the homevoter hypothesis how home values influence local government taxation school finance and land use policies

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The Homevoter Hypothesis

Author : William A. FISCHEL
ISBN : 0674036905
Genre : Law
File Size : 38. 96 MB
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Just as investors want the companies they hold equity in to do well, homeowners have a financial interest in the success of their communities. If neighborhood schools are good, if property taxes and crime rates are low, then the value of the homeowner's principal asset--his home--will rise. Thus, as William Fischel shows, homeowners become watchful citizens of local government, not merely to improve their quality of life, but also to counteract the risk to their largest asset, a risk that cannot be diversified. Meanwhile, their vigilance promotes a municipal governance that provides services more efficiently than do the state or national government. Fischel has coined the portmanteau word "homevoter" to crystallize the connection between homeownership and political involvement. The link neatly explains several vexing puzzles, such as why displacement of local taxation by state funds reduces school quality and why local governments are more likely to be efficient providers of environmental amenities. The "Homevoter Hypothesis" thereby makes a strong case for decentralization of the fiscal and regulatory functions of government.

Local Tax Policy

Author : David Brunori
ISBN : 0877667446
Genre : Law
File Size : 85. 39 MB
Format : PDF
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Local governments are struggling to raise revenue for public services, but their fiscal autonomy has been declining for decades. And by ceding financial control to the states, localities have ceded political control over their affairs. In tandem, local governments are losing control over property tax, their most stable and reliable source of revenue. In Local Tax Policy, David Brunori explores the roots of the current fiscal crisis, evaluates various relief proposals, and champions the property tax, offering a blueprint for strengthening this oft-maligned instrument. The second edition has been updated to reflect new tax policy developments since the publication of the first edition in 2003.

Irrationaler Berschwang

Author : Robert J. Shiller
ISBN : 9783864702648
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58. 60 MB
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Er hat die Technologieblase vorhergesagt und vor der Immobilienblase warnte er ebenfalls frühzeitig. Nun analysiert Wirtschafts-Nobelpreisträger Robert Shiller die aktuelle Situation an den Finanzmärkten – und warnt erneut. Mit seiner Theorie des "Irrationalen Überschwangs" zeigt Nobelpreisträger Robert Shiller, dass Euphorie seitens der Akteure die Märkte auf unhaltbare und gefährliche Niveaus treiben kann. So geschehen in den Jahren 2000 bei der Hightechblase und 2007/2008 bei der Subprimeblase, die Shiller präzise vorhergesagt hat. Dies ist die dritte, aktualisierte und erweiterte Auflage seines Klassikers. Shiller bezieht hier erstmals auch den Anleihenmarkt ein und gibt Empfehlungen, was die Individuen und die Politik im Lichte der aktuellen Situation an den Finanzmärkten tun sollten.

Private Property In The 21st Century

Author : Harvey Martin Jacobs
ISBN : 1781008469
Genre : Law
File Size : 67. 40 MB
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The ownership and control of privately owned lands is critical for many fields. Scholars, students and professionals of urban and regional planning, geography, law, natural resources, environment, real estate, and landscape architecture should find this volume useful.

The Governance Of Land Use In Oecd Countries Policy Analysis And Recommendations

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264268609
Genre :
File Size : 88. 90 MB
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Land use has important consequences for the environment, public health, economic productivity, inequality and social segregation. Land use policies are often complex and require co-ordination across all levels of government as well as across policy sectors. Not surprisingly, land use decisions ...

The Property Tax Land Use And Land Use Regulation

Author : The late Dick Netzer
ISBN : 1781950857
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 62. 67 MB
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Dick Netzer, a leading public finance economist specializing in state and local issues and urban government, brings together in this comprehensive volume essays by top scholars connecting the property tax with land use.

