statistical data analysis explained applied environmental statistics with r

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Statistical Data Analysis Explained

Author : Clemens Reimann
ISBN : 9781119965282
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 28 MB
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Few books on statistical data analysis in the natural sciences are written at a level that a non-statistician will easily understand. This is a book written in colloquial language, avoiding mathematical formulae as much as possible, trying to explain statistical methods using examples and graphics instead. To use the book efficiently, readers should have some computer experience. The book starts with the simplest of statistical concepts and carries readers forward to a deeper and more extensive understanding of the use of statistics in environmental sciences. The book concerns the application of statistical and other computer methods to the management, analysis and display of spatial data. These data are characterised by including locations (geographic coordinates), which leads to the necessity of using maps to display the data and the results of the statistical methods. Although the book uses examples from applied geochemistry, and a large geochemical survey in particular, the principles and ideas equally well apply to other natural sciences, e.g., environmental sciences, pedology, hydrology, geography, forestry, ecology, and health sciences/epidemiology. The book is unique because it supplies direct access to software solutions (based on R, the Open Source version of the S-language for statistics) for applied environmental statistics. For all graphics and tables presented in the book, the R-scripts are provided in the form of executable R-scripts. In addition, a graphical user interface for R, called DAS+R, was developed for convenient, fast and interactive data analysis. Statistical Data Analysis Explained: Applied Environmental Statistics with R provides, on an accompanying website, the software to undertake all the procedures discussed, and the data employed for their description in the book.

Statistik Workshop F R Programmierer

Author : Allen B. Downey
ISBN : 9783868993431
Genre : Computers
File Size : 47. 88 MB
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Wenn Sie programmieren können, beherrschen Sie bereits Techniken, um aus Daten Wissen zu extrahieren. Diese kompakte Einführung in die Statistik zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie rechnergestützt, anstatt auf mathematischem Weg Datenanalysen mit Python durchführen können. Praktischer Programmier-Workshop statt grauer Theorie: Das Buch führt Sie anhand eines durchgängigen Fallbeispiels durch eine vollständige Datenanalyse -- von der Datensammlung über die Berechnung statistischer Kennwerte und Identifikation von Mustern bis hin zum Testen statistischer Hypothesen. Gleichzeitig werden Sie mit statistischen Verteilungen, den Regeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten und vielen anderen Arbeitstechniken und Konzepten vertraut gemacht. Statistik-Konzepte zum Ausprobieren: Entwickeln Sie über das Schreiben und Testen von Code ein Verständnis für die Grundlagen von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Statistik: Überprüfen Sie das Verhalten statistischer Merkmale durch Zufallsexperimente, zum Beispiel indem Sie Stichproben aus unterschiedlichen Verteilungen ziehen. Nutzen Sie Simulationen, um Konzepte zu verstehen, die auf mathematischem Weg nur schwer zugänglich sind. Lernen Sie etwas über Themen, die in Einführungen üblicherweise nicht vermittelt werden, beispielsweise über die Bayessche Schätzung. Nutzen Sie Python zur Bereinigung und Aufbereitung von Rohdaten aus nahezu beliebigen Quellen. Beantworten Sie mit den Mitteln der Inferenzstatistik Fragestellungen zu realen Daten.

R F R Dummies

Author : Andrie de Vries
ISBN : 9783527812523
Genre : Computers
File Size : 25. 40 MB
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Environmental And Ecological Statistics With R Second Edition

Author : Song S. Qian
ISBN : 9781498728737
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 52. 79 MB
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Emphasizing the inductive nature of statistical thinking, Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R, Second Edition, connects applied statistics to the environmental and ecological fields. Using examples from published works in the ecological and environmental literature, the book explains the approach to solving a statistical problem, covering model specification, parameter estimation, and model evaluation. It includes many examples to illustrate the statistical methods and presents R code for their implementation. The emphasis is on model interpretation and assessment, and using several core examples throughout the book, the author illustrates the iterative nature of statistical inference. The book starts with a description of commonly used statistical assumptions and exploratory data analysis tools for the verification of these assumptions. It then focuses on the process of building suitable statistical models, including linear and nonlinear models, classification and regression trees, generalized linear models, and multilevel models. It also discusses the use of simulation for model checking, and provides tools for a critical assessment of the developed models. The second edition also includes a complete critique of a threshold model. Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R, Second Edition focuses on statistical modeling and data analysis for environmental and ecological problems. By guiding readers through the process of scientific problem solving and statistical model development, it eases the transition from scientific hypothesis to statistical model.

