protein targeting transport and translocation

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Protein Targeting Transport And Translocation

Author : Ross Dalbey
ISBN : 0080480500
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 81 MB
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Protein Targeting, Transport, and Translocation presents an in-depth overview on the topic of protein synthesis, covering all areas of protein science, including protein targeting, secretion, folding, assembly, structure, localization, quality control, degradation, and antigen presentation. Chapters also include sections on the history of the field as well as summary panels for quick reference. Numerous color illustrations complement the presentation of material. This book is an essential reference for anyone in biochemistry and protein science, as well as an excellent textbook for advanced students in these and related fields. Basic principles and techniques Targeting adn sorting sequences Protein export in bacteria Membrane protein integration into ER and bacterial membranes Protein translocation across the ER Disulfide bond formation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes Quality control in the export pathway Import of proteins into organelles The secretory pathway Vesicular transport Spectacular color throughout

Molecular Biology Of The Cell

Author : Bruce Alberts
ISBN : 9781317563747
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 14 MB
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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

Protein Targeting To Mitochondria

Author : F.U. Hartl
ISBN : 0080877001
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 18 MB
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A large number of newly-synthesized polypeptides must cross one or several intracellular membranes to reach their functional locations in the eukaryotic cell. The mechanisms of protein trafficking, in particular the post-translational targeting and membrane translocation of proteins, are of fundamental biological importance and are the focus of intensive research world-wide. For more than 15 years, mitochondria have served as the paradigm organelle system to study these processes. Although key questions, such as how precisely proteins cross a membrane, still remain to be answered, exciting progress has been made in understanding the basic pathways of protein import into mitochondria and the components involved. In addition to a fascinating richness and complexity in detail, the analysis of mitochondrial protein import has revealed mechanistic principles of general significance: Major discoveries include the demonstration of the requirement of an unfolded state for translocation and of the essential role of molecular chaperones on both sides of the membranes in maintaining a translocation-competent conformation and in protein folding after import. It is becoming clear how a polypeptide chain is "reeled" across the membrane in an ATP-dependent process by the functional cooperation of membrane proteins, presumably constituting part of a transmembrane channel, with peripheral components at the trans-side of the membrane. In this volume, eminent experts in the field take the time to review the central aspects of mitochondrial biogenesis. The logical order of the 16 chapters is determined by the sequence of steps during protein import, starting with the events taking place in the cytosol, followed by the recognition of targeting signals, the translocation of precursor proteins across the outer and inner membranes, their proteolytic processing and intramitochondrial sorting, and finally their folding and oligomeric assembly. In addition, the mechanisms involved in the export of mitochondrially encoded proteins as well as recent advances in understanding the division and inheritance of mitochondria will be discussed.

Protein Targeting And Translocation

Author : D. A. Phoenix
ISBN : 9781400865017
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 27 MB
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Protein targeting is a fast-moving field that has encompassed areas from biophysics to molecular biology to try to gain insight into how proteins are directed to their final functional location and how such macromolecules are able to cross semi-permeable membrane barriers during their journey. This text reviews our current state of knowledge regarding the interaction of proteins at the membrane interface and the assembly of proteins into biological membranes, before proceeding to look at targeting pathways in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. The reviews have been written by some of the leading researchers in the field, with contributions from around the world and with more than 1,800 references. The text is aimed at graduate students and at researchers with an interest in protein targeting, but may also be of use to final-year undergraduates. Originally published in 1999. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Vectorial Transport Of Proteins Into And Across Membranes

Author :
ISBN : 0080859321
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 91 MB
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This is the third volume in this series covering protein translocation within and between cells. Volumes 31 and 32, Vesicular Transport, Parts A and B, treated techniques for eukaryotic cells available as of 1989. Vectorial Transport of Proteins into and across Membranes, brings together new methods and new topics as of 1991. Highlights include use of anti-idiotype antibodies, gene fusions, transcription, crosslinking, pulse-labeling, and reconstitution. Describes contemporary approaches for studying protein transport, protein topology and organelle biogenesis Covers methods from pre-eminent laboratories including: In vitro and in vivo investigations; Biochemical and immunological techniques; Prokaryote, chloroplast, mitochondria, peroxisome, and rough endoplasmic reticulum membranes

Intracellular Protein Transport And Membrane Biogenesis

Author : Keith Verner
ISBN : WISC:89057154874
Genre : Membranes (Biology)
File Size : 46. 37 MB
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This book is about membrane biogenesis and protein transport across biological membranes. Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic membrane transport systems are considered. The characteristics of targeting signals and membrane receptors on various intracellular organelles are described. Protein targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum and secretion via vesicular transport are discussed. In addition, recent developments in protein targeting and membrane transport to mitochondria, chloroplasts, peroxisomes and the nucleus are described. An introductory chapter on biological membranes is included as a review while a chapter on the transport of lipids to intracellular membranes precedes discussions on protein transport and membrane translocation.

