the forgotten cure the past and future of phage therapy

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The Forgotten Cure

Author : Anna Kuchment
ISBN : 9781461402503
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37. 93 MB
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Traces the story of bacteriophages from Paris, where they were discovered in 1917, through breakthroughs stemming from phage research, to today's resurgent research, spearheaded by biotech startups and physicians.

Viruses Vs Superbugs

Author : T. Häusler
ISBN : 9780230552289
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 20 MB
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Each year thousands of people die from bacteria resistant to antibiotics. Alternative drugs are urgently needed. A surprising ray of hope from the past are viruses that kill bacteria, but not us. Award-winning science journalist Thomas Häusler investigates how these long-forgotten cures may help sick people today.

Last Help Phage Therapy

Author : Paul Enders
ISBN : 1534629289
Genre :
File Size : 43. 90 MB
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When the first antibiotic was discovered, it revolutionized medicine, and in many ways, the world. Illnesses that had previously decimated countless suddenly had a treatment, and those antibiotics were used judiciously - and have been ever since. Our Modern Medicine is so inundated with antibiotics that the bacteria and micro-organisms they were first created to destroy have found their own defense, a resistance to these duper drugs that have made them super bugs... and we need a way to fight back. While many look to the future creation of new, stronger antibiotics, the answer may very well lie in our own medical past. In 1915, two enterprising scientists discovered that bacteriophages were present in the stools and bodies of sick patients right before they began to recover. When they found that bacteriophages were also present wherever bacteria grew, it prompted a new line of thought - and the formation of Phage Therapy. This insightful and scientifically accurate book takes us on a journey 100 + years in the making, from the very beginnings of Phage Therapy, through its many varieties and applications and then on to the future of this medical practice - and how the medical breakthrough we have all been waiting for may have already happened.

Thinking Like A Phage

Author : Merry Youle
ISBN : 0990494314
Genre : Bacteriophages
File Size : 89. 20 MB
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Phages are the most numerous life forms on Earth. Nevertheless, many people remain unaware of this dynamic, invisible world, and likewise of the challenges expertly met by every successful phage. This engaging book relates the ingenious tactics of 21 featured phages as they go about their viral work and replicate inside microbial cells.

Good Germs Bad Germs

Author : Jessica Snyder Sachs
ISBN : 1429923296
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 56 MB
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Making Peace with Microbes Public sanitation and antibiotic drugs have brought about historic increases in the human life span; they have also unintentionally produced new health crises by disrupting the intimate, age-old balance between humans and the microorganisms that inhabit our bodies and our environment. As a result, antibiotic resistance now ranks among the gravest medical problems of modern times. Good Germs, Bad Germs addresses not only this issue but also what has become known as the "hygiene hypothesis"— an argument that links the over-sanitation of modern life to now-epidemic increases in immune and other disorders. In telling the story of what went terribly wrong in our war on germs, Jessica Snyder Sachs explores our emerging understanding of the symbiotic relationship between the human body and its resident microbes—which outnumber its human cells by a factor of nine to one! The book also offers a hopeful look into a future in which antibiotics will be designed and used more wisely, and beyond that, to a day when we may replace antibacterial drugs and cleansers with bacterial ones—each custom-designed for maximum health benefits.

Viruses Plagues And History

Author : Michael B. A. Oldstone M.D.
ISBN : 9780199754847
Genre : History
File Size : 79. 20 MB
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The story of viruses and humanity is a story of fear and ignorance, of grief and heartbreak, and of great bravery and sacrifice. Michael Oldstone tells all these stories as he illuminates the history of the devastating diseases that have tormented humanity, focusing mostly on the most famous viruses. Oldstone begins with smallpox, polio, and measles. Nearly 300 million people were killed by smallpox in this century alone and the author presents a vivid account of the long campaign to eradicate this lethal killer. Oldstone then describes the fascinating viruses that have captured headlines in more recent years: Ebola, Hantavirus, mad cow disease (a frightening illness made worse by government mishandling and secrecy), and, of course, AIDS. And he tells us of the many scientists watching and waiting even now for the next great plague, monitoring influenza strains to see whether the deadly variant from 1918--a viral strain that killed over 20 million people in 1918-1919--will make a comeback. For this revised edition, Oldstone includes discussions of new viruses like SARS, bird flu, virally caused cancers, chronic wasting disease, and West Nile, and fully updates the original text with new findings on particular viruses. Viruses, Plagues, and History paints a sweeping portrait of humanity's long-standing conflict with our unseen viral enemies. Oldstone's book is a vivid history of a fascinating field, and a highly reliable dispatch from an eminent researcher on the front line of this ongoing campaign.

Infectious Madness

Author : Harriet A. Washington
ISBN : 9780316277792
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 75 MB
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"Fascinating...A superb book."--Robert Sapolsky, Stanford professor of neuroscience and neurosurgery and author of Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers What causes mental illness? We've long blamed stress, trauma, and brain-chemistry imbalances. But a new theory is quietly achieving critical mass. In INFECTIOUS MADNESS, award-winning science writer Harriet Washington reveals that schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, Alzheimer's, and anorexia also may be caused by bacteria, parasites, or viruses. Weaving together cutting-edge research and case studies, INFECTIOUS MADNESS shows how strep throat can trigger rapid-onset OCD in a formerly healthy teen and how contact with cat litter elevates the risk of schizophrenia. Featuring a new afterword by the author, and rich in science, medical mysteries, cultural nuance, and evidence-based recommendations, INFECTIOUS MADNESS pulls back the curtain on a new paradigm with profound implications for us all.

