the international court of justice and self defence in international law

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The International Court Of Justice And Self Defence In International Law

Author : James Green
ISBN : 9781847315205
Genre : Law
File Size : 57. 61 MB
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The legal rules governing the use of force between States are one of the most fundamental, and the most controversial, aspects of international law. An essential part of this subject is the question of when, and to what extent, a State may lawfully use force against another in self-defence. However, the parameters of this inherent right remain obscure, despite the best efforts of scholars and, notably, the International Court of Justice. This book examines the burgeoning relationship between the ICJ and the right of self-defence. Since 2003 there have been three major decisions of the ICJ that have dealt directly with the law governing self-defence actions, in contrast to only two such cases in the preceding fifty years. This, then, is an opportune moment to reconsider the jurisprudence of the Court on this issue. This book is the first of its kind to comprehensively draw together and then assess the merits of this jurisprudence. It argues that the contribution of the ICJ has been confused and unhelpful, and compounds inadequacies in existing customary international law. The ICJ's fundamental conception of a primary criterion of 'armed attack' as constituting a qualitatively grave use of force is brought into question. The book then goes on to examine the underlying causes of the problems that have emerged in the jurisprudence on this crucial issue. Winner of the American Society of International Law's Lieber Society Book Prize 2009 Dr Green's monograph demonstrates a thorough understanding of the law of self-defence, coupled with an informed and evaluative discussion of the role and function of the International Court. It is an impressive analysis of the International Court of Justice's jurisprudence on self-defence. Professor Iain Scobbie, Judge of the American Society of International Law's Lieber Society Book Prize 2009, Sir Joseph Hotung Research Professor, School of Oriental and African Studies, London James Green's "The International Court of Justice and Self-Defence in International Law" usefully draws together the jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice on the international law governing self-defence. The work could not be more timely in light of both contemporary State practice and the Court's recent controversial judgements on the topic. Of particular note is his analysis of the very complex, and as yet unsettled, notion of "armed attack." Professor Michael Schmitt, Chairman of the American Society of International Law's Lieber Society Book Prize Committee, Chair of Public International Law, Durham University Winner of the University of Reading Faculty of Social Sciences outputs prize for the best research output in 2010.

Self Defence In International Law

Author : D. W. Bowett
ISBN : 9781584778554
Genre : Law
File Size : 68. 86 MB
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Bowett, D.W.Self-Defence in International Law. New York: Praeger, [1958]. xv, 294 pp. Reprinted 2009 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN-13: 978-1-58477-855-4. ISBN-10: 1-58477-855-5. Cloth. $95.* Bowett observes that the use or threat of force by any state can be a delict, an approved sanction, or a measure taken in self-defense. He examines the evolution of the doctrine in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with the assumption of the existence of a state's unlimited 'right' to go to war. He then attempts to outline the limited and provisional effects of this right under the U.N. Charter. "Throughout the work there is a refusal to dogmatize or to state in absolute terms any aspect of the 'privilege' of self-defence in its present context. (...) [Bowett] is to be congratulated on producing a timely and scholarly survey of one of the most fundamental, and often abused, sovereign rights known to international law.": K.R. Simmonds, British Year Book of International Law 34 (1958) 432.

The Development Of International Law By The International Court Of Justice

Author : Christian J. Tams
ISBN : 9780199653218
Genre : Law
File Size : 35. 45 MB
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This book assesses the impact that pronouncements by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) have had on international law. It provides a comprehensive overview of the role of the ICJ in the contemporary law-making process.

War Aggression And Self Defence

Author : Yoram Dinstein
ISBN : 9781107191143
Genre : Law
File Size : 25. 40 MB
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Yoram Dinstein's influential War, Aggression and Self-Defence is an indispensable guide to the international legal issues of war and peace.

Eichmann In Jerusalem

Author : Hannah Arendt
ISBN : 9783492962582
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 71. 85 MB
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Der ehemalige SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann gilt als einer der Hauptverantwortlichen für die »Endlösung« der Juden in Europa. Der Prozess gegen ihn fand 1961 in Jerusalem statt. Hannah Arendts Prozessbericht wurde von ihr 1964 als Buch publiziert und brachte eine Lawine ins Rollen: Es stieß bei seinem Erscheinen auf heftige Ablehnung in Israel, Deutschland und in den USA– und wurde zu einem Klassiker wie kaum ein anderes vergleichbares Werk zur Zeitgeschichte und ihrer Deutung.

