the lebanese army a national institution in a divided society

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Lebanese Army The

Author : Oren Barak
ISBN : 9780791493632
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 92 MB
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Comprehensive study of the Lebanese Army from Lebanon’s independence to the present.

Civil Military Relations In Lebanon

Author : Are John Knudsen
ISBN : 9783319551678
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74. 96 MB
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This volume examines Lebanon’s post-2011 security dilemmas and the tenuous civil-military relations. The Syrian civil war has strained the Lebanese Armed Forces’ (LAF) cohesion and threatens its neutrality – its most valued assets in a divided society. The spill-over from the Syrian civil war and Hezbollah’s military engagement has magnified the security challenges facing the Army, making it a target. Massive foreign grants have sought to strengthen its military capability, stabilize the country and contain the Syria crisis. However, as this volume demonstrates, the real weakness of the LAF is not its lack of sophisticated armoury, but the fragile civil–military relations that compromise its fighting power, cripple its neutrality and expose it to accusations of partisanship and political bias. This testifies to both the importance of and the challenges facing multi-confessional armies in deeply divided countries.

Die Arabische Welt Im 20 Jahrhundert

Author : Udo Steinbach
ISBN : 9783170325432
Genre : History
File Size : 87. 37 MB
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Diese Geschichte der arabischen Welt behandelt den Zeitraum des 20. Jahrhunderts, vom Beginn des Ersten Weltkriegs bis zum Ausbruch der "Dritten Arabischen Revolte" ab 2011. Im Mittelpunkt der Darstellung steht die Entwicklung aller 22 Mitgliedsländer der Arabischen Liga. Die Einzeldarstellungen sind in die politischen, wirtschaftlichen, kulturellen und religiösen Zusammenhänge innerhalb der arabischen Welt als ganzer sowie in den Kontext der internationalen Politik seit dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs eingebettet. Ein eigenes Kapitel ist der Rolle Deutschlands im Nahen Osten gewidmet. Ein Ausblick auf das 21. Jahrhundert "der Araber" deutet Entwicklungstendenzen der Region an, die sich gegenwärtig in einem dynamischen Umbruch befindet.

Global Security Watch Lebanon A Reference Handbook

Author : David S. Sorenson
ISBN : 9780313365799
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35. 19 MB
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A comprehensive examination of the complex domestic environment and the quarrelsome neighbors that contribute to Lebanon's condition as one of the most violent and unstable countries in the Middle East. • Primary source documents include the Preamble to the 1926 Lebanese Constitution, provisions of the 1989 Ta'if Accords, the report of the assassination of Rafiq Hariri, and UN Security Council Resolution 1701, which ended the Israeli-Hezbollah war of 2006 • Includes a chronology of key events in the history of Lebanon from earliest human civilizations there to the 2006 war

Memorials And Martyrs In Modern Lebanon

Author : Lucia Volk
ISBN : 9780253004925
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71. 99 MB
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Lebanese history is often associated with sectarianism and hostility between religious communities, but by examining public memorials and historical accounts Lucia Volk finds evidence for a sustained politics of Muslim and Christian co-existence. Lebanese Muslim and Christian civilians were jointly commemorated as martyrs for the nation after various episodes of violence in Lebanese history. Sites of memory sponsored by Maronite, Sunni, Shiite, and Druze elites have shared the goal of creating cross-community solidarity by honoring the joint sacrifice of civilians of different religious communities. This compelling and lucid study enhances our understanding of culture and politics in the Middle East and the politics of memory in situations of ongoing conflict.

Civil Military Relations In Israel

Author : Elisheva Rosman-Stollman
ISBN : 9780739194171
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80. 31 MB
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This book brings together prominent scholars from different disciplines in the field of civil-military relations in both Israel and abroad, and provides rare access in English to quality scholarship in this area.


