thank god they re on our side the united states and right wing dictatorships 1921 1965

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Thank God They Re On Our Side

Author : David F. Schmitz
ISBN : 9780807875964
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65. 10 MB
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Despite its avowed commitment to liberalism and democracy internationally, the United States has frequently chosen to back repressive or authoritarian regimes in parts of the world. In this comprehensive examination of American support of right-wing dictatorships, David Schmitz challenges the contention that the democratic impulse has consistently motivated U.S. foreign policy. Compelled by a persistent concern for order and influenced by a paternalistic racism that characterized non-Western peoples as vulnerable to radical ideas, U.S. policymakers viewed authoritarian regimes as the only vehicles for maintaining political stability and encouraging economic growth in nations such as Nicaragua and Iran, Schmitz argues. Expediency overcame ideology, he says, and the United States gained useful--albeit brutal and corrupt--allies who supported American policies and provided a favorable atmosphere for U.S. trade. But such policy was not without its critics and did not remain static, Schmitz notes. Instead, its influence waxed and waned over the course of five decades, until the U.S. interventions in Vietnam marked its culmination.

The United States And Right Wing Dictatorships 1965 1989

Author : David F. Schmitz
ISBN : 0521678536
Genre : History
File Size : 45. 1 MB
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Building on Schmitz's earlier work, Thank God They're on our Side, this is an examination of American policy toward right-wing dictatorships from the 1960s to the end of the Cold War. During the 1920s American leaders developed a policy of supporting authoritarian regimes because they were seen as stable, anti-communist, and capitalist. After 1965, however, American support for these regimes became a contested issue. The Vietnam War served to undercut the logic and rationale of supporting right-wing dictators. By systematically examining US support for right-wing dictatorships in Africa, Latin America, Europe, and Asia, and bringing together these disparate episodes, this book examines the persistence of older attitudes, the new debates brought about by the Vietnam War, and the efforts to bring about changes and an end to automatic US support for authoritarian regimes.

Die Ambivalenz Des Guten

Author : Jan Eckel
ISBN : 9783647300696
Genre : History
File Size : 50. 72 MB
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Menschenrechte erlangten im 20. Jahrhundert eine globale Ausstrahlung und verwandelten sich in eine umkämpfte Arena des politischen Konflikts. Unzählige Gruppen und Staaten beriefen sich auf sie, um anderen zu helfen, sich selbst zu schützen oder ihre politischen Ziele zu rechtfertigen. Das machte sie zu einer entscheidenden Sprache der internationalen Politik. Erstmals wird in diesem Buch die Entwicklung der internationalen Menschenrechtspolitik seit den 1940er Jahren dargestellt. Unerlässlich für das historische Verständnis und für eine kompetente politische Diskussion, untersucht es empirisch die vielfältigen Projekte, die im Namen der Menschenrechte verfolgt wurden, die dramatischen Auseinandersetzungen, die sie auslösten, und die ambivalenten Folgen, die sie für die Geschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts hatten.

Geschichte Der Welt 1945 Bis Heute

Author : Akira Iriye
ISBN : 9783406641169
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 41 MB
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«Weltgeschichte ist lange Zeit als eine Geschichte des Aufstiegs und Niedergangs einer kleinen Zahl von ‚Hochkulturen’ geschrieben worden. Unter diesen Kulturen schienen Europa oder der atlantische ‚Westen’ während der letzten Jahrhunderte nach den Kriterien Macht, Wohlstand und kulturelle Kreativität zu dominieren. Das neue sechsbändige Werk zur Weltgeschichte, das von einem Team von Historikerinnen und Historikern vorwiegend aus den USA und Deutschland erarbeitet wird und das gleichzeitig bei C.H.Beck und Harvard University Press erscheint, verabschiedet sich von diesen Traditionen. Es leugnet die Errungenschaften des Westens nicht, stellt sie aber in den größeren Zusammenhang gleichzeitiger Entwicklungen in anderen Teilen der Welt. Dadurch wird das allmähliche, dabei aber krisenhafte Entstehen des heutigen dicht integrierten und pluralistischen Weltzusammenhangs sichtbar. Erstmals werden in diesen Bänden die Ergebnisse von mehreren Jahrzehnten internationaler Forschung zur Vorgeschichte der Globalisierung und zur Entwicklung von Gesellschaften und politischen Ordnungen auf allen Kontinenten von führenden Experten zusammenfassend dargestellt. Weltgeschichte erscheint hier nicht als Aneinanderreihung einzelner Spezialgeschichten. Die Aufmerksamkeit richtet sich auf bisher wenig beachtete Querbeziehungen und Wechselwirkungen: auf Migrationen von Einzelnen und Gruppen und die Gründung neuer Gesellschaften, auf die interkontinentale Ausbreitung von Technologien, Religionen oder politischen Ideen, auf globale Kommunikationsnetze, Handelsströme und Konsummuster, auf Imperialismus, Kolonialismus und großräumige Kriege.» Akira Iriye und Jürgen Osterhammel Die Weltpolitik im Zeichen des Kalten Krieges, die ökonomische Globalisierung, der dramatische Wandel der Erde mit einer Verdoppelung und dann Verdreifachung der Weltbevölkerung innerhalb weniger Jahrzehnte sowie einer explosionsartigen Zunahme aller Arten von Umweltbelastungen bis hin zur Klimaerwärmung und Reaktorkatastrophen, die Herausbildung einer globalen Kulturgemeinschaft bei gleichzeitiger, teilweise offensiv behaupteter Diversität – all diese Megatrends der Weltgeschichte seit 1945 sind Gegenstand dieses neuen Bandes der «Geschichte der Welt». «Was für ein Meilenstein: Einige der besten Historiker schreiben eine Geschichte der Welt.» «Intellektuell so anregend wie kaum eine weitere gegenwärtige Arbeit der Geschichtswissenschaft.» Jacques Schuster, Die Welt

