the lottery of birth on inherited social inequalities

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The Lottery Of Birth

Author : Namit Arora
ISBN : 9383968192
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43. 44 MB
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An egalitarian ethos has not been a prominent feature of Indian civilization, at least since the decline of Buddhism over a thousand years ago. All people, it is believed, are created unequal, born into a hierarchy of status and dignity, and endowed not with universal but particular rights and duties. This has greatly amplified the unfairness of accidents of birth in shaping one's lot in life. Despite a long history of resistance, such inequalities have thrived and mutated, including under European rule, modernity, and markets. Starting with the deeply moving stories of three writers, Arora explores the origins, persistence, and textures of inequalities rooted in the lottery of birth in India-of caste, class, gender, language, region, religion, and more-and their intersections in daily life. Blending scholarly rigor with moral intelligence, these essays engage with the Bhagavad Gita; the legacies of Ambedkar and Gandhi; Indian modernity, democracy, and nationalism; linguistic hierarchies; reservations; violence against women; identity politics; and much else that today weighs on Indian minds. Praise for the book: "The Lottery of Birth reveals Namit Arora to be one of our finest critics. In a raucous public sphere marked by blame and recrimination, these essays announce a bracing sensibility, as compassionate as it is curious, intelligent and nuanced." - Pankaj Mishra, Essayist and Novelist. "A remarkable compendium. The topics Arora tackles here-India's formidable caste, class, and gender inequalities, and how its leaders, writers, and thinkers have engaged with them-have been tackled before, but mostly in dense academic volumes. What's unique here is Arora's seamlessly accessible and personable language, rich with autobiographical context, so we feel that the author has a stake in what he speaks of, above all, as an engaged citizen. From ancient scriptures to Dalit literature, reservations to violence against women, Arundhati Roy's controversial views on Gandhi and Ambedkar to Perry Anderson's controversial views on Indian history, these essays are essential reading for anyone who wants to understand contemporary India." - Arun P. Mukherjee, Professor Emerita, York University. "Namit Arora writes with envy-inspiring clarity and erudition about the central role in our lives of the many random inequalities we begin life with, such as class, gender, and, especially important in the Indian context, caste. This brilliant book is an immensely useful corrective to the conservative notion that people get more-or-less what they deserve, based on their own 'merit' and hard work. Read it. If nothing else, it will surely soften your attitude toward the disadvantaged in our midst, which is never a bad thing." - S. Abbas Raza, Founding Editor, 3 Quarks Daily.

Caste And Gender In Contemporary India

Author : Supurna Banerjee
ISBN : 9780429783951
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57. 71 MB
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This book explores the intersectional aspects of caste and gender in India that contribute to the multiple marginalities and oppressions of lower castes, with particular reference to Dalits, Muslims and women. It moves beyond the conventional accounts of experiences of women in unequal social and political relationships to examine how caste as a system and ideology shapes hegemonic masculinity and feminization of work, and thus contributes to the violence against women. The volume looks at their everyday lived realities within and across diverse social and political contexts — families, education systems, labour, communities, political parties, power, social organisations, the politics of representation and the writing of the subaltern women. With a range of empirical work, it brings forth the complexities of identity politics and further analyses its limits in regional and historical frameworks. This book will be of interest to students, scholars and specialists in caste and gender studies, exclusion and discrimination studies, sociology and social anthropology, history and political science. It will also be useful to Dalit writers and people working in the development sector in India.

The Caravan

Author : Delhi Press Magazine
ISBN :
Genre : Juvenile Fiction
File Size : 72. 81 MB
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The country's first and only publication devoted to narrative journalism, The Caravan occupies a singular position among Indian magazines. It is a new kind of magazine for a new kind of reader, one who demands both style and substance. Since its relaunch in January 2010, the magazine has earned a reputation as one of the country's most sophisticated publications-a showcase for the region's finest writers and a distinctive blend of rigorous reporting, incisive criticism and commentary, stunning photo essays, and gripping new fiction and poetry. Its commitment to great storytelling has earned it the respect of readers from around the world.  "India's best English language magazine", The Guardian, London  "For those with an interest in India, it has become an absolute must-read", The New Republic, Washington The Caravan fills a niche in the Indian media that has remained vacant for far too long, catering to the intellectually curious and aesthetically refined reader, who seeks a magazine of exceptional quality.

