prolate spheroidal wave functions of order zero mathematical tools for bandlimited approximation 187 applied mathematical sciences

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Prolate Spheroidal Wave Functions Of Order Zero

Author : Andrei Osipov
ISBN : 9781461482598
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89. 92 MB
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Prolate Spheroidal Wave Functions (PSWFs) are the eigenfunctions of the bandlimited operator in one dimension. As such, they play an important role in signal processing, Fourier analysis, and approximation theory. While historically the numerical evaluation of PSWFs presented serious difficulties, the developments of the last fifteen years or so made them as computationally tractable as any other class of special functions. As a result, PSWFs have been becoming a popular computational tool. The present book serves as a complete, self-contained resource for both theory and computation. It will be of interest to a wide range of scientists and engineers, from mathematicians interested in PSWFs as an analytical tool to electrical engineers designing filters and antennas.

Mathematical And Statistical Methods For Multistatic Imaging

Author : Habib Ammari
ISBN : 9783319025858
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 87. 16 MB
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This book covers recent mathematical, numerical, and statistical approaches for multistatic imaging of targets with waves at single or multiple frequencies. The waves can be acoustic, elastic or electromagnetic. They are generated by point sources on a transmitter array and measured on a receiver array. An important problem in multistatic imaging is to quantify and understand the trade-offs between data size, computational complexity, signal-to-noise ratio, and resolution. Another fundamental problem is to have a shape representation well suited to solving target imaging problems from multistatic data. In this book the trade-off between resolution and stability when the data are noisy is addressed. Efficient imaging algorithms are provided and their resolution and stability with respect to noise in the measurements analyzed. It also shows that high-order polarization tensors provide an accurate representation of the target. Moreover, a dictionary-matching technique based on new invariants for the generalized polarization tensors is introduced. Matlab codes for the main algorithms described in this book are provided. Numerical illustrations using these codes in order to highlight the performance and show the limitations of numerical approaches for multistatic imaging are presented.

Excursions In Harmonic Analysis Volume 3

Author : Radu Balan
ISBN : 9783319132303
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 50. 84 MB
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This volume consists of contributions spanning a wide spectrum of harmonic analysis and its applications written by speakers at the February Fourier Talks from 2002 – 2013. Containing cutting-edge results by an impressive array of mathematicians, engineers, and scientists in academia, industry, and government, it will be an excellent reference for graduate students, researchers, and professionals in pure and applied mathematics, physics, and engineering. Topics covered include · spectral analysis and correlation; · radar and communications: design, theory, and applications; · sparsity · special topics in harmonic analysis. The February Fourier Talks are held annually at the Norbert Wiener Center for Harmonic Analysis and Applications. Located at the University of Maryland, College Park, the Norbert Wiener Center provides a state-of- the-art research venue for the broad emerging area of mathematical engineering.

Computational Signal Processing With Wavelets

Author : Anthony Teolis
ISBN : 9783319657479
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 90. 53 MB
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This unique resource examines the conceptual, computational, and practical aspects of applied signal processing using wavelets. With this book, readers will understand and be able to use the power and utility of new wavelet methods in science and engineering problems and analysis. The text is written in a clear, accessible style avoiding unnecessary abstractions and details. From a computational perspective, wavelet signal processing algorithms are presented and applied to signal compression, noise suppression, and signal identification. Numerical illustrations of these computational techniques are further provided with interactive software (MATLAB code) that is available on the World Wide Web. Topics and Features Continuous wavelet and Gabor transforms Frame-based theory of discretization and reconstruction of analog signals is developed New and efficient "overcomplete" wavelet transform is introduced and applied Numerical illustrations with an object-oriented computational perspective using the Wavelet Signal Processing Workstation (MATLAB code) available This book is an excellent resource for information and computational tools needed to use wavelets in many types of signal processing problems. Graduates, professionals, and practitioners in engineering, computer science, geophysics, and applied mathematics will benefit from using the book and software tools. The present, softcover reprint is designed to make this classic textbook available to a wider audience. A self-contained text that is theoretically rigorous while maintaining contact with interesting applications. A particularly noteworthy topic...is a class of ‘overcomplete wavelets’. These functions are not orthonormal and they lead to many useful results. —Journal of Mathematical Psychology

