tall and super tall buildings planning and design

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Tall And Super Tall Buildings

Author : Akbar R. Tamboli
ISBN : 9780071818728
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43. 2 MB
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In-depth coverage of the latest tall and super tall building designs and examples from around the world Featuring contributions from 30 global experts involved in the planning and design of the structures covered in this book, Tall and Supertall Buildings describes the technical developments and special design features used for these landmark buildings: Sears Tower * Taipei 101 * Burj Khalifa * Petronas Towers * Shanghai Tower * Kingdom Tower This authoritative resource addresses HVAC systems, sustainability, geotechnical and foundation engineering, wind engineering, and more. Construction photographs and detailed diagrams are included throughout. This is the definitive guide for engineers, architects, project managers, building inspectors, and anyone involved in the planning and design of tall and supertall buildings.

Second Century Of The Skyscraper

Author : Council on Tall Buildings & Urban
ISBN : 9781468465815
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 99 MB
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tenant is looming in importance. The owner is having more influence on the building. As Gerald D. Hines has said, there are indications that the desire for more discretionary time will lead to more residential high-rises dose to or in the midst of downtown office buildings. Downtown living could become the desired alternative. Tall buildings will be approached increasingly from the standpoint of an urban ecology - that what happens to apart can influence the whole. Provid ing for public as well as private needs in a tall building project is just one example (facilities for schools, shops, religious, and other needs). More attention will be paid to maintaining streets as lively and interesting places. Will a new "world's tallest" be built? Will we go a mile high? The answer is probably "yes" to the first, "no" to the second. With the recent spate of super-tall buildings on the drawing boards, going to greater heights was in the back of many people's minds at the Chicago conference. But in the U nited States, at least, buildings of 70 to 80 stories would appear to provide needed space consistent with economy. The future, then, is described in depth by papers that go into specific areas.

The Future Of The City

Author : Kheir Al-Kodmany
ISBN : 9781845644109
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 75. 92 MB
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Drawing on the experience of several cities from different parts of the world, this text provides a global perspective on the urbanization phenomenon and tall building development, and examines their underlying logic, design drivers, contextual relationships and pitfalls.

Architecture Of Tall Buildings

Author : Mir M. Ali
ISBN : MINN:31951D01176553Z
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 28. 67 MB
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Tall Buildings Of China

Author : Georges Binder
ISBN : 9781864704129
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 64. 63 MB
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This breathtaking new book, compiled by tall buildings specialist, Georges Binder, showcases more than 100 of the tallest buildings in China across more than 25 cities, including those towering over the megacities of Beijing, Shanghai and emerging supercities, such as Chengdu, Guangzhou and Tianjin. Georges Binder summarises the history of the Chinese tall building landscape from the 1930s to the present day, and features the best in contemporary design, including emerging architectural trends, showcasing each project with beautiful imagery and detailed plans. The book also delves into the hard architectural statistics and buildings’ features with gritty detail. These skyscrapers are a fitting symbol of China’s new-found prosperity, ambition and architectural flair.

Tall Building Structural Design Of Concrete Building Up To 300 M Tall Mpa Fib Group 2014

