russia s missing middle class the professions in russian history the professions in russian history

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Russia S Missing Middle Class The Professions In Russian History

Author : Harley D. Balzer
ISBN : 9781315285399
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60. 65 MB
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This work describes the emergence of the professions in late tsarist Russia and their struggle for autonomy from the aristocratic state. It also examines the ways in which the Russian professions both resembled and differed from their Western counterparts.

Historiography Of Imperial Russia

Author : Thomas Sanders
ISBN : 1563246856
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 70. 10 MB
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This collection of the best new and recent work on historical consciousness and practice in late Imperial Russia assembles the building blocks for a fundamental reconceptualization of Russian history and history writing.

Ivan Pavlov

Author : Daniel P. Todes
ISBN : 9780199394449
Genre : Medical
File Size : 41. 86 MB
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Winner of the Pfizer Award from the History of Science Society "Contrary to legend, Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) never trained a dog to salivate to the sound of a bell." So begins this definitive, deeply researched biography of Ivan Pavlov. Daniel P. Todes fundamentally reinterprets the Russian physiologist's famous research on conditional reflexes and weaves his life, values, and science into the tumultuous century of Russian history-particularly that of its intelligentsia-from the reign of tsar Nicholas I to Stalin's time. Ivan Pavlov was born to a family of priests in provincial Riazan before the serfs were emancipated, and made his home and professional success in the booming capital of St. Petersburg in late imperial Russia. He suffered the cataclysmic destruction of his world during the Bolshevik seizure of power and civil war of 1917-21, rebuilt his life in his seventies as a "prosperous dissident" during the Leninist 1920s, and flourished professionally as never before in the 1930s industrialization, revolution, and terror of Stalin times. Using a wide variety of previously unavailable archival materials, Todes tells a vivid story of that life and redefines Pavlov's legacy. Pavlov was not, in fact, a behaviorist who believed that psychology should address only external behaviors; rather, he sought to explain the emotional and intellectual life of animals and humans, "the torments of our consciousness." This iconic "objectivist" was actually a profoundly anthropomorphic thinker whose science was suffused with his own experiences, values, and subjective interpretations. Todes's story of this powerful personality and extraordinary man is based upon interviews with surviving coworkers and family members (along with never-before-analyzed taped interviews from the 1960s and 1970s), examination of hundreds of scientific works by Pavlov and his coworkers, and close analysis of materials from some twenty-five archives. The materials range from the records of his student years at Riazan Seminary to the transcripts of the Communist Party cells in his labs, and from his scientific manuscripts and notebooks to his political speeches; they include revealing love letters to his future wife and correspondence with hundreds of scholars, artists, and Communist Party leaders; and memoirs by many coworkers, his daughter, his wife, and his lover. The product of more than twenty years of research, this is the first scholarly biography of the physiologist to be published in any language.

Stalins Ingenieure

Author : Susanne Schattenberg
ISBN : 9783486596212
Genre : History
File Size : 36. 97 MB
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Der Ingenieur war der "neue Mensch", der im Idealbild der Bolschewiki die Sowjetunion bevölkern sollte. Er sollte nicht nur das Land industrialisieren, sondern ein neues Leben und Arbeiten schaffen. Schattenberg widmet sich der ersten Generation sowjetischer Ingenieure, die ausgebildet wurde, um in den dreißiger Jahren das Land aufzubauen. Auf der Basis von Memoiren erforscht sie, in welchen Kategorien die Ingenieure selbst ihr Leben wahrnahmen. Stimmte es mit den Vorgaben der Propaganda überein? Wo waren die Abweichungen zu groß? Sie analysiert, warum sich die Sprösslinge der alten, verfolgten Elite genauso wie die Arbeiterkinder für die Industrialisierung begeisterten, welche Ansprüche sie an ihre Leben stellten und wie es ihnen schließlich gelang, den selbst erfahrenen Terror so zu verarbeiteten, dass sie weiterhin an "ihre" Sowjetunion glauben konnten. Susanne Schattenberg ist wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung Potsdam

