statistics for lawyers statistics for social and behavioral sciences

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Statistics For Lawyers

Author : Michael O. Finkelstein
ISBN : 9781441959850
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59. 20 MB
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This classic text, first published in 1990, is designed to introduce law students, law teachers, practitioners, and judges to the basic ideas of mathematical probability and statistics as they have been applied in the law. The third edition includes over twenty new sections, including the addition of timely topics, like New York City police stops, exonerations in death-sentence cases, projecting airline costs, and new material on various statistical techniques such as the randomized response survey technique, rare-events meta-analysis, competing risks, and negative binomial regression. The book consists of sections of exposition followed by real-world cases and case studies in which statistical data have played a role. The reader is asked to apply the theory to the facts, to calculate results (a hand calculator is sufficient), and to explore legal issues raised by quantitative findings. The authors' calculations and comments are given in the back of the book. As with previous editions, the cases and case studies reflect a broad variety of legal subjects, including antidiscrimination, mass torts, taxation, school finance, identification evidence, preventive detention, handwriting disputes, voting, environmental protection, antitrust, sampling for insurance audits, and the death penalty. A chapter on epidemiology was added in the second edition. In 1991, the first edition was selected by the University of Michigan Law Review as one of the important law books of the year.

Statistical Science In The Courtroom

Author : Joseph L. Gastwirth
ISBN : 9781461212164
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 60 MB
Format : PDF
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Expert testimony relying on scientific and other specialized evidence has come under increased scrutiny by the legal system. A trilogy of recent U.S. Supreme Court cases has assigned judges the task of assessing the relevance and reliability of proposed expert testimony. In conjunction with the Federal judiciary, the American Association for the Advancement of Science has initiated a project to provide judges indicating a need with their own expert. This concern with the proper interpretation of scientific evidence, especially that of a probabilistic nature, has also occurred in England, Australia and in several European countries. Statistical Science in the Courtroom is a collection of articles written by statisticians and legal scholars who have been concerned with problems arising in the use of statistical evidence. A number of articles describe DNA evidence and the difficulties of properly calculating the probability that a random individual's profile would "match" that of the evidence as well as the proper way to intrepret the result. In addition to the technical issues, several authors tell about their experiences in court. A few have become disenchanted with their involvement and describe the events that led them to devote less time to this application. Other articles describe the role of statistical evidence in cases concerning discrimination against minorities, product liability, environmental regulation, the appropriateness and fairness of sentences and how being involved in legal statistics has raised interesting statistical problems requiring further research.

Essentials Of Statistics For The Social And Behavioral Sciences

Author : Barry H. Cohen
ISBN : 0471220310
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 57. 41 MB
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Master the essential statistical skills used in social and behavioral sciences Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences distills the overwhelming amount of material covered in introductory statistics courses into a handy, practical resource for students and professionals. This accessible guide covers basic to advanced concepts in a clear, concrete, and readable style. Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences guides you to a better understanding of basic concepts of statistical methods. Numerous practical tips are presented for selecting appropriate statistical procedures. In addition, this useful guide demonstrates how to evaluate and interpret statistical data, provides numerous formulas for calculating statistics from tables of summary statistics, and offers a variety of worked examples. As part of the Essentials of Behavioral Science series, this book offers a thorough review of the most relevant statistical concepts and techniques that will arm you with the tools you'll need for knowledgeable, informed practice. Each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as "Test Yourself" questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered.

Fundamental Statistics For The Social And Behavioral Sciences

Author : Howard T. Tokunaga
ISBN : 9781483318806
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51. 55 MB
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This thematically-based textbook places statistics within the research process, illustrating how statistics are used to answer questions and test ideas. Students learn not only how to calculate statistics, but also how to interpret the results of statistical analyses in light of a study’s research hypothesis and to communicate their results and interpretations to a broader audience. Featuring accessible writing and well-integrated research examples, Fundamental Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences by Howard T. Tokunaga is designed to help readers develop an appreciation of how statistics are applied to topics and questions of interest, gain an appreciation of issues related to the use of statistics, and enhance their understanding of the research process and the role of statistics within it.

