simulating human origins and evolution cambridge studies in biological and evolutionary anthropology

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Simulating Human Origins And Evolution

Author : K. P. Wessen
ISBN : 1139444565
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 30. 5 MB
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The development of populations over time, and, on longer timescales, the evolution of species, are both influenced by a complex of interacting, underlying processes. Computer simulation provides a means of experimenting within an idealised framework to allow aspects of these processes and their interactions to be isolated, controlled, and understood. In this book, computer simulation is used to model migration, extinction, fossilisation, interbreeding, selection and non-hereditary effects in the context of human populations and the observed distribution of fossil and current hominoid species. The simulations described enable the visualisation and study of lineages, genetic diversity in populations, character diversity across species and the accuracy of reconstructions, allowing insights into human evolution and the origins of humankind for graduate students and researchers in the fields of physical anthropology, human evolution, and human genetics.

Migration And Colonization In Human Microevolution

Author : Alan G. Fix
ISBN : 0521592062
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 81 MB
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An integrative approach linking the causes of migration to genetic consequences for human evolution.

The Evolutionary Biology Of Human Body Fatness

Author : Jonathan C. K. Wells
ISBN : 9780521884204
Genre : Nature
File Size : 58. 21 MB
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Integrates medical and evolutionary data on the role of body fat in human biology, including the current obesity epidemic.

Spider Monkeys

Author : Christina J. Campbell
ISBN : 9781316583104
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52. 42 MB
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Spider monkeys are one of the most widespread New World primate genera, ranging from southern Mexico to Bolivia. Although they are common in zoos, spider monkeys are traditionally very difficult to study in the wild, because they are fast moving, live high in the canopy and are almost always found in small subgroups that vary in size and composition throughout the day. This book is an assimilation of both published and previously unpublished research. It is a comprehensive source of information for academic researchers and graduate students interested in primatology, evolutionary anthropology and behavioral ecology and covers topics such as taxonomy, diet, sexuality and reproduction, and conservation.

Reproduction And Adaptation

Author : C. G. Nicholas Mascie-Taylor
ISBN : 9781139494304
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 94 MB
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In the space of one generation major changes have begun to take place in the field of human reproduction. A rapid increase in the control of fertility and the understanding and treatment of sexual health issues have been accompanied by an emerging threat to reproductive function linked to increasing environmental pollution and dramatic changes in lifestyle. Organised around four key themes, this book provides a valuable review of some of the most important recent findings in human reproductive ecology. Major topics include the impact of the environment on reproduction, the role of physical activity and energetics in regulating reproduction, sexual maturation and ovulation assessment and demographic, health and family planning issues. Both theoretical and practical issues are covered, including the evolution and importance of the menopause and the various statistical methods by which researchers can analyse characteristics of the menstrual cycle in field studies.

Second Nature

Author : Haim Ofek
ISBN : 0521625343
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 78. 85 MB
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This book explores how market forces and economics can help answer fundamental questions of human evolution.

Anthropos

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015063390689
Genre : Ethnology
File Size : 49. 15 MB
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The First Boat People

Author : S. G. Webb
ISBN : 1107406471
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67. 89 MB
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The First Boat People, first published in 2006, concerns how people travelled across the world to Australia in the Pleistocene. It traces movement from Africa to Australia, offering a new view of population growth at that time, challenging current ideas, and underscoring problems with the 'Out of Africa' theory of how modern humans emerged. The variety of routes, strategies and opportunities that could have been used by those first migrants is proposed against the very different regional geography that existed at that time. Steve Webb shows the impact of human entry into Australia on the megafauna using fresh evidence from his work in Central Australia, including a description of palaeoenvironmental conditions existing there during the last two glaciations. He argues for an early human arrival and describes in detail the skeletal evidence for the first Australians. This is a stimulating account for students and researchers in biological anthropology, human evolution and archaeology.

Biological Perspectives On Human Pigmentation

Author : Ashley H. Robins
ISBN : 0521020204
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 11 MB
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A multidisciplinary overview of how and why human populations vary so markedly in their skin colour.

Neanderthals And Modern Humans

Author : Clive Finlayson
ISBN : 1139449710
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35. 26 MB
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Neanderthals and Modern Humans develops the theme of the close relationship between climate change, ecological change and biogeographical patterns in humans during the Pleistocene. In particular, it challenges the view that Modern Human 'superiority' caused the extinction of the Neanderthals between 40 and 30 thousand years ago. Clive Finlayson shows that to understand human evolution, the spread of humankind across the world and the extinction of archaic populations, we must move away from a purely theoretical evolutionary ecology base and realise the importance of wider biogeographic patterns including the role of tropical and temperate refugia. His proposal is that Neanderthals became extinct because their world changed faster than they could cope with, and that their relationship with the arriving Modern Humans, where they met, was subtle.

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