Pouvoirs Et Soci T En Union Sovi Tique

Author :
ISBN : 2708236083
Genre : Power (Social sciences)
File Size : 87. 12 MB
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Depuis le début des années 1990, notre lecture de l'histoire soviétique s'est trouvée profondément modifiée, d'abord par l'ouverture des archives soviétiques aux chercheurs, ensuite par la mise en œuvre de nouveaux questionnements. Resté jusque-là largement inaccessible au public français, ce renouvellement historiographique est au centre du présent ouvrage. Jean-Paul Depretto, maître de conférences à l'Université de Toulouse, a ainsi réuni les contributions d'auteurs français, russes, américains et allemands autour du thème de la confrontation entre les différentes formes du pouvoir soviétique et la société de l'entre-deux-guerres. Un des principaux mérites de ces travaux est de mettre en scène des groupes sociaux concrets, bien loin des catégories abstraites servant officiellement à décrire la société, tels que les statisticiens d'une province russe ou les marchands à la sauvette d'un quartier de Moscou. D'autre part, les récits de pratiques excluent un rapport univoque de domination de l'Etat-Parti sur la société, tout en montrant son omniprésence : les diverses formes du pouvoir politique sont intégrées à l'étude de la société elle-même ; ensuite, la société soviétique, dans ses diverses composantes, apparaît bien loin d'être passive et atomisée. Le retour, du fait d'initiatives locales, au rationnement à la fin des années 1930, la rédaction de journaux intimes, l'envoi aux autorités locales de lettres de particuliers contestant les décisions d'exclusion du corps civique, en sont autant d'illustrations et constituent les points d'ancrage d'une nouvelle réflexion sur le fonctionnement du régime soviétique, au moins dans ses premières décennies.

Internal Colonization

Author : Alexander Etkind
ISBN : 9780745673547
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 73. 99 MB
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This book gives a radically new reading of Russia’s cultural history. Alexander Etkind traces how the Russian Empire conquered foreign territories and domesticated its own heartlands, thereby colonizing many peoples, Russians included. This vision of colonization as simultaneously internal and external, colonizing one’s own people as well as others, is crucial for scholars of empire, colonialism and globalization. Starting with the fur trade, which shaped its enormous territory, and ending with Russia’s collapse in 1917, Etkind explores serfdom, the peasant commune, and other institutions of internal colonization. His account brings out the formative role of foreign colonies in Russia, the self-colonizing discourse of Russian classical historiography, and the revolutionary leaders’ illusory hopes for an alliance with the exotic, pacifist sectarians. Transcending the boundaries between history and literature, Etkind examines striking writings about Russia’s imperial experience, from Defoe to Tolstoy and from Gogol to Conrad. This path-breaking book blends together historical, theoretical and literary analysis in a highly original way. It will be essential reading for students of Russian history and literature and for anyone interested in the literary and cultural aspects of colonization and its aftermath.

The Long Hangover

Author : Shaun Walker
ISBN : 9780190659264
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85. 32 MB
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In The Long Hangover, Shaun Walker provides a deeply reported, bottom-up explanation of Russia's resurgence under Putin. By cleverly exploiting the memory of the Soviet victory over fascism in World War II, Putin's regime has made ordinary Russians feel that their country is great again. Shaun Walker provides new insight into contemporary Russia and its search for a new identity, telling the story through the country's troubled relationship with its Soviet past. Walker not only explains Vladimir Putin's goals and the government's official manipulations of history, but also focuses on ordinary Russians and their motivations. He charts how Putin raised victory in World War II to the status of a national founding myth in the search for a unifying force to heal a divided country, and shows how dangerous the ramifications of this have been. The book explores why Russia, unlike Germany, has failed to come to terms with the darkest pages of its past: Stalin's purges, the Gulag, and the war deportations. The narrative roams from the corridors of the Kremlin to the wilds of the Gulags and the trenches of East Ukraine. It puts the annexation of Crimea and the newly assertive Russia in the context of the delayed fallout of the Soviet collapse. The Long Hangover is a book about a lost generation: the millions of Russians who lost their country and the subsequent attempts to restore to them a sense of purpose. Packed with analysis but told mainly through vibrant reportage, it is a thoughtful exploration of the legacy of the Soviet collapse and how it has affected life in Russia and Putin's policies.