Phage Therapy

Author : Ryszard Miedzybrodzki Jan Borysowski
ISBN : 9781908230744
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46. 36 MB
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The emergence of bacteria resistant to multiple antibiotics has become a serious threat to public health and is considered one of the greatest challenges for contemporary medicine. Phage therapy, the use of bacteriophages as anti-bacterial agents, may offer an alternative treatment for bacterial infections. Phages have many potential applications in human medicine as well as dentistry, veterinary science, agriculture and food protection.Written by internationally recognized experts from leading world centres involved in phage research and phage therapy, this book provides comprehensive coverage of the topic with a focus on current research and emerging applications. The book opens with chapters covering the general characteristics of bacteriophages and the basic concepts of phage therapy. Further topics include the pharmacology of phage therapy, bacterial resistance, non-bactericidal effects of phages, main applications of bacteriophages in clinical medicine, plant pathosystems, animal production, food protection, and biofilm control, as well as regulatory and intellectual property aspects of phage therapy. Although the book focuses on applications of virulent bacteriophages, it also discusses genetically-engineered phages, phages as delivery vehicles for other antimicrobials, as well as phage lysins. This volume is an essential reference for anyone interested in phage therapy and a highly recommended book for everyone working in the areas of antibacterial resistance, antimicrobial development, bacteriophage research, biocontrol and biodetection.

Life In Our Phage World

Author : Forest Rohwer
ISBN : 0990494306
Genre : Bacteriophages
File Size : 62. 70 MB
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We share the Earth with more than 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 phages. Everywhere they thrive, from well-fed guts to near-boiling acidic springs, from cryoconite holes to endolithic fissures. They travel from one microbial host to the next as virions, their genetic weapons packaged inside a protective protein shell. If you could lay all of these nanoscopic phage virions side-by-side, the line-up would stretch over 42 million light years. Through their daily shenanigans they kill or collaborate with their microbial hosts to spur microbial evolution and maintain ecosystem functioning. We have learned much about them since their discovery by Frederick Twort a century ago. They also taught us that DNA, not protein, is the hereditary material, unraveled the triplet genetic code, and offered their enzymes as indispensible tools for the molecular biology revolution. More contributions will be forthcoming since the vast majority of phages await discovery. Phage genomes harbor the world's largest cache of unexplored genetic diversity, and we now have the equipment needed to go prospecting. Although there are field guides to birds, insects, wild flowers, even Bacteria, there was no such handbook to guide the phage explorer. Forest Rohwer decided to correct this oversight, for novice and expert alike, and thus was born Life in Our Phage World. A diverse collection of 30 phages are featured. Each phage is characterized by its distinctive traits, including details about its genome, habitat, lifestyle, global range, and close relatives. The beauty of its intricate virion is captured in a pen-and-ink portrait by artist Benjamin Darby. Each phage also stars in a carefully researched action story relating how that phage encounters, exploits, kills, or otherwise manipulates its host. These behaviors are imaginatively illustrated by fine artist Leah L. Pantea. Eight researchers that work closely with phages also relate their experiences as inhabitants of the phage world. Rohwer has years of first-hand experience with the phage multitudes in ecosystems ranging from coral reefs to the human lung to arctic waters. He pioneered the key metagenomic methods now widely used to catalog and characterize Earth's microbial and viral life. Despite research advances, most people, many scientists included, remain unaware of the ongoing drama in our phage world. In anticipation of 2015, the centennial of phage discovery, Forest assembled a cadre of writers, artists, scientists, and a cartographer and set them to work. The result? This alluring field guide-a feast for the imagination and a celebration of phage diversity."

The Microbes Fight Back

Author : Laura Bowater
ISBN : 9781782621676
Genre :
File Size : 58. 48 MB
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Antibiotics are familiar drugs to us all, so familiar that we may take them for granted. They allow us to survive life-threatening infections, and allow us to protect the animals we farm for food. Many antibiotics have now become ineffective against common diseases, and there are few alternative treatments to replace them. In this topical book, Laura Bowater, Professor of Microbiology Education and Engagement at Norwich Medical School, considers the past, present and uncertain future of antibiotics. This book begins by looking back at how infectious diseases, such as smallpox and The Plague, were able to wreak havoc on populations before the discovery of the first antibiotics. These then revolutionised the medical world. In an engaging and accessible style, Professor Bowater takes the reader through how antibiotics are made, how bacteria are able to mutate and develop resistance and she explains why there is now a lack of new antibiotic drugs coming to market. What will a future of continued antibiotic resistance look like? How can human activities prevent the rise of ‘superbugs'? Professor Bowater highlights the need for universal cooperation in order to tackle this global health challenge, which, if not addressed, could transport us back to the medical dark ages.

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