the cave and the light plato versus aristotle and the struggle for the soul of western civilization

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The Cave And The Light

Author : Arthur Herman
ISBN : 9780553907834
Genre : History
File Size : 58. 97 MB
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Arthur Herman has now written the definitive sequel to his New York Times bestseller, How the Scots Invented the Modern World, and extends the themes of the book—which sold half a million copies worldwide—back to the ancient Greeks and forward to the age of the Internet. The Cave and the Light is a magisterial account of how the two greatest thinkers of the ancient world, Plato and Aristotle, laid the foundations of Western culture—and how their rivalry shaped the essential features of our culture down to the present day. Plato came from a wealthy, connected Athenian family and lived a comfortable upper-class lifestyle until he met an odd little man named Socrates, who showed him a new world of ideas and ideals. Socrates taught Plato that a man must use reason to attain wisdom, and that the life of a lover of wisdom, a philosopher, was the pinnacle of achievement. Plato dedicated himself to living that ideal and went on to create a school, his famed Academy, to teach others the path to enlightenment through contemplation. However, the same Academy that spread Plato’s teachings also fostered his greatest rival. Born to a family of Greek physicians, Aristotle had learned early on the value of observation and hands-on experience. Rather than rely on pure contemplation, he insisted that the truest path to knowledge is through empirical discovery and exploration of the world around us. Aristotle, Plato’s most brilliant pupil, thus settled on a philosophy very different from his instructor’s and launched a rivalry with profound effects on Western culture. The two men disagreed on the fundamental purpose of the philosophy. For Plato, the image of the cave summed up man’s destined path, emerging from the darkness of material existence to the light of a higher and more spiritual truth. Aristotle thought otherwise. Instead of rising above mundane reality, he insisted, the philosopher’s job is to explain how the real world works, and how we can find our place in it. Aristotle set up a school in Athens to rival Plato’s Academy: the Lyceum. The competition that ensued between the two schools, and between Plato and Aristotle, set the world on an intellectual adventure that lasted through the Middle Ages and Renaissance and that still continues today. From Martin Luther (who named Aristotle the third great enemy of true religion, after the devil and the Pope) to Karl Marx (whose utopian views rival Plato’s), heroes and villains of history have been inspired and incensed by these two master philosophers—but never outside their influence. Accessible, riveting, and eloquently written, The Cave and the Light provides a stunning new perspective on the Western world, certain to open eyes and stir debate. Praise for The Cave and the Light “A sweeping intellectual history viewed through two ancient Greek lenses . . . breezy and enthusiastic but resting on a sturdy rock of research.”—Kirkus Reviews “Examining mathematics, politics, theology, and architecture, the book demonstrates the continuing relevance of the ancient world.”—Publishers Weekly “A fabulous way to understand over two millennia of history, all in one book.”—Library Journal “Entertaining and often illuminating.”—The Wall Street Journal From the Hardcover edition.

Ordnung Und Geschichte

Author : Eric Voegelin
ISBN : 3770538447
Genre : Civilization
File Size : 87. 78 MB
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Der erste Teil von Das Ökumenische Zeitalter befasst sich mit den Problemen einer nicht-eurozentrischen Geschichtsphilosophie und den Symbolismen, die zur Entwicklung einer solchen Geschichtsphilosophie herangezogen werden müssen. Der zeit-räumliche Bereich des ersten Auftretens dieser neuen Symbolismen sind die Jahrhunderte zwischen dem Aufstieg des persischen und dem Untergang des römischen Reiches. Voegelins Neuordnung dieses Zeitalters wird in der Einleitung zu diesem Band philosophisch begründet und als ein Prozess zwischen kosmologischem Anfang und transkosmischem Jenseits dargestellt, in dem die Menschheit das Feld bildet, das von der Spannung dieses Prozesses gestaltet wird. Die Legitimität der ökumenischen Antike besteht nach Voegelin darin, dass sie grundsätzlich die Möglichkeiten von dem, was als Geschichte bezeichnet werden kann, abgrenzt und zugleich die Spannung des geschichtlichen Prozesses als das Wesen des Menschseins schlechthin aufzeigt.

Politische Romantik

Author : Carl Schmitt
ISBN : 9785880277087
Genre : History
File Size : 78. 70 MB
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German Political Thought And The Discourse Of Platonism

Author : Paul Bishop
ISBN : 9783030045104
Genre :
File Size : 87. 96 MB
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Know Thyself

Author : Ingrid Rossellini
ISBN : 9780385541893
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 94 MB
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A Kirkus Reviews Best Book of 2018 A lively and timely introduction to the roots of self-understanding--who we are and how we should act--in the cultures of ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, and Middle Ages and the Renaissance "Know thyself"--this fundamental imperative appeared for the first time in ancient Greece, specifically in Delphi, the temple of the god Apollo, who represented the enlightened power of reason. For the Greeks, self-knowledge and identity were the basics of their civilization and their sources were to be found in where one was born and into which social group. These determined who you were and what your duties were. In this book the independent scholar Ingrid Rossellini surveys the major ideas that, from Greek and Roman antiquity through the Christian medieval era up to the dawn of modernity in the Renaissance, have guided the Western project of self-knowledge. Addressing the curious lay reader with an interdisciplinary approach that includes numerous references to the visual arts, Know Thyself will reintroduce readers to the most profound and enduring ways our civilization has framed the issues of self and society, in the process helping us rediscover the very building blocks of our personality.