Boomburbs

Author : Robert E. Lang
ISBN : 9780815751120
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 69. 31 MB
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A glance at a list of America's fastest growing "cities" reveals quite a surprise: most are really overgrown suburbs. Places such as Anaheim, California, Coral Springs, Florida, Naperville, Illinois, North Las Vegas, Nevada, and Plano, Texas, have swelled to big-city size with few people really noticing—including many of their ten million residents. These "boomburbs" are large, rapidly growing, incorporated communities of more than 100,000 residents that are not the biggest city in their region. Here, Robert E. Lang and Jennifer B. LeFurgy explain who lives in them, what they look like, how they are governed, and why their rise calls into question the definition of urban. Located in over twenty-five major metro areas throughout the United States, numerous boomburbs have doubled, tripled, even quadrupled in size between census reports. Some are now more populated than traditional big cities. The population of the biggest boomburb—Mesa, Arizona—recently surpassed that of Minneapolis and Miami. Typically large and sprawling, boomburbs are "accidental cities," but not because they lack planning. Many are made up of master-planned communities that have grown into one another. Few anticipated becoming big cities and unintentionally arrived at their status. Although boomburbs possess elements found in cities such as housing, retailing, offices, and entertainment, they lack large downtowns. But they can contain high-profile industries and entertainment venues: the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim and Arizona Cardinals are among over a dozen major-league sports teams who play in the boomburbs. Urban in fact but not in feel, these drive-by cities of highways, office parks, and shopping malls are much more horizontally built and less pedestrian friendly than most older suburbs. And, contrary to common perceptions of suburbia, they are not rich and elitist. Poverty is often seen in boomburb communities of small single-family homes, neighborhoods that once represented the American dream. Boomburbs are a quintessential American landscape, embodying much of the nation's complexity, expansiveness, and ambiguity. This fascinating look at the often contradictory world of boomburbs examines why America's suburbs are thriving and how they are shaping the lives of millions of residents.

21st Century Geography

Author : Joseph P. Stoltman
ISBN : 9781412974646
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 55 MB
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This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

Federalism And Subsidiarity

Author : James E. Fleming
ISBN : 9781479875559
Genre : Law
File Size : 72. 33 MB
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In Federalism and Subsidiarity, a distinguished interdisciplinary group of scholars in political science, law, and philosophy address the application and interaction of the concept of federalism within law and government. What are the best justifications for and conceptions of federalism? What are the most useful criteria for deciding what powers should be allocated to national governments and what powers reserved to state or provincial governments? What are the implications of the principle of subsidiarity for such questions? What should be the constitutional standing of cities in federations? Do we need to “remap” federalism to reckon with the emergence of translocal and transnational organizations with porous boundaries that are not reflected in traditional jurisdictional conceptions? Examining these questions and more, this latest installation in the NOMOS series sheds new light on the allocation of power within federations.

Five Miles Away A World Apart

Author : James E. Ryan
ISBN : 9780199798926
Genre : Education
File Size : 80. 36 MB
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How is it that, half a century after Brown v. Board of Education, educational opportunities remain so unequal for black and white students, not to mention poor and wealthy ones? In his important new book, Five Miles Away, A World Apart, James E. Ryan answers this question by tracing the fortunes of two schools in Richmond, Virginia--one in the city and the other in the suburbs. Ryan shows how court rulings in the 1970s, limiting the scope of desegregation, laid the groundwork for the sharp disparities between urban and suburban public schools that persist to this day. The Supreme Court, in accord with the wishes of the Nixon administration, allowed the suburbs to lock nonresidents out of their school systems. City schools, whose student bodies were becoming increasingly poor and black, simply received more funding, a measure that has proven largely ineffective, while the independence (and superiority) of suburban schools remained sacrosanct. Weaving together court opinions, social science research, and compelling interviews with students, teachers, and principals, Ryan explains why all the major education reforms since the 1970s--including school finance litigation, school choice, and the No Child Left Behind Act--have failed to bridge the gap between urban and suburban schools and have unintentionally entrenched segregation by race and class. As long as that segregation continues, Ryan forcefully argues, so too will educational inequality. Ryan closes by suggesting innovative ways to promote school integration, which would take advantage of unprecedented demographic shifts and an embrace of diversity among young adults. Exhaustively researched and elegantly written by one of the nation's leading education law scholars, Five Miles Away, A World Apart ties together, like no other book, a half-century's worth of education law and politics into a coherent, if disturbing, whole. It will be of interest to anyone who has ever wondered why our schools are so unequal and whether there is anything to be done about it.

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