Environmental And Ecological Statistics With R Second Edition

Author : Song S. Qian
ISBN : 9781498728751
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 67 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Emphasizing the inductive nature of statistical thinking, Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R, Second Edition, connects applied statistics to the environmental and ecological fields. Using examples from published works in the ecological and environmental literature, the book explains the approach to solving a statistical problem, covering model specification, parameter estimation, and model evaluation. It includes many examples to illustrate the statistical methods and presents R code for their implementation. The emphasis is on model interpretation and assessment, and using several core examples throughout the book, the author illustrates the iterative nature of statistical inference. The book starts with a description of commonly used statistical assumptions and exploratory data analysis tools for the verification of these assumptions. It then focuses on the process of building suitable statistical models, including linear and nonlinear models, classification and regression trees, generalized linear models, and multilevel models. It also discusses the use of simulation for model checking, and provides tools for a critical assessment of the developed models. The second edition also includes a complete critique of a threshold model. Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R, Second Edition focuses on statistical modeling and data analysis for environmental and ecological problems. By guiding readers through the process of scientific problem solving and statistical model development, it eases the transition from scientific hypothesis to statistical model.

Data Analysis And Statistics For Geography Environmental Science And Engineering

Author : Miguel F. Acevedo
ISBN : 9781466592216
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 27. 46 MB
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Providing a solid foundation for twenty-first-century scientists and engineers, Data Analysis and Statistics for Geography, Environmental Science, and Engineering guides readers in learning quantitative methodology, including how to implement data analysis methods using open-source software. Given the importance of interdisciplinary work in sustainability, the book brings together principles of statistics and probability, multivariate analysis, and spatial analysis methods applicable across a variety of science and engineering disciplines. Learn How to Use a Variety of Data Analysis and Statistics Methods Based on the author’s many years of teaching graduate and undergraduate students, this textbook emphasizes hands-on learning. Organized into two parts, it allows greater flexibility using the material in various countries and types of curricula. The first part covers probability, random variables and inferential statistics, applications of regression, time series analysis, and analysis of spatial point patterns. The second part uses matrix algebra to address multidimensional problems. After a review of matrices, it delves into multiple regression, dependent random processes and autoregressive time series, spatial analysis using geostatistics and spatial regression, discriminant analysis, and a variety of multivariate analyses based on eigenvector methods. Build from Fundamental Concepts to Effective Problem Solving Each chapter starts with conceptual and theoretical material to give a firm foundation in how the methods work. Examples and exercises illustrate the applications and demonstrate how to go from concepts to problem solving. Hands-on computer sessions allow students to grasp the practical implications and learn by doing. Throughout, the computer examples and exercises use seeg and RcmdrPlugin.seeg, open-source R packages developed by the author, which help students acquire the skills to implement and conduct analysis and to analyze the results. This self-contained book offers a unified presentation of data analysis methods for more effective problem solving. With clear, easy-to-follow explanations, the book helps students to develop a solid understanding of basic statistical analysis and prepares them for learning the more advanced and specialized methods they will need in their work.

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments

Author : John B.H. Birks
ISBN : 9789400727441
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 50 MB
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Numerical and statistical methods have rapidly become part of a palaeolimnologist’s tool-kit. They are used to explore and summarise complex data, reconstruct past environmental variables from fossil assemblages, and test competing hypotheses about the causes of observed changes in lake biota through history. This book brings together a wide array of numerical and statistical techniques currently available for use in palaeolimnology and other branches of palaeoecology. ​ Visit http://extras.springer.com the Springer's Extras website to view data-sets, figures, software, and R scripts used or mentioned in this book.

