richard owen biology without darwin

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Richard Owen

Author : Nicolaas A. Rupke
ISBN : 9780226731780
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 75 MB
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In the mid-1850s, no scientist in the British Empire was more visible than Richard Owen. Mentioned in the same breath as Isaac Newton and championed as Britain’s answer to France’s Georges Cuvier and Germany’s Alexander von Humboldt, Owen was, as the Times declared in 1856, the most “distinguished man of science in the country.” But, a century and a half later, Owen remains largely obscured by the shadow of the most famous Victorian naturalist of all, Charles Darwin. Publicly marginalized by his contemporaries for his critique of natural selection, Owen suffered personal attacks that undermined his credibility long after his name faded from history. With this innovative biography, Nicolaas A. Rupke resuscitates Owen’s reputation. Arguing that Owen should no longer be judged by the evolution dispute that figured in only a minor part of his work, Rupke stresses context, emphasizing the importance of places and practices in the production and reception of scientific knowledge. Dovetailing with the recent resurgence of interest in Owen’s life and work, Rupke’s book brings the forgotten naturalist back into the canon of the history of science and demonstrates how much biology existed with, and without, Darwin

Lehrbuch Der Naturphilosophie

Author : Lorenz Oken
ISBN : UCM:5306860841
Genre :
File Size : 76. 63 MB
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On The Nature Of Limbs

Author : Richard Owen
ISBN : 9780226641959
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 55 MB
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The most prominent naturalist in Britain before Charles Darwin, Richard Owen made empirical discoveries and offered theoretical innovations that were crucial to the proof of evolution. Among his many lasting contributions to science was the first clear definition of the term homology—“the same organ in different animals under every variety of form and function.” He also graphically demonstrated that all vertebrate species were built on the same skeletal plan and devised the vertebrate archetype as a representation of the simplest common form of all vertebrates. Just as Darwin’s ideas continue to propel the modern study of adaptation, so too will Owen’s contributions fuel the new interest in homology, organic form, and evolutionary developmental biology. His theory of the archetype and his views on species origins were first offered to the general public in On the Nature of Limbs, published in 1849. It reemerges here in a facsimile edition with introductory essays by prominent historians, philosophers, and practitioners from the modern evo-devo community.

Monstrosit T

Author : Jan Niklas Howe
ISBN : 9783110478860
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 56. 90 MB
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Die Studie verhandelt das parallele Auftauchen eines neuen Paradigmas von Abweichung in Literatur und Wissenschaften. Von Hoffmann und Poe bis zu Henry James, von der medizinischen Teratologie und frühen Psychiatrie bis zur Evolutionstheorie verfolgt das Buch die Entstehung einer modernen Dialektik von Defiguration und Refiguration monströser Formen.

Dinosaurier

Author : Alexis Dworsky
ISBN : 9783846752227
Genre : History
File Size : 88. 24 MB
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Dinosaurier! Die Kulturgeschichte erzählt uns von der kulturellen Evolution der Saurier. Der Dinosaurier ist eine Fiktion, kein Faktum, auch wenn uns das die Naturwissenschaft bislang immer weismachen wollte. Er hat eine Kulturgeschichte, in der Fossilien nur ein Stück des Puzzles ausmachen. Immer schon musste man sich ein "Bild" vom Saurier machen, immer schon war er ein kulturelles Konstrukt. Seine Bühne bereiten Buffon und Cuvier in den "Naturgeschichten" des 18. Jahrhunderts. Den ersten großen Auftritt erlebt er im viktorianischen England und wird im 20. Jahrhundert zu einem Superstar. Im Kalten Krieg kämpfen Tyrannosaurus und Triceratops um die Weltherrschaft und werden so zu Symbolen der verfeindeten Supermächte. Im Informationszeitalter verkörpert der Dinosaurier die Ideale der "New Economy" und verursacht gehörige "Kollateralschäden". Eine gespenstische Aktualität gewinnen Dworskys Schilderungen angesichts der atomaren Katastrophe in Fukushima: Godzilla, aus dem Meer kommend, zertrampelt den Reaktor. Der Riesensaurier im Kino - Metapher und Menetekel einer unabwendbaren Katastrophe.

Ber Die Entstehung Der Arten Gro Druck

Author : Charles Darwin
ISBN : 153284977X
Genre :
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Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten Lesefreundlicher Großdruck in 16-pt-Schrift Edition Holzinger. Großformat, 216 x 279 mm Berliner Ausgabe, 2016 Vollständiger, durchgesehener Neusatz bearbeitet und eingerichtet von Michael Holzinger Erstdruck: London 1859. Erste deutsche Übersetzung von Heinrich Georg Bronn unter dem Titel »Über die Entstehung der Arten im Thier- und Pflanzenreich durch natürliche Züchtung, oder Erhaltung der vervollkommneten Rassen im Kampf ums Daseyn«, Stuttgart 1860. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung der sechsten Auflage, London 1872, durch Julius Victor Carus von 1884. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten durch natürliche Zuchtwahl oder die Erhaltung der begünstigten Rassen im Kampfe um's Dasein. Nach der letzten englischen Ausgabe wiederholt durchgesehen von J. Victor Carus, 9. Auflage, Stuttgart: Schweitzerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1899. Herausgeber der Reihe: Michael Holzinger Reihengestaltung: Viktor Harvion Umschlaggestaltung unter Verwendung des Bildes: Charles Darwin auf einem Aquarell von George Richmond (1809-1896) aus dem Jahr 1840 Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 16 pt.

Charles Dickens And The Sciences Of Childhood

Author : K. Boehm
ISBN : 9781137362506
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 82. 2 MB
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This book takes a fresh look at childhood in Dickens' works and in Victorian science and culture more generally. It offers a new way of understanding Dickens' interest in childhood by showing how his fascination with new scientific ideas about childhood and practices of scientific inquiry shaped his narrative techniques and aesthetic imagination.

Photography Natural History And The Nineteenth Century Museum

Author : Kathleen Davidson
ISBN : 9781351106870
Genre : Photography
File Size : 23. 74 MB
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The Victorian era heralded an age of transformation in which momentous changes in the field of natural history coincided with the rise of new visual technologies. Concurrently, different parts of the British Empire began to more actively claim their right to being acknowledged as indispensable contributors to knowledge and the progress of empire. This book addresses the complex relationship between natural history and photography from the 1850s to the 1880s in Britain and its colonies: Australia, New Zealand and, to a lesser extent, India. Coinciding with the rise of the modern museum, photography’s arrival was timely, and it rapidly became an essential technology for recording and publicising rare objects and valuable collections. Also during this period, the medium assumed a more significant role in the professional practices and reputations of naturalists than has been previously recognized, and it figured increasingly within the expanding specialized networks that were central to the production and dissemination of new knowledge. In an interrogation that ranges from the first forays into museum photography and early attempts to document collecting expeditions to the importance of traditional and photographic portraiture for the recognition of scientific discoveries, this book not only recasts the parameters of what we actually identify as natural history photography in the Victorian era but also how we understand the very structure of empire in relation to this genre at that time.

Ber Die Einrichtungen Zur Befruchtung Britischer Und Ausl Ndischer Orchideen Durch Insekten

Author : Charles Darwin
ISBN : 9783845724638
Genre :
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Evolution Und Die Vielfalt Des Lebens

Author : E. Mayr
ISBN : 9783642671104
Genre : Science
File Size : 68. 43 MB
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