Author : William Harris
ISBN : 9780199986583
Genre : Religion
File Size : 62. 34 MB
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In this impressive synthesis, William Harris narrates the history of the sectarian communities of Mount Lebanon and its vicinity. He offers a fresh perspective on the antecedents of modern multi-communal Lebanon, tracing the consolidation of Lebanon's Christian, Muslim, and Islamic derived sects from their origins between the sixth and eleventh centuries. The identities of Maronite Christians, Twelver Shia Muslims, and Druze, the mountain communities, developed alongside assertions of local chiefs under external powers from the Umayyads to the Ottomans. The chiefs began interacting in a common arena when Druze lord Fakhr al-Din Ma'n achieved domination of the mountain within the Ottoman imperial framework in the early seventeenth century. Harris knits together the subsequent interplay of the elite under the Sunni Muslim Shihab relatives of the Ma'ns after 1697 with demographic instability as Maronites overtook Shia as the largest community and expanded into Druze districts. By the 1840s many Maronites conceived the common arena as their patrimony. Maronite/Druze conflict ensued. Modern Lebanon arose out of European and Ottoman intervention in the 1860s to secure sectarian peace in a special province. In 1920, after the Ottoman collapse, France and the Maronites enlarged the province into the modern country, with a pluralism of communal minorities headed by Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims. The book considers the flowering of this pluralism in the mid-twentieth century, and the strains of new demographic shifts and of social resentment in an open economy. External intrusions after the 1967 Arab-Israeli war rendered Lebanon's contradictions unmanageable and the country fell apart. Harris contends that Lebanon has not found a new equilibrium and has not transcended its sects. In the early twenty-first century there is an uneasy duality: Shia have largely recovered the weight they possessed in the sixteenth century, but Christians, Sunnis, and Druze are two-thirds of the country. This book offers readers a clear understanding of how modern Lebanon acquired its precarious social intricacy and its singular political character.

The Global Promise Of Federalism

Author : Grace Skogstad
ISBN : 9781442619203
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 82. 72 MB
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The Global Promise of Federalism honours the life and work of Richard Simeon, one of Canada’s foremost experts on federalism. It features a group of distinguished scholars of federalism from Canada and abroad who take up some of the fundamental questions at the heart of both Simeon’s work and contemporary debates. Does federalism foster democracy? Can it help bring together divided societies? How do federations evolve and adapt to changing circumstances? In the course of answering these questions, the chapters in this collection offer a comparative perspective on the challenges and opportunities facing well-established federations such as Canada and Australia, as well as new federal and quasi-federal systems in Europe, Africa, and Asia. They examine the interplay between federal values, such as trust and mutual recognition, and institutional design; the challenges facing post-conflict federations; and the adaptability of federal systems in the face of changing social, economic, and cultural contexts.

Militarism And Israeli Society

Author : Gabriel Sheffer
ISBN : 9780253004208
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32. 68 MB
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Challenging the established view that the civilian sector in Israel has been predominant over its security sector since the state's independence in 1948, this volume critically and systematically reexamines the relationship between these sectors and provides a deeper, more nuanced view of their interactions. Individual chapters cast light on the formal and informal arrangements, connections, and dynamic relations that closely tie Israel's security sector to the country's culture, civil society, political system, economy, educational system, gender relations, and the media. Among the issues and events discussed are Israel's separation barrier, the impact of Israel's military confrontations with the Palestinians and other Middle Eastern states -- especially Lebanon -- and the impact of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Israeli case offers insights about the role of the military and security in democratic nations in contemporary times.

State Expansion And Conflict

Author : Oren Barak
ISBN : 9781108248341
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58. 64 MB
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Lebanon and Israel/Palestine are two political entities that expanded in 1920 and 1967 respectively, and became divided societies characterized by periods of stability and conflict. This book provides the first detailed comparison between the two states and also explores the effects of their expansion on their changing relations. It looks first at how both expanded states attempted to cope with their predicaments, focusing on the relationship between state, community and security, before moving on to analyze the de-stabilizing effects of expansion on Israeli-Lebanese relations. The book draws on previously unpublished official documents, memoirs, media resources and films produced in Lebanon and Israel/Palestine, in addition to existing works on the two states and the Middle East. Bridging the gap between comparative politics and international relations, it will interest students of Lebanon and Israel/Palestine, the Middle East, and conflict and peace.

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