quantum philosophy understanding and interpreting contemporary science

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Quantum Philosophy

Author : Roland Omnès
ISBN : 0691095515
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 92 MB
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In this magisterial work, Roland Omnès takes us from the academies of ancient Greece to the laboratories of modern science as he seeks to do no less than rebuild the foundations of the philosophy of knowledge. One of the world's leading quantum physicists, Omnès reviews the history and recent development of mathematics, logic, and the physical sciences to show that current work in quantum theory offers new answers to questions that have puzzled philosophers for centuries: Is the world ultimately intelligible? Are all events caused? Do objects have definitive locations? Omnès addresses these profound questions with vigorous arguments and clear, colorful writing, aiming not just to advance scholarship but to enlighten readers with no background in science or philosophy. The book opens with an insightful and sweeping account of the main developments in science and the philosophy of knowledge from the pre-Socratic era to the nineteenth century. Omnès then traces the emergence in modern thought of a fracture between our intuitive, commonsense views of the world and the abstract and--for most people--incomprehensible world portrayed by advanced physics, math, and logic. He argues that the fracture appeared because the insights of Einstein and Bohr, the logical advances of Frege, Russell, and Gödel, and the necessary mathematics of infinity of Cantor and Hilbert cannot be fully expressed by words or images only. Quantum mechanics played an important role in this development, as it seemed to undermine intuitive notions of intelligibility, locality, and causality. However, Omnès argues that common sense and quantum mechanics are not as incompatible as many have thought. In fact, he makes the provocative argument that the "consistent-histories" approach to quantum mechanics, developed over the past fifteen years, places common sense (slightly reappraised and circumscribed) on a firm scientific and philosophical footing for the first time. In doing so, it provides what philosophers have sought through the ages: a sure foundation for human knowledge. Quantum Philosophy is a profound work of contemporary science and philosophy and an eloquent history of the long struggle to understand the nature of the world and of knowledge itself.

Understanding Quantum Mechanics

Author : Roland Omnès
ISBN : 0691004358
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 44 MB
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Here Roland Omnès offers a clear, up-to-date guide to the conceptual framework of quantum mechanics. In an area that has provoked much philosophical debate, Omnès has achieved high recognition for his Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (Princeton 1994), a book for specialists. Now the author has transformed his own theory into a short and readable text that enables beginning students and experienced physicists, mathematicians, and philosophers to form a comprehensive picture of the field while learning about the most recent advances. This new book presents a more streamlined version of the Copenhagen interpretation, showing its logical consistency and completeness. The problem of measurement is a major area of inquiry, with the author surveying its history from Planck to Heisenberg before describing the consistent-histories interpretation. He draws upon the most recent research on the decoherence effect (related to the modern resolution of the famous Schrödinger's cat problem) and an exact formulation of the correspondence between quantum and particle physics (implying a derivation of classical determinism from quantum probabilism). Interpretation is organized with the help of a universal and sound language using so-called consistent histories. As a language and a method, it can now be shown to be free of ambiguity and it makes interpretation much clearer and closer to common sense.

Quantum Mechanics At The Crossroads

Author : James Evans
ISBN : 9783540326656
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 65 MB
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This volume brings together leading quantum physicists to expound on the meaning and future directions of quantum mechanics. It offers new insights from different vantage points to tackle essential questions in quantum mechanics and its interpretation. All the authors have written for a broad readership, and the resulting volume will appeal to everyone wishing to keep abreast of new developments in quantum mechanics, as well as its history and philosophy.

Critique Of The Quantum Power Of Judgment

Author : Hernán Pringe
ISBN : 9783110971750
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 44. 73 MB
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In this book, the author makes use of Kantian philosophy in order to provide quantum theory with metaphysical foundations. Bohr’s thought is the bridge making the connection between Kant and contemporary physics possible. An historical-systematic investigation is carried out, which, on the one hand, sheds new light on the conceptual development of Bohr’s views and, on the other hand, establishes the possibility of quantum metaphysics.

Science And Religion Fifty Years After Vatican Ii

Author : Kenan B. Osborne
ISBN : 9781630872878
Genre : Religion
File Size : 75. 55 MB
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In the past one hundred years, two major realities have changed both science and religion. The world of science has been enriched by quantum physics, the computation of the age of the universe, archaeological data in the Middle East, and a scientific stress on historical writing. The world of religion has been enriched by the establishment of the World Council of Churches and the Second Vatican Council. In the past fifty years, major scientists and major religious leaders have met together again and again. In the past fifty years, religious leaders from Christianity, Islam, and Judaism have held a number of thought-provoking conferences. In this volume, these gatherings are reviewed and evaluated. Two major religious problems have challenged the science-religion discussions, namely, which God should the scientists agree on, the Trinitarian God, Allah, or Yahweh? Which history of the universe sponsored by these three religions should scientists be looking for? This volume raises questions and suggests some preliminary forms of serious discussion.

International Studies In Philosophy

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105121657436
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 54. 74 MB
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The Ghost In The Universe

Author : Taner Edis
ISBN : UOM:39015055082682
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 48 MB
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Emphasizing the results of natural science, physicist Taner Edis takes a fresh look at an age-old question: Is there a God or a spiritual reality beyond nature?

A Beginner S Guide To Reality

Author : J. E. Baggott
ISBN : PSU:000058530771
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 42. 25 MB
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Have you ever wondered if the world is really there when you're not looking? We tend to take the reality of our world very much for granted. This book will lead you down the rabbit hole in search of something we can point to, hang our hats on and say this is real, On the way, Jim Baggott examines some of the things that have been said about reality by a few of the world's greatest thinkers-from the philosophers of ancient Greece to modern scientists and social theorists. Jim Baggott is the author of The Meaning of Quantum Physics and Beyond Measure: Modern Physics, Philosophy, and Quantum Theory, both published by Oxford University Press. He lives in England.

Philosophical Inquiry

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105029556037
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 90. 61 MB
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American Journal Of Physics

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015047834893
Genre : American physics teacher
File Size : 49. 20 MB
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