Proteins Of The Nucleolus

Author : Danton H O'Day
ISBN : 9789400758186
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 20 MB
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This book contains 14 original review chapters each yielding new, exciting and intriguing data about the emerging understanding of nucleolar structure and function in normal, stressed and diseased cells. The goal of this work is to provide special insight into the nucleolus of the past, present and future, as well its regulation, translocation, and biomedical function. A multitude of topics are introduced and discussed in detail, including nucleologenesis, nucleolar architecture, nucleolar targeting, retention, anchoring, translocation, and the relationship between the nucleolus and cancer. This book also brings together work from several different species, from human to Drosophila to Dictyostelium and other eukaryotic microbes. The final chapter summarizes some of the issues brought up in the various chapters with a view to future research. This book supports the continued emergence of the nucleolus as a dynamic intranuclear region that oversees a vast diversity of events.

Ubiquitin And Protein Degradation

Author : Raymond J. Deshaies
ISBN : 0121828042
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 15 MB
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Ubiquitin and Protein Degradation, Part B covers chemical biology, ubiquitin derivatives and ubiquitin-like proteins, deubiquitinating enzymes, proteomics as well as techniques to monitor protein degradation. The chapters are highly methodological and focus on application of techniques. Second part of the Ubiquitin and Protein Degration series Topics include: E1 Enzymes, E2 Enzymes, E3 Enzymes, Proteasomes, and Isopeptidases

Cell Biology Of Cyanobacteria

Author : Enrique Flores
ISBN : 9781908230928
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 56 MB
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The cyanobacteria are a fascinating group of bacteria that have adapted to colonise almost every environment on our planet. They are the only prokaryotes capable of oxygenic photosynthesis, responsible for up to 20-30% of Earth's photosynthetic productivity. They can attune their light-harvesting systems to changes in available light conditions, fix nitrogen and have circadian rhythms. In addition many cyanobacteria species exhibit gliding mobility and can differentiate into specialized cell types called heterocysts, and some are symbiotic. Thanks to their simple nutritional requirements, their metabolic plasticity, and the powerful genetics of some model strains, cyanobacteria could be exploited for use as microbial cell factories for carbon capture and storage, and for the sustainable production of secondary metabolites and biofuels. Understanding their cell biology is an essential step to achieving this. In this book, leading senior scientists and young researchers review the current key topics in cyanobacterial cell biology to provide a timely overview. Topics covered include: historical background; cell division; the cell envelope; the thylakoid membrane; protein targeting, transport and translocation; chromatic acclimation; the carboxysome; glycogen as a dynamic storage of photosynthetically fixed carbon; cyanophycin; gas vesicles; motility in unicellular and filamentous cyanobacteria; cellular differentiation in filamentous cyanobacteria; and cell-cell joining proteins in heterocyst-forming cyanobacteria. This cutting-edge text will provide a valuable resource for all those working in this field and is recommended for all microbiology libraries.

Protein Trafficking In Plant Cells

Author : J. Soll
ISBN : 9789401152983
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 7 MB
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The highly structured eucaryotic cell with its complex division of biochemical labour requires a distinct protein complement in each cellular structure and compartment. Nuclear coded and cytosolically synthesized polypeptides are specifically sorted to every corner of the cell in a post- or co-translational manner. The presence of separate genomes and protein translation machineries in plastids and mitochondria requires further coordination not only on the transcriptional, translational but also most likely on the protein import level. Numerous different protein transport systems have developed and coexist within plant cells to ensure the specific and selective composition of every sub-cellular compartment. This volume summarizes the current knowledge on protein trafficking in plant cells. Aside from the fundamental aspects in cell biology of how specific pre-protein sorting and translocation across biological membranes is achieved, a major focus is on transport, modification and deposition of plant storage proteins. The increasing use of plants as bioreactors to provide custom-designed proteins of different usage requires detailed understanding of these events. This text is directed not only at students and professionals in plant cell and molecular biology but also at those involved in horticulture and plant breeding. It is intended to serve as a text and guide for graduate-level courses on plant cell biology and as a valuable supplement to courses in plant physiology and development. Scientists in other disciplines who wish to learn more about protein translocation in plants will also find this text an up-to-date source of information and reference.

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