Statistics For Lawyers

Author : Michael O. Finkelstein
ISBN : 9781441959850
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 66 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This classic text, first published in 1990, is designed to introduce law students, law teachers, practitioners, and judges to the basic ideas of mathematical probability and statistics as they have been applied in the law. The third edition includes over twenty new sections, including the addition of timely topics, like New York City police stops, exonerations in death-sentence cases, projecting airline costs, and new material on various statistical techniques such as the randomized response survey technique, rare-events meta-analysis, competing risks, and negative binomial regression. The book consists of sections of exposition followed by real-world cases and case studies in which statistical data have played a role. The reader is asked to apply the theory to the facts, to calculate results (a hand calculator is sufficient), and to explore legal issues raised by quantitative findings. The authors' calculations and comments are given in the back of the book. As with previous editions, the cases and case studies reflect a broad variety of legal subjects, including antidiscrimination, mass torts, taxation, school finance, identification evidence, preventive detention, handwriting disputes, voting, environmental protection, antitrust, sampling for insurance audits, and the death penalty. A chapter on epidemiology was added in the second edition. In 1991, the first edition was selected by the University of Michigan Law Review as one of the important law books of the year.

Integrative Statistics For The Social And Behavioral Sciences

Author : Renee R. Ha
ISBN : 9781452237299
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45. 94 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Designed to engage students and lower their "fear factor", Integrative Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences is a concise, user-friendly text that prepares students to use statistics in the real world. Providing depth and breadth of statistical tests, the text focuses on choosing the appropriate statistical analysis, and shows how to interpret the output and present the results. Basic descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, and basic inferential statistics are covered along with more advanced topics such as correlation, regression, non-parametric statistics, multivariate statistics, and general linear modeling. The authors emphasize choosing the appropriate statistical test through conceptual material, assumptions, homework exercises, and a helpful "choose-the-appropriate-test" flowchart. They focus on the interpretation of results from both Excel and SPSS outputs, and also demonstrate how to do important calculations by hand to help students grasp the underlying concepts. The book includes end-of-chapter exercises that help students fully grasp the content of each chapter.

Statistics For The Behavioral And Social Sciences

Author : Arthur Aron
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123385556
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59. 30 MB
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For one-quarter/semester courses that focus on the basics or combine statistics with research methods. By using definitional formulas to emphasize the concepts of statistics, rather than rote memorization, students work problems in a way that keeps them constantly aware of the underlying logic of what they are doing. Here, in the fourth edition ofStatistics for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, the authors have refined their text by building off an already well-established approach - emphasizing the intuitive, deemphasizing the mathematical, and explaining everything in direct, simple language - but also going beyond these principles to both further student understanding and stimulate the long-suffering community of statistics instructors. By using definitional formulas to emphasize the concepts of statistics, rather than rote memorization, students work problems in a way that keeps them constantly aware of the underlying logic of what they are doing.

Occupational Outlook Handbook 2009

Author : U. S. Department of Labor
ISBN : 9781602393202
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 64. 42 MB
Format : PDF
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A directory for up-and-coming jobs in the near-future employment market includes recommendations for finding or advancing a career and draws on statistics from the U.S. Department of Labor, in a guide that includes coverage of more than 250 occupations. Original.

Applying Statistics In The Courtroom

Author : Philip Good
ISBN : 1420035401
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89. 3 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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This publication is directed at both attorneys and statisticians to ensure they will work together successfully on the application of statistics in the law. Attorneys will learn how best to utilize the statistician's talents, while gaining an enriched understanding of the law relevant to audits, jury selection, discrimination, environmental hazards, evidence, and torts as it relates to statistical issues. Statisticians will learn that the law is what judges say it is and to frame their arguments accordingly. This book will increase the effectiveness of both parties in presenting and attacking statistical arguments in the courtroom. Topics covered include sample and survey methods, probability, testing hypotheses, and multiple regression.

Basic Concepts Of Probability And Statistics In The Law

Author : Michael O. Finkelstein
ISBN : 0387875018
Genre : Law
File Size : 22. 70 MB
Format : PDF
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When as a practicing lawyer I published my ?rst article on statistical evidence in 1966, the editors of the Harvard Law Review told me that a mathematical equa- 1 tion had never before appeared in the review. This hardly seems possible - but if they meant a serious mathematical equation, perhaps they were right. Today all that has changed in legal academia. Whole journals are devoted to scienti?c methods in law or empirical studies of legal institutions. Much of this work involves statistics. Columbia Law School, where I teach, has a professor of law and epidemiology and other law schools have similar “law and” professorships. Many offer courses on statistics (I teach one) or, more broadly, on law and social science. The same is true of practice. Where there are data to parse in a litigation, stat- ticians and other experts using statistical tools now frequently testify. And judges must understand them. In 1993, in its landmark Daubert decision, the Supreme Court commanded federal judges to penetrate scienti?c evidence and ?nd it “re- 2 liable” before allowing it in evidence. It is emblematic of the rise of statistics in the law that the evidence at issue in that much-cited case included a series of epidemiological studies. The Supreme Court’s new requirement made the Federal Judicial Center’s Reference Manual on Scienti?c Evidence, which appeared at about the same time, a best seller. It has several important chapters on statistics.

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