Author : mpa The Concrete Centre & Federation Internationale du Beton (fib)
ISBN :
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 55. 42 MB
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Tall buildings present unique challenges in terms of both design and construction. Their sheer scale demands that particular attention is paid simultaneously to strategic and detailed issues. Tall building design and construction requires an integrated approach, with the need for various engineering disciplines to coexist efficiently from the beginning of the project. This multi-disciplinary approach extends to consideration of how the building will be constructed, and thus ideally involves an integrated team (including construction and design professionals) at the earliest stage of the project. The definition of ‘tall’ for a building is not absolute. It is understood here as when the geometry of the building, for example overall height or height-to-minimum-plan dimension, significantly influences aspects of the design. These aspects are: „„ structural lateral strength and stiffness „„ vertical transportation „„ fire escape „„ services distribution „„ vertical building movement (shortening) „„ setting-out and verticality „„ hoisting of materials. One definition is that if the building aspect ratio, height divided by lowest overall lateral dimension, is more than 5:1, then the building may be considered tall. For consistency, this document will refer to tall buildings in preference to other common terms including ‘skyscraper’, ‘high-rise’ or ‘tower’, with the exception of sections describing historical context. The term ‘tall’ may also be sub-divided as follows: Use (approx. storey height) Tall Super-tall Residential (3.0 m) Up to 100 storeys (300 m) Over 100 storeys (300 m) Office (4.0 m) Up to 75 storeys (300 m) Over 75 storeys (300 m) The following chapters provide guidance and insight into the design challenges and considerations relating to the design of ‘Tall’ buildings formed in concrete. Some guidance is provided for buildings in the ‘Super-tall’ range; however, it is recommended that readers interested in ‘Super-tall’ buildings research this subject further using the references provided throughout this document. Historic precedents The word ‘skyscraper’ originated as a naval reference to the tallest mast or main sail of a sailing ship. Tall buildings were in evidence around the globe long before the term was first applied in the late 19th century. Table 1.1 Definition of ‘Tall’[1] The highest of the Pyramids of Giza, built circa 2500 BC using rudimentary technology and manpower alone, still stands at 146.6 m and was not surpassed until the 14th century, with the construction of Lincoln Cathedral in England. The earliest known examples of urban living based on vertical or tall construction are the many (around 500) ‘tower houses’ built in the 16th century to protect the inhabitants of Shibam in Yemen from Bedouin invaders. Often called ‘the oldest skyscraper city in the world’, the mud towers range from five to 16 storeys, reaching heights of up to 40 m and accommodating one or two families on each floor. Examples are profuse across Europe, from masonry towers in Bologna dating from the 11th century onwards and reaching heights of 97 m, to the 11-storey, stone-built structures of Edinburgh constructed upwards in the late 17th century in response to the confines of the defensive stone walls of the Scottish city’s boundary. Post-Industrial Revolution advances in building technology saw the construction over 1884-1885 of the 10-storey Home Insurance Building in Chicago, generally considered to be the first modern skyscraper. Its design pioneered the first load-bearing structural frame, a construction type later known as the ‘Chicago Skeleton’. This revolutionary concept, whereby individual framing elements, rather than walls, carry the entire building load, is regarded as the antecedent to our current ability to conceive and construct buildings truly warranting the term ‘tall’ or ‘skyscraper’. Earlier in the century, Joseph Monier had invented reinforced concrete, using metals – originally iron but latterly steel – cast into fresh concrete. In 1867 it was patented and exhibited at the Paris Exposition. The devastating ‘Great Chicago Fire’ of 1871, meanwhile, not only prompted a rewriting of statutory fire regulations but revealed strong evidence of the inherent fire resistance of concrete as a structural material in tall buildings. By the early 20th century, the skyscraper was becoming the most prominent and progressive building type, aided by innovations such as mechanical lifts, the telephone and central heating systems. Urbanisation and increasing wealth had further boosted prospects for the proliferation of tall buildings. The Ingalls Building (1903) in Cincinnati, Ohio, with its 15-storey monolithic frame, standing at 64 m tall, was the first reinforced concrete skyscraper. Today, concrete is firmly established as one of the leading tall building construction materials. Enhanced construction techniques, dramatic increases in concrete and embedded steel strengths, and recognition of inherent properties such as natural damping, fire resistance and sound insulation have all contributed to longevity in its use. Indeed, today the tallest buildings are built almost exclusively with reinforced concrete. Tall building design involves all of the design interfaces present in low-rise construction but there are also a number of key additional factors which designers must consider. This is particularly relevant for structural engineers but equally so for clients, architects and building services engineers. In addition, the design development is likely to involve input and collaboration from other specialists, including: „„ Façade engineers „„ Wind specialists „„ Geotechnical specialists „„ Seismic specialists „„ Fire consultants „„ Lift specialists „„ Construction advisors. For a design to be effective and economic, it is essential that all disciplines work holistically and gain a good understanding of the critical factors which have an impact on the associated disciplines. The following sections give an overview of the various elements structural engineers need to be aware of when embarking on the design of tall buildings. Further detail is provided in subsequent chapters. The reader will however need to research the various topics in more detail using the references provided throughout this document. Choice of structural system is fundamental to planning buildings and must be considered at the outset. One of the main factors in the design of tall buildings, and the key difference from the design of low-rise buildings, is the influence of lateral loading. For low-rise construction, measures to resist lateral loading are well understood by most designers and include well-positioned stiff vertical elements working in conjunction with horizontal diaphragms or braced panels. Such provisions, in conjunction with the provision of vertical and lateral ties for robustness, produce safe solutions which have stood the test of time. For tall buildings, the relative magnitude of lateral loadings to gravity loads generally increases significantly, just by virtue of building height. Wind loadings tend to increase with height from the ground which, combined with the large face area of a tall building and lever arm to the ground, serves to produce the dominant load case and hence govern the design and sizing of many of the main structural elements, particularly core walls and columns. Additionally, in tall buildings, lateral displacement or drift must also be calculated and may need to be limited. Excessive lateral displacement could potentially affect finish, internal partitions and external cladding, particularly if the inter-storey drift (lateral displacement over one storey) is too high. 4 2 Structural design strategies The dynamic performance of tall buildings must be considered in detail. Loading from wind and seismic actions occurs across a broad spectrum of frequencies and the response of the building will be influenced by its natural frequency and the degree of inherent damping. Where the natural frequencies of the building are close to the frequencies of applied loadings there is a risk that the response is amplified, resulting in increased loadings and movement. This mechanism requires detailed consideration by the structural engineer to investigate the performance of the structure across the full frequency spectrum of the applied loadings. If accelerations associated with any movement are excessive, building users could potentially experience motion sickness. In regions of the world subject to earthquakes, the response and performance of buildings during such events is also a critical design consideration. 2.1 The slenderness ratio At the initial planning stage, it is advisable to consider the basic proportions of the structure. The slenderness ratio (SR) can give a good initial indication of how hard the structural system will need to work. The SR is obtained by dividing total building height by the smaller base width. SRs of around H/6 or less can usually be accommodated whereas for H/8 or above the structural system will be working harder and the dynamic behaviour is likely to be dominant in the structural solution. The SR should, however, only be used as a guide to the potential behaviour of tall buildings. The following sections discuss the stability of tall buildings in more detail, and present a number of stability systems which can be used. As will be shown, the actual behaviour of the tall building is more closely related to the ratio of building height to the smaller dimension of the stability system.

