rebels mavericks and heretics in biology

Download Book Rebels Mavericks And Heretics In Biology in PDF format. You can Read Online Rebels Mavericks And Heretics In Biology here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Rebels Mavericks And Heretics In Biology

Author : Oren Harman
ISBN : 9780300150544
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 68. 54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 955
Read : 1251

Download Now


This book is the first devoted to modern biology's innovators and iconoclasts: men and women who challenged prevailing notions in their fields. Some of these scientists were Nobel Prize winners, some were considered cranks or gadflies, some were in fact wrong. The stories of these stubborn dissenters are individually fascinating. Taken together, they provide unparalleled insights into the role of dissent and controversy in science and especially the growth of biological thought over the past century. Each of the book's nineteen specially commissioned chapters offers a detailed portrait of the intellectual rebellion of a particular scientist working in a major area of biology--genetics, evolution, embryology, ecology, biochemistry, neurobiology, and virology as well as others. An introduction by the volume's editors and an epilogue by R. C. Lewontin draw connections among the case studies and illuminate the nonconforming scientist's crucial function of disturbing the comfort of those in the majority. By focusing on the dynamics and impact of dissent rather than on winners who are credited with scientific advances, the book presents a refreshingly original perspective on the history of the life sciences. Scientists featured in this volume: Alfred Russel Wallace Hans DrieschWilhelm JohannsenRaymond Arthur DartC. D. DarlingtonRichard GoldschmidtBarbara McClintockOswald T. AveryRoger SperryLeon CroizatVero Copner Wynne-EdwardsPeter MitchellHoward TeminMotoo KimuraWilliam D. HamiltonCarl WoeseStephen Jay GouldThelma RowellDaniel S. Simberloff

Die Entdeckung Der Doppelhelix

Author : Kärin Nickelsen
ISBN : 9783662471500
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 67 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 425
Read : 1166

Download Now


„We wish to suggest a structure for the salt of deoxyribose nucleic acid (D.N.A.). This structure has novel features which are of considerable biological interest“, so lauten die ersten Sätze des berühmten Artikels aus dem Jahr 1953, in dem Francis Crick und James Watson eine Doppelhelix-Struktur für die DNA vorschlugen. Diesen bahnbrechenden Vorschlag hatten sie in enger Verzahnung mit – und nicht immer legitimer Nutzung von – den Arbeiten von Maurice Wilkins und, vor allem, Rosalind Franklin entwickelt. In dem Buch werden die vier entscheidenden Aufsätze dieser Akteure gesammelt reproduziert, gemeinsam mit zwei wichtigen Vorläufer-Arbeiten (Avery, McLeod & McCarty 1944; Hershey & Chase 1952), die den Weg zu der Entdeckung bahnten. Den Originalpublikationen wird eine allgemeinverständliche Einleitung vorangestellt, in der die Geschichte dieser Entdeckung nachgezeichnet und in den historischen Kontext eingeordnet wird.

Vom Neandertal Nach Afrika

Author : Ellinor Schweighöfer
ISBN : 9783835342194
Genre : History
File Size : 31. 10 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 528
Read : 329

Download Now


Spektakuläre Debatten um bedeutende Fossilienfunde begleiteten die Suche nach unseren Ursprüngen. Wer waren die ersten Menschen? Nachdem die Antwort darauf lange mit der Schöpfungsgeschichte verbunden war, entflammten ab Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts neuartige Debatten. Funde menschlicher Fossilien führten zu Auseinandersetzungen über den Ursprung der Menschheit. Umkämpft war nicht nur die Frage, ob die ersten Menschen Deutsche, Engländer, Europäer oder Asiaten waren, ob schwarz oder weiß. Es ging um das Wesen des Menschen. Knochen aus dem Neandertal, von Java oder Südafrika bilden bis heute eine Projektionsfläche für das Verständnis des menschlichen Selbst. Entsprechend intensiv waren die internationalen wissenschaftlichen und öffentlichen Debatten, bis sich in den 1950er Jahren die Idee eines gemeinsamen afrikanischen Ursprungs durchsetzte. Ellinor Schweighöfer geht am Beispiel spektakulärer Funde der Suche nach dem Ursprung nach. Sie untersucht, welche Zuschreibungen die Funde auslösten und mit welchen Techniken sich wissenschaftliche Fakten etablierten. Es ist eine Wissensgeschichte, bei der viele Stimmen einbezogen werden - Wissenschaftler ebenso wie Massenmedien. So macht die Autorin auch die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Weltanschauung, Politik und Wissenschaft deutlich.

