the biology of mangroves and seagrasses biology of habitats

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The Biology Of Mangroves And Seagrasses

Author : Peter J. Hogarth
ISBN : 9780198716556
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 67 MB
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Mangroves and seagrasses form extensive and highly productive ecosystems that are both biologically diverse and economically valuable. This book, now in its third edition and fully updated throughout, continues to provide a current and comprehensive introduction to all aspects of the biology and ecology of mangroves and seagrasses. Using a global range of examples and case studies, it describes the unique adaptations of these plants to their exacting environments; the rich and diverse communities of organisms that depend on mangrove forests and seagrass meadows (including tree-climbing shrimps, synchronously flashing fireflies, and 'gardening' seacows); the links between mangrove, seagrass, and other habitats; and the evolution, biodiversity, and biogeography of mangroves and seagrasses. The economic value of mangroves and seagrasses is also discussed, including approaches to rational management of these vital resources and techniques for the restoration of degraded habitats. A final chapter, new to this edition, examines the potential effects of global climate change including sea level rise. As with other titles in the Biology of Habitats Series, particular emphasis is placed on the organisms that dominate these fascinating aquatic ecosystems although pollution, conservation, and experimental aspects are also considered. This accessible textbook assumes no previous knowledge of mangrove or seagrass ecology and is intended for senior undergraduate and graduate students, as well as professional ecologists, conservation practitioners, and resource managers.

The Biology Of Mangroves And Seagrasses

Author : Peter Hogarth
ISBN : 9780198568704
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 26 MB
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Mangroves and seagrasses form extensive and highly productive ecosystems that are biologically diverse and economically valuable. Hogarth's book offers a concise but comprehensive introduction to the biology of mangroves and seagrasses.

The Biology Of Peatlands 2e

Author : Håkan Rydin
ISBN : 9780191508295
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 4 MB
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Peatlands form important landscape elements in many parts of the world and play significant roles for biodiversity and global carbon balance. This new edition has been fully revised and updated, documenting the latest advances in areas such as microbial processes and relations between biological processes and hydrology. As well as thoroughly referencing the latest research, the authors expose a rich older literature where an immense repository of natural history has accumulated. The Biology of Peatlands starts with an overview of the main peatland types (marsh, swamp, fen, and bog), before examining the entire range of biota present (microbes, invertebrates, plants, and vertebrates), together with their specific adaptations to peatland habitats. Detailed coverage is devoted to the genus Sphagnum, the most important functional plant group in northern peatlands, although tropical and southern hemisphere peatlands are also covered. Throughout the book the interactions between organisms and environmental conditions (especially wetness, availability of oxygen, and pH) are emphasized, with chapters on the physical and chemical characteristics of peat, the role of peat as an archive of past vegetation and climate, and peatland succession and development. Several other key factors and processes are then examined, including hydrology and nutrient cycling. The fascinating peatland landforms in different parts of the world are described, together with theories on how they have developed. Human interactions with peatlands are considered in terms of management, conservation, and restoration. A final chapter, new to this edition, focuses on the role of peatlands as sources or sinks for the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane, and the influences of climate change on peatlands. This timely and accessible text is suitable for students and researchers of peatland ecology, as well as providing an authoritative overview for professional ecologists and conservation biologists.

Seagrasses Biology Ecology And Conservation

Author : Anthony Larkum
ISBN : 140202942X
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 72 MB
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Seagrasses are unique plants; the only group of flowering plants to recolonise the sea. They occur on every continental margin, except Antarctica, and form ecosystems which have important roles in fisheries, fish nursery grounds, prawn fisheries, habitat diversity and sediment stabilisation. Over the last two decades there has been an explosion of research and information on all aspects of seagrass biology. However the compilation of all this work into one book has not been attempted previously. In this book experts in 26 areas of seagrass biology present their work in chapters which are state-of–the-art and designed to be useful to students and researchers alike. The book not only focuses on what has been discovered but what exciting areas are left to discover. The book is divided into sections on taxonomy, anatomy, reproduction, ecology, physiology, fisheries, management, conservation and landscape ecology. It is destined to become the chosen text on seagrasses for any marine biology course.

The Biology Of Soft Shores And Estuaries

Author : Colin Little
ISBN : 9780198504269
Genre : Nature
File Size : 32. 52 MB
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This book describes soft sediments in the sea and in estuaries as habitats for a wide range of animals and plants and techniques used to study them. Designed to be accessible to readers at all levels, it discusses organisms and their adaptations on sandy shores, mudflats, seagrass beds, salt marshes, mangrove swamps and below the tide marks. It emphasizes the special characteristics of estuaries, including life in the estuarine water column and estuarine food webs, and considers pollution problems and conservation approaches.

