the empire of civilization the evolution of an imperial idea

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The Empire Of Civilization

Author : Brett Bowden
ISBN : 9781459605725
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 70 MB
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The term ''civilization'' comes with considerable baggage, dichotomizing people, cultures, and histories as ''civilized'' - or not. While the idea of civilization has been deployed throughout history to justify all manner of interventions and sociopolitical engineering, few scholars have stopped to consider what the concept actually means. Here, Brett Bowden examines how the idea of civilization has informed our thinking about international relations over the course of ten centuries. From the Crusades to the colonial era to the global war on terror, this sweeping volume exposes ''civilization'' as a stage-managed account of history that legitimizes imperialism, uniformity, and conformity to Western standards, culminating in a liberal-democratic global order. Along the way, Bowden explores the variety of confrontations and conquests - as well as those peoples and places excluded or swept aside - undertaken in the name of civilization. Concluding that the ''West and the rest'' have more commonalities than differences, this provocative and engaging book ultimately points the way toward an authentic inter civilizational dialogue that emphasizes cooperation over clashes.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 21. 3 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Kulturphilosophie

Author : Albert Schweitzer
ISBN : 9783406700910
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 34. 44 MB
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Mit dieser Ausgabe wird Albert Schweitzers Hauptwerk in neuer Ausstattung und mit dem ursprünglichen Titel wieder zugänglich. Schweitzer hat hier erstmals die Ethik der Ehrfurcht vor dem Leben entfaltet und auf die berühmte, bis heute aktuelle Formel zugespitzt: "Ich bin Leben, das leben will, inmitten von Leben, das leben will." Diese Ausgabe umfaßt die beiden ersten Bände der Kulturphilosophie: "Verfall und Wiederaufbau der Kultur" sowie "Kultur und Ethik". Ein neues Nachwort von Claus Günzler erläutert die Entstehung des Werks und seinen Zusammenhang mit dem inzwischen aus dem Nachlaß publizierten dritten Band.

Empire

Author : Michael Hardt
ISBN : 9783593372303
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23. 41 MB
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Nach einem Vierteljahrhundert politischer Theoriemüdigkeit haben Hardt und Negri mit ihrer brillanten, provokanten und heiß diskutierten Analyse des postmodernen Kapitalismus im Zeitalter der Globalisierung das Denken wieder in Bewegung gebracht. Der Hoffnung auf die politische Gestaltbarkeit einer neuen, gerechteren Weltordnung haben sie damit ein anspruchsvolles theoretisches Fundament gegeben. "Eine grandiose Gesellschaftsanalyse, die unser Unbehagen bündelt und ihm eine Richtung gibt, für die in der Geschichte der Philosophie das Wort vom 'guten Leben' steht." Die Zeit "Das Jahrzehnt linker Melancholie ist vorüber." Neue Zürcher Zeitung

The Strange Persistence Of Universal History In Political Thought

Author : Brett Bowden
ISBN : 9783319524108
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 42. 48 MB
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This book explores and explains the reasons why the idea of universal history, a form of teleological history which holds that all peoples are travelling along the same path and destined to end at the same point, persists in political thought. Prominent in Western political thought since the middle of the eighteenth century, the idea of universal history holds that all peoples can be situated in the narrative of history on a continuum between a start and an end point, between the savage state of nature and civilized modernity. Despite various critiques, the underlying teleological principle still prevails in much contemporary thinking and policy planning, including post-conflict peace-building and development theory and practice. Anathema to contemporary ideals of pluralism and multiculturalism, universal history means that not everyone gets to write their own story, only a privileged few. For the rest, history and future are taken out of their hands, subsumed and assimilated into other people’s narrative.