Vision With Direction

Author : Josef Bigun
ISBN : 9783540273226
Genre : Computers
File Size : 40. 93 MB
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Image analysis is a computational feat which humans show excellence in, in comp- ison with computers. Yet the list of applications that rely on automatic processing of images has been growing at a fast pace. Biometric authentication by face, ?ngerprint, and iris, online character recognition in cell phones as well as drug design tools are but a few of its benefactors appearing on the headlines. This is, of course, facilitated by the valuable output of the resarch community in the past 30 years. The pattern recognition and computer vision communities that study image analysis have large conferences, which regularly draw 1000 parti- pants. In a way this is not surprising, because much of the human-speci?c activities critically rely on intelligent use of vision. If routine parts of these activities can be automated, much is to be gained in comfort and sustainable development. The - search ?eld could equally be called visualintelligence because it concerns nearly all activities of awake humans. Humans use or rely on pictures or pictorial languages to represent, analyze, and develop abstract metaphors related to nearly every aspect of thinking and behaving, be it science, mathematics, philosopy, religion, music, or emotions. The present volume is an introductory textbook on signal analysis of visual c- putation for senior-level undergraduates or for graduate students in science and - gineering. My modest goal has been to present the frequently used techniques to analyze images in a common framework–directional image processing.

Stochastic Finite Elements A Spectral Approach

Author : Roger G. Ghanem
ISBN : 9781461230946
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 17 MB
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This monograph considers engineering systems with random parame ters. Its context, format, and timing are correlated with the intention of accelerating the evolution of the challenging field of Stochastic Finite Elements. The random system parameters are modeled as second order stochastic processes defined by their mean and covari ance functions. Relying on the spectral properties of the covariance function, the Karhunen-Loeve expansion is used' to represent these processes in terms of a countable set of un correlated random vari ables. Thus, the problem is cast in a finite dimensional setting. Then, various spectral approximations for the stochastic response of the system are obtained based on different criteria. Implementing the concept of Generalized Inverse as defined by the Neumann Ex pansion, leads to an explicit expression for the response process as a multivariate polynomial functional of a set of un correlated random variables. Alternatively, the solution process is treated as an element in the Hilbert space of random functions, in which a spectral repre sentation in terms of the Polynomial Chaoses is identified. In this context, the solution process is approximated by its projection onto a finite subspace spanned by these polynomials.

Resonance And Aspect Matched Adaptive Radar Ramar

Author : Terence William Barrett
ISBN : 9789814329903
Genre : Electromagnetic waves
File Size : 35. 38 MB
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The book describes a new form of radar for which the target response is frequency, i.e., resonance-dependent. The book provides both prototype designs and empirical results collected from a variety of targets. The new form of radar, called RAMAR (Resonance and Aspect Matched Adaptive Radar) advances radar OCo mere ranging and detection OCo to the level of RF spectroscopy, and permits an advance of spectroscopic methods from optical, through infra-red and into the RF spectral range. The book will describe how a target''s response can be a function of frequency components in the transmitted signal''s envelope as well as the signal''s carrier.

High Voltage Engineering

Author : Peter Kuffel
ISBN : 9781483285658
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 21 MB
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Provides a comprehensive treatment of high voltage engineering fundamentals at the introductory and intermediate levels. It covers: techniques used for generation and measurement of high direct, alternating and surge voltages for general application in industrial testing and selected special examples found in basic research; analytical and numerical calculation of electrostatic fields in simple practical insulation system; basic ionisation and decay processes in gases and breakdown mechanisms of gaseous, liquid and solid dielectrics; partial discharges and modern discharge detectors; and overvoltages and insulation coordination.

Theory Of Remote Image Formation

Author : Richard E. Blahut
ISBN : 1139455303
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22. 11 MB
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This book was first published in 2004. In many applications, images, such as ultrasonic or X-ray signals, are recorded and then analyzed with digital or optical processors in order to extract information. Such processing requires the development of algorithms of great precision and sophistication. This book presents a unified treatment of the mathematical methods that underpin the various algorithms used in remote image formation. The author begins with a review of transform and filter theory. He then discusses two- and three-dimensional Fourier transform theory, the ambiguity function, image construction and reconstruction, tomography, baseband surveillance systems, and passive systems (where the signal source might be an earthquake or a galaxy). Information-theoretic methods in image formation are also covered, as are phase errors and phase noise. Throughout the book, practical applications illustrate theoretical concepts, and there are many homework problems. The book is aimed at graduate students of electrical engineering and computer science, and practitioners in industry.

Fast Transforms Algorithms Analyses Applications

Author : Douglas F. Elliott
ISBN : 9780080918068
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72. 75 MB
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This book has grown from notes used by the authors to instruct fast transform classes. One class was sponsored by the Training Department of Rockwell International, and another was sponsored by the Department of Electrical Engineering of The University of Texas at Arlington. Some of the material was also used in a short course sponsored by the University of Southern California. The authors are indebted to their students for motivating the writing of this book and for suggestions to improve it.

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