the lottery of birth on inherited social inequalities

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The Lottery Of Birth

Author : Namit Arora
ISBN : 9383968192
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85. 75 MB
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An egalitarian ethos has not been a prominent feature of Indian civilization, at least since the decline of Buddhism over a thousand years ago. All people, it is believed, are created unequal, born into a hierarchy of status and dignity, and endowed not with universal but particular rights and duties. This has greatly amplified the unfairness of accidents of birth in shaping one's lot in life. Despite a long history of resistance, such inequalities have thrived and mutated, including under European rule, modernity, and markets. Starting with the deeply moving stories of three writers, Arora explores the origins, persistence, and textures of inequalities rooted in the lottery of birth in India-of caste, class, gender, language, region, religion, and more-and their intersections in daily life. Blending scholarly rigor with moral intelligence, these essays engage with the Bhagavad Gita; the legacies of Ambedkar and Gandhi; Indian modernity, democracy, and nationalism; linguistic hierarchies; reservations; violence against women; identity politics; and much else that today weighs on Indian minds. Praise for the book: "The Lottery of Birth reveals Namit Arora to be one of our finest critics. In a raucous public sphere marked by blame and recrimination, these essays announce a bracing sensibility, as compassionate as it is curious, intelligent and nuanced." - Pankaj Mishra, Essayist and Novelist. "A remarkable compendium. The topics Arora tackles here-India's formidable caste, class, and gender inequalities, and how its leaders, writers, and thinkers have engaged with them-have been tackled before, but mostly in dense academic volumes. What's unique here is Arora's seamlessly accessible and personable language, rich with autobiographical context, so we feel that the author has a stake in what he speaks of, above all, as an engaged citizen. From ancient scriptures to Dalit literature, reservations to violence against women, Arundhati Roy's controversial views on Gandhi and Ambedkar to Perry Anderson's controversial views on Indian history, these essays are essential reading for anyone who wants to understand contemporary India." - Arun P. Mukherjee, Professor Emerita, York University. "Namit Arora writes with envy-inspiring clarity and erudition about the central role in our lives of the many random inequalities we begin life with, such as class, gender, and, especially important in the Indian context, caste. This brilliant book is an immensely useful corrective to the conservative notion that people get more-or-less what they deserve, based on their own 'merit' and hard work. Read it. If nothing else, it will surely soften your attitude toward the disadvantaged in our midst, which is never a bad thing." - S. Abbas Raza, Founding Editor, 3 Quarks Daily.

Caste And Gender In Contemporary India

Author : Supurna Banerjee
ISBN : 9780429783951
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80. 81 MB
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This book explores the intersectional aspects of caste and gender in India that contribute to the multiple marginalities and oppressions of lower castes, with particular reference to Dalits, Muslims and women. It moves beyond the conventional accounts of experiences of women in unequal social and political relationships to examine how caste as a system and ideology shapes hegemonic masculinity and feminization of work, and thus contributes to the violence against women. The volume looks at their everyday lived realities within and across diverse social and political contexts — families, education systems, labour, communities, political parties, power, social organisations, the politics of representation and the writing of the subaltern women. With a range of empirical work, it brings forth the complexities of identity politics and further analyses its limits in regional and historical frameworks. This book will be of interest to students, scholars and specialists in caste and gender studies, exclusion and discrimination studies, sociology and social anthropology, history and political science. It will also be useful to Dalit writers and people working in the development sector in India.

The Caravan

Author : Delhi Press Magazine
ISBN :
Genre : Juvenile Fiction
File Size : 28. 77 MB
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The country's first and only publication devoted to narrative journalism, The Caravan occupies a singular position among Indian magazines. It is a new kind of magazine for a new kind of reader, one who demands both style and substance. Since its relaunch in January 2010, the magazine has earned a reputation as one of the country's most sophisticated publications-a showcase for the region's finest writers and a distinctive blend of rigorous reporting, incisive criticism and commentary, stunning photo essays, and gripping new fiction and poetry. Its commitment to great storytelling has earned it the respect of readers from around the world.  "India's best English language magazine", The Guardian, London  "For those with an interest in India, it has become an absolute must-read", The New Republic, Washington The Caravan fills a niche in the Indian media that has remained vacant for far too long, catering to the intellectually curious and aesthetically refined reader, who seeks a magazine of exceptional quality.

