pricing irrigation water principles and cases from developing countries rff press

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Pricing Irrigation Water

Author : Yacov Tsur
ISBN : 9781136523748
Genre : Law
File Size : 71. 14 MB
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As globalization links economies, the value of a country's irrigation water becomes increasingly sensitive to competitive forces in world markets. Water policy at the national and regional levels will need to accommodate these forces or water is likely to become undervalued. The inefficient use of this resource will lessen a country's comparative advantage in world markets and slow its transition to higher incomes, particularly in rural households. While professionals widely agree on what constitutes sound water resource management, they have not yet reached a consensus on the best ways of implementing policies. Policymakers have considered pricing water - a debated intervention - in many variations. Setting the price 'right,' some say, may guide different types of users in efficient water use by sending a signal about the value of this resource. Aside from efficiency, itself an important policy objective, equity, accessibility, and implementation costs associated with the right pricing must be considered. Focusing on the examples of China, Mexico, Morocco, South Africa, and Turkey, Pricing Irrigation Water provides a clear methodology for studying farm-level demand for irrigation water. This book is the first to link the macroeconomics of policies affecting trade to the microeconomics of water demand for irrigation and, in the case of Morocco, to link these forces to the creation of a water user-rights market. This type of market reform, the contributors argue, will result in growing economic benefits to both rural and urban households.

Sustainable Policy Applications For Social Ecology And Development

Author : Carayannis, Elias G.
ISBN : 9781466615878
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 4 MB
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Social ecology is a philosophy rooted in deep-seated social problems, particularly in hierarchical political and social systems. Social ecologists throughout the world maintain a theory that present, ecological problems cannot be clearly understood, much less resolved, without resolutely dealing with problems within society. Therefore, social ecology locates the roots of these ecological crises firmly in the relations of domination between people. Sustainable Policy Applications for Social Ecology and Development establishes a new set of platforms for intellectual discourse and identification of critical and strategic emerging issues, the formulation of cogent and useful policies, and practice recommendations. This publication highlights provocative, but scholarly, views that diverge from the current “conventional wisdom” taking into consideration the concepts of robust competitiveness, sustainable entrepreneurship, and democratic capitalism, central to its philosophy and objectives. The aim of this book is to highlight emerging research and practice at the dynamic intersection of these fields, where individuals, organizations, industries, regions, and nations are harnessing creativity and invention to achieve and sustain growth.

Feedback Links Between Economywide And Farm Level Policies

Author : Terry Roe
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 88. 38 MB
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Micro And Macro Level Approaches For Assessing The Value Of Irrigation Water

Author : Robert C. Johansson
ISBN : UCSD:31822034975318
Genre : Nature
File Size : 66. 81 MB
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Feedback Links Between Economywide And Farm Level Policies

Author : Terry L. Roe
ISBN : CORNELL:31924100357858
Genre : Agriculture and state
File Size : 42. 82 MB
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"The authors focus on policy interventions for improving irrigation water allocation decisions by including both macro and micro considerations in a unified analytical computable general equilibrium (CGE) framework. The approach is demonstrated, using the case of Morocco, by analyzing selected policy (top-down and bottom-up) interventions and external shocks that affect the water sector. Both direct and indirect effects of these interventions are identified. The top-down (macro-to-micro) links are of a trade reform type. The bottom-up (micro-to-macro) links pertain to changes in farm water assignments and the possibility of water trading. The authors find that water productivity is strongly influenced by these policies, with the general equilibrium (indirect) effects modifying and sometimes reversing the partial equilibrium (direct) effects. They also find that the impacts of the two reforms assessed are different, with trade reform having an absolute impact of a higher magnitude than the water reform. Finally, the authors show that the sequence of introducing the policy reforms has different consequences. "--World Bank web site.

Water Shortages Water Allocation And Economic Growth

Author : Xiangming Fang
ISBN : MINN:31951P00786191R
Genre :
File Size : 54. 78 MB
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Nacla Report On The Americas

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123432150
Genre : Latin America
File Size : 60. 24 MB
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Library Journal

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000093087132
Genre : Libraries
File Size : 79. 47 MB
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The Measurement Of Environmental And Resource Values

Author : A. Myrick Freeman
ISBN : 1891853627
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 31 MB
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The premise of this award-winning book is that estimates of the economic values of environmental and natural resource services are essential tools for effective policymaking. Freeman presents a comprehensive, rigorous treatment of benefit measurement, providing an introduction to the principal methods and techniques of resource and environmental valuation for professional economists and graduate students who are not directly engaged in the field. Features of the new edition include a reworking of the chapter on stated preference methods of valuation and new sections on topics in the valuation of effects on human health, the valuation of ecosystem functions and services, and benefits transfer. It targets several of the important advances since 1993 and integrates them within the basic framework of the first edition. Rick Freeman maintains the accessibility of the first edition while enhancing its relevance to current practice. Scholars and policymakers will welcome the work as an up-to-date reference on recent developments. Students and general readers will gain a better understanding of the contribution that economics as a discipline can make to decisions about pollution control and human health, the recreational use of rivers and forests, urban amenities, and other critical issues concerning the way we use and interact with environmental and natural resource systems.

Irrigation Water Pricing

Author : François Molle
ISBN : 9781845932923
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52. 6 MB
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Much hope has been vested in pricing as a means of helping to regulate and rationalize water management, notably in the irrigation sector. The pricing of water has often been applied universally, using general and ideological policies, and not considering regional environmental and economic differences. Almost 15 years after the emphasis laid at the Dublin and Rio conferences on treating water as an economic good, a comprehensive review of how such policies have helped manage water resources an irrigation use is necessary. The case-studies presented here offer a reassessment of current policies by evaluating their objectives and constraints and often demonstrating their failure by not considering the regional context. They will therefore contribute to avoiding costly and misplaced reforms and help design water policies that are based on a deeper understanding of the factors which eventually dictate their effectiveness.

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