recourse to force state action against threats and armed attacks hersch lauterpacht memorial lectures

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Recourse To Force

Author : Thomas M. Franck
ISBN : 1139434950
Genre : Law
File Size : 65. 61 MB
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The nations that drafted the UN Charter in 1945 clearly were more concerned about peace than about justice. As a result, the Charter prohibits all use of force by states except in the event of an armed attack or when authorised by the Security Council. This arrangement has only very imperfectly withstood the test of time and changing world conditions. In requiring states not to use force in self-defence until after they had become the object of an actual armed attack, the Charter failed to address a growing phenomenon of clandestine subversion and of instantaneous nuclear threats. Fortunately although the Charter is very hard to amend, the drafters did agree that it should be interpreted flexibly by the United Nations' principal political institutions. In this way the norms governing use of force in international affairs have been adapted to meet changing circumstances and new challenges. The book also relates these changes in law and practice to changing public values pertaining to the balance between maintaining peace and promoting justice.

The Bush Doctrine Revisited

Author : Peggy Wittke
ISBN : 9783845287478
Genre : Law
File Size : 21. 3 MB
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Die Bush-Doktrin war seit ihrer Veröffentlichung als US-amerikanische Sicherheitsstrategie nach dem 11. September 2001 völkerrechtlich umstritten. Mehr als ein Jahrzehnt später geht diese Arbeit der Frage nach, ob die Bush-Doktrin zu einem Wandel des Völkerrechts geführt hat. Einzelne Elemente der Bush-Doktrin – wie ihr Anspruch auf präemptive Selbstverteidigung und neue Zurechnungskriterien bei Gewaltausübungen von privaten Akteuren – gehörten nicht zum damals geltenden Völkerrecht. Bei ihrer Untersuchung der Staatenpraxis vor und nach dem 11. September 2001 weist die Autorin auch nach, dass die Bush-Doktrin nicht als "Erfindung" der Bush-Administration gelten kann, sondern dass auch andere US-Administrationen und weitere Staaten ähnliche Argumente verwendet haben. Peggy Wittke gehört seit 1998 dem Fachbereich Rechtswissenschaft der Freien Universität Berlin an und leitet die Model United Nations/Model European Union Programme der FU.

International Law And Armed Conflict Exploring The Faultlines

Author : Michael Schmitt
ISBN : 9789047421252
Genre : Law
File Size : 85. 80 MB
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International law and armed conflict exist in a symbiotic relationship. In some cases, law shapes conflict proactively by imposing normative limits in advance of the appearance of proscribed conduct. Much more commonly, armed conflict either reveals lacunae in the law or demonstrates how law designed for yesterday’s wars falls short when applied to contemporary conflict. When that happens, international law reacts by allowing provisions to fall into desuetude, embracing new interpretations of existing prescriptions, or generating new norms through practice or codification. In the 21st Century, both international security and armed conflict are the subject of arguably unprecedented sea changes. As a result, claims that both the jus ad bellum and jus in bello are unwieldy and ill-fitting in the context of modern hostilities have surfaced prominently. Whether one agrees with such dire assessments, what has become clear is that armed conflict is increasingly exposing faultlines in the law governing the resort to force. The intent of this collection of essays in honour of Professor Yoram Dinstein on the occasion of his 70th birthday is to explore such faultlines, first by identifying them and then by assessing their consequences. In a sense, then, the essays, contributed by the top minds in the field, will serve to assist academics and practitioners to anticipate pressure on the law governing armed conflict and, to the extent possible, react accordingly. Paralleling Professor Dinstein’s classic works – War, Aggression, and Self-Defence and The Conduct of Hostilities Under the Law of International Armed Conflict ? the book addresses both ius ad bellum and ius in bello topics.

The Oxford Handbook Of The Responsibility To Protect

Author : Tim Dunne
ISBN : 9780198753841
Genre :
File Size : 87. 53 MB
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The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is intended to provide an effective framework for responding to crimes of genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. It is a response to the many conscious-shocking cases where atrocities - on the worst scale - have occurred even during the post 1945 period when the United Nations was built to save us all from the scourge of genocide. The R2P concept accords to sovereign states and international institutions a responsibility to assist peoples who are at risk - or experiencing - the worst atrocities. R2P maintains that collective action should be taken by members of the United Nations to prevent or halt such gross violations of basic human rights. This Handbook, containing contributions from leading theorists, and practitioners (including former foreign ministers and special advisors), examines the progress that has been made in the last 10 years; it also looks forward to likely developments in the next decade.

International Legal Materials

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822034010280
Genre : International law
File Size : 66. 37 MB
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Revue Belge De Droit International

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105063235449
Genre : Law
File Size : 81. 83 MB
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The British National Bibliography

Author : Arthur James Wells
ISBN : UOM:39015079755784
Genre : English literature
File Size : 68. 12 MB
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Revue Internationale De Droit Compar

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105063736412
Genre : Comparative law
File Size : 58. 8 MB
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ISBN : STANFORD:36105132161824
Genre : Documentation
File Size : 48. 43 MB
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Oecd Leits Tze F R Multinationale Unternehmen

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264122352
Genre :
File Size : 30. 44 MB
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Die OECD-Leitsätze für multinationale Unternehmen sind das weltweit wichtigste staatlich geförderte Instrument für verantwortungsvolles unternehmerisches Handeln. Die Ausgabe 2011 enthält neue Empfehlungen zu den Menschenrechten und zur Verantwortung der Unternehmen für ihre Zulieferketten.

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