, is the subject of Blood and Fire. Scholars have traditionally assumed that partisan politics provided the underpinning for La Violencia, but Mary Roldn challenges earlier assessments of the motives behind the brutality by providing a nuanced account of the political and cultural context of the events. Through an analysis of the evolution of violence in Antioquia, a region of Colombia, Roldn demonstrates how tensions between regional politics and the weak central state, the privatisation of state violence into paramilitary units, and prejudices about race, geography, class, and ethnicity all ultimately fed into surges of violent activity. Although the author acknowledges that partisan animosities played a key role in the disintegration of peaceful discourse, she argues that these politics were intensified by other concerns. Roldan's reading of the historical events suggests that Antioquia's experience of La Violencia was the culmination of a brand of internal colonialism, whereby regional identity formation was based on assumptions of cultural superiority and used as an opportunity to justify violence against racial or ethnic "others" and a chance to seize their resources. This is the first study to analyse intersections of ethnicity, geography, and class to explore the genesis of Colombian violence, and it has implications for the study of repression in many other nations.

Liberty And Equality In Caribbean Colombia 1770 1835

Author : Aline Helg
ISBN : 0807875872
Genre : History
File Size : 86. 47 MB
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After Brazil and the United States, Colombia has the third-largest population of African-descended peoples in the Western hemisphere. Yet the country is commonly viewed as a nation of Andeans, whites, and mestizos (peoples of mixed Spanish and indigenous Indian ancestry). Aline Helg examines the historical roots of Colombia's treatment and neglect of its Afro-Caribbean identity within the comparative perspective of the Americas. Concentrating on the Caribbean region, she explores the role of free and enslaved peoples of full and mixed African ancestry, elite whites, and Indians in the late colonial period and in the processes of independence and early nation building. Why did race not become an organizational category in Caribbean Colombia as it did in several other societies with significant African-descended populations? Helg argues that divisions within the lower and upper classes, silence on the issue of race, and Afro-Colombians' preference for individual, local, and transient forms of resistance resulted in particular spheres of popular autonomy but prevented the development of an Afro-Caribbean identity in the region and a cohesive challenge to Andean Colombia. Considering cities such as Cartagena and Santa Marta, the rural communities along the Magdalena River, and the vast uncontrolled frontiers, Helg illuminates an understudied Latin American region and reintegrates Colombia into the history of the Caribbean.

Colombia

Author : Michael J. LaRosa
ISBN : 9781442209367
Genre : History
File Size : 76. 66 MB
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Written by two leading historians, this deeply informed and accessible book traces the history of Colombia thematically, covering the past two centuries. In ten interlinked chapters, Michael J. LaRosa and German R. Mejia depart from more standard approaches by presenting a history of political, social, and cultural accomplishments within the context of Colombia s specific geographic and economic realities. Their emphasis on cultural development, international relations, and everyday life contrasts sharply with works that focus only on Colombia s violent past or dwell on a Colombian economy deeply dependent on narcotics a tragic nation that barely functions. Instead, the authors emphasize Colombia s remarkable national cohesion and endurance since the early nineteenth-century wars for independence. Including a photo essay, detailed chronology, and resource guide, this concise yet thorough history will be an invaluable resource for all readers seeking a thoughtful, definitive interpretation of Colombia s past and present. This updated paperback edition addresses the current peace negotiations in an epilogue titled Chronicle of a Peace Forestalled? "

