slaves into workers emancipation and labor in colonial sudan modern middle east

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Slaves Into Workers

Author : Ahmad Alawad Sikainga
ISBN : STANFORD:36105019254734
Genre : History
File Size : 83. 19 MB
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In the Sudan, native Sudanese slaves served Sudanese masters until the region was conquered by the Turks, who practiced slavery on an institutional scale. When the British took over the Sudan in 1898, they officially emancipated the slaves, yet found it impossible to replace their labor in the country' economy.This pathfinding study explores the process of emancipation and the development of wage labor in the Sudan under British colonial rule. Ahmad Sikainga focuses on the fate of ex-slaves in Khartoum and on the efforts of the colonial government to transform them into wage laborers. He probes into what colonial rule and city life meant for slaves and ex-slaves and what the city and its people meant for colonial officials.This investigation sheds new light on the legacy of slavery and the status of former slaves and their descendants. It also reveals how the legacy of slavery underlies the current ethnic and regional conflicts in the Sudan. It will be vital reading for students of race relations and slavery, colonialism and postcolonialism, urbanization, and labor history in Africa and the Middle East.

Slavery In The Sudan

Author : Sharon Barnes
ISBN : 9781137286031
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 32 MB
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This groundbreaking study offers a rare window into the history of slavery in the Sudan, with particular attention to the relationships between slaves and masters. Thoroughly documented, it provides valuable context to current issues of global concern and combats persistent myths about African slavery.

Conflict And Politics Of Identity In Sudan

Author : A. Idris
ISBN : 9781403981073
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46. 23 MB
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This book explores the relationship between state formation and political identities in the context of Sudan's conflict. Idris examines how hierarchy was historically constructed and politically institutionalized in the Sudan, acknowledging the centrality of the historical legacy of slavery and colonialism in Sudan's postcolonial crisis

Global Security Watch Sudan

Author : Richard Andrew Lobban
ISBN : 9780313353321
Genre : History
File Size : 44. 92 MB
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Intends to look at Sudan's long history in all of its modern regions to determine the various strategic security issues that have been or are present, and serves as an essential guide to assess the national, regional, and international concerns regarding the present state of affairs and future prospects of Sudan.

Southern Sudan

Author : Terje Tvedt
ISBN : UVA:X004811127
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 22 MB
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This comprehensive bibliography presents researchers, consultants, planners, aid organizations and others with the most comprehensive overview of the literature on the Sudan. It covers all fields and disciplines and all types of literature. To facilitate ease of use it is organized according to important topics of regional development: agriculture and pastoralism; anthropological & cultural studies; British and European colonialism; Christian mission and church related studies; development issues; fisheries; health; pre-colonial history; language and language studies; natural sciences; politics, ethnic and religious strife & civil war; travel and geography; and water and climate.

Journal Of Economics Literature

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ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 52. 8 MB
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Journal Of Economic Literature

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822017469982
Genre : Economics
File Size : 67. 15 MB
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Darfur

Author : Gérard Prunier
ISBN : 393609666X
Genre :
File Size : 29. 99 MB
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Race And Identity In The Nile Valley

Author : Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114317139
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 44. 28 MB
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This volume pioneers the examination of issues of race and racism, ethnicity and identity in the major Nile Valley countries of Sudan and Egypt from ancient times to the present. Two major events have forced the issue. The study of the ancient Nile Valley was challenged to confront the issue of race in antiquity with the publication of Martin Bernal's two-volume work, Black Athena (1987; 1991) asserting the Afro-Asiatic roots of Western civilization, and its most famous rebuttal Not Out of Africa (1996). In the aftermath of these earlier works, the question of whether ancient Egypt was black or white became the most simplistic rendering of this not so collegial debate. In this tome, a new generation of critical archaeologists and anthropologists, freed from old Orientalist and Egyptological racialist and racist ideas, have written with greater objectivity about race and representation than their predecessors. The first part of this book contains eight original articles dedicated to an exploration of the dynamics of race in the ancient Nile Valley. These include multiple new perspectives from textual and archaeological sources, as well as reprinting Antenor Firmin's chapter on "Egypt and Civilization" from his 1885 pioneering work of critical race thinking in anthropology The Equality of the Human Races (2000), only recently rediscovered. The chronic civil war in Sudan between the "Arabs" of the north and the "Blacks" of the south has also been an event that has forced the issue of race into the discourse on the Nile Valley. Indeed, among the myriad complex issues that have fuelled this war-including a history of slavery and the unequal distribution of political and economic resources-a major one has been that of race, as well as religion and ethnicity. The identity of northern Sudanese by indigenous scholars has been subjected to more critical discourse in this period than in any previous one. Western scholars of Sudan and Egypt have noted the heavy hand of both Ottoman and European colonialism as providing the necessary background to the present, while critical southern and northern scholars call for urgent rethinking of these racial-hierarchical paradigms.

Sudan Peace Process

Author : Korwa Gombe Adar
ISBN : UOM:39015059284680
Genre : History
File Size : 30. 16 MB
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"This volume is the first of its kind of terms of documenting the complexities and multi-faceted nature of the mass carnage in Sudan. Apart from the political and economic imbalances between the Northern and Southern regions of the country which incited the conflict, these are many other issues stemming from a vibrant history of colonial, African, and Arab role which should be factored into the equation." "This volume examines riot only in a holistic perspective, the prevailing situation and future challenges facing Sudan, but also incorporates the largest part of the agreements and accords signed by the belligerent parties for the last few decades in the same text."--BOOK JACKET.

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