probiotic bacteria and their effect on human health and well being world review of nutrition and dietetics

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Probiotic Bacteria And Their Effect On Human Health And Well Being

Author : A. Guarino
ISBN : 9783318023251
Genre : Medical
File Size : 50. 46 MB
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Our microflora is an individual personal feature, providing a distinct tag to individuals. However, our intestinal microbiome is strongly affected by genetic, nutritional, and other external factors, and evolves with age. An effect of different microbial patterns on health appears very likely as there seem to be specific changes of intestinal microflora associated with various diseases. Specific microbial tags may thus be used as biomarkers of disease: to diagnose it, to monitor its evolution, and eventually to predict its response to treatment. This scenario opens the opportunity for targeting intestinal microflora using probiotics, both for prevention and treatment of an increasing number of conditions. Probiotic therapy is applied either as an adjunct to other treatments or as primary therapy, and evidence of efficacy is accumulating in several conditions, affecting either the intestine or nonintestinal organs. This publication provides an update on probiotics directed at physicians, biologists, biotechnologists, and researchers working in the food industry and agriculture, as well as in the environmental and basic sciences.

Nutritional Care Of Preterm Infants

Author : B. Koletzko
ISBN : 9783318026412
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79. 15 MB
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Improved conditions of care for premature infants have led to markedly increased survival rates over the last few decades, particularly in very low and extremely low birth weight infants. Nutritional measures play a central role in the long-term outcome, health and quality of life of these premature infants. In this publication, leading experts from all 5 continents present the most recent evidence and critical analyses of nutrient requirements and the practice of nutritional care (with the focus on very low birth weight infants) to provide guidance for clinical application. After the introductory chapters, covering nutritional needs and research evidence in a more general manner, topics such as amino acids and proteins, lipids, microminerals and vitamins, parenteral and enteral nutrition as well as approaches to various disease conditions are addressed. Due to its focus on critical appraisals and recommendations, this book is of interest not only for the researcher who wants to keep up to date, but also for the clinician faced with premature infants in his practice.

Nutrition And Growth

Author : B. Koletzko
ISBN : 9783318025668
Genre : Medical
File Size : 47. 69 MB
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The relation between nutrition and growth in children is one of the key concerns of pediatric health that touches a multitude of specialties. Exchanging concepts and knowledge between professionals of all the different disciplines involved is thus crucial to facilitate research and interdisciplinary clinical collaborations. The present 'Yearbook on Nutrition and Growth' is unique in its concept: The contributing editors of each chapter have chosen recent journal articles that have the most potential in relation to the topic of their chapter. Providing the practicing physician with succinct editorial comments, the editors also evaluate the clinical importance of each article and discuss its application. This yearbook is a valuable resource for pediatricians interested in the subspecialties of nutrition, endocrinology and gastroenterology, but also for pediatric nutritionists and dieticians, and other health professionals involved in the care of children.

Evidence Based Research In Pediatric Nutrition

Author : H. Szajewska
ISBN : 9783318024579
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 78 MB
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Recognition of evidence-based medicine is not only increasing rapidly, but it has become essential to pediatric nutrition. Starting with some methodological issues - discussing systemic reviews, meta-analyses and clinical trials - this publication then concisely summarizes current knowledge as well as ignorance and uncertainty regarding selected aspects of childhood nutrition. These aspects include functional gastrointestinal disorders, issues concerning various kinds of milk, complementary foods, enteral nutrition, celiac disease or obesity. Contents are based on evidence and summarize current guidelines; moreover, when there is no clear evidence, they provide some food for thought.

Dairy In Human Health And Disease Across The Lifespan

Author : Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN : 9780128098691
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37. 90 MB
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Dairy in Human Health and Disease across the Lifespan addresses the contribution of milk to the human diet and health throughout the life span. This comprehensive book is divided into three sections and presents a balanced overview of dairy’s impact on nutrition from infancy to adulthood. Summaries capture the most salient points of each chapter, and the book provides coverage of dairy as a functional food in health and disease. Presents various dairy products and their impact on health specific to various stages in the lifespan Provides information to identify which food and diet constituents should be used as dietary supplements based on modification of health and nutrition Incorporates contributions from an international team of authors with varying areas of expertise related to dairy and nutrition

