territories the claiming of space

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Territory

Author : David Storey
ISBN : 0582327903
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 82 MB
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Territory provides a comprehensive introduction to theories of territoriality and the geographical outcomes of territorial control. It explores both macro-scale territoriality (e.g. the emergence of nations and state formation) and micro-scale territoriality (e.g. the 'designation' of particular spaces in urban areas or domestic contexts). Politics and political relationships underpin the world we live in. From a geographical perspective, the most obvious manifestation of this is the division of the Earth's surface into political units (states and sub-state divisions). There are also less explicit forms of territorial division which occur in more micro-scale contexts. Whether explicit or implicit, control over territory is a key political motivating force. Competing territory claims are a major source of conflict. The processes of control and the contestation over particular territory are thus key elements in what is known as political geography.

Territories

Author : David Storey
ISBN : 0415575494
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 56. 35 MB
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Politics and political relationships underpin the world we live in. From the division of the earthâe(tm)s surface into separate states to the placement of âe~keep outâe(tm) signs, territorial strategies to control geographic space can be used to assert, maintain or resist power and as a force for oppression or liberation. Forms of exclusion can be consolidated and reinforced through territorial practices, yet they can also be resisted through similar means. Territoriality can be seen as the spatial expression of power, with borders dividing those inside from those outside. The extensively revised and updated second edition continues to provide an introduction to theories of territoriality and the outcomes of territorial control and resistance. It explores the construction of territories and the conflicts which often result using a range of examples drawn from various spatial scales and from many different countries. It ranges in coverage from conflicts over national territory (such as Israel/Palestine, Northern Ireland, South Ossetia) to divisions of space based around class, gender and race. While retaining the key elements of the first edition, this new edition covers contemporary debates on nationalism, territorialization, globalization and borders. It updates the factual content to explore the territorial consequences of âe~9/11âe(tm), the âe~war on terrorâe(tm) and the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. It also examines migration, refugees, the territorial expansion of the European Union, and territorial divisions in the home and workplace. The book emphasizes the underlying processes associated with territorial strategies and raises important questions relating to place, culture and identity. Key questions emerge concerning geographic space, who is âe~allowedâe(tm) to be in particular spaces and who is barred, discouraged or excluded. Written from a geographical perspective, the book is inter-disciplinary, drawing on ideas and material from a range of academic disciplines including, history, political science, sociology, international relations, cultural studies. Each chapter contains boxed case studies, illustrations and guides to further reading.

Public Places And Spaces

Author : Irwin Altman
ISBN : 9781468456011
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 23. 50 MB
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This tenth volume in the series addresses an important topic of research, de sign, and policy in the environment and behavior field. Public places and spaces include a sweeping array of settings, including urban streets, plazas and squares, malls, parks, and other locales, and natural settings such as aquatic environments, national parks and forests, and wilderness areas. The impor tance of public settings is highlighted by difficult questions of access, control, and management; unique needs and problems of different users (including women, the handicapped, and various ethnic groups); and the dramatic re shaping of our public environments that has occurred and will continue to occur in the foreseeable future. The wide-ranging scope of the topic of public places and spaces demands the attention of many disciplines and researchers, designers, managers, and policymakers. As in previous volumes in the series, the authors in the present volume come from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, research and design orientations, and affiliations. They have backgrounds in or are affiliated with such fields as architecture, geography, landscape architecture, natural re sources, psychology, sociology, and urban design. Many more disciplines ob viously contribute to our understanding and design of public places and spaces, so that the contributors to this volume reflect only a sample of the possibilities and present state of knowledge about public settings.

The Structure Of The Ordinary

Author : N. J. Habraken
ISBN : 0262581957
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 24. 85 MB
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The influential Dutch architect's long-awaited manifesto on the everyday environment as the first and best ground for establishing the significance and coherence of architecture. According to N. J. Habraken, intimate and unceasing interaction between people and the forms they inhabit uniquely defines built environment. The Structure of the Ordinary, the culmination of decades of environmental observation and design research, is a recognition and analysis of everyday environment as the wellspring of urban design and formal architecture. The author's central argument is that built environment is universally organized by the Orders of Form, Place, and Understanding. These three fundamental, interwoven principles correspond roughly to physical, biological, and social domains. Historically, "ordinary" environment was the background against which architects built the "extraordinary." Drawing upon extensive examples from archaeological and contemporary sites worldwide, the author illustrates profound recent shifts in the structure of everyday environment. One effect of these transformations, Habraken argues, has been the loss of implicit common understanding that previously enabled architects to formally enhance and innovate while still maintaining environmental coherence. Consequently, architects must now undertake a study of the ordinary as the fertile common ground in which form- and place-making are rooted. In focusing on built environment as an autonomous entity distinct from the societies and natural environments that jointly create it, this book lays the foundation for a new dialogue on methodology and pedagogy, in support of a more informed approach to professional intervention.