Durkheim And The Law

Author :
ISBN : 9781349926336
Genre :
File Size : 40. 4 MB
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The Politics Of Misrecognition

Author : Dr Simon Thompson
ISBN : 9781409476443
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 52 MB
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The past several decades have seen the emergence of a vigorous ongoing debate about the 'politics of recognition'. The initial impetus was provided by the reflections of Charles Taylor and others about the rights to cultural recognition of historically marginalized groups in Western societies. Since then, the parameters of the debate have considerably broadened. However, while debates about the politics of recognition have yielded significant theoretical insights into recognition, its logical and necessary counterpart, misrecognition, has been relatively neglected. 'The Politics of Misrecognition' is the most meticulous reflection to date on the importance of misrecognition for the understandings of our political and personal experience. A team of leading experts from a range of disciplines, including philosophy, political theory, sociology, psychoanalysis, history, moral economy and criminology present different theoretical frameworks in which the politics of misrecognition may be understood. They apply these frameworks to a wide variety of contexts, including those of class identity, disability, slavery, criminal victimization and domestic abuse. In this way, the book provides an essential resource for anyone interested in the dynamics of misrecognition and their implications for the development of political and social theory.

The Politics Of Dependence

Author : Patrick J. L. Cockburn
ISBN : 9783319789088
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 57. 71 MB
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The central claim of this book is that the dichotomy between economic dependence and economic independence is completely inadequate for describing the political challenges faced by contemporary capitalist welfare states. The simplistic contrast between markets and states as sources of income renders invisible the relations of dependence established in our basic economic institutions such as the family, property, and money. This book is a work of political theory that attacks narrow conceptions of dependence and identifies distinct senses of dependence that might allow political communities to make clearer decisions about the justice of our economic institutions and practices. Inheritance, for example, is as much a form of dependence as support by a welfare state, but these are never compared in debates about economic justice. This book begins the work of comparing forms of economic dependence, and argues that economic dependence is always an issue of both vulnerability and parasitism. It builds bridges between political theory and social science, and is of relevance to those concerned with social and economic justice in and beyond contemporary capitalist welfare states.

Creating Freedom

Author : Raoul Martinez
ISBN : 9780307911650
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 65. 53 MB
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The ideal of freedom is at the heart of our political and economic system. It is foundational to our sense of justice, our way of life, our conception of what it is to be human. But are we free in the way that we think we are? In Creating Freedom, Raoul Martinez brings together a torrent of mind-expanding ideas, facts, and arguments to dismantle sacred myths central to our society—myths about free will, free markets, free media, and free elections. From the lottery of our birth to the consent-manufacturing influence of concentrated power, this far-reaching manifesto lifts the veil on the mechanisms of control that pervade our lives. It shows that the more we understand how the world shapes us, the more effectively we can shape the world. A highly original exploration of the most urgent questions of our time, Creating Freedom reveals that we are far less free than we like to think, but it also shows that freedom is something we can create together. In fact, our very survival may depend on our doing so.

Mis Recognition Social Inequality And Social Justice

Author : Director for the Centre for the Study of Women and Gender Terry Lovell
ISBN : 9781134137312
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51. 89 MB
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Nancy Fraser’s work provides a theory of justice from multiple perspectives which has created a powerful frame for the analysis of political, moral and pragmatic dilemmas in an era of global capitalism and cultural pluralism. It has been developed through dialogue with key contemporary thinkers, including an extended critical exchange with Axel Honneth that touches importantly upon the work of the late Pierre Bourdieu on social suffering. All the essays collected here engage with the work of one or both of these thinkers’. They consider some of the conceptual and philosophical contentions that Fraser’s and Bourdieu’s models have provoked, and offer some compelling examples of their analytical power.

Overcoming Inequality

Author : Unesco
ISBN : 0199544190
Genre : Education
File Size : 60. 81 MB
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Published jointly by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

Report Of Proceedings Of The Tax Conference

Author : Canadian Tax Foundation
ISBN : UCAL:$B9478
Genre :
File Size : 84. 56 MB
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