statistical methods for physical science methods of experimental physics

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Statistical Methods For Physical Science

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ISBN : 0080860168
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 79 MB
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This volume of Methods of Experimental Physics provides an extensive introduction to probability and statistics in many areas of the physical sciences, with an emphasis on the emerging area of spatial statistics. The scope of topics covered is wide-ranging-the text discusses a variety of the most commonly used classical methods and addresses newer methods that are applicable or potentially important. The chapter authors motivate readers with their insightful discussions. Examines basic probability, including coverage of standard distributions, time series models, and Monte Carlo methods Describes statistical methods, including basic inference, goodness of fit, maximum likelihood, and least squares Addresses time series analysis, including filtering and spectral analysis Includes simulations of physical experiments Features applications of statistics to atmospheric physics and radio astronomy Covers the increasingly important area of modern statistical computing

Statistical Methods In Experimental Physics

Author : Frederick James
ISBN : 9789812567956
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 38 MB
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The first edition of this classic book has become the authoritative reference for physicists desiring to master the finer points of statistical data analysis. This second edition contains all the important material of the first, much of it unavailable from any other sources. In addition, many chapters have been updated with considerable new material, especially in areas concerning the theory and practice of confidence intervals, including the important Feldman-Cousins method. Both frequentist and Bayesian methodologies are presented, with a strong emphasis on techniques useful to physicists and other scientists in the interpretation of experimental data and comparison with scientific theories. This is a valuable textbook for advanced graduate students in the physical sciences as well as a reference for active researchers.

Statistical Data Analysis

Author : Glen Cowan
ISBN : 9780198501565
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 76. 80 MB
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This book is a guide to the practical application of statistics in data analysis as typically encountered in the physical sciences. It is primarily addressed at students and professionals who need to draw quantitative conclusions from experimental data. Although most of the examples are taken from particle physics, the material is presented in a sufficiently general way as to be useful to people from most branches of the physical sciences. The first part of the book describes the basic tools of data analysis: concepts of probability and random variables, Monte Carlo techniques, statistical tests, and methods of parameter estimation. The last three chapters are somewhat more specialized than those preceding, covering interval estimation, characteristic functions, and the problem of correcting distributions for the effects of measurement errors (unfolding).

Statistical Data Analysis For The Physical Sciences

Author : Adrian Bevan
ISBN : 9781107067592
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 8 MB
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Data analysis lies at the heart of every experimental science. Providing a modern introduction to statistics, this book is ideal for undergraduates in physics. It introduces the necessary tools required to analyse data from experiments across a range of areas, making it a valuable resource for students. In addition to covering the basic topics, the book also takes in advanced and modern subjects, such as neural networks, decision trees, fitting techniques and issues concerning limit or interval setting. Worked examples and case studies illustrate the techniques presented, and end-of-chapter exercises help test the reader's understanding of the material.

Statistics

Author : R. J. Barlow
ISBN : 9781118723234
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 48 MB
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The Manchester Physics Series General Editors: D. J. Sandiford; F. Mandl; A. C. Phillips Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester Properties of Matter B. H. Flowers and E. Mendoza Optics Second Edition F. G. Smith and J. H. Thomson Statistical Physics Second Edition F. Mandl Electromagnetism Second Edition I. S. Grant and W. R. Phillips Statistics R. J. Barlow Solid State Physics Second Edition J. R. Hook and H. E. Hall Quantum Mechanics F. Mandl Particle Physics Second Edition B. R. Martin and G. Shaw The Physics of Stars Second Edition A.C. Phillips Computing for Scientists R. J. Barlow and A. R. Barnett Written by a physicist, Statistics is tailored to the needs of physical scientists, containing and explaining all they need to know. It concentrates on parameter estimation, especially the methods of Least Squares and Maximum Likelihood, but other techniques, such as hypothesis testing, Bayesian statistics and non-parametric methods are also included. Intended for reasonably numerate scientists it contains all the basic formulae, their derivations and applications, together with some more advanced ones. Statistics features: * Comprehensive coverage of the essential techniques physical scientists are likely to need. * A wealth of examples, and problems with their answers. * Flexible structure and organisation allows it to be used as a course text and a reference. * A review of the basics, so that little prior knowledge is required.

Statistics For Nuclear And Particle Physicists

Author : Louis Lyons
ISBN : 9781316101636
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 91 MB
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This book, written by a non-statistician for non-statisticians, emphasises the practical approach to those problems in statistics which arise regularly in data analysis situations in nuclear and high-energy physics experiments. Rather than concentrating on formal proofs of theorems, an abundant use of simple examples illustrates the general ideas which are presented, showing the reader how to obtain the maximum information from the data in the simplest manner. Possible difficulties with the various techniques, and pitfalls to be avoided, are also discussed. Based on a series of lectures given by the author to both students and staff at Oxford, this common-sense approach to statistics will enable nuclear physicists to understand better how to do justice to their data in both analysis and interpretation.

Data Analysis With Excel

Author : Les Kirkup
ISBN : 0521797373
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 29 MB
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An essential introduction to data analysis techniques using spreadsheets, for undergraduate and graduate students.

Data Reduction And Error Analysis For The Physical Sciences

Author : Philip R. Bevington
ISBN : 0071199268
Genre : Data reduction
File Size : 62. 66 MB
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The purpose of this book is to provide an introduction to the concepts of statistical analysis of data for students at the undergraduate and graduate level, and to provide tools for data reduction and error analysis commonly required in the physical sciences. The presentation is developed from a practical point of view, including enough derivation to justify the results, but emphasizing methods of handling data more than theory. The text provides a variety of numerical and graphical techniques. Computer programs that support these techniques will be available on an accompanying website in both Fortran and C++.

Methods Of The Physics Of Porous Media

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ISBN : 0080524737
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 35 MB
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Over the past 25 years, the field of VUV physics has undergone significant developments as new powerful spectroscopic tools, VUV lasers, and optical components have become available. This volume is aimed at experimentalists who are in need of choosing the best type of modern instrumentation in this applied field. In particular, it contains a detailed chapter on laboratory sources. This volume provides an up-to-date description of state-of-the-art equipment and techniques, and a broad reference bibliography. It treats phenomena from the standpoint of an experimental physicist, whereby such topics as imaging techniques (NMR, X-ray, ultrasonic, etc.) computer modeling, eletro-kinetic phenomena, diffusion, non-linear wave propagation surface adsorption/desorption, convective mixing, and fracture are specifically addressed.

Statistics For Physical Sciences

Author : Brian Martin
ISBN : 9780123877604
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 20. 27 MB
Format : PDF
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"Statistics in physical science is principally concerned with the analysis of numerical data, so in Chapter 1 there is a review of what is meant by an experiment, and how the data that it produces are displayed and characterized by a few simple numbers"--

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