radon transforms and the rigidity of the grassmannians am 156 annals of mathematics studies

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Radon Transforms And The Rigidity Of The Grassmannians Am 156

Author : Jacques Gasqui
ISBN : 1400826179
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75. 99 MB
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This book provides the first unified examination of the relationship between Radon transforms on symmetric spaces of compact type and the infinitesimal versions of two fundamental rigidity problems in Riemannian geometry. Its primary focus is the spectral rigidity problem: Can the metric of a given Riemannian symmetric space of compact type be characterized by means of the spectrum of its Laplacian? It also addresses a question rooted in the Blaschke problem: Is a Riemannian metric on a projective space whose geodesics are all closed and of the same length isometric to the canonical metric? The authors comprehensively treat the results concerning Radon transforms and the infinitesimal versions of these two problems. Their main result implies that most Grassmannians are spectrally rigid to the first order. This is particularly important, for there are still few isospectrality results for positively curved spaces and these are the first such results for symmetric spaces of compact type of rank >1. The authors exploit the theory of overdetermined partial differential equations and harmonic analysis on symmetric spaces to provide criteria for infinitesimal rigidity that apply to a large class of spaces. A substantial amount of basic material about Riemannian geometry, symmetric spaces, and Radon transforms is included in a clear and elegant presentation that will be useful to researchers and advanced students in differential geometry.

Geometric Analysis And Integral Geometry

Author : Eric Todd Quinto
ISBN : 9780821887387
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67. 16 MB
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This volume contains the proceedings of the AMS Special Session on Radon Transforms and Geometric Analysis, in honor of Sigurdur Helgason's 85th Birthday, held from January 4-7, 2012, in Boston, MA, and the Tufts University Workshop on Geometric Analysis on Euclidean and Homogeneous Spaces, held from January 8-9, 2012, in Medford, MA. This volume provides an historical overview of several decades in integral geometry and geometric analysis as well as recent advances in these fields and closely related areas. It contains several articles focusing on the mathematical work of Sigurdur Helgason, including an overview of his research by Gestur Olafsson and Robert Stanton. The first article in the volume contains Helgason's own reminiscences about the development of the group-theoretical aspects of the Radon transform and its relation to geometric analysis. Other contributions cover Radon transforms, harmonic analysis, Penrose transforms, representation theory, wavelets, partial differential operators on groups, and inverse problems in tomography and cloaking that are related to integral geometry. Many articles contain both an overview of their respective fields as well as new research results. The volume will therefore appeal to experienced researchers as well as a younger generation of mathematicians. With a good blend of pure and applied topics the volume will be a valuable source for interdisciplinary research.

American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066043228
Genre : American literature
File Size : 46. 11 MB
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Differential Geometrical Foundations Of Information Geometry Geometry Of Statistical Manifolds And Divergences

Author : Hiroshi Matsuzoe
ISBN : 9814618764
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 41. 73 MB
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Introduction To Plane Algebraic Curves

Author : Ernst Kunz
ISBN : 9780817644437
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 97 MB
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* Employs proven conception of teaching topics in commutative algebra through a focus on their applications to algebraic geometry, a significant departure from other works on plane algebraic curves in which the topological-analytic aspects are stressed *Requires only a basic knowledge of algebra, with all necessary algebraic facts collected into several appendices * Studies algebraic curves over an algebraically closed field K and those of prime characteristic, which can be applied to coding theory and cryptography * Covers filtered algebras, the associated graded rings and Rees rings to deduce basic facts about intersection theory of plane curves, applications of which are standard tools of computer algebra * Examples, exercises, figures and suggestions for further study round out this fairly self-contained textbook

The Ambient Metric Am 178

Author : Charles Fefferman
ISBN : 9780691153148
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 69. 90 MB
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This book develops and applies a theory of the ambient metric in conformal geometry. This is a Lorentz metric in n+2 dimensions that encodes a conformal class of metrics in n dimensions. The ambient metric has an alternate incarnation as the Poincaré metric, a metric in n+1 dimensions having the conformal manifold as its conformal infinity. In this realization, the construction has played a central role in the AdS/CFT correspondence in physics. The existence and uniqueness of the ambient metric at the formal power series level is treated in detail. This includes the derivation of the ambient obstruction tensor and an explicit analysis of the special cases of conformally flat and conformally Einstein spaces. Poincaré metrics are introduced and shown to be equivalent to the ambient formulation. Self-dual Poincaré metrics in four dimensions are considered as a special case, leading to a formal power series proof of LeBrun's collar neighborhood theorem proved originally using twistor methods. Conformal curvature tensors are introduced and their fundamental properties are established. A jet isomorphism theorem is established for conformal geometry, resulting in a representation of the space of jets of conformal structures at a point in terms of conformal curvature tensors. The book concludes with a construction and characterization of scalar conformal invariants in terms of ambient curvature, applying results in parabolic invariant theory.

Riemannian Manifolds

Author : John M. Lee
ISBN : 9780387227269
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 63. 34 MB
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This text focuses on developing an intimate acquaintance with the geometric meaning of curvature and thereby introduces and demonstrates all the main technical tools needed for a more advanced course on Riemannian manifolds. It covers proving the four most fundamental theorems relating curvature and topology: the Gauss-Bonnet Theorem, the Cartan-Hadamard Theorem, Bonnet’s Theorem, and a special case of the Cartan-Ambrose-Hicks Theorem.

A Course In Convexity

Author : Alexander Barvinok
ISBN : 9780821829684
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 74. 1 MB
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Convexity is a simple idea that manifests itself in a surprising variety of places. This fertile field has an immensely rich structure and numerous applications. Barvinok demonstrates that simplicity, intuitive appeal, and the universality of applications make teaching (and learning) convexity a gratifying experience. The book will benefit both teacher and student: It is easy to understand, entertaining to the reader, and includes many exercises that vary in degree of difficulty. Overall, the author demonstrates the power of a few simple unifying principles in a variety of pure and applied problems. The prerequisites are minimal amounts of linear algebra, analysis, and elementary topology, plus basic computational skills. Portions of the book could be used by advanced undergraduates. As a whole, it is designed for graduate students interested in mathematical methods, computer science, electrical engineering, and operations research. The book will also be of interest to research mathematicians, who will find some results that are recent, some that are new, and many known results that are discussed from a new perspective.

A Visual Introduction To Differential Forms And Calculus On Manifolds

Author : Jon Pierre Fortney
ISBN : 3319969919
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75. 70 MB
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This book explains and helps readers to develop geometric intuition as it relates to differential forms. It includes over 250 figures to aid understanding and enable readers to visualize the concepts being discussed. The author gradually builds up to the basic ideas and concepts so that definitions, when made, do not appear out of nowhere, and both the importance and role that theorems play is evident as or before they are presented. With a clear writing style and easy-to- understand motivations for each topic, this book is primarily aimed at second- or third-year undergraduate math and physics students with a basic knowledge of vector calculus and linear algebra.

Differential Geometry

Author : Erwin Kreyszig
ISBN : 9780486318622
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 23. 2 MB
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An introductory textbook on the differential geometry of curves and surfaces in 3-dimensional Euclidean space, presented in its simplest, most essential form. With problems and solutions. Includes 99 illustrations.

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