spillover and mobility of species on solid surfaces studies in surface science and catalysis

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Spillover And Mobility Of Species On Solid Surfaces

Author : A. Guerrero-Ruiz
ISBN : 0080539742
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 54 MB
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"Spillover and Mobility of Species and Solid Surfaces" collects the papers which were presented at the Fifth International Conference Spillover, either as oral or poster contributions, as well as the summaries of the invited lectures. This congress and its publication in the Studies on Surface Science and Catalysis series follow the tradition of previous conferences on spillover, initiated in Lyon, 1983, and continued in Leipzig, 1989, Kyoto 1993 and Dalian, 1997. For the fifth conference, held in S.L. el Escorial (Madrid), the organising committee has attempted to compile representative contributions which illustrate the advances in understanding the spillover phenomenon since 1997. Spillover is a process taking place during the interface of gas reactant molecules (mainly hydrogen and oxygen) on solid surfaces. However, different contributions to the more general area of the chemistry at surfaces, related with the mobility and migration of species, diffusion through membranes, fuel cell catalysts, etc., have also been included. In fact the title of the present volume summarizes this attempt to extend the conference topics towards dynamics at surfaces. Among the 70 contributions received, the 56 accepted papers were selected on the basis of the reports of at least two international reviewers, according to standards comparable to those applied for other specialised journals. These papers are from 21 different countries.

Environmental Challenges And Greenhouse Gas Control For Fossil Fuel Utilization In The 21st Century

Author : M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer
ISBN : 0306473364
Genre : Nature
File Size : 52. 6 MB
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This book is based on two symposia that were held at the American Chemical Society National Meeting in San Diego, California, in April 2001, where strategies for the utilization of fossil fuels in the 21st century were presented. The symposia titled "Greenhouse Gas Control and Utilization" and "Environmental Challenges for Fossil Fuel Utilization" were sponsored by the Division of Fuel Chemistry, and the latter was also co-sponsored by the Division of Environmental Chemistry. International representatives from numerous countries around the world, including the USA, Canada, China, Australia, Japan, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, Spain, India, France and South Korea, presented oral papers and posters that covered recent developments for the continuous utilization of fossil fuels, especially those related to environmental challenges and greenhouse gas control. This book contains thirty peer-reviewed chapters that will provide the readers with updated research progress in the field of environmental chemical research related to fossil fuel utilization. Furthermore, its international flavor will ensure that a worldwide broad cross section of scientific and engineering research is covered throughout the book. The book is logically divided into the following six sections: (1) Pollutant Emissions; (2) Carbon Sequestration; (3) Greenhouse Gas Emission Control; (4) Utilization of CO2 for Synthesis Gas Production; (5) Utilization of CO2 for Chemical Synthesis; and (6) Combustion Byproducts.

Fluid Catalytic Cracking Vii

Author :
ISBN : 0080548512
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86. 30 MB
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Since 1987, the Petroleum Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS) has sponsored at 3 year intervals an international symposium on fluid cracking catalysts (FCC) technology. This volume collects the recent progress of this technology as reported in the papers presented during the 232th National Meeting of the ACS in San Francisco, September 10-14, 2006. Sixty-six years after the introduction of the fluid cracking catalyst process, it remains the main process of gasoline generation for the estimated 237 millions cars on US roads. Catalysts testing and evaluation still remains a subject of interest, debate and controversy. Lambda sweep testing, testing of SOx, NOx and combustion promoters have been discussed in details together with catalyst evaluation for atmospheric residues and metal contaminated oils cracking. Of particular interest has been the introduction of novel concept in process design aimed at improving cracked product selectivity such as two-stage risers for better gasoline and olefins production and downer technology for high severity processes . The importance of solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in the study of crude oils, catalysts and reaction products are illustrated by several examples. Two contributions describe the use of predictive methods to understand FCC aging and deactivation and personal overviews of the development of SOx and combustion promoters technology are presented. * Presents findings from the tri-annual international symposium on fluid cracking catalysts (FCC) technology, sponsored by the Petroleum Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS) * Two contributions describe the use of predictive methods to understand FCC aging and deactivation * Personal overviews by the authors of the development of SOx and combustion promoters technology

