solitons modern problems in condensed matter sciences

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Charge Density Waves In Solids

Author : L.P. Gor'kov
ISBN : 9780444600738
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 9 MB
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The latest addition to this series covers a field which is commonly referred to as charge density wave dynamics. The most thoroughly investigated materials are inorganic linear chain compounds with highly anisotropic electronic properties. The volume opens with an examination of their structural properties and the essential features which allow charge density waves to develop. The behaviour of the charge density waves, where interesting phenomena are observed, is treated both from a theoretical and an experimental standpoint. The role of impurities in statics and dynamics is considered and an examination of the possible role of solitons in incommensurate charge density wave systems is given. A number of ways to describe charge density waves theoretically, using computer simulations as well as microscopical models, are presented by a truely international board of authors.


Author : S.E. Trullinger
ISBN : 9780444598295
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 57 MB
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In the twenty years since Zabusky and Kruskal coined the term ``soliton'', this concept changed the outlook on certain types of nonlinear phenomena and found its way into all branches of physics. The present volume deals with a great variety of applications of the new concept in condensed-matter physics, which is particularly reached in experimentally observable occurrences. The presentation is not centred around the mathematical aspects; the emphasis is on the physical nature of the nonlinear phenomena occurring in particular situations. With its emphasis on concrete, mostly experimentally verifiable cases, ``Solitons'' constitutes a very readable and instructive introduction to the subject as well as an up-to-date account of current developments in a field of research reaching maturity.

Solitons In Multidimensions

Author : G Konopelchenko
ISBN : 9789814518062
Genre :
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The book is devoted to the mathematical theory of soliton phenomena on the plane. The inverse spectral transform method which is a main tool for the study of the (2+1)-dimensional soliton equation is reviewed. The ∂-problem and the Riemann-Hilbert problem method are discussed. Several basic examples of soliton equations are considered in detail. This volume is addressed both to the nonexpert and to the researcher in the field. This is the first literature dealing specifically with multidimensional solition equations. Contents:IntroductionDressing Method, The Kadomtsev-Petviashvili EquationThe Modified Kadomtsev-Petviashvili EquationThe Davey-Stewartson EquationThe Ishimori EquationThe 2+1-Dimensional Integrable Sine-Gordon EquationExtensions of the ∂-Dressing Method Readership: Applied mathematicians, mathematical physicists and researchers in chaos and in nonlinear sciences. keywords:Bibliography;Korteweg De Vries Equation;Dressing Method;Riemann-Hilbert Problems;Inverse Scattering Transform;Kadomtsev-Petviashvili Equations;Modified Kadomtsev-Petviashvili Equations;Modified Korteweg- De Vries Equation;Miura Transform;Davey-Stewartson Equations;Ishimori Equations;Heisenberg-Ferromagnet Model;Sine-Gordon Equation “The remarkable discovery for the algebraic structure governing the sequence of conserved quantities in the kdV, KP or non-linear Schrödinger dynamics was a long time restricted to a one-dimensional spatial coordinate system. The multidimensional analogs are much harder and for this reason very intriguing to tame. The book by Konopelchenko offers a first organized exposition of the inverse spectral transform technique applied to 2D integrable systems of the same category. The elegant and original combination of complex analysis, spectral theory and infinite dimensional algebra is a high mark of this text.” Professor Mihai Putinar University of California at Santa Barbara

Synergetics Of Molecular Systems

Author : Lev N. Lupichev
ISBN : 9783319081953
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 41 MB
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Synergetics is the quantitative study of multicomponent systems that exhibit nonlinear dynamics and cooperativity. This book specifically considers basic models of the nonlinear dynamics of molecular systems and discusses relevant applications in biological physics and the polymer sciences. Emphasis is placed on specific solutions to the dynamical equations that correspond to the coherent formation of spatial-temporal structures, such as solitons, kinks and breathers, in particular. The emergence of these patterns in molecular structures provides a variety of information on their structural properties and plays a significant part in energy transfer processes, topological defects, dislocations, and related structure transitions. Real media, in which solitons take the form of solitary waves, are also considered. In this context, the formation of nonlinear waves in a continuous medium described by nonlinear equations is associated with spontaneous breaking of the local symmetry of the homogeneous system, which produces a range of interesting phenomena. A particular feature of this text is its combination of analytic and computational strategies to tackle difficult nonlinear problems at the molecular level of matter.

Microwave Superconductivity

Author : H. Weinstock
ISBN : 9789401004503
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71. 28 MB
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Detailed coverage of all aspects of microwave superconductivity: fundamentals, fabrication, measurement, components, circuits, cryogenic packaging and market potential. Both a graduate-level textbook and a reference for microwave engineers. Applications (with either active or passive circuit elements) include those at both liquid-helium and liquid-nitrogen temperatures. Topics covered include wireless communications, space-based cryoelectronics, SQUIDs and SQUID amplifiers, NMR and MRI coils, accelerator cavities, and Josephson flux-flow devices.

Exotic Properties Of Superfluid 3he

Author : G. E. Volovik
ISBN : 9810207069
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 7 MB
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This book discusses the unique properties of superfluid phases of 3He, the condensed matter with the outmost broken symmetry, which combine in a surprising way the properties of ordered magnets, liquid crystals and superfluids. The complicated vacuum state of these phases with a large number of fermionic and bosonic quasiparticles and topological objects remains the vacuum in modern quantum field theories. Some of the objects and physical phenomena in 3He have strong analogy with the neutrino, W-bosons, weak interactions, gravity, chiral anomaly, Quantum Hall Effect and fractional statistics. As an example of topological objects, the quantized vortices in 3He phases are discussed in detail, including singular and continuous vortices, half-quantum vortices, broken symmetry in the vortex core and phase transitions between the vortex states with different symmetry and topology.

Surface Polaritons

Author : V. M. Agranovich
ISBN : 9780444598691
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 47 MB
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Modern Problems in Condensed Matter Sciences, Volume I: Surface Polaritons: Electromagnetic Waves at Surfaces and Interfaces describes the basic properties of surface polaritons and the methods of generating these waves in the laboratory at frequencies of interest to condensed matter physicists. The selection first elaborates on surface phonon polaritons in dielectrics and semiconductors and surface exciton polaritons from the experimental viewpoint. Discussions focus on interface polaritons; surface vibrations in anisotropic crystals; experimental methods for the excitation and study of surface polaritons; and surface vibrations in isotropic crystals. The publication then ponders on surface electromagnetic wave propagation on metal surfaces; thermally stimulated emission of surface polaritons; and effects of the transition layer and spatial dispersion in the spectra of surface polaritons. The text takes a look at surface polaritons at metal surfaces and interfaces and resonance of transition layer excitations with surface polaritons. Topics include resonance of the film phonon with the substrate surface phonon polaritons; investigations of surface modifications in ultra-high vacuum; and use of surface plasma waves for the investigation of solid-liquid and solid-solid interfaces. The selection is a dependable reference for physicists and engineers wanting to conduct research on surface polaritons.

Structure Coherence And Chaos In Dynamical Systems

Author : Peter L. Christiansen
ISBN : 0719026105
Genre : Chaotic behavior in systems
File Size : 27. 58 MB
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Optical Orientation

Author : F. Meier
ISBN : 9780444599919
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 44 MB
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This book comprises the first systematic exposition of various physical aspects of the orientation of electron and nuclear spins in semiconductors by optical means.

Chaos Solitons And Fractals

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105016509932
Genre : Bifurcation theory
File Size : 74. 1 MB
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