the cave and the light plato versus aristotle and the struggle for the soul of western civilization

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The Cave And The Light

Author : Arthur Herman
ISBN : 9780553907834
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 86 MB
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Arthur Herman has now written the definitive sequel to his New York Times bestseller, How the Scots Invented the Modern World, and extends the themes of the book—which sold half a million copies worldwide—back to the ancient Greeks and forward to the age of the Internet. The Cave and the Light is a magisterial account of how the two greatest thinkers of the ancient world, Plato and Aristotle, laid the foundations of Western culture—and how their rivalry shaped the essential features of our culture down to the present day. Plato came from a wealthy, connected Athenian family and lived a comfortable upper-class lifestyle until he met an odd little man named Socrates, who showed him a new world of ideas and ideals. Socrates taught Plato that a man must use reason to attain wisdom, and that the life of a lover of wisdom, a philosopher, was the pinnacle of achievement. Plato dedicated himself to living that ideal and went on to create a school, his famed Academy, to teach others the path to enlightenment through contemplation. However, the same Academy that spread Plato’s teachings also fostered his greatest rival. Born to a family of Greek physicians, Aristotle had learned early on the value of observation and hands-on experience. Rather than rely on pure contemplation, he insisted that the truest path to knowledge is through empirical discovery and exploration of the world around us. Aristotle, Plato’s most brilliant pupil, thus settled on a philosophy very different from his instructor’s and launched a rivalry with profound effects on Western culture. The two men disagreed on the fundamental purpose of the philosophy. For Plato, the image of the cave summed up man’s destined path, emerging from the darkness of material existence to the light of a higher and more spiritual truth. Aristotle thought otherwise. Instead of rising above mundane reality, he insisted, the philosopher’s job is to explain how the real world works, and how we can find our place in it. Aristotle set up a school in Athens to rival Plato’s Academy: the Lyceum. The competition that ensued between the two schools, and between Plato and Aristotle, set the world on an intellectual adventure that lasted through the Middle Ages and Renaissance and that still continues today. From Martin Luther (who named Aristotle the third great enemy of true religion, after the devil and the Pope) to Karl Marx (whose utopian views rival Plato’s), heroes and villains of history have been inspired and incensed by these two master philosophers—but never outside their influence. Accessible, riveting, and eloquently written, The Cave and the Light provides a stunning new perspective on the Western world, certain to open eyes and stir debate. Praise for The Cave and the Light “A sweeping intellectual history viewed through two ancient Greek lenses . . . breezy and enthusiastic but resting on a sturdy rock of research.”—Kirkus Reviews “Examining mathematics, politics, theology, and architecture, the book demonstrates the continuing relevance of the ancient world.”—Publishers Weekly “A fabulous way to understand over two millennia of history, all in one book.”—Library Journal “Entertaining and often illuminating.”—The Wall Street Journal From the Hardcover edition.

Unity The Art And Science Of Transformational Change

Author : Erik Phillips-Nania
ISBN : 9781312785960
Genre :
File Size : 67. 86 MB
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Aristotle

Author : Kelly Roscoe
ISBN : 9781499461268
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 50. 25 MB
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Aristotle reflected upon everything from the weather, physics, and natural sciences to justice, government, and art. Armed with a critical eye and a great curiosity about life, he had a fundamental influence on the way we perceive and understand the world around us. Although some of his theories turned out to be inaccurate, Aristotle’s philosophy continues to inform and inspire present and future generations of minds eager to learn. Readers will find out about his early life, his scholarship under Plato, his tutelage of Alexander the Great, and the opening of the Lyceum, his school in Athens.

Plato

Author : Lindsay Zoubek
ISBN : 9781499461305
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 31. 48 MB
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One of the greatest thinkers of the ancient world is thoroughly examined in this resource. Readers will be introduced to the concepts and tenets of Plato?s philosophy, his methods of examining and teaching, and his influence on modern philosophy and political thought, including the influence of his philosophies on political systems such as communism. This book also explores Plato?s life and upbringing as a member of the aristocracy and his later life as a teacher who had to flee to escape slavery and death for his beliefs.

Learn Or Die

Author : Edward D. Hess
ISBN : 9780231538275
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 55. 71 MB
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Politeia

Author : Plato
ISBN : 353424060X
Genre :
File Size : 22. 73 MB
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Aristotelis Fragmenta Selecta

Author : Aristotle
ISBN : 0198145128
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 55. 89 MB
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Aristotle Fragmenta Selecta

Greek For Reading

Author : Gerda M. Seligson
ISBN : 0472082663
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 68. 2 MB
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A highly innovative approach to Classical Greek for beginning students

Chrysippi Fragmenta Logica Et Physica

Author : Hans von Arnim
ISBN : 9783110955019
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 61 MB
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Theait Tos Anterastai Theag S

Author : Plato
ISBN : OCLC:220741524
Genre :
File Size : 21. 85 MB
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