Advances In Marine Biology

Author :
ISBN : 0080463339
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 48 MB
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Advances in Marine Biology was first published in 1963. Now edited by A.J. Southward (Marine Biological Association, UK), P.A. Tyler (Southampton Oceanography Association, UK), C.M. Young (Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, USA) and L.A. Fuiman (University of Texas, USA), the serial publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics which will appeal to postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries science, ecology, zoology, oceanography. Eclectic volumes in the series are supplemented by thematic volumes on such topics as The Biology of Calanoid Copepods. Includes over 55 tables of descriptive data Covers such topics as coral reefs, southern ocean cephalopods, seagrass and mangrove habitats, and much more 4 reviews authored by experts in their relevant fields of study

Global Seagrass Research Methods

Author : F.T. Short
ISBN : 008052561X
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 20 MB
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This thorough and informative volume presents a set of detailed, globally applicable techniques for seagrass research. The book provides methods for all aspects of seagrass science from basic plant collection to statistical approaches and investigations of plant-animal interaction. The emphasis is on methods that are applicable in both developing and developed countries. The importance of seagrasses in coastal and near shore environments, and ultimately their contribution to the productivity of the world's oceans, has become increasingly recognised over the last 40 years. Seagrasses provide food for sea turtles, nearly 100 fish species, waterfowl and for the marine mammals the manatee and dugong. Seagrasses also support complex food webs by virtue of their physical structure and primary production and are well known for their role as breeding grounds and nurseries for important crustacean, finfish and shell fish populations. Seagrasses are the basis of an important detrital food chain. The plants filter nutrients and contaminants from the water, stabilise sediments and act as dampeners to wave action. Seagrasses rank with coral reefs and mangroves as some of the world's most productive coastal habitat and strong linkages among these habitats make the loss of seagrasses a contributing factor in the degradation of the world's oceans. Contributors from around the world provide up-to-date methods for comparable collection of ecological information from both temperate and tropical seagrass ecosystems.

Marine Biology A Very Short Introduction

Author : Philip V. Mladenov
ISBN : 9780191654350
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 76 MB
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The marine environment is the largest, most important, and yet most mysterious habitat on our planet. It contains more than 99% of the world's living space; produces half of its oxygen; plays a critical role in regulating its climate; and supports a remarkably diverse and exquisitely adapted array of life forms, from microscopic viruses, bacteria, and plankton to the largest existing animals. As the 21st century progresses human activities, such as overfishing, coastal development, plastic pollution, oil spills, nutrient pollution, the spread of exotic species, and the emission of climate changing greenhouse gases are posing a significant threat to the marine environment and to many of its life forms. In this unique Very Short Introduction, Philip Mladenov provides a comprehensive overview of marine biology, providing a tour of marine life and marine processes that ranges from the polar oceans to tropical coral reefs; and from the intertidal to the hydrothermal vents of the deep sea. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Lobsters

Author : Bruce Phillips
ISBN : 9781118517499
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 15 MB
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This expanded and fully updated Second Edition of the mostcomprehensive and successful book on lobsters, comprisescontributions from many of the world’s experts, eachproviding core information for all those working in lobsterbiology, fisheries research and management and lobsteraquaculture. Under the editorship of Bruce Phillips, the Second Edition ofLobsters: Biology, Management, Fisheries and Aquaculturedelivers exhaustive coverage of these fascinating creatures,stretching from growth and development to management andconservation. A number of chapters from the First Edition coveringGrowth, Reproduction, Diseases, Behaviour, Nutrition, Larval andPost-Larval Ecology and Juvenile and Adult Ecology have beenreplaced by new chapters including Lobsters in Ecosystems,Genetics, Translocation, Climate Change, Ecolabelling of Lobsters,Casitas and Other Artificial Shelters, Systems to maximise EconomicBenefits.. These new chapters reflect changes that are occurring inlobster management and new research developments brought on bysocial, climatic and economic changes. As well as information from new research output, information ineach chapter is also included on individual commercial Genera,including aspects of Species and distribution, Predators anddiseases, Ecology and behaviour, Aquaculture and enhancement,Harvest of wild populations and their regulations, Management andconservation. The chapter on slipper lobsters has also beenexpanded to include Thenus and Ibacus species whichare now subject to commercial fisheries. The changes that haveoccurred in some lobster fisheries, the new management arrangementsin place, the status of stocks and the current economic and socialsituation of each fishery have also been covered and discussed ingreat detail. Fisheries scientists, fisheries managers aquaculture personnel,aquatic and invertebrate biologists, physiologists, ecologists,marine biologists and environmental biologists will all findLobsters Second Edition to be a vital source of reference.Libraries in all universities and research establishments wherebiological and life sciences and fisheries and aquaculture arestudied and taught will find it an extremely valuable addition totheir shelves.

Ecological Connectivity Among Tropical Coastal Ecosystems

Author : Ivan Nagelkerken
ISBN : 9789048124060
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 26 MB
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Mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and coral reefs are circumtropical ecosystems that are highly productive, and provide many important biological functions and economic services. These ecosystems cover large surface areas in the shallow tropical coastal seascape but have suffered from serious human degradation, especially in the last few decades. Part of their diversity, productivity, and functioning seems to be based on their juxtaposition. Especially in the last decade significant advances have been made on new insights into their ecological connectivity. This authoritative book provides a first-time comprehensive review of the major ecological interactions across tropical marine ecosystems that result from the mutual exchange of nutrients, organic matter, fish, and crustaceans. A group of leading authors from around the world reviews the patterns and underlying mechanisms of important biogeochemical and biological linkages among tropical coastal ecosystems in 15 chapters. Included are chapters that review cutting-edge tools to study and quantify these linkages, the importance of such linkages for fisheries, and how tropical ecosystems should be conserved and managed for sustainable use by future generations. The book uses examples from all over the world and provides an up-to-date review of the latest published literature. This book is a ‘must read’ for professionals working on the conservation, management, and ecology of mangrove, seagrass and coral reef ecosystems.

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