quantum measurements and decoherence models and phenomenology fundamental theories of physics volume 110

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Quantum Measurements And Decoherence

Author : M. Mensky
ISBN : 9789401595667
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 81 MB
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Quantum measurement (Le., a measurement which is sufficiently precise for quantum effects to be essential) was always one of the most impor tant points in quantum mechanics because it most evidently revealed the difference between quantum and classical physics. Now quantum measure ment is again under active investigation, first of all because of the practical necessity of dealing with highly precise and complicated measurements. The nature of quantum measurement has become understood much bet ter during this new period of activity, the understanding being expressed by the concept of decoherence. This term means a physical process lead ing from a pure quantum state (wave function) of the system prior to the measurement to its state after the measurement which includes classical elements. More concretely, decoherence occurs as a result of the entangle ment of the measured system with its environment and results in the loss of phase relations between components of the wave function of the measured system. Decoherence is essentially nothing else than quantum measurement, but considered from the point of view of its physical mechanism and resolved in time. The present book is devoted to the two concepts of quantum measure ment and decoherence and to their interrelation, especially in the context of continuous quantum measurement.

Mathematical Theory Of Feynman Path Integrals

Author : Sergio Albeverio
ISBN : 9783540769545
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 29. 53 MB
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The 2nd edition of LNM 523 is based on the two first authors' mathematical approach of this theory presented in its 1st edition in 1976. An entire new chapter on the current forefront of research has been added. Except for this new chapter and the correction of a few misprints, the basic material and presentation of the first edition has been maintained. At the end of each chapter the reader will also find notes with further bibliographical information.

The Structure Of Physics

Author : Carl F. von Weizsäcker
ISBN : 9781402052354
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 72 MB
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The book is a newly arranged and revised English version of "Aufbau der Physik" by Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker. Some original chapters and sections have been deleted, and a new chapter about further insights and results of ur-theoretic research of the late 1980’s and 1990’s has been included. Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker combines the perspectives of science, philosophy, religion and politics with a view towards the challenges as well as the responsibilities of our time.

Bpr

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105111050477
Genre : American literature
File Size : 48. 94 MB
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Physics Uspekhi

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ISBN : UOM:39015059044795
Genre : Physics
File Size : 89. 44 MB
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Dissertation Abstracts International

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105121673185
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 68 MB
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Quantum Dynamical Semigroups And Applications

Author : Robert Alicki
ISBN : 9783540708605
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 9 MB
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Reinvigorated by advances and insights the quantum theory of irreversible processes has recently attracted growing attention. This volume introduces the very basic concepts of semigroup dynamics of open quantum systems and reviews a variety of modern applications. Originally published as Volume 286 (1987) in Lecture in Physics, this volume has been newly typeset, revised and corrected and also expanded to include a review on recent developments.

Author : Daniel V. Schroeder
ISBN : 9786035031912
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 8 MB
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للفيزياء الحرارية أهمية كبيرة في فهم العالم الذي نعيش فيه، إذ إن لكل جسم من حولنا هويته الحرارية الخاصة به التي تمنحه خواص فيزيائية مختلفة. إن كتاب (الفيزياء الحرارية) وضع ليوضح علاقة حرارة المواد بما حولها، ويجيب عن كثير من الأسئلة التي يمكن أن تخطر ببالنا. وينقسم كتاب (الفيزياء الحرارية) إلى أربعة أقسام رئيسة، حيث يناقش القسم الأول الأساسيات من مثل القانونين الأول والثاني، والطاقة في الفيزياء الحرارية والتفاعلات والدلالات كالبارامغناطيسية والاتزان الميكانيكي والضغط واتزان وانتشار الجهد الميكانيكي، ويتمحور القسم الثاني حول الثرموديناميكا، والمكائن الحرارية والثلاجات ومكائن الاحتراق الداخلي والماكينة البخارية والطاقة الحرة وتحولاتها. القسم الثالث والأخير من الكتاب يتناول ميكانيكا الإحصاء، كإحصاء بولتزمان والإحصاء الكمّي، وأنظمة الجسيمات المتفاعلة. ويختتم الكتاب بملحقين: الأول عن عناصر ميكانيكا الكمّ والثاني عن النتائج الرياضية. الكتاب يحتوي على تطبيقات في مجالات متعددة، كالكيمياء والجيولوجيا وعلوم الحياة وعلوم البيئة وعلم التعدين وفيزياء الجوامد وفيزياء الفلك، وغيرها مما يساعد على استيعاب أكبر لمفاهيم الفيزياء الحرارية وأسسها. العبيكان للنشر

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ISBN : 9776263283
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File Size : 67. 62 MB
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