the local configuration of new research fields on regional and national diversity sociology of the sciences yearbook

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The Local Configuration Of New Research Fields

Author : Martina Merz
ISBN : 9783319226835
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65. 87 MB
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This new Yearbook addresses the question of how policy, place, and organization are made to matter for a new research field to emerge. Bringing together leading historians, sociologists, and organizational researchers on science and technology, the volume answers this question by offering in-depth case studies and comparative perspectives on multiple research fields in their nascent stage, including molecular biology and materials science, nanotechnology, and synthetic biology. The Yearbook brings to bear the lessons of constructivist ethnography and the “practice turn” in Science and Technology Studies (STS) more broadly on the qualitative, comparative, and critical inquiry of new research fields. In doing so, it offers unprecedented insights into the complex interplay of national research policies, regional clusters, particular research institutions, and novel research practices in and for any emerging field of (techno-)science. It systematically investigates national and regional differences, including the variable mobilization of such differences, and probes them for organizational topicality and policy relevance.

Organisational Transformation And Scientific Change

Author : Richard Whitley
ISBN : 9781783506835
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 79. 46 MB
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The first part of this book deals with the transformation of universities as strategic organisational actors - in some cases creating them as such - while the second shows how governance and authority shifts are affecting the kinds of research goals being pursued by academics in different public science systems.

Disciplines Acad Miques En Transformation

Author : Adriana Gorga
ISBN : 9782813001658
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 92 MB
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Que sont devenues les disciplines académiques à l’heure de la globalisation scientifique, de l’hyper-spécialisation des savoirs et de l’interdisciplinarité ? Comment des champs disciplinaires émergent-ils ou se reconfigurent-ils, à partir de quels acteurs, orientations, ressources, discours et référentiels et comment d’autres tendent-ils à s’affaiblir, voire peut-être à disparaître… ou à résister et à se développer ? Dans cet ouvrage, les disciplines sont abordées à la fois comme instances de savoir et comme des institutions de contrôle social et politique. Elles constituent des lieux de pouvoir et de reproduction du pouvoir qui se manifestent autant à travers l’innovation scientifique et pédagogique que les résistances institutionnelles. Comme lieux traditionnels de reproduction des savoirs, les universités sont en partie structurées par les disciplines à travers notamment leur organisation, la gestion des carrières académiques, la production des plans d’études, la délivrance des diplômes ou les logiques et supports des publications. A partir de divers points de vue disciplinaires (sociologie, sciences de l’éducation, science politique et histoire), cet ouvrage cherche à entrer dans la « black box » des disciplines académiques à partir de quatre lieux d’observation principaux (gouvernance universitaire, recherche scientifique, pratiques curriculaires et pédagogiques et travail académique) choisis dans de nombreux pays (Belgique, Chine, Danemark, Espagne, Etats-Unis, France, Grande-Bretagne, Italie, Norvège, Portugal, Suisse). Avec des contributions de : Jean-Émile CHARLIER, Sarah CROCHÉ, Frédéric DARBELLAY, Farinaz FASSA, Anne-Vaïa FOURADOULAS, Priska GISLER, Gaële GOASTELLEC, Adriana GORGA, Sabine KRADOLFER, Monika KURATH, Denis LEMAÎTRE, Jean-Philippe LERESCHE, Séverine LOUVEL, Marte MANGSET, Martina MERZ, Enrico NATALE, Marianne NOËL, Catherine PARADEISE, Christophe PÉBARTHE, Cristina SIN, Miguel SOUTO LOPEZ, Jean-Claude THOENIG, Dominique VINCK

Le Gouvernement Des Disciplines Acad Miques

Author : Martin Benninghoff
ISBN : 9782813002303
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 31. 2 MB
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Comment les disciplines sont-elles gouvernées? Comment se transforme le gouvernement des disciplines? Comment les modalités d’allocation des ressources matérielles et symboliques évoluent-elles entre les disciplines? Le gouvernement des disciplines agit-il sur la convergence ou la différenciation disciplinaire? Le gouvernement des disciplines est-il travaillé par une pluralité de logiques (académique, scientifique, managériale, économique), ou n’est-il plus guidé que par des logiques qui découlent d’injonctions néolibérales et managériales? Quels instruments d’action publique permettent de défendre les disciplines et quels sont ceux qui, au contraire, en fragilisent les frontières? Basé sur des enquêtes empiriques, cet ouvrage appréhende le gouvernement des disciplines à partir du travail sur les frontières épistémiques, du jeu d’échelles local/global et des instruments d’action publique. La diversité des contextes analysés (France, Royaume-Uni, Suisse, Belgique, Roumanie et Rwanda), les différentes disciplines étudiées (sciences pour l’ingénieur, chimie verte, science politique, géologie, sciences du vivant, médecine, génomique, micro-électronique) permettent de souligner que le gouvernement des disciplines est un processus complexe dont la configuration n’est pas imposée par la simple nécessité de s’adapter au contexte. Au contraire, il implique des médiations plurielles entre injonctions interdisciplinaires et «forces de rappel» disciplinaires, des découplages entre activités d’enseignement et de recherche, des dynamiques en lien avec les demandes sociales et les instruments du «gouvernement à distance».

