reason morality and law the philosophy of john finnis

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Reason Morality And Law

Author : John Keown
ISBN : 9780199675500
Genre : Law
File Size : 49. 53 MB
Format : PDF
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This volume gathers leading moral, legal, and political philosophers alongside theologians to examine John Finnis' work. The book offers the first sustained critical study of Finnis' contribution across the philosophy of rationality, legal and political philosophy, and theology. It includes a substantial response from Finnis himself in which he defends and develops his ideas.

Reason In Action

Author : John Finnis
ISBN : 9780199580057
Genre : Law
File Size : 69. 59 MB
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Reason in Action collects John Finnis's work on practical reason and moral philosophy. Ranging from foundational issues of meta-ethics to modern ethical debates, the essays trace the emergence and development of his new classical theory of natural law through close engagement with a broad range of contemporary thinkers and problems.

Religion And Public Reasons

Author : John Finnis
ISBN : 9780199580095
Genre : Law
File Size : 22. 13 MB
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Religion and Public Reasons collects the theological work of John Finnis, spanning his contribution to such foundational issues as the justification for belief in revelation and moral-theological methodology; to the role of religion in public reason and law; and to major controversies within Catholic thought and practice since the 1960s.

Natural Law Theory

Author : Robert P. George
ISBN : 0198235526
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71. 16 MB
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This volume presents twelve original essays by contemporary natural law theorists and their critics. Natural law theory is enjoying a revival of interest today in a variety of disciplines, including law, philosophy, political science, and theology and religious studies. These essays offer readers a sense of the lively contemporary debate among natural law theorists of different schools, as well as between natual law theorists and their critics.

Gerechtigkeit F R Igel

Author : Ronald Dworkin
ISBN : 9783518780206
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 34. 91 MB
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»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Subjectivity

Author : R. J. Snell
ISBN : 9781498513197
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 62. 66 MB
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Subjectivity, sixteen leading scholars examine the turn to the subject in modern philosophy and consider its historical antecedents in ancient and medieval thought. Some critics of modernity reject the turn to the subject as a specifically modern error, arguing that it logically leads to nihilism and moral relativism by divorcing the human mind from objective reality. Yet, some important thinkers of the last half-century--including Leo Strauss, Eric Voegelin, John Finnis, and Bernard Lonergan--consider a subjective starting point and claim to find a similar position in ancient and medieval thought. If correct, their positions suggest that one can adopt the subjective turn and remain true to the tradition. This is a timely question. The common good of our polity encounters a situation in which many believe that there is no objective reality to which human minds and wills ought to conform, a conclusion that suggests we can define and construct reality. In light of this, the notion of a natural or objective reality to which human beings ought to conform becomes particularly vital. Should we, then, adopt the modern turn to subjectivity and argue for objective truth and moral order on its basis, or reject the subjective turn as part of the problem and return to an earlier approach that grounds these things in nature or some other external reality? Critics of modern subjectivity argue that the modern turn to subjectivity must be abandoned because it is the very source of the nominalism that threatens to undermine liberal democracy. Others argue, however, that subjectivity itself logically leads to the recognition of an objective reality beyond the mind of the individual. Edited by R. J. Snell and Steven F. McGuire, this collection will be of particular interest to intellectual historians, political philosophers, theologians, and philosophers.

Erfolgszurechnung In Der Strafzumessung

Author : Thomas Grosse-Wilde
ISBN : 3161545141
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55. 47 MB
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English summary: The harm caused by criminal conduct is one of the most important aggravating factors in German sentencing law. Which factors influence the wrongfulness and culpability of a crime is still highly controversial. How far can sentencing go with remote harms and what criteria constitute a fair objective and subjective imputation? In the first comprehensive German monograph on the issue, Thomas Grosse-Wilde develops his own theory of fair imputation of harm at sentencing. German description: Das Erfolgsunrecht der Tat gehort neben der Vorstrafenbelastung und dem Gestandnis des Taters zu den wichtigsten Strafzumessungsfaktoren. Welche Tatsachen zum Erfolgsunrecht einer Straftat gehoren und welche objektiven und subjektiven Zurechnungsmassstabe gelten, ist bis heute umstritten. Eine monographische Untersuchung der verschuldeten Auswirkungen der Tat i.S.v. 46 Abs. 2 StGB fehlt bisher, die hochstrichterliche Rechtsprechung ist diffus. Anhand dutzender Falle entwickelt Thomas Grosse-Wilde ein eigenstandiges Zurechnungsmodell fur das strafzumessungsrechtliche Erfolgsunrecht einer Straftat und die "haftungsausfullende Kausalitat". Die Arbeit gliedert sich in zwei Teile: Im ersten umfassenden Teil werden allgemeine Fragen des Strafzumessungsrechts erortert und eine rechtstheoretische (Re-)Konstruktion der Strafmassentscheidung entworfen. Der zweite Teil widmet sich im Detail mit vielen Beispielen der Auslegung der "verschuldeten Auswirkungen der Tat" gemass 46 Abs. 2 StGB.

Die Perspektive Der Moral

Author : Martin Rhonheimer
ISBN : 9783050079653
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 74. 13 MB
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Die erste Fassung dieses Buches wurde 1994 in einer italienischen Übersetzung unter dem Titel La prospettiva della morale im Verlag Armando in Rom veröffentlicht. Im Jahre 2000 folgte eine erweiterte Version in spanischer Übersetzung (La perspectiva de la moral) im Verlag Rialp, Madrid. Schließlich ist nun auch die Zeit gekommen, das deutsche Original zu veröffentlichen, allerdings in einer wiederum erheblich erweiterten und aktualisierten Version. Abgesehen von einigen substantiellen inhaltlichen Zusätzen versuche ich hier nun auch auf Kritik an einigen meiner Ansichten und Positionen zu antworten, wie ich sie in der ersten, im deutschen Sprachraum kaum rezipierten Version dieses Buches wie auch in anderen Arbeiten vertreten habe. Dies betrifft vor allem die Studie „Natur als Grundlage der Moral" (Tyrolia, Innsbruck 1987, in einer englischen Übersetzung unter dem Titel Natural Law and Practical Reason: A Thomist View of Moral Autonomy bei Fordham University Press, New York 2000 erschienen) und die breit angelegten Untersuchungen zur ethischen Handlungstheorie bei Aristoteles und Thomas von Aquin, die 1994 unter dem Titel „Praktische Vernunft und Vernünftigkeit der Praxis" ebenfalls im Berliner Akademie Verlag erschienen sind.

Collected Essays

Author : John Mitchell Finnis
ISBN : 0199689938
Genre : Law / Philosophy
File Size : 81. 18 MB
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Natural Law And Public Reason

Author : Robert P. George
ISBN : 0878407669
Genre : Law
File Size : 73. 63 MB
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"Public reason" is one of the central concepts in modern liberal political theory. As articulated by John Rawls, it presents a way to overcome the difficulties created by intractable differences among citizens' religious and moral beliefs by strictly confining the place of such convictions in the public sphere. Identifying this conception as a key point of conflict, this book presents a debate among contemporary natural law and liberal political theorists on the definition and validity of the idea of public reason. Its distinguished contributors examine the consequences of interpreting public reason more broadly as "right reason," according to natural law theory, versus understanding it in the narrower sense in which Rawls intended. They test public reason by examining its implications for current issues, confronting the questions of abortion and slavery and matters relating to citizenship. This energetic exchange advances our understanding of both Rawls's contribution to political philosophy and the lasting relevance of natural law. It provides new insights into crucial issues facing society today as it points to new ways of thinking about political theory and practice.

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