Dreamers Visionaries And Revolutionaries In The Life Sciences

Author : Oren Harman
ISBN : 9780226569901
Genre : Science
File Size : 68. 71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 291
Read : 932

Download Now


What are the conditions that foster true novelty and allow visionaries to set their eyes on unknown horizons? What have been the challenges that have spawned new innovations, and how have they shaped modern biology? In Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences, editors Oren Harman and Michael R. Dietrich explore these questions through the lives of eighteen exemplary biologists who had grand and often radical ideas that went far beyond the run-of-the-mill science of their peers. From the Frenchman Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, who coined the word “biology” in the early nineteenth century, to the American James Lovelock, for whom the Earth is a living, breathing organism, these dreamers innovated in ways that forced their contemporaries to reexamine comfortable truths. With this collection readers will follow Jane Goodall into the hidden world of apes in African jungles and Francis Crick as he attacks the problem of consciousness. Join Mary Lasker on her campaign to conquer cancer and follow geneticist George Church as he dreams of bringing back woolly mammoths and Neanderthals. In these lives and the many others featured in these pages, we discover visions that were sometimes fantastical, quixotic, and even threatening and destabilizing, but always a challenge to the status quo.

Wilhelm Reich Biologist

Author : James E. Strick
ISBN : 9780674286887
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 63 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 315
Read : 1220

Download Now


Wilhelm Reich’s experiments in the 1930s with cutting-edge light microscopy and time-lapse micro-cinematography were considered discredited, but not because of shoddy lab technique, as has been claimed. Scientific opposition to Reich’s experiments, James Strick argues, grew out of resistance to his unorthodox sexual theories and Marxist leanings.

Die Lagune Oder Wie Aristoteles Die Naturwissenschaften Erfand

Author : Armand Marie Leroi
ISBN : 3806235848
Genre :
File Size : 42. 19 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 857
Read : 913

Download Now



Outsider Scientists

Author : Oren Harman
ISBN : 9780226078540
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 18 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 515
Read : 1053

Download Now


Outsider Scientists describes the transformative role played by “outsiders” in the growth of the modern life sciences. Biology, which occupies a special place between the exact and human sciences, has historically attracted many thinkers whose primary training was in other fields: mathematics, physics, chemistry, linguistics, philosophy, history, anthropology, engineering, and even literature. These outsiders brought with them ideas and tools that were foreign to biology, but which, when applied to biological problems, helped to bring about dramatic, and often surprising, breakthroughs. This volume brings together eighteen thought-provoking biographical essays of some of the most remarkable outsiders of the modern era, each written by an authority in the respective field. From Noam Chomsky using linguistics to answer questions about brain architecture, to Erwin Schrödinger contemplating DNA as a physicist would, to Drew Endy tinkering with Biobricks to create new forms of synthetic life, the outsiders featured here make clear just how much there is to gain from disrespecting conventional boundaries. Innovation, it turns out, often relies on importing new ideas from other fields. Without its outsiders, modern biology would hardly be recognizable.

History And Philosophy Of The Life Sciences

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132652442
Genre : Biology
File Size : 81. 18 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 335
Read : 615

Download Now



Phenomenological Inquiry

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822036235737
Genre : Phenomenology
File Size : 32. 50 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 866
Read : 811

Download Now



Choice

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015079680511
Genre : Best books
File Size : 28. 33 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 221
Read : 1256

Download Now



Top Download:

Best Books