101 Of The World S Tallest Buildings

Author : Georges Binder
ISBN : 9781864701739
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 73. 9 MB
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Since the skyscraper's humble beginnings as a 10-story building in Chicago, more than 100 years ago, the super-tall building has been a source of wonder for the layman, and of inspiration, innovation, and fierce competition for architects, engineers, contractors, and the countless others involved with the complex challenge of constructing increasingly higher buildings. Originally built predominantly as stand-alone office buildings, super-tall skyscrapers have evolved into vertical cities, which are often part of a larger urban plan, with most new examples incorporating a mix of uses including residential, hotel, retail, entertainment, and leisure facilities. This book is a fully illustrated snapshot of 101 of today's tallest buildings from around the world. The next wave of super-tall buildings is so impressive that a selection of projects currently under construction is presented in the second part of the book.

Understanding Tall Buildings

Author : Kheir Al-Kodmany
ISBN : 9781317608660
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 86. 40 MB
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In recent years, the rapid pace of tall building construction has fostered a certain kind of placelessness, with many new tall buildings being built out of scale, context and place. By analyzing hundreds of tall buildings and by providing hundreds of visuals that inspire, stimulate and engage, Understanding Tall Buildings contends that well-designed tall buildings can rejuvenate cities, ignite economic activity, support social life and boost city pride. Although this book does not claim to possess all the solutions, it does propose specific tall building design guidelines that may help to promote placemaking. Through this work, it is the author’s hope that ill-conceived developments will become less common in the future and that good placemaking will become the norm, not the exception. This book is a must-read for students and practitioners working to create better tall buildings and better urban environments.

Designing High Density Cities For Social And Environmental Sustainability

Author : Edward Ng
ISBN : 9781849774444
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 86. 73 MB
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Compact living is sustainable living. High-density cities can support closer amenities, encourage reduced trip lengths and the use of public transport and therefore reduce transport energy costs and carbon emissions. High-density planning also helps to control the spread of urban suburbs into open lands, improves efficiency in urban infrastructure and services, and results in environmental improvements that support higher quality of life in cities. Encouraging, even requiring, higher density urban development is a major policy and a central principle of growth management programmes used by planners around the world. However, such density creates design challenges and problems. A collection of experts in each of the related architectural and planning areas examines these environmental and social issues, and argues that high-density cities are a sustainable solution. It will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in sustainable urban development.

The Tall Buildings Reference Book

Author : David Parker
ISBN : 9781136258046
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 50. 93 MB
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As the ever-changing skylines of cities all over the world show, tall buildings are an increasingly important solution to accommodating growth more sustainably in today’s urban areas. Whether it is residential, a workplace or mixed use, the tower is both a statement of intent and the defining image for the new global city. The Tall Buildings Reference Book addresses all the issues of building tall, from the procurement stage through the design and construction process to new technologies and the building’s contribution to the urban habitat. A case study section highlights the latest, the most innovative, the greenest and the most inspirational tall buildings being constructed today. A team of over fifty experts in all aspects of building tall have contributed to the making of the Tall Buildings Reference Book, creating an unparalleled source of information and inspiration for architects, engineers and developers.

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