reason morality and law the philosophy of john finnis

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Reason Morality And Law

Author : John Keown
ISBN : 9780199675500
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 5 MB
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This volume gathers leading moral, legal, and political philosophers alongside theologians to examine John Finnis' work. The book offers the first sustained critical study of Finnis' contribution across the philosophy of rationality, legal and political philosophy, and theology. It includes a substantial response from Finnis himself in which he defends and develops his ideas.

Reason Morality And Law

Author : John Keown DCL
ISBN : 9780191665516
Genre : Law
File Size : 74. 85 MB
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John Finnis is a pioneer in the development of a new yet classically-grounded theory of natural law. His work offers a systematic philosophy of practical reasoning and moral choosing that addresses the great questions of the rational foundations of ethical judgments, the identification of moral norms, human agency, and the freedom of the will, personal identity, the common good, the role and functions of law, the meaning of justice, and the relationship of morality and politics to religion and the life of faith. The core of Finnis' theory, articulated in his seminal work Natural Law and Natural Rights, has profoundly influenced later work in the philosophy of law and moral and political philosophy, while his contributions to the ethical debates surrounding nuclear deterrence, abortion, euthanasia, sexual morality, and religious freedom have powerfully demonstrated the practical implications of his natural law theory. This volume, which gathers eminent moral, legal, and political philosophers, and theologians to engage with John Finnis' work, offers the first sustained, critical study of Finnis' contribution across the range of disciplines in which rational and morally upright choosing is a central concern. It includes a substantial response from Finnis himself, in which he comments on each of their 27 essays and defends and develops his ideas and arguments.

Reason In Action

Author : John Finnis
ISBN : 9780199580057
Genre : Law
File Size : 28. 29 MB
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Reason in Action collects John Finnis's work on practical reason and moral philosophy. Ranging from foundational issues of meta-ethics to modern ethical debates, the essays trace the emergence and development of his new classical theory of natural law through close engagement with a broad range of contemporary thinkers and problems.

Reine Rechtslehre

Author : Hans Kelsen
ISBN : 3161497031
Genre : Law
File Size : 26. 77 MB
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Die von Hans Kelsen im Jahre 1934 vorgelegte "Reine Rechtslehre" gehört zu den rechtstheoretischen Schlüsselschriften des 20. Jahrhunderts. In ihr entwickelt Kelsen erstmals systematisch seine einerseits das Recht von der Moral, andererseits die Norm vom Faktum konsequent scheidende, ideologiekritische Rechtstheorie. Wer auf der Höhe der Zeit über Struktur und Geltung von Recht und die Eigenart von Rechtswissenschaft, kurz: wer über das Rechtliche am Recht nachdenken will, kommt an der "Reine[n] Rechtslehre" nicht vorbei. Die Erstauflage der "Reine[n] Rechtslehre", die weltweit in rund ein Dutzend Sprachen übersetzt worden ist, wurde in deutscher Sprache mehrfach nachgedruckt, ist indes derzeit vergriffen. Sie wird hier in Gestalt einer Studienausgabe vorgelegt, die am Recht Interessierte zum Hineinlesen ermutigen und zum kritischen Nach- und Weiterdenken einladen möchte.

Religion And Public Reasons

Author : John Finnis
ISBN : 9780199580095
Genre : Law
File Size : 40. 84 MB
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Religion and Public Reasons collects the theological work of John Finnis, spanning his contribution to such foundational issues as the justification for belief in revelation and moral-theological methodology; to the role of religion in public reason and law; and to major controversies within Catholic thought and practice since the 1960s.

Gerechtigkeit F R Igel

Author : Ronald Dworkin
ISBN : 9783518780206
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70. 39 MB
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»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Subjectivity

Author : R. J. Snell
ISBN : 9781498513197
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56. 95 MB
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Subjectivity, sixteen leading scholars examine the turn to the subject in modern philosophy and consider its historical antecedents in ancient and medieval thought. Some critics of modernity reject the turn to the subject as a specifically modern error, arguing that it logically leads to nihilism and moral relativism by divorcing the human mind from objective reality. Yet, some important thinkers of the last half-century--including Leo Strauss, Eric Voegelin, John Finnis, and Bernard Lonergan--consider a subjective starting point and claim to find a similar position in ancient and medieval thought. If correct, their positions suggest that one can adopt the subjective turn and remain true to the tradition. This is a timely question. The common good of our polity encounters a situation in which many believe that there is no objective reality to which human minds and wills ought to conform, a conclusion that suggests we can define and construct reality. In light of this, the notion of a natural or objective reality to which human beings ought to conform becomes particularly vital. Should we, then, adopt the modern turn to subjectivity and argue for objective truth and moral order on its basis, or reject the subjective turn as part of the problem and return to an earlier approach that grounds these things in nature or some other external reality? Critics of modern subjectivity argue that the modern turn to subjectivity must be abandoned because it is the very source of the nominalism that threatens to undermine liberal democracy. Others argue, however, that subjectivity itself logically leads to the recognition of an objective reality beyond the mind of the individual. Edited by R. J. Snell and Steven F. McGuire, this collection will be of particular interest to intellectual historians, political philosophers, theologians, and philosophers.

Natural Law Theory

Author : Robert P. George
ISBN : 0198235526
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 51. 98 MB
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This volume presents twelve original essays by contemporary natural law theorists and their critics. Natural law theory is enjoying a revival of interest today in a variety of disciplines, including law, philosophy, political science, and theology and religious studies. These essays offer readers a sense of the lively contemporary debate among natural law theorists of different schools, as well as between natual law theorists and their critics.

Erfolgszurechnung In Der Strafzumessung

Author : Thomas Grosse-Wilde
ISBN : 3161545141
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64. 67 MB
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English summary: The harm caused by criminal conduct is one of the most important aggravating factors in German sentencing law. Which factors influence the wrongfulness and culpability of a crime is still highly controversial. How far can sentencing go with remote harms and what criteria constitute a fair objective and subjective imputation? In the first comprehensive German monograph on the issue, Thomas Grosse-Wilde develops his own theory of fair imputation of harm at sentencing. German description: Das Erfolgsunrecht der Tat gehort neben der Vorstrafenbelastung und dem Gestandnis des Taters zu den wichtigsten Strafzumessungsfaktoren. Welche Tatsachen zum Erfolgsunrecht einer Straftat gehoren und welche objektiven und subjektiven Zurechnungsmassstabe gelten, ist bis heute umstritten. Eine monographische Untersuchung der verschuldeten Auswirkungen der Tat i.S.v. 46 Abs. 2 StGB fehlt bisher, die hochstrichterliche Rechtsprechung ist diffus. Anhand dutzender Falle entwickelt Thomas Grosse-Wilde ein eigenstandiges Zurechnungsmodell fur das strafzumessungsrechtliche Erfolgsunrecht einer Straftat und die "haftungsausfullende Kausalitat". Die Arbeit gliedert sich in zwei Teile: Im ersten umfassenden Teil werden allgemeine Fragen des Strafzumessungsrechts erortert und eine rechtstheoretische (Re-)Konstruktion der Strafmassentscheidung entworfen. Der zweite Teil widmet sich im Detail mit vielen Beispielen der Auslegung der "verschuldeten Auswirkungen der Tat" gemass 46 Abs. 2 StGB.

Collected Essays

Author : John Mitchell Finnis
ISBN : 0199689938
Genre : Law / Philosophy
File Size : 23. 99 MB
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