the culture of defeat on national trauma mourning and recovery

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The Culture Of Defeat

Author : Wolfgang Schivelbusch
ISBN : 9781466851177
Genre : History
File Size : 63. 62 MB
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A fascinating look at history's losers-the myths they create to cope with defeat and the steps they take never to be vanquished again History may be written by the victors, Wolfgang Schivelbusch argues in his brilliant and provocative new book, but the losers often have the final word. Focusing on three seminal cases of modern warfare-the South after the Civil War, France in the wake of the Franco-Prussian War, and Germany following World War I-Schivelbusch reveals the complex psychological and cultural reactions of vanquished nations to the experience of military defeat. Drawing on responses from every level of society, Schivelbusch shows how conquered societies question the foundations of their identities and strive to emulate the victors: the South to become a "better North," the French to militarize their schools on the Prussian model, the Germans to adopt all things American. He charts the losers' paradoxical equation of military failure with cultural superiority as they generate myths to glorify their pasts and explain their losses: the nostalgic "plantation legend" after the fall of the Confederacy; the cult of Joan of Arc in vanquished France; the fiction of the stab in the back by "foreign" elements in postwar Germany. From cathartic epidemics of "dance madness" to the revolutions that so often follow battlefield humiliation, Schivelbusch finds remarkable similarities across cultures. Eloquently and vibrantly told, The Culture of Defeat is a tour de force that opens new territory for historical inquiry.

The Culture Of Defeat

Author : Wolfgang Schivelbusch
ISBN : 0312423195
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 21 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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A tour of history focuses on the "losers" and the myths they create to deal with the facts of their defeat, focusing on three seminal cases--the South after the Civil War, France following the Franco-Prussian War, and Germany after World War I. Reprint. 10,000 first printing.

The Long Defeat

Author : Akiko Hashimoto
ISBN : 9780190239169
Genre : History
File Size : 65. 30 MB
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In The Long Defeat, Akiko Hashimoto explores the stakes of war memory in Japan after its catastrophic defeat in World War II, showing how and why defeat has become an indelible part of national collective life, especially in recent decades. Divisive war memories lie at the root of the contentious politics surrounding Japan's pacifist constitution and remilitarization, and fuel the escalating frictions in East Asia known collectively as Japan's "history problem." Drawing on ethnography, interviews, and a wealth of popular memory data, this book identifies three preoccupations - national belonging, healing, and justice - in Japan's discourses of defeat. Hashimoto uncovers the key war memory narratives that are shaping Japan's choices - nationalism, pacifism, or reconciliation - for addressing the rising international tensions and finally overcoming its dark history.

Three New Deals

Author : Wolfgang Schivelbusch
ISBN : 0312427433
Genre : History
File Size : 36. 68 MB
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal is regarded today as the democratic ideal, a triumphant American response to a crisis that forced Germany and Italy toward National Socialism and Fascism. Yet in the 1930s, before World War II, the regimes of Roosevelt, Mussolini, and Hitler bore fundamental similarities. In this groundbreaking work, Wolfgang Schivelbusch investigates the shared elements of these three "new deals"--focusing on their architecture and public works projects--to offer a new explanation for the popularity of Europe's totalitarian systems. Writing with flair and concision, Schivelbusch casts a different light on the New Deal and puts forth a provocative explanation for the still-mysterious popularity of Europe's most tyrannical regimes.

Inciting Laughter

Author : Jefferson S. Chase
ISBN : 3110162997
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 37. 72 MB
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Takes a cross-disciplinary approach to an examination of Judenwitz, a type of distinctively Jewish humor, written in German but deemed antithetical to the values of Mainstream German-language society of the 19th century. Focusing on the period from 1820 to 1850, Chase emphasizes a dual analysis of Judenwitz, both as stereotype and strategy, stressing throughout the importance of nonessentialism in the discussion of Jewish humor and 19th century German reactions to it. He discusses the humor itself and its role in identity issues, followed by detailed coverage of three Jewish humorists: Moritz Gottlieb Saphir, Ludwig Borne, and Heinrich Heine. He then assesses the role of Judenwitz in literary history, discusses the "core myth" of German literary history, and evaluates the adaptation of the myth over time. A conclusion is followed by translations of the three humorists' writings. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Hermann Giliomee Historian

Author : Hermann Giliomee
ISBN : 0624066800
Genre : Historians
File Size : 45. 41 MB
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The Life We Were Given

Author : Dana Sachs
ISBN : 0807001244
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 30 MB
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Describes the history of Operation Babylift, the U.S. government's plan to airlift 3,000 displaced Vietnamese children before the fall of Saigon, and examines the lives of the displaced children after the operation.

Confluence

Author : Sara B. Pritchard
ISBN : 9780674049659
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 38. 69 MB
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Sara B. Pritchard traces the Rhône’s remaking since 1945, showing how state officials, technical elites, and citizens connected the environment and technology to political identities and state-building, and demonstrating the importance of environmental management and technological development to the culture and politics of modern France.

The Politics Of War Trauma

Author : Jolande Withuis
ISBN : 9789052603711
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 70 MB
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This study compares the policies and attitudes toward the health consequences of World War II in eleven European countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, East Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, and West Germany. It shows the remarkably asynchronous development in these countries of health care financing and treatment for war survivors, and of the patients’ perception of their own health. Using an innovative and multidisciplinary approach, Withuis and Mooij analyze postwar health care in the context of the European political climate at that time.

Mourning Remains

Author : Isaias Rojas-Perez
ISBN : 9781503602632
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 29. 55 MB
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Mourning Remains examines the attempts to find, recover, and identify the bodies of Peruvians who were disappeared during the 1980s and 1990s counterinsurgency campaign in Peru's central southern Andes. Isaias Rojas-Perez explores the lives and political engagement of elderly Quechua mothers as they attempt to mourn and seek recognition for their kin. Of the estimated 16,000 Peruvians disappeared during the conflict, only the bodies of 3,202 victims have been located, and only 1,833 identified. The rest remain unknown or unfound, scattered across the country and often shattered beyond recognition. Rojas-Perez examines how, in the face of the state's failure to account for their missing dead, the mothers rearrange senses of community, belonging, authority, and the human to bring the disappeared back into being through everyday practices of mourning and memorialization. Mourning Remains reveals how collective mourning becomes a political escape from the state's project of governing past death and how the dead can help secure the future of the body politic.

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