principles and measurements in environmental biology

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Principles And Measurements In Environmental Biology

Author : F I Woodward
ISBN : 9781483162942
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 68 MB
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Principles and Measurements in Environmental Biology aims to provide an understanding of some important physical principles and their application in biology. The book also aims to describe how instruments utilizing these principles can be used to measure biological and environmental processes and their interactions. This book covers the effects of the environment on biological organisms; the application of theories of radiation, kinetic theory, gas laws, and diffusion in biology; and water and its properties. The relation of plants with atmosphere near the ground is also discussed. This book also presents sampling techniques; the computation of errors used in the interpretation of data; the use of different devices; and data gathering and its practical applications. This text is for students, researchers, and professionals and experts in biology who wish to understand the mentioned principles in physics, its mathematical aspects, and their applications in the field.

Principles Of Environmental Physics

Author : John Monteith
ISBN : 9780123869937
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 82 MB
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Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes. Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture

Crop Ecology

Author : R. S. Loomis
ISBN : 0521387760
Genre : Nature
File Size : 22. 17 MB
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This book is centered on the "production processes" of crops and pastures, photosynthesis, and use of water and nutrients in fields. It is unique in its combination of great breadth and depth in its treatment of production processes and systems problems. The approach is explanatory and integrative, with a firm basis in environmental physics, soils, physiology, and morphology, in contrast to descriptive or reductionist approaches. Systems concepts are introduced early and expanded as the book proceeds, giving emphasis to quantitative approaches, to management strategies and tactics employed by farmers, and to environmental issues. The systems approach is brought together in the final chapters where production and nutrient cycling are analyzed, for example farms and problems in an uncertain future are considered. The book is designed for use as a text for an introductory course in crop ecology (advanced undergraduates and beginning post-graduate level). In addition, given the wide range of subjects, the integrated references, and the background material included, it can also be considered a "stand-alone" reference work useful to agriculturalists and botanists.

Selected Topics In Environmental Biology

Author : Balraj Bhatia
ISBN : 9781483188027
Genre : Nature
File Size : 70. 37 MB
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Selected Topics in Environmental Biology covers the proceedings of the 26th International Congress of Physiological Sciences on Environmental Biology, held in New Delhi, India on October 20-26, 1974. The symposium is arranged in the subjects of high altitude and under water physiology and the physiological effects of cold, heat, and accelerations. This book is organized into 13 sections encompassing 74 chapters. The opening part deals with the principles and mechanisms of thermoregulation, with emphasis on the role of neurotransmitters in temperature regulation. The succeeding parts examine metabolic aspects and adaptive mechanisms to cold and heat stress. These parts also survey the thyroid function, resistance, acclimatization, and nerve impulse effects of these conditions. Other parts discuss the hypothalamic control and susceptibility to hypothermia and thermal injury; the capacity of short-term and prolonged exposure to hypoxia; the pathogenesis of pulmonary edema; and the constitution and body functions in different ethnic groups. These topics are followed by reviews on the body adaptive changes under hypogravic state, biochemical changes induced by environmental pollution, and physiological behavior under noise, hyperbaric, and emotional stress. The last part describes the effect of environmental stress on diurnal variations in body functions. This book will prove useful to environmental biologists, physiologists, biochemists, and researchers.

Dictionary Of Scientific Principles

Author : Stephen Marvin
ISBN : 9781118582398
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 78 MB
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Dictionary of Scientific Principles presents a unique and timeless collection of (almost) all known rules or laws commonly called principles, identified throughout the history of scientific development, their definition, and use. Exploring a broad range of disciplines, the book first lists more than 2,000 principles organized in a standard alphabetical order, then provides a list of subject headings for which related principles are identified. A staple addition to every library, the dictionary will also be of interest to scientists and general readers.

The Grass Crop

Author : Michael Jones
ISBN : 9789400911871
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 53 MB
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Grass is a very important world crop. In some countries, for example the UK, Australia and New Zealand, animal products from grassland make a greater contribution to the value of agricultural production than does any other crop. Yet research being undertaken to further· our understanding of the factors affecting the growth and productivity of grasslands has trailed in the shadow of the determined efforts made to improve our knowledge of cereals and, to a somewhat lesser extent, legumes. However, in spite of its low profile, grassland research has resulted in considerable advances in our knowledge in the last 20 years, and we feel that this book provides a timely opportunity to bring together some of this work in a review of what is primarily the ecophysiology of the temperate grass crop. Unlike other crops grown for their grain or vegatative parts, grass and grassland products are used almost entirely for the feeding of ruminant animals; the interaction of the sward and the animal thus adds an extra dimension to investigations of the productivity of grassland. No one author could adequately encompass the breadth of work covered in the book. Acknowledged experts have therefore been selected as contributors to provide an up-to-date review of their own specialized areas. Whilst multi author texts can cause problems of lack of uniformity of approach, each contributor has been made aware of the contents of the other chapters in an attempt both to provide continuity and to prevent glaring overlaps.

Entropy Principle For The Development Of Complex Biotic Systems

Author : Ichiro Aoki
ISBN : 9780123944047
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 79 MB
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The concept of entropy in thermodynamics is a complex one, though it is fundamental in understanding physics, the workings of the mind, and biology. Entropy is the measure of the quality of energy, and it can also refer to the turn from order to disorder or randomness in isolated systems. In open systems, such as biology, entropy is formulated in terms of production and energy flow. This book establishes a novel view of complex biological systems and the earth using this concept of entropy, encompassing the interdisciplinary area of biology, ecology and physics. This book considers the development over time of a range of biologically complex systems such as plants, animals, humans, and ecosystems, describing them in terms of the second law of thermodynamics, entropy. With its broad coverage of biological systems, this book will be useful for students of environmental science as well as students in biology and physics. Includes discussion of multiple complex systems including the earth and biological systems within it. Suitable for those with little physics background who wish to learn how the laws of physics apply to ecological systems. Clearly organized by system, making information easy to access.

Biota And Biological Principles Of The Aquatic Environment

Author : Phillip E. Greeson
ISBN : UCR:31210020731855
Genre : Aquatic biology
File Size : 60. 72 MB
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General Register

Author : University of Michigan
ISBN : UOM:39015071518784
Genre : Detroit (Mich.)
File Size : 44. 59 MB
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Announcements for the following year included in some vols.

Key Concepts In Environmental Chemistry

Author : Grady Hanrahan
ISBN : 9780123749932
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 25 MB
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Key Concepts in Environmental Chemistry provides a modern and concise introduction to environmental chemistry principles and the dynamic nature of environmental systems. It offers an intense, one-semester examination of selected concepts encountered in this field of study and provides integrated tools in explaining complex chemical problems of environmental importance. Principles typically covered in more comprehensive textbooks are well integrated into general chapter topics and application areas. The goal of this textbook is to provide students with a valuable resource for learning the basic concepts of environmental chemistry from an easy to follow, condensed, application and inquiry-based perspective. Additional statistical, sampling, modeling and data analysis concepts and exercises will be introduced for greater understanding of the underlying processes of complex environmental systems and fundamental chemical principles. Each chapter will have problem-oriented exercises (with examples throughout the body of the chapter) that stress the important concepts covered and research applications/case studies from experts in the field. Research applications will be directly tied to theoretical concepts covered in the chapter. Overall, this text provides a condensed and integrated tool for student learning and covers key concepts in the rapidly developing field of environmental chemistry. Intense, one-semester approach to learning Application-based approach to learning theoretical concepts In depth analysis of field-based and in situ analytical techniques Introduction to environmental modeling

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