the enlightenment on trial ordinary litigants and colonialism in the spanish empire

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The Enlightenment On Trial

Author : Bianca Premo
ISBN : 9780190638740
Genre : History
File Size : 39. 38 MB
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This is a history of the Enlightenment--the rights-oriented, formalist, secularizing, freedom-inspired eighteenth-century movement that defined modern Western law. But rather than members of a cosmopolitan Republic of Letters, its principal protagonists are non-literate, poor, and enslaved litigants who sued their superiors in the royal courts of Spain's American colonies. Despite growing evidence of the Hispanic world's contributions to Enlightenment science, the writing of history, and statecraft, the region is conventionally believed to have taken an alternate route to modernity. This book grapples with the contradiction between this legacy and eighteenth-century Spanish Americans' active production of concepts fundamental to modern law. The Enlightenment on Trial offers readers new insight into how Spanish imperial subjects created legal documents, fresh interpretations of the intellectual transformations and legal reform policies of the period, and comparative analysis of the volume of civil suits from six regions in Mexico, Peru and Spain. Ordinary litigants in the colonies--far more often than peninsular Spaniards--sued superiors at an accelerating pace in the second half of the eighteenth century. Three types of cases increased even faster than a stunning general rise of civil suits in the colonies: those that slaves, native peasants and women initiated against masters, native leaders and husbands. As they entered court, these litigants advanced a new law-centered culture distinct from the casuistic, justice-oriented legal culture of the early modern period. And they did so at precisely the same time that a few bright minds of Europe enshrined new ideas in print. The conclusion considers why, if this is so, the Spanish empire has remained marginal to the story of the advent of the modern West.

Bianca Premo The Enlightenment On Trial Ordinary Litigants And Colonialism In The Spanish Empire

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ISBN : OCLC:1053727322
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File Size : 72. 39 MB
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Who Should Rule

Author : Monica Ricketts
ISBN : 9780190494889
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 53 MB
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"When Philip V prevailed over his rival Archduke Charles of Austria in 1713, the Spanish Bourbon dynasty attempted to create a new power elite, based on a more professionalized, modern, and educated military officer corps. At the same time, the Bourbons wanted to govern by relying on 'men of letters,' who were well educated in a modern, enlightened curriculum. Both the military and the men of letters were often drawn from the provincial elite, not the traditional aristocracy, and they would form the core of the centralized Bourbon state, replacing the 'composite monarchy.' These groups emerged first in Spain and later the empire to defend and govern the Spanish Atlantic world. In the years after the French invasion of the Iberian Peninsula, a struggle in Spain and America developed over who would rule. Writers and lawyers produced new legislation to radically transform the Spanish world. Military officers would defend the monarchy in this new era of imperial competition. Additionally, they would govern. From the start, the rise of these political actors in the Spanish world was an uneven process. Military officers came to being as a new and somewhat solid corps. In contrast, the rise of men of letters confronted constant opposition. Rooted elites in both Spain and Peru resisted any attempts to curtail their power and prerogatives and undermined reform. As a consequence, men of letters found limited spaces in which to exercise their new authority, but they aimed for more, paving the way for decades of unrest. Monica Ricketts emphasizes the continuities and connections between the Spanish worlds on both sides of the Atlantic and the ways in which liberal men of letters failed to create a new institutional order in which the military would be subjected to civilian rule"--Provided by publishe

This City Belongs To You

Author : Heather Vrana
ISBN : 9780520292215
Genre : Education
File Size : 74. 68 MB
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Between 1944 and 1996, Guatemala experienced a revolution, counterrevolution, and civil war. In the middle of these national shifts were students from Guatemala's only public university, the University of San Carlos (USAC). USAC students served in, advised, protested, and were later persecuted by the government, all the while crafting a powerful student nationalism founded on their responsibility to lead the nation. In no other moment has the relationship between the university and the state been so mutable, yet so mutually formative. By showing how the very notion of the middle class in Guatemala emerged from these student movements, this book places an often-marginalized region and period at the center of histories of class, protest, and youth movements, while providing an entirely new way to think about the role of universities and student bodies in the formation of liberal democracy throughout Latin America.