Perspectives On Social Media

Author : Piet Kommers
ISBN : 9781135011017
Genre : Education
File Size : 32. 70 MB
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Perspectives on Social Media presents the most current research on the effectiveness of social media across sectors. Progress in finding better applications for social media relies on the difficult task of integrating media technologies into fields such as engineering, marketing, health, learning, art, tourism, and the service industry. This book is based on cutting-edge creative work among top international researchers and renowned designers and provides readers with a preview of the most visionary outcomes in the field of social media. Some of the major topics that the book discusses are: New social media design Sense of community in web applications App design and development for mobile devices. Perspectives on Social Media uniquely builds on recent disputes among the top scholars around the world, thus including the dynamics of knowledge-sharing and cross-fertilization that one would expect to happen on the web but that are rarely found in a book.

Biology Computing And The History Of Molecular Sequencing

Author : Miguel García-Sancho
ISBN : 9780230250321
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 32 MB
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Sequencing is often associated with the Human Genome Project and celebrated achievements concerning the DNA molecule. However, the history of this practice comprises not only academic biology, but also the world of computer-assisted information management. The book uncovers this history, qualifying the hype and expectations around genomics.

Practicing Art Science

Author : Philippe Sormani
ISBN : 9781351708074
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23. 46 MB
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Over the last two decades, multiple initiatives of transdisciplinary collaboration across art, science, and technology have seen the light of day. Why, by whom, and under what circumstances are such initiatives promoted? What does their experimental character look like - and what can be learned, epistemologically and institutionally, from probing the multiple practices of "art/science" at work? In answer to the questions raised, Practicing Art/Science contrasts topical positions and insightful case studies, ranging from the detailed investigation of "art at the nanoscale" to the material analysis of Leonardo’s Mona Lisa and its cracked smile. In so doing, this volume brings to bear the "practice turn" in science and technology studies on the empirical investigation of multifaceted experimentation across contemporary art, science, and technology in situ. Against the background of current discourse on "artistic research," the introduction not only explains the particular relevance of the "practice turn" in STS to tackle the interdisciplinary task at hand, but offers also a timely survey of varying strands of artistic experimentation. In bringing together ground-breaking studies from internationally renowned scholars and upcoming researchers in sociology, art theory and artistic practice, as well as history and philosophy of science, Practicing Art/Science will be essential reading for practitioners and professionals in said fields, as well as postgraduate students and representatives of higher education and research policy more broadly.

Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research

Author : Institute of Medicine
ISBN : 0309165482
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 30 MB
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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research examines current interdisciplinary research efforts and recommends ways to stimulate and support such research. Advances in science and engineering increasingly require the collaboration of scholars from various fields. This shift is driven by the need to address complex problems that cut across traditional disciplines, and the capacity of new technologies to both transform existing disciplines and generate new ones. At the same time, however, interdisciplinary research can be impeded by policies on hiring, promotion, tenure, proposal review, and resource allocation that favor traditional disciplines. This report identifies steps that researchers, teachers, students, institutions, funding organizations, and disciplinary societies can take to more effectively conduct, facilitate, and evaluate interdisciplinary research programs and projects. Throughout the report key concepts are illustrated with case studies and results of the committee’s surveys of individual researchers and university provosts.

Yearbook Of International Organizations 2010 2011

Author : Union of International Associations
ISBN : 3110230313
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 56. 94 MB
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Yearbook of International Organizations is the most comprehensive reference resource and provides current details of international non-governmental (NGO) and intergovernmental organizations (IGO). Collected and documented by the Union of International Associations (UIA), detailed information on international organizations worldwide can be found here. Besides historical and organizational information, details on activities, events or publications, contact details, biographies of the leading individuals as well as the presentation of networks of organizations are included.

The Social Process Of Scientific Investigation

Author : W.R. Knorr
ISBN : 9789400991095
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 48 MB
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practice, some of which is translated into the standard forms of public discourse, in publication, and then retranslated by readers and adapted again to local practice at self-selected other sites. Less may be left implicit, and additional personal and contextual information is carried, by the "informal" methods of communication which mediate local projects and international publication. But both methods of communication are screens as well as conduits of information. History and Background of the Volume When the planning of this volume began in the spring of 1977, it seemed a natural part of the mandate for the Yearbook. There had also been a number of more specific calls for deeper studies of research in social and historical context (3). These calls can be seen as giving permission and legitimacy to ask questions otherwise seen as irrelevant, or even disrespectful, and as attempts to develop new perspectives from which to ask and to answer them. The implied and expressed irreverence toward traditions and institutions of great respect may have prolonged this process of initial apologetics. In any case, in May 1977 the theme of 'The Social Process of Scientific Investigation' was proposed to the Editorial Board for Volume IV as "the heart of the subject. " That is, the ethnographic and detailed historical study of actual scientific activity and thinking at or close to the work site.

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