the hidden costs of reward

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The Hidden Costs Of Reward

Author : Mark R. Lepper
ISBN : 9781317356745
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 30 MB
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Originally published in 1978, this volume provided a broad survey of the latest research and theory, at the time, concerning the potential detrimental effects of inappropriate uses of tangible rewards to modify behaviour. Overall, this research questions the dominant paradigm within which reinforcers, by definition, have positive effects on performance and subsequent behaviour, and suggests new directions for the study of human motivation. In a series of five original integrative essays, the contributors summarize their own and related research programmes. These theoretical essays are complemented by two introductory chapters, that provide a historical context for this research, and four discussion chapters, that speak to broader issues, including both the implications and limitations of the research presented. At the time, this was the latest information on a most provocative area.

Punished By Rewards Twenty Fifth Anniversary Edition

Author : Alfie Kohn
ISBN : 0547526156
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 26. 85 MB
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Alfie Kohn’s landmark challenge to carrot-and-stick psychology, featuring updated reflections and research in a major new afterword by the author Our basic strategy for raising children, teaching students, and managing workers can be summed up in six words: Do this and you’ll get that. We dangle goodies (from candy bars to sales commissions) in front of people in the same way that we train the family pet. Since its publication in 1993, this groundbreaking book has persuaded countless parents, teachers, and managers that attempts to manipulate people with incentives may seem to work in the short run, but they ultimately fail and even do lasting harm. Drawing from hundreds of studies, Kohn demonstrates that we actually do inferior work when we are enticed with money, grades, or other incentives—and are apt to lose interest in whatever we were bribed to do. Promising goodies to children for good behavior, meanwhile, can never produce anything more than temporary obedience. Even praise can become a verbal bribe that gets kids hooked on our approval. Rewards and punishments are two sides of the same coin—and the coin doesn’t buy much. What is needed, Kohn explains, is an alternative to both ways of controlling people. Hence, he offers practical strategies for parents, teachers, and managers to replace carrots and sticks. Seasoned with humor and familiar examples, Punished by Rewards presents an argument that is unsettling to hear but impossible to dismiss.

Classroom Behavior Management For Diverse And Inclusive Schools

Author : Herbert Grossman
ISBN : 0742526550
Genre : Education
File Size : 36. 63 MB
Format : PDF
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This text utilizes a three stage approach to classroom behaviour management to assist teachers to avoid behaviour problems, manage those that cannot be avoided and resolve those that cannot be managed.

The Market Experience

Author : Robert E. Lane
ISBN : 0521407370
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 47. 75 MB
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In a period when market economies are widely recognized as the most desirable form of economic organization, Robert Lane offers evidence that the major premises of market economics are mistaken. Lane shows that work, far from being a disutility, as economic theory would have it, is instead one of two major sources of lifetime satisfaction, and that money income, despite being a source of utility that compensates a person for his or her sacrifices at work, contributes very little to a sense of well-being. This reversal of the premises of market economics suggests a major, axial shift in the way we think about our economies. Lane proposes that the market be judged primarily by its capacity to yield two benefits: happiness and personal development, the latter defined as cognitive complexity, autonomy or a sense of being in control of one's own life, and self esteem. Traditional attention to production outputs and economic rewards has, says Lane, blinded us to the important ways in which the processes of production contribute to the two benefits of happiness and personal development. Lane lays the foundation for a form of economic analysis that attends to processes as well as outcomes and by drawing on psychology, sociology, and economic anthropology for extensive evidence employed to support his arguments, he provides the basis for a fundamental change in the way we think about economics and society. Robert Lane is the author of many books and articles, among them Political Life (1959) and Political Man (1972). He is a Past President of the American Political Science Association, Policy Studies Organization and International Society of Political Psychology.