Learn Or Die

Author : Edward D. Hess
ISBN : 9780231538275
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 62. 82 MB
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To compete with today's increasing globalization and rapidly evolving technologies, individuals and organizations must take their ability to learn—the foundation for continuous improvement, operational excellence, and innovation—to a much higher level. In Learn or Die, Edward D. Hess combines recent advances in neuroscience, psychology, behavioral economics, and education with key research on high-performance businesses to create an actionable blueprint for becoming a leading-edge learning organization. Learn or Die examines the process of learning from an individual and an organizational standpoint. From an individual perspective, the book discusses the cognitive, emotional, motivational, attitudinal, and behavioral factors that promote better learning. Organizationally, Learn or Die focuses on the kinds of structures, culture, leadership, employee learning behaviors, and human resource policies that are necessary to create an environment that enables critical and innovative thinking, learning conversations, and collaboration. The volume also provides strategies to mitigate the reality that humans can be reflexive, lazy thinkers who seek confirmation of what they believe to be true and affirmation of their self-image. Exemplar learning organizations discussed include the secretive Bridgewater Associates, LP; Intuit, Inc.; United Parcel Service (UPS); W. L. Gore & Associates; and IDEO.

In The Footsteps Of Rome

Author : Philip J. Tarnoff
ISBN : 9781681814469
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 80. 94 MB
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In the Footsteps of Rome is an epic tale that validates the United States' vulnerability to a major attack by its enemies. The gripping story begins on the battlefields of the Middle East and Africa, where independent groups are fighting for the overthrow of their governments. A new, well-financed organization emerges with the objective of uniting these disparate groups into an effective jihadist force, having the ambitious goal of establishing a worldwide Muslim Caliphate. The organization's effectiveness is enhanced by its acquisition of an advanced technology capable of inflicting significant damage on the United States. For the U.S., the end result, like that of Rome, is chaos and the erosion of its system of government. In the Footsteps of Rome reflects Philip Tarnoff's first-hand knowledge of both government agencies and the private sector. His career experience includes work with state and federal agencies, most recently focusing on the operation of America's highway transportation system, a pursuit for which he has received many awards. As our government pours large sums of money into defense while its infrastructure crumbles, it becomes increasingly clear that the U.S. is following the path of the Rome, whose investments in military superiority dwarfed expenditures on the Empire's other critical needs. Tarnoff's first book, The Road Ahead, which discussed necessary improvements in transportation operations, has received universal acclaim. It is now followed by this work of fiction, which exposes the weaknesses of a deteriorating society.

Smile Or Die

Author : Barbara Ehrenreich
ISBN : 9783888979200
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 78 MB
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Wie konnte aus dem harmlosen Lob einer optimistischen Lebenseinstellung eine kulturelle Glaubenswahrheit mit zunehmend zwanghaften Zügen werden? Mit kritischer Intelligenz und beißendem Spott nimmt Ehrenreich eine blühende Bewusstseinsindustrie unter die Lupe, die mit "Positive Thinking" inzwischen Milliarden verdient. "Sei positiv! Optimisten leben länger! Der Erfolg ist in dir!" Seit Jahrzehnten künden Ratgeber und Motivationstrainer von der grenzenlosen Macht positiven Denkens. Glück, Gesundheit, Reichtum und beruflicher Erfolg - so die Botschaft - sind für jeden jederzeit erreichbar, eine lückenlos positive Grundhaltung vorausgesetzt. Selbst schuld, wer da noch Sorgen hat oder gar die Ursachen seiner Probleme in der Realität vermutet. Arbeitslose erfahren, einzig der Ton ihrer Bewerbung entscheide über deren Erfolg. Selbst Krebskranke werden heute gewarnt, eine "negative Haltung" könne ihre Heilung gefährden. Eine "erfrischend aggressive und glänzend intelligente Attacke auf das Nonsense-Monster mit den tausend Armen" (Daily Mail), zugleich ein überfälliges Plädoyer für eine Rückkehr zu Realismus und gesundem Menschenverstand.

Das Wissen Des Abendlandes

Author : Richard Tarnas
ISBN : 3491961599
Genre : Civilization, Western
File Size : 88. 30 MB
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Die Neue Wissenschaft Der Politik

Author : Eric Voegelin
ISBN : 3770540158
Genre :
File Size : 24. 65 MB
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Es gibt nur wenige Klassiker der modernen politischen Philosophie - Eric Voegelins Die neue Wissenschaft der Politik ist einer von ihnen. Ihre Erstveröffentlichung 1952 in den USA zog durch eine Titelgeschichte vom Time Magazine sogleich breite Aufmerksamkeit auf sich und brachte dem Autor den Ruf eines Theoretikers von Rang ein. Sie ist im besten Sinne des Wortes eine Streit- und zugleich eine Programmschrift. In dezidierter Frontstellung gegen das positivistische Wissenschaftsverständnis unternimmt der Autor den Versuch, die politische Wissenschaft in Anknüpfung an die Tradition der klassischen episteme politike als eine Wissenschaft von menschlicher und gesellschaftlicher Ordnung neu zu begründen. In ihrem Mittelpunkt stehen, neben der Frage nach dem Wesen der Rationalität, eine Philosophie der Geschichte mit einer ebenso kritischen wie kontroversen Deutung der westlichen Modernität. Als "ein Werk von exzeptioneller Qualität" brachte Die neue Wissenschaft der Politik Voegelin den begehrten Lippencott Award der American Political Science Association ein. Auch heute, ein halbes Jahrhundert nach ihrem ersten Erscheinen, hat sie nichts von ihrer ursprünglichen Frische, Aktualität und intellektuellen Brillanz verloren.

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