The Right Of Individual Self Defense In Public International Law

Author : Jan Kittrich
ISBN : 9783832519551
Genre : Law
File Size : 85. 34 MB
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The book examines in detail one of the most controversial topic in current international law, namely the scope and extent of the right of individual self-defense. The book carefully traces the paths which have been followed in the developing legal debate on self-defense. The author uses numerous case-studies of incidents involving the use of force in alleged self-defense (such as the Entebbe Incident 1976, the Nicaragua Case 1986 or the Israeli-Lebanese conflict of 2006) which have formed the central point of scholarly debate. The author's conclusions are based not only on thorough analysis of academic discussions but also of the practice of States and international bodies, especially of the United Nations Organization. At the outset of the book the author reviews the historical context and the customary evolution of the right of self-defense. Reference is made to the famous Caroline Case of 1837, which set the necessary conditions of lawful exercise of self-defense. Next, the author examines the concept and legal nature of self-defense, carefully assessing the customary conditions of necessity, proportionality and immediacy derived from the Caroline Case. As the occurrence of an "armed attack" is a conditio sine qua non of lawful invocation of self-defense, several modalities of an armed attack are attentively evaluated such as its constituent elements, beginning or scale. The author explores, whether reactions to acts of international terrorism committed by a non-State may be based on the right of self-defense. In times of global terrorist networks it is highly desirable to attach special attention to use of force in self-defense as a remedy against serious acts of terrorism. Thorough analysis of State practice is shown on several examples from recent history - the U.S. air raid on Libya in 1986 and on Baghdad in 1993 and relatively recent air strikes on Sudan and Afghanistan in 1998. Reference is also made to the most striking example - the Al-Qaeda attack on the United States in 2001. The validity of claims of anticipatory/preventive self-defense is examined on a theoretical level and then applied to the specific details of the Israeli air strike on the Osiraq Nuclear Reactor in 1981. The two main approaches to preventive self-defense - "restrictive" and "traditional" - are then discussed in detail. Brief analysis is also devoted to the nature of the so-called - pre-emptive - self-defense indicating its current position under international law.

Self Defence In International Law

Author : Noelia Penelope Greer
ISBN : 6138569806
Genre : Law
File Size : 37. 12 MB
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Hugo Grotius, the 17th century jurist and father of public international law, stated in his 1625 magnum opus The Law of War and Peace that "Most Men assign three Just Causes of War, Defense, the Recovery of what's our own, and Punishment."International law recognizes a right of self-defence, as the International Court of Justice (ICJ) affirmed in the Nicaragua Case on the use of force. Some commentators believe that the effect of Article 51 is only to preserve this right when an armed attack occurs, and that other acts of self-defence are banned by article 2(4). The more widely held opinion is that article 51 acknowledges this general right, and proceeds to lay down procedures for the specific situation when an armed attack does occur. Under the latter interpretation, the legitimate use of self-defence in situations when an armed attack has not actually occurred is still permitted. It is also to be noted that not every act of violence will constitute an armed attack. The ICJ has tried to clarify, in the Nicaragua case, what level of force is necessary to qualify as an armed attack.

The Oxford Handbook Of The Use Of Force In International Law

Author : Marc Weller
ISBN : 9780199673049
Genre : Law
File Size : 67. 30 MB
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This Oxford Handbook provides an authoritative and comprehensive analysis of one of the most controversial areas of international law. Over seventy contributors assess the current state of the international law prohibiting the use of force, assessing its development and analysing the many recent controversies that have arisen in this field.

Eine Erinnerung An Solferino

Author : Jean-Henry Dunant
ISBN : HARVARD:32044012475109
Genre : Solferino, Battle of, 1859
File Size : 28. 94 MB
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System Der Subjektiven Ffentlichen Rechte

Author : Georg Jellinek
ISBN : 3161507304
Genre : Law
File Size : 50. 78 MB
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English summary: Georg Jellinek's System of Subjective Public Rights is a classic of constitutional law which continues to influence the historical development, the dogmatic structure and the political issues in our understanding of administration and the constitution today. German description: Georg Jellineks aSystem der subjektiven offentlichen Rechte (1892/1905) ist ein Klassiker der Staatsrechtslehre, der die historische Entwicklung, die dogmatische Kontur und die politischen Fragen unseres Verwaltungs- und Verfassungsverstandnisses bis heute pragt. Jellinek entfaltet seine Theorie des subjektiven offentlichen Rechts aus dem Grundverhaltnis zwischen Burgern und Staat. Dieses staatsburgerliche Rechtsverhaltnis bildet Jellinek in vier Typen subjektiv-offentlicher Rechte ab: dem status passivus als den Pflichten, dem status negativus als der Freiheit, dem status positivus als den Leistungsanspruchen und dem status activus als den Partizipationsrechten der Burger. Mit diesen vier Kategorien von subjektiven offentlichen Rechten polarisiert Jellinek das gesamte Verwaltungs-, Verfassungs- und Volkerrecht und legt damit zugleich das Fundament, das auch die aktuelle Grundrechtstheorie noch tragt.

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