Being Creative Inside And Outside The Classroom

Author : John Baer
ISBN : 9789460918407
Genre : Education
File Size : 31. 10 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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This book has two primary goals - to show teachers how to teach their students to be more creative thinkers and to help them to develop their own creativity as teachers - and it shows teachers how to do these things in ways that don't conflict with skill development and knowledge acquisition. In fact, teachers will learn how to teach for creativity in ways that result in improved skills and greater content knowledge. Teaching for creativity and creative teaching together will result in much higher levels of both student engagement and student learning. The book focuses on three big, well-researched ideas related to creativity training - divergent thinking, intrinsic motivation, and the CPS model of creative problem solving - and shows how to apply these ideas in designing lessons that promote creativity as well as encourage the development of content-based skills and knowledge. The book is written in a way that makes it easy for teachers to make these ideas their own, with many examples for use in K-12 classrooms.

Motivating Others

Author : Johnmarshall Reeve
ISBN : 0205169694
Genre : Education
File Size : 49. 27 MB
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Motivating Others focuses on helping teachers to encourage and nurture their students' natural motivation. With its constructivist, humanistic approach, this book presents theoretical rationale as well as practical 'how-to' applications within a clear, conceptual, organizational framework for the study of motivation.

Understanding Motivation And Emotion

Author : Johnmarshall Reeve
ISBN : UVA:X004471999
Genre : Émotions
File Size : 60. 67 MB
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This book introduces students to the theories and principles of motivation and emotion in an engaging and practical manner, with an emphasis on the big picture. It focuses on human needs and illustrates how students can apply motivational principles to their lives. A strong humanistic orientation with balanced coverage of behavioral, cognitive and physiological approaches is implemented.

The Insider S Guide To Outsourcing Risks And Rewards

Author : Johann Rost
ISBN : 9781420013368
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30. 15 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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It is essential for a corporation to not only survive but thrive in today's global outsourcing environment. The Insider's Guide to Outsourcing Risks and Rewards is a comprehensive and accessible resource that assists an organization in deciding whether it will benefit from pursuing-or not pursuing-such an endeavor. The author, an 18-year veteran of the IT industry, is an experienced consultant, software developer, manager, and entrepreneur. Providing an authoritative and unbiased view, he helps the reader navigate through a number of offshore outsourcing issues related to software management and international business. He examines the potential benefits derived from offshore outsourcing, as well as the possible pitfalls and how to avoid them as they apply to an organization's particular situation. Offering a unique combination of technical and political insight, The Insider's Guide to Outsourcing Risks and Rewards is the one resource to have when trying to figure out your organization's next step.

Educational Psychology

Author : Richard E. Mayer
ISBN : PSU:000019372990
Genre : Education
File Size : 47. 46 MB
Format : PDF
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Character Strengths And Virtues

Author : Christopher Peterson
ISBN : 9780199883240
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 1 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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"Character" has become a front-and-center topic in contemporary discourse, but this term does not have a fixed meaning. Character may be simply defined by what someone does not do, but a more active and thorough definition is necessary, one that addresses certain vital questions. Is character a singular characteristic of an individual, or is it composed of different aspects? Does character--however we define it--exist in degrees, or is it simply something one happens to have? How can character be developed? Can it be learned? Relatedly, can it be taught, and who might be the most effective teacher? What roles are played by family, schools, the media, religion, and the larger culture? This groundbreaking handbook of character strengths and virtues is the first progress report from a prestigious group of researchers who have undertaken the systematic classification and measurement of widely valued positive traits. They approach good character in terms of separate strengths-authenticity, persistence, kindness, gratitude, hope, humor, and so on-each of which exists in degrees. Character Strengths and Virtues classifies twenty-four specific strengths under six broad virtues that consistently emerge across history and culture: wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence. Each strength is thoroughly examined in its own chapter, with special attention to its meaning, explanation, measurement, causes, correlates, consequences, and development across the life span, as well as to strategies for its deliberate cultivation. This book demands the attention of anyone interested in psychology and what it can teach about the good life.

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