reviews of accelerator science and technology volume 5 applications of superconducting technology to accelerators

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Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology

Author : Alexander W Chao
ISBN : 9789814449960
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 30 MB
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Over the past several decades major advances in accelerators have resulted from breakthroughs in accelerator science and accelerator technology. After the introduction of a new accelerator physics concept or the implementation of a new technology, a leap in accelerator performance followed. A well-known representation of these advances is the Livingston chart, which shows an exponential growth of accelerator performance over the last seven or eight decades. One of the breakthrough accelerator technologies that support this exponential growth is superconducting technology. Recognizing this major technological advance, we dedicate Volume 5 of Reviews of Accelerator Science and Technology (RAST) to superconducting technology and its applications. Two major applications are superconducting magnets (SC magnets) and superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavities. SC magnets provide much higher magnetic field than their room-temperature counterparts, thus allowing accelerators to reach higher energies with comparable size as well as much reduced power consumption. SRF technology allows field energy storage for continuous wave applications and energy recovery, in addition to the advantage of tremendous power savings and better particle beam quality. In this volume, we describe both technologies and their applications. We also include discussion of the associated R&D in superconducting materials and the future prospects for these technologies. Contents:Overview of Superconductivity and Challenges in Applications (Rene Flükiger)Superconducting Materials and Conductors: Fabrication and Limiting Parameters (Luca Bottura and Arno Godeke)Superconducting Magnets for Particle Accelerators (Lucio Rossi and Luca Bottura)Superconducting Magnets for Particle Detectors and Fusion Devices (Akira Yamamoto and Thomas Taylor)Superconducting Radio-Frequency Fundamentals for Particle Accelerators (Alex Gurevich)Superconducting Radio-Frequency Systems for High-β Particle Accelerators (Sergey Belomestnykh)Superconducting Radio-Frequency Cavities for Low-Beta Particle Accelerators (Michael Kelly)Cryogenic Technology for Superconducting Accelerators (Kenji Hosoyama)Superconductivity in Medicine (Jose R Alonso and Timothy A Antaya)Industrialization of Superconducting RF Accelerator Technology (Michael Peiniger, Michael Pekeler and Hanspeter Vogel)Superconducting Radio-Frequency Technology R&D for Future Accelerator Applications (Charles E Reece and Gianluigi Ciovati)Educating and Training Accelerator Scientists and Technologists for Tomorrow (William Barletta, Swapan Chattopadhyay and Andrei Seryi)Pursuit of Accelerator Projects at KEK in Japan (Yoshitaka Kimura and Nobukazu Toge) Readership: Physicists and engineers in accelerator science and industry. Keywords:Particle Accelerators;Superconducting;Superconducting Materials;Superconducting TechnologyReviews: “This latest volume looks at the role of superconductivity in particle accelerators and how this intriguing phenomenon has been harnessed in the pursuit of ever-increasing beam energy or intensity. It also considers the application of superconducting technology beyond the realm of accelerators, for example in medical scanners and fusion devices. As well as containing much technical detail it is also full of fascinating facts.” CERN Courier

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology

Author : Alexander W. Chao
ISBN : 9789814449953
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 25 MB
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This book is dedicated to superconducting technology and its applications, including superconducting magnets (SC magnets) and superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavities.

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology

Author : Alexander W Chao
ISBN : 9789813108912
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 85 MB
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' As accelerator science and technology progressed over the past several decades, the accelerators themselves have undergone major improvements in multiple performance factors: beam energy, beam power, and beam brightness. As a consequence, accelerators have found applications in a wide range of fields in our life and in our society. The current volume is dedicated to applications in energy and security, two of the most important and urgent topics in today''s world. This volume makes an effort to provide a review as complete and up to date as possible of this broad and challenging subject. It contains overviews on each of the two topics and a series of articles for in-depth discussions including heavy ion accelerator driven inertial fusion, linear accelerator-based ADS systems, circular accelerator-based ADS systems, accelerator-reactor interface, accelerators for fusion material testing, cargo inspection, proton radiography, compact neutron generators and detectors. It also has a review article on accelerator science and technology in Canada with a focus on the TRIUMF laboratory, and an article on the life of Bruno Touschek, a renowned accelerator physicist. Contents:Overview of Accelerator Applications in Energy (R W Garnett and R L Sheffield)Overview of Accelerator Applications for Security and Defense (A J Antolak)Heavy Ion Accelerator–Driven Inertial Fusion (I Hofmann)ADS Based on Linear Accelerators (W-M Pan and J-P Dai)Cyclotrons and FFAG Accelerators as Drivers for ADS (L Calabretta and F Méot)Accelerator–Reactor Coupling for Energy Production in Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles (F Heidet, N R Brown and M Haj Tahar)Accelerators for Fusion Materials Testing (J Knaster and Y Okumura)Low Energy Accelerators for Cargo Inspection (C-X Tang)Flash Proton Radiography (F E Merrill)Compact Neutron Sources for Energy and Security (M Uesaka and H Kobayashi)Detectors for Accelerator-Based Security Applications (G A Warren, S C Stave and E A Miller)Accelerator Science and Technology in Canada — From the Microtron to TRIUMF, Superconducting Cyclotrons and the Canadian Light Source (M K Craddock and R E Laxdal)Bruno Touschek: From Betatrons to Electron–Positron Colliders (C Bernardini, G Pancheri and C Pellegrini) Readership: Physicists and engineers in accelerator science and industry. Keywords:Accelerator Applications in Energy;Accelerator Applications in Security;Accelerator–Reactor Interface;ADS System;Fusion Material Testing;Proton Radiography;TRIUMF Lab;Bruno Touschek'