The Human Microbiome Diet And Health

Author : Food Forum
ISBN : 9780309265867
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 27 MB
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The Food Forum convened a public workshop on February 22-23, 2012, to explore current and emerging knowledge of the human microbiome, its role in human health, its interaction with the diet, and the translation of new research findings into tools and products that improve the nutritional quality of the food supply. The Human Microbiome, Diet, and Health: Workshop Summary summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. Over the two day workshop, several themes covered included: The microbiome is integral to human physiology, health, and disease. The microbiome is arguably the most intimate connection that humans have with their external environment, mostly through diet. Given the emerging nature of research on the microbiome, some important methodology issues might still have to be resolved with respect to undersampling and a lack of causal and mechanistic studies. Dietary interventions intended to have an impact on host biology via their impact on the microbiome are being developed, and the market for these products is seeing tremendous success. However, the current regulatory framework poses challenges to industry interest and investment.

Nutrients In Dairy And Their Implications For Health And Disease

Author : Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN : 9780128097632
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 59. 3 MB
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Nutrients in Dairy and Their Implications for Health and Disease addresses various dairy products and their impact on health. This comprehensive book is divided into three sections and presents a balanced overview of the health benefits of milk and milk products. Summaries capture the most salient points of each chapter, and the importance of milk and its products as functional foods is addressed throughout. Presents various dairy products and their impact on health Provides information on dairy milk as an important source of micro-and macronutrients that impact body functions Addresses dietary supplements and their incorporation into dairy products

Diet Microbiome And Health

Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
ISBN : 9780128114926
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 65 MB
Format : PDF
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Diet, Microbiome and Health, Volume 11, in the Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, presents the most up-to-date research to help scientists, researchers and students in the field of food engineering understand the different microbial species we have in our guts, why they are important to human development, immunity and health, and how to use that understanding to further promote research to create healthy food products. In addition, the book provides studies that clearly demonstrate how dietary preferences and social behavior significantly impact the diversity of microbial species in the gut and their numeric values, which may balance health and disease. Highlights research discoveries on how gut microbiota influence and are impacted by health and disease Includes information on and examples of healthy foods Discusses gut microbiota in autism, GI disease, neuropsychiatric disorders, obesity and metabolic disease Explores the barrier function of the gut Examines how food preferences impact gut microbiota

Probiotics In Food

Author :
ISBN : 9251055130
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 32. 1 MB
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This paper includes joint FAO and WHO work to evaluate the latest information and scientific evidence available on the functional and safety aspects of food probiotics, as well as the methodology to assess such aspects, by bringing together worldwide scientific experts in the field. It includes the reports of an expert consultation held in Cordoba, Argentina, in October 2001 and of a working group in London, Ontario, Canada, in May 2002. These reports provide scientific evidence in relation to the safetyassessment of probiotics, general guidance for their evaluation and on specific questions in relation to their pathology, toxigenicity, allergenicity, as well as to their functional and nutritional properties. The guidelines for the evaluation on probiotics in food were developed as part of this joint effort, providing criteria and methodology to assess the efficacy and the safety of these products.--Publisher's description.

Vegetarian And Plant Based Diets In Health And Disease Prevention

Author : François Mariotti
ISBN : 9780128039694
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 54 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Vegetarian and Plant-Based Diets in Health and Disease Prevention examines the science of vegetarian and plant-based diets and their nutritional impact on human health. This book assembles the science related to vegetarian and plant-based diets in a comprehensive, balanced, single reference that discusses both the overall benefits of plant-based diets on health and the risk of disease and issues concerning the status in certain nutrients of the individuals, while providing overall consideration to the entire spectrum of vegetarian diets. Broken into five sections, the first provides a general overview of vegetarian / plant-based diets so that readers have a foundational understanding of the topic. Dietary choices and their relation with nutritional transition and sustainability issues are discussed. The second and third sections provide a comprehensive description of the relationship between plant-based diets and health and disease prevention. The fourth section provides a deeper look into how the relationship between plant-based diets and health and disease prevention may differ in populations with different age or physiological status. The fifth and final section of the book details the nutrients and substances whose intakes are related to the proportions of plant or animal products in the diet. Discusses the links between health and certain important characteristics of plant-based diets at the level of food groups Analyzes the relation between plant-based diet and health at the different nutritional levels, i.e. from dietary patterns to specific nutrients and substances Provides a balanced evidence-based approach to analyze the positive and negative aspects of vegetarianism Addresses the different aspects of diets predominantly based on plants, including geographical and cultural variations of vegetarianism

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