the earth moves galileo and the roman inquisition great discoveries

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The Earth Moves Galileo And The Roman Inquisition

Author : Dan Hofstadter
ISBN : 9780393071313
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 79 MB
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A cogent portrayal of a turning point in the evolution of the freedom of thought and the beginnings of modern science. Celebrated, controversial, condemned, Galileo Galilei is a seminal figure in the history of science. Both Stephen Hawking and Albert Einstein credit him as the first modern scientist. His 1633 trial before the Holy Office of the Inquisition is the prime drama in the history of the conflict between science and religion. Galileo was then sixty-nine years old and the most venerated scientist in Italy. Although subscribing to an anti-literalist view of the Bible, as per Saint Augustine, Galileo considered himself a believing Catholic. Playing to his own strengths—a deep knowledge of Italy, a longstanding interest in Renaissance and Baroque lore—Dan Hofstadter explains this apparent paradox and limns this historic moment in the widest cultural context, portraying Galileo as both humanist and scientist, deeply versed in philosophy and poetry, on easy terms with musicians, writers, and painters.

The Earth Moves

Author : Dan Hofstadter
ISBN : 0393066509
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 31. 17 MB
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An analysis of Galileo Galilei's historic 1633 trial evaluates the period as a turning point in the history of science and places events against a backdrop of the Renaissance and Baroque eras, in an account that covers such topics as the execution of Giordano Bruno in 1600, Galileo's Catholic faith, and Rome's Holy Office of the Inquisition.

The Earth Moves Galileo And The Roman Inquisition Great Discoveries

Author : Dan Hofstadter
ISBN : 9780393338201
Genre : Religion
File Size : 37. 94 MB
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What really happened during Galileo's momentous 1632 trial for heresy? Many will be surprised to learn that Galileo was a lifelong, devout Catholic, and that the Inquisition made no factual dispute of his claims. Drawing on his intimate knowledge of Italian and Renaissance history, Dan Hofstadter vividly recounts the proceedings and just what was at stake. He sorts through intricate webs of patronage, examines the technology of Galileo's instruments, and reviews the cultural climate to explain why Galileo incurred such strident opposition. His telescope's 1.5 cm eyepiece made the device hard to use, leading some who tried it to denounce it as a scam. His descriptions of the heavens upset centuries of traditional understandings - from Dante's perfect image of the moon to the carefully organized measurements of astrology. The account is also one of mighty egos: Galileo the obstinate truth-seeker on the one hand, and his powerful detractors like Pope Urban VIII on the other. Ironically, the pope was a patron of the arts and sciences, and even a good friend of Galileo. But Hofstadter suggests that like many others, he simply could not see - or refused to see - the truth that we do not occupy the center of the universe.

Galileo In Rome

Author : William R. Shea
ISBN : 9780190292218
Genre : Religion
File Size : 56. 39 MB
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Galileo's trial by the Inquisition is one of the most dramatic incidents in the history of science and religion. Today, we tend to see this event in black and white--Galileo all white, the Church all black. Galileo in Rome presents a much more nuanced account of Galileo's relationship with Rome. The book offers a fascinating account of the six trips Galileo made to Rome, from his first visit at age 23, as an unemployed mathematician, to his final fateful journey to face the Inquisition. The authors reveal why the theory that the Earth revolves around the Sun, set forth in Galileo's Dialogue, stirred a hornet's nest of theological issues, and they argue that, despite these issues, the Church might have accepted Copernicus if there had been solid proof. More interesting, they show how Galileo dug his own grave. To get the imprimatur, he brought political pressure to bear on the Roman Censor. He disobeyed a Church order not to teach the heliocentric theory. And he had a character named Simplicio (which in Italian sounds like simpleton) raise the same objections to heliocentrism that the Pope had raised with Galileo. The authors show that throughout the trial, until the final sentence and abjuration, the Church treated Galileo with great deference, and once he was declared guilty commuted his sentence to house arrest. Here then is a unique look at the life of Galileo as well as a strikingly different view of an event that has come to epitomize the Church's supposed antagonism toward science.