Alkene Polymerization Reactions With Transition Metal Catalysts

Author : Yury Kissin
ISBN : 0080557996
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79. 80 MB
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During the past 30 years, the field of alkene polymerization over transition metal catalysts underwent several major changes: 1. The list of commercial heterogeneous Ziegler-Natta catalysts for the synthesis of polyethylene and stereoregular polyolefins was completely renewed affording an unprecedented degree of control over the polymer structure. 2. Research devoted to metallocene and other soluble transition-metal catalysis has vastly expanded and has shifted toward complexes of transition metals with multidentate ligands. 3. Recent developments in gel permeation chromatography, temperature-rising fractionation, and crystallization fractionation provided the first reliable information about differences between various active centers in transition-metal catalysts. 4. A rapid development of high-resolution 13C NMR spectroscopy resulted in greatly expanded understanding of the chemical and steric features of polyolefins and alkene copolymers. These developments require a new review of all aspects of alkene polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts. The first chapter in the book is an introductory text for researchers who are entering the field. It describes the basic principles of polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts, the types of catalysts, and commercially manufactured polyolefins. The next chapter addresses the principal issue of alkene polymerization catalysis: the existence of catalyst systems with single and multiple types of active centers. The subsequent chapters are devoted to chemistry and stereochemistry of elemental reaction steps, structures of catalyst precursors and reactions leading to the formation of active centers, kinetics of polymerization reactions, and their mechanisms. The book describes the latest commercial polymerization catalysts for the synthesis of polyethylenes and polypropylene The book provides a detailed description of the multi-center nature of commercial Ziegler-Natta catalysts. The book devotes specialized chapters to the most important aspects of transition metal polymerization catalysts: the reactions leading to the formation of active centers, the chemistry and stereochemistry of elemental polymerization steps, reaction kinetics, and the polymerization mechanism. The book contains an introductory chapter for researchers who are entering the field of polymerization catalysis. It describes the basic principles of polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts and the types of commercially manufactured polyolefins and copolymers The book contains over 2000 references, the most recent up to end of 2006.

Natural Gas Conversion Viii

Author : Fabio Bellot Noronha
ISBN : 0080497837
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66. 29 MB
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This volume contains peer-reviewed manuscripts describing the scientific and technological advances presented at the 8th Natural gas Conversion Symposium held in Natal-Brazil, May 27-31, 2007. This symposium continues the tradition of excellence and the status as the premier technical meeting in this area established by previous meetings. The manuscripts have been divided into eight different topics, Industrial Processes, Economics, Technology Demonstration and Commercial Activities;, Production of Hydrogen from Methane, Methanol, and Other Sources; Production of Synthesis; Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis of Hydrocarbons; From Synthesis Gas to; Catalytic Combustion; From Natural Gas to Chemicals; Light Hydrocarbons; and Production and Conversion. These are the most interesting subjects in the utilization of natural gas with recent scientific innovation and technological advances. The book is of interest to all students and researchers active in utilization of natural gas. * Research comes from the most important industries and research centres in the field * Features new studies from all around the world * Important for consulting and updating research and development data

Science And Technology In Catalysis 2002

Author : Masakazu Anpo
ISBN : 0444513493
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 1 MB
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(Selected) -- Plenary Lecures: New Catalysts for Controlled/Living Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP; Catalysis and Applications of Gold Nanoparticles -- Oral Presentations: Ionic Liquids as New Solvents and Catalysis for Petrochemical and Refining Processes; High Throughput Experiment on the Investigation of Oxidation Catalysts with Gas Sensor System -- Poster Presentations: Development of a Low-Temperature Dioxin Decomposition Catalyst; Studies on Unique Properties of Polyolefins Prepared with Metallocene Catalyst Systems -- Index.