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology Volume 2 Medical Applications Of Accelerators

Author : Alexander W. Chao
ISBN : 9789814299350
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46. 75 MB
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The theme of this volume, “Medical Applications of Accelerators”, is of enormous importance to human health and has a deep impact on our society.The invention of particle accelerators in the early 20th century created a whole new world for producing energetic X-rays, electrons, protons, neutrons and other particle beams. Immediately these beams found revolutionary applications in medicine. There are two important yet distinct medical applications. On the one hand, accelerators produce radioisotopes for various nuclear medicines for millions of patients each year, and on the other hand, they also produce particle beams for radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer. The particle beams can be X-rays (generated by high-energy electrons), protons, neutrons or heavy ions such as carbon. Today there are more than 5,000 accelerators routinely used in hospitals all over the world for nuclear medicine and cancer therapy. The great potential of accelerator applications in medicine can hardly be exaggerated.This volume contains 14 articles, all written by distinguished scholars.

Rf Superconductivity

Author : Hasan Padamsee
ISBN : 9783527627189
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 4 MB
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This is the second book to RF Superconducting, written by one of the leading experts. The book provides fast and up-to-date access to the latest advances in the key technology for future accelerators. Experts as well as newcomers to the field will benefit from the discussion of progress in the basic science, technology as well as recent and forthcoming applications. Researchers in accelerator physics will also find much that is relevant to their discipline.

Rf Superconductivity For Accelerators

Author : Hasan Padamsee
ISBN : UCSD:31822035344852
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 43 MB
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This book introduces some of the key ideas of this exciting field, using a pedagogic approach, and presents a comprehensive overview of the field. It is divided into four parts. The first part introduces the basic concepts of microwave cavities for particle acceleration. The second part is devoted to the observed behavior of superconducting cavities. In the third part,general issues connected with beam-cavity interaction and the related issues for the critical components are covered. The final part discusses applications of superconducting cavities to frontier accelerators of the future, drawing heavily on the examples that are in their most advanced stage. Each part of the book ends in a Problems section to illustrate and amplify text material as well as draw on example applications of superconducting cavities to existing and future accelerators.

Rf Linear Accelerators

Author : Thomas P. Wangler
ISBN : 3527406808
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 46 MB
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Borne out of twentieth-century science and technology, the field of RF (radio frequency) linear accelerators has made significant contributions to basic research, energy, medicine, and national defense. As we advance into the twenty-first century, the linac field has been undergoing rapid development as the demand for its many applications, emphasizing high-energy, high-intensity, and high-brightness output beams, continues to grow. "RF Linear Accelerators" is a textbook that is based on a US Particle Accelerator School graduate-level course that fills the need for a single introductory source on linear accelerators. The text provides the scientific principles and up-to-date technological aspects for both electron and ion linacs. This second edition has been completely revised and expanded to include examples of modern RF linacs, special linacs and special techniques as well as superconducting linacs. In addition, problem sets at the end of each chapter supplement the material covered. The book serves as a must-have reference for professionals interested in beam physics and accelerator technology.

Handbook Of Accelerator Physics And Engineering

Author : Alex Chao
ISBN : 9810235003
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 28 MB
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Edited by internationally recognized authorities in the field, this handbook focuses on Linacs, Synchrotrons and Storage Rings and is intended as a vade mecum for professional engineers and physicists engaged in these subjects. Here one will find, in addition to the common formulae of previous compilations, hard to find specialized formulae, recipes and material data pooled from the lifetime experiences of many of the world's most able practitioners of the art and science of accelerator building and operation.

Rf Linear Accelerators For Medical And Industrial Applications

Author : Samy Hanna
ISBN : 9781608070909
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45. 8 MB
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This unique resource offers you a clear overview of medical and industrial accelerators. Using minimal mathematics, this book focuses on offering thorough explanations of basic concepts surrounding the operation of accelerators. You find well illustrated discussions designed to help you use accelerator-based systems in a safer, more productive, and more reliable manner. This practical book details the manufacturing process for producing accelerators for medical and industrial applications. You become knowledgeable about the commonly encountered real-world manufacturing issues and potential sources of defects which help you avoid costly production problems. From principles of operation and the role of accelerators in cancer radiation therapy, to manufacturing techniques and future trends in accelerator design and applications, this easy-to-comprehend volume quickly brings you up-to-speed with the critical concepts you need to understand for your work in the field.

Doing Physics Second Edition

Author : Martin H. Krieger
ISBN : 9780253006080
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 57 MB
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Doing Physics makes concepts of physics easier to grasp by relating them to everyday knowledge. Addressing some of the models and metaphors that physicists use to explain the physical world, Martin H. Krieger describes the conceptual world of physics by means of analogies to economics, anthropology, theater, carpentry, mechanisms such as clockworks, and machine tool design. The interaction of elementary particles or chemical species, for example, can be related to the theory of kinship—who can marry whom is like what can interact with what. Likewise, the description of physical situations in terms of interdependent particles and fields is analogous to the design of a factory with its division of labor among specialists. For the new edition, Krieger has revised the text and added a chapter on the role of mathematics and formal models in physics. Doing Physics will be of special interest to economists, political theorists, anthropologists, and sociologists as well as philosophers of science.

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