The Forsaken

Author : Tim Tzouliadis
ISBN : 9781440637032
Genre : History
File Size : 22. 80 MB
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A remarkable piece of forgotten history- the never-before-told story of Americans lured to Soviet Russia by the promise of jobs and better lives, only to meet tragic ends In 1934, a photograph was taken of a baseball team. These two rows of young men look like any group of American ballplayers, except perhaps for the Russian lettering on their jerseys. The players have left their homeland and the Great Depression in search of a better life in Stalinist Russia, but instead they will meet tragic and, until now, forgotten fates. Within four years, most of them will be arrested alongside untold numbers of other Americans. Some will be executed. Others will be sent to "corrective labor" camps where they will be worked to death. This book is the story of lives-the forsaken who died and those who survived. Based on groundbreaking research, The Forsaken is the story of Americans whose dreams were shattered and lives lost in Stalinist Russia.

Caught In The Revolution

Author : Helen Rappaport
ISBN : 9781466860452
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 79 MB
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From the New York Times bestselling author of The Romanov Sisters, Caught in the Revolution is Helen Rappaport's masterful telling of the outbreak of the Russian Revolution through eye-witness accounts left by foreign nationals who saw the drama unfold. Between the first revolution in February 1917 and Lenin’s Bolshevik coup in October, Petrograd (the former St Petersburg) was in turmoil – felt nowhere more keenly than on the fashionable Nevsky Prospekt. There, the foreign visitors who filled hotels, clubs, offices and embassies were acutely aware of the chaos breaking out on their doorsteps and beneath their windows. Among this disparate group were journalists, diplomats, businessmen, bankers, governesses, volunteer nurses and expatriate socialites. Many kept diaries and wrote letters home: from an English nurse who had already survived the sinking of the Titanic; to the black valet of the US Ambassador, far from his native Deep South; to suffragette leader Emmeline Pankhurst, who had come to Petrograd to inspect the indomitable Women’s Death Battalion led by Maria Bochkareva. Helen Rappaport draws upon this rich trove of material, much of it previously unpublished, to carry us right up to the action – to see, feel and hear the Revolution as it happened to an assortment of individuals who suddenly felt themselves trapped in a "red madhouse."

Russia S Foreign Policy

Author : Andrei P. Tsygankov
ISBN : 9781442254039
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21. 63 MB
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Now fully updated and revised, this clear and comprehensive text explores contemporary Soviet/Russian international relations, comparing foreign policy formation under Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Medvedev, and Putin. Challenging conventional views of Moscow’s foreign policy, Andrei Tsygankov shows that definitions of national interest depend on visions of national identity and are rooted both in history and domestic politics. Yet the author also highlights the role of the external environment in affecting the balance of power among competing domestic groups. Drawing on both Russian and Western sources, Tsygankov traces how Moscow’s policies have shifted under different leaders’ visions of Russia’s national interests. He gives an overview of the ideas and pressures that motivated Russian foreign policy in six different periods: the Gorbachev era of the late 1980s, the liberal “Westernizers” era under Kozyrev in the early 1990s, the relatively hardline statist policy under Primakov, the more pragmatic course of limited cooperation under Putin and then Medvedev, and the assertive policy Putin has implemented since his return to power. Evaluating the successes and failures of Russian foreign policies, Tsygankov explains its many turns as Russia’s identity and interaction with the West have evolved. The book concludes with reflections on the emergence of the post-Western world and the challenges it presents to Russia’s enduring quest for great power status along with its desire for a special relationship with Western nations.

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