Brent Scowcroft

Author : David F. Schmitz
ISBN : 9780742570429
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 82. 62 MB
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As National Security Advisor to President Gerald Ford, advisor to President Ronald Reagan, and as National Security Advisor to President George H. W. Bush, Brent Scowcroft was at the center of the ongoing debate over how to shape American foreign policy in the post-war world. As David F. Schmitz makes clear in his new biography, Scowcroft was a realist in his outlook on American foreign policy and an heir to the Cold War internationalism that had shaped that policy since 1945. The type of bi-partisan cooperation and internationalism that marked the pre-Vietnam War years served as Scowcroft's guide to how to defend American interests and promote U.S. values and institutions globally. While not always successful, Scowcroft provided a consistent internationalist voice in the midst of change.

The A To Z Of U S Diplomacy From World War I Through World War Ii

Author : Martin Folly
ISBN : 9781461672418
Genre : History
File Size : 54. 5 MB
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The A to Z of U.S. Diplomacy from World War I through World War II relates the events of this crucial period in U.S. history through a chronology, an introductory essay, and over 600 cross-referenced dictionary entries on key persons, places, events, institutions, and organizations.

Problems In Modern Latin American History

Author : John Charles Chasteen
ISBN : 0842050604
Genre : History
File Size : 57. 30 MB
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This is a completely revised and updated edition of SR Books' classic text, Problems in Modern Latin American History. This book has been brought up to date by Professors John Charles Chasteen and James A. Wood to reflect current scholarship and to maximize the book's utility as a teaching tool. The book is divided into 13 chapters, with each chapter dedicated to addressing a particular 'problem' in modern Latin America-issues that complement most survey texts. Each chapter includes an interpretive essay that frames a clear central issue for students to tackle, along with excerpts from historical writing that advance alternative-or even conflicting-interpretations. In addition, each chapter contains primary documents for students to analyze in relation to the interpretive issues. This primary material includes passages of Latin American fiction in translation, biographical sketches, and images. Designed as a supplemental text for survey courses on Latin American history, this book's provocative 'problems' approach will engage students, evoke lively classroom discussion, and promote critical thinking.

Dean Acheson

Author : Robert Beisner
ISBN : 9780195382488
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 45. 20 MB
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Dean Acheson was one of the most influential Secretaries of State in U.S. history, presiding over American foreign policy during a pivotal era - the decade after World War II when the American Century slipped into high gear. During his vastly influential career, Acheson spearheaded the greatest foreign policy achievements in modern times, ranging from the Marshall Plan to the establishment of NATO. Now, in this monumental biography, Robert L. Beisner paints an indelible portrait of one of the key figures of the last half-century. In a book filled with insight based on research in government archives, memoirs, letters, and diaries, Beisner illuminates Acheson's policy-making, describing how he led the state department and managed his relationship with Truman, all to illuminate the vital policies he initiated in his years at State. The book examines Acheson's major triumphs, including the highly underrated achievement of converting West Germany and Japan from mortal enemiesto prized allies, and does not shy away from examining his missteps. But underlying all his actions, Beisner shows, was a tough-minded determination to outmatch the strength of the Soviet bloc - indeed, to defeat the Soviet Union at every turn. The emotional center of the book focuses on Acheson's friendship with Truman. No pair seemed so poorly matched - one, a bourbon-drinking mid-Westerner with a homespun disposition, the other, a mustachioed Connecticut dandy who preferred perfect martinis - yet no such team ever worked better together. Acheson's unstinting dedication to an often unpopular president was reciprocated with deep gratitude and loyalty. Together, they redrew the map of the post-war world. Over six foot tall, with steel blue, "merry, searching eyes" and a "wolfish" grin, Dean Acheson was an unforgettable character - intellectually brilliant, always debonair, and tough as tempered steel. This lustrous portrait of an immensely accomplished and colorful life is the epitome of the biographer's art.

Appeasement In Europe

Author : David F. Schmitz
ISBN : UOM:39015020797133
Genre : History
File Size : 20. 84 MB
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Representing new scholarship on U. S. appeasement policy in 1930s Europe, these six essays enlarge the traditional focus of research beyond U.S.-German relations. The ideology of policymakers including Roosevelt, Joseph P. Kennedy, Neville Chamberlain, and their critics and the influence of various groups on appeasement policy development are scrutinized. The volume poses new questions about the role of antibolshevism, examines appeasement as part of the quest for stability in Europe, and provides new insights on the nature of U.S. foreign policy prior to World War II.

The Tet Offensive

Author : David F. Schmitz
ISBN : 0742544869
Genre : History
File Size : 26. 41 MB
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On January 30, 1968 approximately 84,000 North Vietnamese Army and National Liberation Front forces launched nearly simultaneous attacks against over 100 cities and military installations in South Vietnam. The well-coordinated urban attacks came during the most sacred of Vietnamese holidays and caught American commanders by surprise. The results of the Tet Offensive were monumental, tens of thousands were killed and many more wounded. But its importance goes far beyond its military outcome to the powerful political, psychological, and economic impact in the United States. In this new work, historian David F. Schmitz analyzes what is arguably the most important event in the history of the Vietnam conflict. Schmitz situates the Tet Offensive in the context of American foreign policy and the state of the war up to 1968 while carefully considering the impact of the media on American public opinion. Through his up-to-date analysis of recently available sources, Schmitz works to dispel myths and clarify the central debates surrounding this pivotal event that brought an end to American escalation of the war and led to LBJ's decision to withdraw from the presidential race."

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