Power And Space

Author : Josefine Fokdal
ISBN : 9783825813901
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 49. 32 MB
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Architects are creators of places. Spaces are produced by the social practice of the user within places. Thus, the user is brought into the picture as a producer of space whereas architects are classified as producers of place. The book addresses the notion of power relations within undefined spaces of transition through case study documentations and by analyzing individual and common expressions in four social housing projects in greater Copenhagen. Understanding the struggle of power relations can help identify an interest articulated by the user. The articulations are made by means of additions that are placed within the spaces of transition. The conclusion that can be drawn is that power relations should be recognized by architects as a phenomenon of the dominating aspect of architecture. Neglecting to consider this domination in the conception of residential housing projects has a large impact on the user and his/her possibilities for practicing social interactions.

Key Methods In Geography

Author : Nicholas Clifford
ISBN : 076197492X
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 3 MB
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Key Methods in Geography is an introduction for undergraduates to the principal methodological issues involved in the collection, analysis and presentation of geographical information. It provides an accessible primer, which will be used by students as a reference throughout their degree, on all issues from research design to presentation. A unique feature of the book is that it provides definitions of terms from both human geography and physical geography. Organized into four parts: Getting Started in Geographical Research; Data Collection in Human Geography; Data Collection in Physical Geography; Analyzing and Representing Geographical Data. Each chapter is comprised of a short definition, a summary of the principal arguments, a substantive 5,000-word discussion, the use of real-life examples, and annotated notes for further reading. The teaching of research methods is integral in all geography courses. Key Methods in Geography identifies the key analytical and observational strategies with which all geography undergraduates should be conversant.

Working With Gangs And Young People

Author : Jessie Feinstein
ISBN : 9781843104476
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50. 41 MB
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Concern about gang culture is on the increase, but remains surrounded by myths. While gangs may lead young people into dangerous situations and breed community division, distrust and fear, the friendship, support, security and sense of belonging they offer are often overlooked by those working with young people involved in gangs. Working with Gangs and Young People demonstrates how young people can be engaged in a creative and challenging process that explores the costs, gains and consequences of the choices they make around their gang membership. It provides a tried-and-tested training programme for anyone involved in conflict resolution with young people in groups or gangs, and offers effective interventions that work. Based on a five-year action research project developed by Leap Confronting Conflict, this practical, fully photocopiable toolkit gives practitioners the materials, support and inspiration needed to engage young people who are involved in gangs. It presents flexible activities and strategies to run either two-hour or one-day workshops, and will be indispensable to anyone involved in working with this under-supported group.

Claiming Territory

Author : Jason G. Cons
ISBN : CORNELL:31924100466451
Genre :
File Size : 53. 72 MB
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Beyond Zuccotti Park

Author : Ronald Shiffman
ISBN : 9781613320112
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46. 64 MB
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Protests from Tahrir Square to Zuccotti Park have brought the crisis of public space to the forefront of our attention: Where can the public congregate? How can city planning, design, and policies support First Amendment rights to public assembly and free speech? Forty experts in social science, planning, design, civil liberties, urban affairs, and the arts use the Occupy movement as a springboard for original, multidisciplinary essays that address these exigent questions. This foundational book puts issues of democracy and civic engagement back into the center of dialogue about the built environment.

Lesbian Geographies

Author : Kath Browne
ISBN : 9781317105640
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61. 74 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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It has long been recognised that the spatialisation of sexual lives is always gendered. Sexism and male dominance are a pervasive reality and lesbian issues are rarely afforded the same prominence as gay issues. Thus, lesbian geographies continue to be a salient axis of difference, challenging the conflation of lesbians and gay men, as well as the trope that homonormativity affects lesbians and gay men in the same ways. This volume explores lesbian geographies in diverse geographical, social and cultural contexts and presents new approaches, using English as a working language but not as a cultural framework. Going beyond the dominant trace of Anglo-American perspectives of research in sexualities, this book presents research in a wide range of countries including Australia, Argentina, Israel, Canada, USA, Russia, Poland, Spain, Hungary and Mexico.

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