Was W Re Geschehen Wenn

Author : Robert Cowley
ISBN : 3866472072
Genre :
File Size : 57. 17 MB
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Die Vielk Pfige Hydra

Author : Peter Linebaugh
ISBN : 3935936656
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Das Deutsche Kaiserreich In Der Kontroverse

Author : Sven Oliver Müller
ISBN : 9783647367521
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 72 MB
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Der Band liefert einen wichtigen Beitrag zu den anhaltenden Debatten über das Deutsche Kaiserreich (1871–1918). Ausgewiesene Kaiserreichexperten internationaler Provenienz geben einen Überblick über den aktuellen Forschungsstand und werfen neue, richtungweisende Fragen auf. Das Buch ist an vier Achsen ausgerichtet, die Themen und Probleme markieren, auf die sich die Kontroversen über das Kaiserreich in den letzten Jahren konzentriert haben: die Verortung des Kaiserreichs in der deutschen Geschichte; das Verhältnis von Gesellschaft, Politik und Kultur; Formen militärischer Gewalt mit ihrem Brennpunkt im Ersten Weltkrieg und schließlich die transnationale Verflechtung Deutschlands im Zeitalter der »ersten Globalisierung«.

Gehorchen Und Gestalten

Author : Antje Schnoor
ISBN : 9783593506258
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 68 MB
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Jesuiten gelten als politisch einflussreich. Aber wie eigenständig können Ordenspriester handeln, die ein Gehorsamsgelübde abgelegt haben? Antje Schnoor beleuchtet die Rolle der Jesuiten in Chile während der christdemokratischen Regierung unter Eduardo Frei, der sozialistischen Regierung unter Salvador Allende und der Militärdiktatur unter Augusto Pinochet. Dabei zeigt sie eindrücklich, wie sich Richtung und Ausmaß des politischen Handelns der Gesellschaft Jesu aus dem Wandel des jesuitischen Gehorsamsverständnisses ergaben. Ihre Studie belegt, wie der Orden die politische Haltung der katholischen Kirche mitbestimmte und zugleich als eigenständige politische Kraft in Erscheinung trat.

Entscheidungsprozesse Vor Ort

Author : Fabian Fechner
ISBN : 3795430208
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Der "Jesuitenstaat" in Paraguay galt zwei Jahrhunderte lang als Paradebeispiel fur ein straff auf Rom ausgerichtetes Missionsunternehmen, durch das Befehle der Zentrale auch in den letzten Randbereichen des Erdkreises ausgefuhrt wurden. Anhand einer bislang kaum ausgewerteten Quellengattung, den Akten der Provinzkongregationen, wird ein Instrumentarium fur Entscheidungsprozesse in der Verwaltungspraxis "zwischen den Kontinenten" vorgelegt.

Schlachtfelder

Author : Ernst Langthaler
ISBN : 9783205200659
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 76 MB
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Diese Pionierstudie beleuchtet am Reichsgau Niederdonau alltägliche Kräftefelder zwischen Nationalsozialismus und Agrargesellschaft, in denen Akteure ländlicher Lebenswelten untereinander und mit Funktionsträgern des NS-Systems um agrarische Ressourcen rangen: Grundbesitz, Arbeitskraft, Betriebskapital, Agrarwissen und Agrargüter. Das Entwicklungsprojekt des völkischen Produktivismus – die Schaffung eines „rassisch“ und technisch leistungsfähigen Bauern – entfaltete zwiespältige Wirkungen: In technischer Hinsicht vermochte nur eine privilegierte Minderheit der Betriebe ihre Produktivität zu steigern; der Mehrheit mangelte es an nötigen Ressourcen. Hingegen wurden in institutioneller Hinsicht – von der staatlichen Marktordnung bis zu den Wirtschaftsstilen – die Weichen in Richtung Moderne gestellt.

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