surveillance in america 2 volumes an encyclopedia of history politics and the law

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Surveillance In America An Encyclopedia Of History Politics And The Law 2 Volumes

Author : Pam Dixon Executive Director
ISBN : 9781440840555
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 61 MB
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An excellent resource for high school and college students, this book surveys the size, scope, and nature of government surveillance in 21st-century America, with a particular focus on technology-enabled surveillance and its impact on privacy and other civil liberties. • Provides up-to-date perspectives on the current-day challenges regarding surveillance in America and recent events such as government response to Edward Snowden that tie these modern topics to the historic roots of surveillance issues in the United States • Presents information that is accessible and useful both to those with little understanding of technology and those who are tech-savvy • Impartially explains the full range of perspectives on relationship/tradeoffs between national security and crime-fighting benefits of surveillance and the erosion of personal liberties and privacy • Includes primary source documents such as essential laws, court rulings, Justice Department statements, presidential statements, and Congressional testimony from national security experts and civil liberties advocates

Guns In American Society An Encyclopedia Of History Politics Culture And The Law 2nd Edition 3 Volumes

Author : Gregg Lee Carter
ISBN : 9780313386718
Genre : History
File Size : 43. 42 MB
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Thoroughly updated and greatly expanded from its original edition, this three-volume set is the go-to comprehensive resource on the legal, social, psychological, political, and public health aspects of guns in American life. • 450 alphabetically organized entries, including 100 new for this edition, covering key issues (suicide, video games and gun violence, firearm injury statistics) and events (workplace shootings, the Virginia Tech massacre) • 102 expert contributors from all academic fields involved in studying the causes and effects of gun violence • A chronology of pivotal moments and controversies in the history of firearm ownership and use in the United States • An exhaustive bibliography of print and online resources covering all aspects of the study of guns in the United States • Appendices on federal gun laws, state gun laws, and pro- and anti-gun-control organizations

Drugs In American Society An Encyclopedia Of History Politics Culture And The Law 3 Volumes

Author : Nancy E. Marion
ISBN : 9781610695961
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65. 13 MB
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Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades

The Sage Encyclopedia Of Surveillance Security And Privacy

Author : Bruce A. Arrigo
ISBN : 9781483359960
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 56. 86 MB
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Although surveillance hit the headlines with revelations by Edward Snowden that the National Security Agency had been tracking phone calls worldwide, surveillance of citizens by their governments actually has been conducted for centuries. Only now, with the advent of modern technologies, it has exponentially evolved so that today you can barely step out your door without being watched or recorded in some way. In addition to the political and security surveillance unveiled by the Snowden revelations, think about corporate surveillance: each swipe of your ID card to enter your office is recorded, not to mention your Internet activity. Or economic surveillance: what you buy online or with a credit card is recorded and your trip to the supermarket is videotaped. Drive through a tollbooth, and your license plate is recorded. Simply walk down a street and your image is recorded again and again and again. Where does this begin and end? In all levels of social structure, from the personal to the political to the economic to the judicial, The SAGE Encyclopedia of Surveillance, Security, and Privacy uncovers and explains how surveillance has come to be an integral part of how our contemporary society operates worldwide and how it impacts our security and privacy Key features include: Approximately 450 signed entries from contributors around the globe Further readings and cross-references conclude each article to guide students further as they explore a topic A Reader's Guide organizes entries by broad thematic areas

Encyclopedia Of The U S Government And The Environment History Policy And Politics 2 Volumes

Author : Matthew J. Lindstrom Ph.D.
ISBN : 9781598842388
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 78 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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A timely, new resource on the history of the U.S. government's approach to environmental policy. • 200 alphabetically organized entries on all aspects of the development of U.S. environmental policy—the events, issues, people, and politics • 100 expert contributors—scholars from a wide range of disciplines—draw on the latest research • A timeline of major laws, events, and governmental agencies related to environmental policy • A bibliography of important books and essays on U.S. government environmental policy in print and on online