Legalist Empire

Author : Benjamin Allen Coates
ISBN : 9780190495978
Genre : Law
File Size : 24. 88 MB
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America's empire expanded dramatically following the Spanish-American War of 1898. The United States quickly annexed the Philippines and Puerto Rico, seized control over Cuba and the Panama Canal Zone, and extended political and financial power throughout Latin America. This age of empire, Benjamin Allen Coates argues, was also an age of international law. Justifying America's empire with the language of law and civilization, international lawyers-serving simultaneously as academics, leaders of the legal profession, corporate attorneys, and high-ranking government officials-became central to the conceptualization, conduct, and rationalization of US foreign policy. Just as international law shaped empire, so too did empire shape international law. Legalist Empire shows how the American Society of International Law was animated by the same notions of "civilization" that justified the expansion of empire overseas. Using the private papers and published writings of such figures as Elihu Root, John Bassett Moore, and James Brown Scott, Coates shows how the newly-created international law profession merged European influences with trends in American jurisprudence, while appealing to elite notions of order, reform, and American identity. By projecting an image of the United States as a unique force for law and civilization, legalists reconciled American exceptionalism, empire, and an international rule of law. Under their influence the nation became the world's leading advocate for the creation of an international court. Although the legalist vision of world peace through voluntary adjudication foundered in the interwar period, international lawyers-through their ideas and their presence in halls of power-continue to infuse vital debates about America's global role

Journal Of The Civil War Era

Author : William A. Blair
ISBN : 9781469615998
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 43 MB
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The Journal of the Civil War Era Volume 4, Number 3, September 2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS Editor's Note, William Blair Articles Felicity Turner Rights and the Ambiguities of Law: Infanticide in the Nineteenth-Century U.S. South Paul Quigley Civil War Conscription and the International Boundaries of Citizenship Jay Sexton William H. Seward in the World Review Essay Patick J. Kelly the European Revolutions of 1848 and the Transnational turn in Civil War History Book Reviews Books Received Notes on Contributors

At The Margin Of Empire

Author : Jennifer Ashton
ISBN : 9781775587781
Genre : Art
File Size : 51. 39 MB
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Born in Scotland in 1818, John Webster came to New Zealand via Australia in 1841 (after a violent encounter in the outback which he just escaped unscathed) and spent most of the rest of his life in Hokianga. At the Margin of Empire charts his colourful experiences carving out a fortune as the region's leading timber trader and cultivating connections with the leading figures of the day, Maori and Pakeha. Webster fought alongside Tamati Waka Nene in the Northern War, married one of Nene's relatives and built up his kauri timber business through trade with local chiefs (though at one point awoke to find a plundering party had arrived on his front lawn). He was also friends with Frederick Maning, and visited by George Grey, Richard Seddon and other luminaries of the day.

Kant And Colonialism

Author : Katrin Flikschuh
ISBN : 9780191034114
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 75. 48 MB
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This is the first book dedicated to a systematic exploration of Kant's position on colonialism. Bringing together a team of leading scholars in both the history of political thought and normative theory, the chapters in the volume seek to place Kant's thoughts on colonialism in historical context, examine the tensions that the assessment of colonialism produces in Kant's work, and evaluate the relevance of these reflections for current debates on global justice and the relation of Western political thinking to other parts of the world.

World Englishes A Critical Analysis

Author : Mario Saraceni
ISBN : 9781623564520
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 53. 5 MB
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Winner of the BAAL Book Prize 2016 The field of "World Englishes" takes on ever more importance in the modern era. Mario Saraceni's World Englishes: A Critical Analysis looks at the developments in the field from a critical perspective. It examines the historical, linguistic, ideological and pedagogical aspects in the study of the ever-evolving forms, roles and statuses of English around the world. The principal aim is to offer a critical overview of the field in order both to inform readers about the main issues at stake and to challenge established positions and descriptive/analytical paradigms. The book has four sections, each of which reviews established accounts and offers alternative perspectives on those. "History” considers representations of the evolution of 'old English' and 'new Englishes' and begins to unveil the strong link between conventional accounts and ideological motivations. "Language” critically examines the traditional notion of 'difference' in the description of varieties of English, and discusses more recent orientations which aim to describe English as a lingua franca and the phenomenon of language hybridity. "Ideology” examines ideological debates around the presence and status of English in the world, such as linguistic imperialism, language ownership and language ecology. The final section, "Pedagogy” discusses pedagogical implications, such as the choice of appropriate 'models' of English and considers the possibility of teaching English as a fully de-anglicised language.

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