Molecular Sieves From Basic Research To Industrial Applications

Author : Jiri Cejka
ISBN : 0080473512
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 31 MB
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Due to their unique porous properties, zeolites (also referred to as molecular sieves) are used in a variety of applications - major uses are in petrochemical cracking, ion-exchange (water softening and purification), and in the separation and removal of gases and solvents. Molecular Sieves: From Basic Research to Industrial Applications, Volume 158 A,B presents over 265 worldwide contributions on the latest developments in zeolitic research. Readers will find this book, which is divided into five sections: Synthesis, Characterization, Adsorption, Catalysis, and Novel applications, ideal for staying up to date on current research on porous materials. * Comprehensive overview of current research on porous materials * Contains experimental as well as theoretical input, reflecting the increasing overlap between theory and experiment * Contributions from the world's leading authorities

Natural Gas Conversion Viii

Author : Fábio Bellot Noronha
ISBN : UOM:39015065061775
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 21 MB
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This volume contains peer-reviewed manuscripts describing the scientific and technological advances presented at the 8th Natural gas Conversion Symposium held in Natal-Brazil, May 27-31, 2007. This symposium continues the tradition of excellence and the status as the premier technical meeting in this area established by previous meetings. The manuscripts have been divided into eight different topics, Industrial Processes, Economics, Technology Demonstration and Commercial Activities;, Production of Hydrogen from Methane, Methanol, and Other Sources; Production of Synthesis; Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis of Hydrocarbons; From Synthesis Gas to; Catalytic Combustion; From Natural Gas to Chemicals; Light Hydrocarbons; and Production and Conversion. These are the most interesting subjects in the utilization of natural gas with recent scientific innovation and technological advances. The book is of interest to all students and researchers active in utilization of natural gas. * Research comes from the most important industries and research centres in the field * Features new studies from all around the world * Important for consulting and updating research and development data

Spillover And Migration Of Surface Species On Catalysts

Author : Can Li
ISBN : 0444823336
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 63 MB
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This fourth spillover conference in Dalian exhibits advances and new results in spillover studies since 1993. In the proceedings, 5 invited lectures, 23 oral and 28 poster presentations are collected. In the 5 invited lectures, the active research areas are reviewed by well recognized scientists in the relevant fields. The first lecture highlights the fact that spillover plays a significant role in controlling the dynamic state of catalysts when it occurs in the catalytic process. The second lecture studies the surface mobility of oxygen and hydrogen using isotopic exchange method, and the impact of surface mobility on many catalytic processes is discussed. In the third paper the acidic functions of spilt-over hydrogen in a number of acid catalyzed reactions are well clarified. Subsequently, the fourth lecture explores electrochemically controlled spillover phenomenon over mm distances directly observed on metal catalysts. Finally, the last lecture reports the spontaneous dispersion of compounds onto supports and its importance in catalysis, and concludes that surface migration is a quite common process. The conference papers present a number of aspects of spillover studies, such as new spillover phenomena, new methods for spillover characterization, spillover effects in catalysis, etc. Studies on migration and mobility of surface species are also included in the conference topics, as it is believed that the migration of species is a more general phenomenon, and spillover can be considered as a special case of migration. The spillover of hydrogen and oxygen is the major issue at the conference, while the spillover of larger molecules are reported as well in some papers. Simulation and modeling of spillover and surface mobility are also a very interesting subject in the meeting.

Surface Chemistry And Catalysis

Author : Albert F. Carley
ISBN : 9781475766370
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 16 MB
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In 2001 Wyn Roberts celebrated both his 70th birthday and 50 years of working in surface science, to use the term "surface science" in its broadest meaning. This book aims to mark the anniversary with a contribution of lasting value, something more than the usual festschrift issue of a relevant journal. The book is divided into three sections: Surface Science, Model Catalysts and Catalysis, topics in which Wyn has always had interests. The authors for each chapter were chosen from some of the many eminent scientists who have worked with Wyn in various ways and are all internationally acknowledged as leaders in their field. The authors have produced authoritative reviews of their own specialties which together result in a book with an unrivalled combination of breadth and depth exploring the most recent developments in surface chemistry and catalysis.

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