The 9 11 Encyclopedia 2nd Edition 2 Volumes

Author : Stephen E Atkins
ISBN : 9781598849226
Genre : History
File Size : 86. 56 MB
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This work offers a sweeping collection of A–Z entries and primary source documents that presents a thorough examination of all the individuals, groups, and events surrounding the 9/11 terrorist attacks. • Includes 3 introductory essays, more than 170 entries, 60 photographs, and 10 charts • A documents volume of more than 55 key primary source documents, including new ones added for the second edition • A detailed chronology of key events surrounding the 9/11 terrorist attacks • An annotated bibliography listing the most authoritative works about 9/11

Anti Immigration In The United States A Historical Encyclopedia 2 Volumes

Author : Kathleen R. Arnold
ISBN : 9780313375224
Genre : History
File Size : 85. 47 MB
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A comprehensive treatment of anti-immigration sentiment exploring debate, policies, ideas, and key groups from historical and contemporary perspectives. • More than 150 A–Z entries on the key features of anti-immigration sentiment from political, economic, ethnic, and historical perspectives • Photographs • A separate volume of more than 50 primary documents recording the history of anti-immigration movements and legislation, including famous letters from Benjamin Franklin and Abraham Lincoln • A selected bibliography drawing from the fields of anthropology, economics, ethnic studies, geography, political science, sociology, and urban planning

The American Economy A Historical Encyclopedia 2nd Edition 2 Volumes

Author : Cynthia L. Clark
ISBN : 9781598844627
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29. 6 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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A compelling compilation of short entries, longer topical essays, and primary source documents that chronicles the historical development of the United States from an economic perspective. • Over 600 A–Z entries on key ideas, initiatives, people, and events in the history of U.S. economic policy • 31 in-depth essays on core economic issues and trends • A separate primary source section that includes 32 important treaties, key political speeches, and more relating to the American economy from the Articles of Confederation period through the Obama Administration • Easy-to-use tables of economic data designed for quick reference • Extensive cross-referencing • A bibliography of significant materials relating to all aspects of the American economy

The Jim Crow Encyclopedia Greenwood Milestones In African American History 2 Volumes

Author : Nikki L. M. Brown
ISBN : 9780313341823
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66. 13 MB
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Jim Crow refers to a set of laws in many states, predominantly in the South, after the end of Reconstruction in 1877 that severely restricted the rights and privileges of African Americans. As a caste system of enormous social and economic magnitude, the institutionalization of Jim Crow was the most significant element in African American life until the 1960s Civil Rights Movement led to its dismantling. Racial segregation, as well as responses to it and resistance against it, dominated the African American consciousness and continued to oppress African Americans and other minorities, while engendering some of the most important African American contributions to society. This major encyclopedia is the first devoted to the Jim Crow era. The era is encapsulated through more than 275 essay entries on such areas as law, media, business, politics, employment, religion, education, people, events, culture, the arts, protest, the military, class, housing, sports, and violence as well as through accompanying key primary documents excerpted as side bars. This set will serve as an invaluable, definitive resource for student research and general knowledge. The authoritative entries are written by a host of historians with expertise in the Jim Crow era. The quality content comes in an easy-to-access format. Readers can quickly find topics of interest, with alphabetical and topical lists of entries in the frontmatter, along with cross-references to related entries per entry. Further reading is provided per entry. Dynamic sidebars throughout give added insight into the topics. A chronology, selected bibliography, and photos round out the coverage. Sample entries include Advertising, Affirmative Action, Armed Forces, Black Cabinet, Blues, Brooklyn Dodgers, Bolling v. Sharpe, Confederate Flag, Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Detroit Race Riot 1943, Ralph Ellison, Eyes on the Prize, G.I. Bill, Healthcare, Homosexuality, Intelligence Testing, Japanese Internment, Liberia, Minstrelsy, Nadir of the Negro, Poll Taxes, Rhythm and Blues, Rural Segregation, Sharecropping, Sundown Towns, Booker T. Washington, Works Project Administration, World War II.

Workers In America A Historical Encyclopedia 2 Volumes

Author : Robert E. Weir
ISBN : 9781598847192
Genre : History
File Size : 31. 14 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This encyclopedia traces the evolution of American workers and labor organizations from pre-Revolutionary America through the present day. • Suggested reading for each entry, including both print and online resources • A chronology of important labor highlights • 350 entries covering key topics

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