Dialogue Concerning The Two Chief World Systems Ptolemaic And Copernican

Author : Galileo Galilei
ISBN : 9780375757662
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 97 MB
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This classic work proves the truth of the Copernican system over the Ptolemaic one, that the Earth revolves around the Sun.

Quantum Man Richard Feynman S Life In Science Great Discoveries

Author : Lawrence M. Krauss
ISBN : 9780393340655
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 53. 47 MB
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Traces the colorful, turbulent life of the Nobel Prize-winning physicist, from the death of his childhood sweetheart during the Manhattan Project to his rise as an icon in the scientific community.

Galileo S Daughter

Author : Dava Sobel
ISBN : 9780802779656
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 40. 9 MB
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Presents a biography of the scientist through the surviving letters of his illegitimate daughter Maria Celeste, who wrote him from the Florence convent where she lived from the age of thirteen.

Galileo

Author : David Wootton
ISBN : 9780300170061
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 88. 87 MB
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Galileo (1564–1642) is one of the most important and controversial figures in the history of science. A hero of modern science and key to its birth, he was also a deeply divided man: a scholar committed to the establishment of scientific truth yet forced to concede the importance of faith, and a brilliant analyst of the elegantly mathematical workings of nature yet bungling and insensitive with his own family. Tackling Galileo as astronomer, engineer, and author, David Wootton places him at the center of Renaissance culture. He traces Galileo through his early rebellious years; the beginnings of his scientific career constructing a “new physics” his move to Florence seeking money, status, and greater freedom to attack intellectual orthodoxies; his trial for heresy and narrow escape from torture; and his house arrest and physical (though not intellectual) decline. Wootton reveals much that is new—from Galileo’s premature Copernicanism to a previously unrecognized illegitimate daughter—and, controversially, rejects the long-established orthodoxy which holds that Galileo was a good Catholic. Absolutely central to Galileo’s significance—and to science more broadly—is the telescope, the potential of which Galileo was the first to grasp. Wootton makes clear that it totally revolutionized and galvanized scientific endeavor to discover new and previously unimagined facts. Drawing extensively on Galileo’s voluminous letters, many of which were self-censored and sly, this is an original, arresting, and highly readable biography of a difficult, remarkable Renaissance genius.

Galileo S Inquisition Trial Revisited

Author : Jules Speller
ISBN : 3631562292
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 83 MB
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This book shows that the known accounts of Galileo's trial leave many important facts unexplained or even clash with them. A most careful reading of the relevant documents and treatises backs an interpretation which has Pope Urban VIII sue Galileo for denying God's omnipotence or His omniscience by admitting the -absolute truth- of Copernicanism. The Pope's opinion results from an argument he fully trusts, together with his belief that Galileo failed to fulfill a condition to which the publication of the "Dialogue" was subjected. That the trial does not end with a conviction for Urban's awful -formal heresy- but merely for -vehement suspicion of heresy-, with the -heresy- consisting in the pseudo-heretical belief in a doctrine contrary to the Bible, all this is due to the existence of a Galileo-friendly party inside the Holy Office, led by Cardinal Francesco Barberini and powerful enough to wring a compromise from the Pope."

Lavoisier In The Year One The Birth Of A New Science In An Age Of Revolution Great Discoveries

Author : Madison Smartt Bell
ISBN : 9780393341102
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 59. 29 MB
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"Fresh…solid…full of suspense and intrigue." —Publishers Weekly Antoine Lavoisier reinvented chemistry, overthrowing the long-established principles of alchemy and inventing an entirely new terminology, one still in use by chemists. Madison Smartt Bell’s enthralling narrative reads like a race to the finish line, as the very circumstances that enabled Lavoisier to secure his reputation as the father of modern chemistry—a considerable fortune and social connections with the likes of Benjamin Franklin—also caused his glory to be cut short by the French Revolution.

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