Durkheim And The Law

Author :
ISBN : 9781349926336
Genre :
File Size : 31. 3 MB
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The Politics Of Misrecognition

Author : Dr Simon Thompson
ISBN : 9781409476443
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71. 85 MB
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The past several decades have seen the emergence of a vigorous ongoing debate about the 'politics of recognition'. The initial impetus was provided by the reflections of Charles Taylor and others about the rights to cultural recognition of historically marginalized groups in Western societies. Since then, the parameters of the debate have considerably broadened. However, while debates about the politics of recognition have yielded significant theoretical insights into recognition, its logical and necessary counterpart, misrecognition, has been relatively neglected. 'The Politics of Misrecognition' is the most meticulous reflection to date on the importance of misrecognition for the understandings of our political and personal experience. A team of leading experts from a range of disciplines, including philosophy, political theory, sociology, psychoanalysis, history, moral economy and criminology present different theoretical frameworks in which the politics of misrecognition may be understood. They apply these frameworks to a wide variety of contexts, including those of class identity, disability, slavery, criminal victimization and domestic abuse. In this way, the book provides an essential resource for anyone interested in the dynamics of misrecognition and their implications for the development of political and social theory.

Das M Dchen Mit Dem Edelwei

Author : Jillian Cantor
ISBN : 9783641219369
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 77. 47 MB
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Ein fast vergessener Brief, der Mut zweier Menschen und eine grenzenlose Liebe Schon als Kind war Katie mit ihrem Vater auf Flohmärkten, um nach Briefmarken zu suchen. Immer hoffte er, eines Tages einen ganz besonderen Schatz unter ihnen zu finden. Doch daran erinnert er sich schon lange nicht mehr. Um ihrem an Alzheimer erkrankten Vater eine Freude zu bereiten, bringt Katie seine Sammlung zu dem Philatelist Benjamin. Er soll herausfinden, ob sich unter den vielen Marken eine ganz besondere befindet. Und tatsächlich entdeckt Benjamin einen ungeöffneten Brief, der mit einer seltenen Briefmarke aus den Dreißigerjahren versehen ist. Darauf zu sehen: der Stephansdom, in den ein Edelweiß eingelassen ist. Katie und Benjamin beschließen, dem Geheimnis des Briefs auf die Spur zu gehen und dessen Adressaten zu finden. Doch was sie nicht ahnen: Ihre Suche wird sie ins Österreich des Jahres 1938 führen. An den Ort, wo ein junges Paar sich einst begegnete und sich ewige Liebe versprach. »Jillian Cantor hat mich von der ersten bis zu letzten Seite in ihren Bann gezogen.« - Jerusalem Post

The Politics Of Dependence

Author : Patrick J. L. Cockburn
ISBN : 9783319789088
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 34. 63 MB
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The central claim of this book is that the dichotomy between economic dependence and economic independence is completely inadequate for describing the political challenges faced by contemporary capitalist welfare states. The simplistic contrast between markets and states as sources of income renders invisible the relations of dependence established in our basic economic institutions such as the family, property, and money. This book is a work of political theory that attacks narrow conceptions of dependence and identifies distinct senses of dependence that might allow political communities to make clearer decisions about the justice of our economic institutions and practices. Inheritance, for example, is as much a form of dependence as support by a welfare state, but these are never compared in debates about economic justice. This book begins the work of comparing forms of economic dependence, and argues that economic dependence is always an issue of both vulnerability and parasitism. It builds bridges between political theory and social science, and is of relevance to those concerned with social and economic justice in and beyond contemporary capitalist welfare states.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 30 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Der Gesellschaftsvertrag

Author : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
ISBN : 9783849679361
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 38. 94 MB
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Der Gesellschaftsvertrag gilt als das Hauptwerk des Philosophen Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Es erschien erstmals 1762 in Amsterdam und wurde daraufhin in Frankreich, den Niederlanden, in Genf und Bern sofort verboten. Das Buch ist ein Schlüsselwerk der Aufklärungsphilosophie und ein großer Wegbereiter moderner Demokratie und Demokratietheorie.

The Birthright Lottery

Author : Ayelet Shachar
ISBN : 9780674054592
Genre :
File Size : 52. 38 MB
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The vast majority of the global population acquires citizenship purely by accidental circumstances of birth. In The Birthright Lottery, Ayelet Shachar argues that birthright citizenship in an affluent society can be thought of as a form of property inheritance: that is, a valuable entitlement transmitted by law to a restricted group of recipients under conditions that perpetuate the transfer of this prerogative to their heirs.

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