R In A Nutshell

Author : Joseph Adler
ISBN : 9783897216501
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68. 29 MB
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Wozu sollte man R lernen? Da gibt es viele Gründe: Weil man damit natürlich ganz andere Möglichkeiten hat als mit einer Tabellenkalkulation wie Excel, aber auch mehr Spielraum als mit gängiger Statistiksoftware wie SPSS und SAS. Anders als bei diesen Programmen hat man nämlich direkten Zugriff auf dieselbe, vollwertige Programmiersprache, mit der die fertigen Analyse- und Visualisierungsmethoden realisiert sind – so lassen sich nahtlos eigene Algorithmen integrieren und komplexe Arbeitsabläufe realisieren. Und nicht zuletzt, weil R offen gegenüber beliebigen Datenquellen ist, von der einfachen Textdatei über binäre Fremdformate bis hin zu den ganz großen relationalen Datenbanken. Zudem ist R Open Source und erobert momentan von der universitären Welt aus die professionelle Statistik. R kann viel. Und Sie können viel mit R machen – wenn Sie wissen, wie es geht. Willkommen in der R-Welt: Installieren Sie R und stöbern Sie in Ihrem gut bestückten Werkzeugkasten: Sie haben eine Konsole und eine grafische Benutzeroberfläche, unzählige vordefinierte Analyse- und Visualisierungsoperationen – und Pakete, Pakete, Pakete. Für quasi jeden statistischen Anwendungsbereich können Sie sich aus dem reichen Schatz der R-Community bedienen. Sprechen Sie R! Sie müssen Syntax und Grammatik von R nicht lernen – wie im Auslandsurlaub kommen Sie auch hier gut mit ein paar aufgeschnappten Brocken aus. Aber es lohnt sich: Wenn Sie wissen, was es mit R-Objekten auf sich hat, wie Sie eigene Funktionen schreiben und Ihre eigenen Pakete schnüren, sind Sie bei der Analyse Ihrer Daten noch flexibler und effektiver. Datenanalyse und Statistik in der Praxis: Anhand unzähliger Beispiele aus Medizin, Wirtschaft, Sport und Bioinformatik lernen Sie, wie Sie Daten aufbereiten, mithilfe der Grafikfunktionen des lattice-Pakets darstellen, statistische Tests durchführen und Modelle anpassen. Danach werden Ihnen Ihre Daten nichts mehr verheimlichen.

An Introduction To Statistics With Python

Author : Thomas Haslwanter
ISBN : 9783319283166
Genre : Computers
File Size : 61. 96 MB
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This textbook provides an introduction to the free software Python and its use for statistical data analysis. It covers common statistical tests for continuous, discrete and categorical data, as well as linear regression analysis and topics from survival analysis and Bayesian statistics. Working code and data for Python solutions for each test, together with easy-to-follow Python examples, can be reproduced by the reader and reinforce their immediate understanding of the topic. With recent advances in the Python ecosystem, Python has become a popular language for scientific computing, offering a powerful environment for statistical data analysis and an interesting alternative to R. The book is intended for master and PhD students, mainly from the life and medical sciences, with a basic knowledge of statistics. As it also provides some statistics background, the book can be used by anyone who wants to perform a statistical data analysis.

Freakonomics

Author : Steven D. Levitt
ISBN : 3442154510
Genre :
File Size : 48. 51 MB
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Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Warum betrügen Lehrer? Der preisgekrönte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Steven D. Levitt kombiniert Statistiken, deren Zusammenführung und Gegenüberstellung auf den ersten Blick absurd erscheint, durch seine Analysetechnik aber zu zahlreichen Aha-Effekten führt. Ein äußerst unterhaltsamer Streifzug durch die Mysterien des Alltags, der uns schmunzeln lässt und stets über eindimensionales Denken hinausführt.

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