the life and behavior of living organisms a general theory

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The Life And Behavior Of Living Organisms

Author : Elliott Jaques
ISBN : 0275975010
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 28. 82 MB
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Jaques provides a general theory that gives a dynamic scientific foundation for the understanding of all living behavior. Based on more than 50 years of consultancy research throughout the world with individuals and all types of social institutions, Jaques focuses on the intentionality, judgment, and decisions that characterize behavior.

Information Systems Development

Author : Marite Kirikova
ISBN : 9781461501671
Genre : Computers
File Size : 21. 63 MB
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This book is the result of the 11 th International Conference on Information Systems Development -Methods and Tools, Theory and Practice, held in Riga, Latvia, September 12-14,2002. The purpose of this conference was to address issues facing academia and industry when specifying, developing, managing, reengineering and improving information systems. Recently many new concepts and approaches have emerged in the Information Systems Development (ISD) field. Various theories, methodologies, methods and tools available to system developers also created new problems, such as choosing the most effective approach for a specific task, or solving problems of advanced technology integration into information systems. This conference provides a meeting place for ISD researchers and practitioners from Eastern and Western Europe as well as from other parts of the world. Main objectives of this conference are to share scientific knowledge and interests and to establish strong professional ties among the participants. The 11th International Conference on Information Systems Development (ISD'02) continues the tradition started with the first Polish-Scandinavian Seminar on Current Trends in Information Systems Development Methodologies, held in Gdansk, Poland in 1988. Through the years this Seminar has evolved into the International Conference on Information Systems Development. ISD'02 is the first ISD conference held in Eastern Europe, namely, in Latvia, one of the three Baltic countries.

A General Theory Of Bureaucracy

Author : Elliott Jaques
ISBN : OCLC:755136040
Genre :
File Size : 83. 10 MB
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On Beyond Living

Author : Richard Doyle
ISBN : 0804727651
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 18 MB
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What do biologists study when they study "life" today? Drawing on tools from rhetoric and poststructuralist theory, the author argues that the ascent of molecular biology, with its emphasis on molecules such as DNA rather than organisms, was enabled by crucial rhetorical "softwares." Metaphors such as the genetic "code" made possible a transformation of the very concept of life, a transformation that often casts organisms as information systems. With careful readings of key texts from the history of molecular biology—such as those of Erwin Schrödinger, George Gamow, Jacques Monod, and François Jacob—the author maps out the complex relations between the practices of rhetoric and the technoscientific triumphs they accompanied, triumphs that bolstered a "postvital" biology that increasingly elides and questions the boundary between organisms and machines. There have been many popular books, and a few academic ones, on the Human Genome Initiatives. On Beyond Living is a genealogy of these initiatives, a map of how we have come to equate human beings with "information." Melding contemporary theory with scientific discourse, it is certain to provoke discussion (and controversy) in the fields of cultural studies, theory, and science with its penetrating inquiries into the relations between rhetoric and technoscience.

Contemporary Theories And Systems In Psychology

Author : Benjamin B. Wolman
ISBN : 9781468438000
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 25. 21 MB
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Twenty years is a long time in the life of a science. While the historical roots of psychology have not changed since the first edition of this book, some of the offshoots of the various theories and systems discussed have been crit ically reexamined and have undergone far-reaching modifications. New and bold research has led to a broadening of perspectives, and recent devel opments in several areas required a considerable amount of rewriting. I have been fortunate in the last fifteen years to have worked with about 2,000 psychologists and other behavioral scientists who contributed to several collected volumes I have edited. As the editor-in-chief of the In ternational Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Neurol ogy, I have had the privilege of reading, scrutinizing, and editing the work of 1,500 experts in psychology and related disciplines. In addition, I have written several books and monographs and over one hundred scientific papers. Armed with all that experience, I have carefully examined the pages of the first edition. Chapter 8 required substantial rewriting and several new sections have been added to other chapters: "Current Soviet Psychol ogy" (Chapter 2, Section 7); "New Ideas on Purposivism" (Chapter 5, Sec tion 4); "Recent Developments in the Sociological School of Psychoanalysis" (Chapter 9, Section 4); and "Present Status of Gestalt Psychology" (Chapter 12, Section 4). Chapter 15 was omitted, and two new chapters were added: Chapter 14 ("Humanistic Psychology") and Chapter 16 ("Selected Research Areas").

Reductionism And Systems Theory In The Life Sciences

Author : Paul Hoyningen-Huene
ISBN : 9789400910034
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 37 MB
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The present volume aims at giving a discussion ot the problems ot reductionism in contemporary life sciences. It contains six papers which deals with reduction/reductionism in different fields ot biological research. Also, the holistic perspective, 1. e. the systems view, is discussed in some ot the papers. The message ot this discussion Is that - whereas reductionism is indeed an important strategy - the systems approach is needed. It is argued by some ot the authors that organisms are complex systems and not just heaps of molecules, 50 that the analytical method does not suffice. Recent developments in systems theory offer the possibility to install a more comprehensive view ot living systems what can be seen particularly in the field ot evolutionary biology. It is true that any organismic activity is molecular, this is to say that it is based on molecular mechanisms. But it is also true that the whole organism displays certain patterns ot behavior which are not just molecular. Any organism can be described as a system ot different levels ot organization different levels ot order and complexity - and it is important, theretore, to study all ot the organizational levels and to see their peculiarities. It should be obvious, however, that there is not one problem ot reduction/reductionism, but that there are many problems linked together and that these problems appear at different levels ot biological research and bio philosophical reflections.

Person Society And Value

Author : Paulina Taboada
ISBN : 9789401725705
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 49. 74 MB
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Besides offering a critical analysis of the WHO definition and a review of both ancient and contemporary conceptions of health, the cooperative effort of physicians and philosophers presented in this book works through the challenges which any definition of health faces, if it is to be both truly personalist, and at the same time operational. The overall purpose of this book is to capture the essentials of human health and to propose the outlines for a personalist understanding of this concept, i.e., a conception that does justice to the personal nature of human beings by introducing dimensions that are essential to personal life and well-being, such as the realms of rationality, affectivity and freedom, the realms of meaning, values, morality, and spirituality, the realms of social and interpersonal relations.

Systems Research For Behavioral Science

Author : Buckley
ISBN : 9780202369402
Genre :
File Size : 35. 84 MB
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The Fear Of Insignificance

Author : C. Strenger
ISBN : 9780230117662
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27. 34 MB
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This book shows how, after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the Gospel of the free market became the only world-religion of universal validity. The belief that all value needs to be quantifiable was extended to human beings, whose value became dependent on their rating on the various ranking-scales in the global infotainment system.

Evolution Of Living Organisms

Author : Pierre-P. Grassé
ISBN : 9781483274096
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 67 MB
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Evolution of Living Organisms: Evidence for a New Theory of Transformation discusses traditional interpretations of evolution with a new assumption. The book presents a rational and general account of real evolutionary phenomena based on paleontology and molecular biological data. The text reviews biological evolution from the simple to the complex or progressive and regressive evolution. The author explains the appearance of types of organization from Captorhinomorphs to Pelycosaurs to the Theriodonts— from which the mammals arose. He also explains that in the evolution to mammals, the transformation of the Theriodonts concerned only the skeleton, muscles, dentition, and not the brain. He cites the case of the Perissodactyls as an example. The author also asserts that paleontology and molecular biology can explain the mechanism of evolution without even detailing the causes of orientations of lineages, of the finalities of structures, of living functions, and of cycles. But this approach will involve metaphysics. This book can be appreciated by anthropologists, researcher and scientists involved in zoology, paleontology, genetics and biochemistry.

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