Short Walks From Bogot

Author : Tom Feiling
ISBN : 9781846145841
Genre : History
File Size : 45. 60 MB
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For decades, Colombia was the 'narcostate'. Now travel to Colombia and South America is on the rise, and it's seen as one of the rising stars of the global economy. Where does the truth lie? Writer and journalist Tom Feiling, author of the acclaimed study of cocaine The Candy Machine, has journeyed throughout Colombia, down roads that were until recently too dangerous to travel, to paint a fresh picture of one of the world's most notorious and least-understood countries. He talks to former guerrilla fighters and their ex-captives; women whose sons were 'disappeared' by paramilitaries; the nomadic tribe who once thought they were the only people on earth and now charge $10 for a photo; the Japanese 'emerald cowboy' who made a fortune from mining; and revels in the stories that countless ordinary Colombians tell. How did a land likened to paradise by the first conquistadores become a byword for hell on earth? Why is one of the world's most unequal nations also one of its happiest? How is it rebuilding itself after decades of violence, and how successful has the process been so far? Vital, shocking, often funny and never simplistic, Short Walks from Bogota unpicks the tangled fabric of Colombia, to create a stunning work of reportage, history and travel writing.

Between Legitimacy And Violence

Author : Marco Palacios
ISBN : 0822337673
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 48 MB
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DIVComprehensive overview of modern Colombian history considers why Colombia's long-established, stable political institutions have not been able to prevent frequent and extreme violence./div

Colombia

Author : Frank Safford
ISBN : 019504617X
Genre : Art
File Size : 37. 54 MB
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A history of the country from pre-Columbian times to the present, this title includes an in-depth look at the earliest years in Columbia's history which emphasizes the role geography played in shaping Columbia's economy, society, and politics and a thorough discussion of Columbian politics.

There Are No Dead Here

Author : Maria McFarland Sánchez-Moreno
ISBN : 9781568585802
Genre : History
File Size : 39. 97 MB
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The bloody story of the rise of paramilitaries in Colombia, told through three characters--a fearless activist, a dogged journalist, and a relentless investigator--whose lives intersected in the midst of unspeakable terror. Colombia's drug-fueled cycle of terror, corruption, and tragedy did not end with Pablo Escobar's death in 1993. Just when Colombians were ready to move past the murderous legacy of the country's cartels, a new, bloody chapter unfolded. In the late 1990s, right-wing paramilitary groups with close ties to the cocaine business carried out a violent expansion campaign, massacring, raping, and torturing thousands. There Are No Dead Here is the harrowing story of three ordinary Colombians who risked everything to reveal the collusion between the new mafia and much of the country's military and political establishment: Jesús María Valle, a human rights activist who was murdered for exposing a dark secret; Iván Velásquez, a quiet prosecutor who took up Valle's cause and became an unlikely hero; and Ricardo Calderón, a dogged journalist who is still being targeted for his revelations. Their groundbreaking investigations landed a third of the country's Congress in prison and fed new demands for justice and peace that Colombia's leaders could not ignore. Taking readers from the sweltering Medellín streets where criminal investigators were hunted by assassins, through the countryside where paramilitaries wiped out entire towns, and into the corridors of the presidential palace in Bogotá, There Are No Dead Here is an unforgettable portrait of the valiant men and women who dared to stand up to the tide of greed, rage, and bloodlust that threatened to engulf their country.

Reyita

Author : María de los Reyes Castillo Bueno
ISBN : 0822325934
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 56. 11 MB
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Oral history of an elderly black woman recounting the story of her nine decades in Cuba.

The Emergence Of Latin America In The Nineteenth Century

Author : David Bushnell
ISBN : 0195084020
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 90 MB
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Fully revised and updated, this unique single-volume survey provides complete and even more up-to-date coverage of the entire region during the critical era that saw the formation and consolidation of its distinctive national institutions, laying the groundwork for contemporary Latin America. Covering all the major countries, the new edition features a new treatment of Peru based on important recent research, important new material on elections in imperial Brazil and the Mexican economy in 1810-55, and a fully updated bibliography. The authors focus on the preliminary experiments in nation-building throughout Latin America and explore the conscious--if perhaps misguided--attempts by most leaders to adopt a liberal mode of both socioeconomic and political development. No pat answers are provided, but the nagging questions of Latin American "instability" and "underdevelopment" are examined, and the data and factors that come into play are presented and explained.

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