plastics microstructure and engineering applications

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Plastics

Author : Mike Jenkins
ISBN : 9780080497747
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43. 96 MB
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Now in its Third Edition, Plastics is the key text for senior students studying the science and engineering of plastic materials. Starting from microstructure and physical properties, the book covers the mechanical, chemical and electrical properties of plastic materials, and also deals in detail with wider plastics issues that today’s engineers and materials scientists need such as manufacturing processes and the design of plastic products. The new edition has been updated to reflect changes in polymer technology and the plastics industry, and the increased knowledge of the mechanical properties of plastics. A new first chapter introduces plastics properties through practical exercises, to help students to see the relevance of more academic chapters. Computer modeling has revealed the mechanics of many types of composites, so the emphasis of chapter 4 has shifted to modeling. Applications, product design and process technology have moved on; consequently the case studies in chapter 14 were updated. A new chapter 15 introduces sport and biomaterials case studies, since increasing numbers of students are enrolled on courses with these emphases. The material has been thoroughly updated, and the principles of polymer structure-property relationships set out more clearly. Meets latest undergraduate needs for studying polymer properties Expended coverage of materials selection and shape selection New teaching case studies plus new material on plastics for use in sport applications and biomaterials Examination questions to accompany each chapter

Plastics

Author : Nigel Mills
ISBN : UOM:39015029110452
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 85. 21 MB
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From the physical properties, explained in terms of microstructure, the book compares mechanical, chemical and electrical properties of plastics with alternative materials. Manufacturing processes are considered, and their impact on the design of plastic products.

Design Engineering Manual

Author : Mike Tooley
ISBN : 1856178641
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41. 73 MB
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Design Engineering Manual offers a practical guide to the key principles of design engineering. It features a compilation of extracts from several books within the range of Design Engineering books in the Elsevier collection. The book is organized into 11 sections. Beginning with a review of the processes of product development and design, the book goes on to describe systematic ways of choosing materials and processes. It details the properties of modern metallic alloys including commercial steels, cast irons, superalloys, titanium alloys, structural intermetallic compounds, and aluminum alloys. The book explains the human/system interface; procedures to assess the risks associated with job and task characteristics; and environmental factors that may be encountered at work and affect behavior. Product liability and safety rules are discussed. The final section on design techniques introduces the design process from an inventors perspective to a more formal model called total design. It also deals with the behavior of plastics that influence the application of practical and complex engineering equations and analysis in the design of products. Provides a single-source of critical information to the design engineer, saving time and therefore money on a particular design project Presents both the fundamentals and advanced topics and also the latest information in key aspects of the design process Examines all aspects of the design process in one concise and accessible volume

Polymer Foams Handbook

Author : Nigel Mills
ISBN : 0080475442
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56. 42 MB
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This handbook explores the applications of polymer foams, and the properties that make them suitable for so many applications, in the detail required by postgraduate students, researchers and the many industrial engineers and designers who work with polymer foam in industry. It covers the mechanical properties of foams and foam microstructure, processing of foams, mechanical testing and analysis (using Finite element analysis). In addition, it uniquely offers a broader perspective on the actual engineering of foams and foam based (or foam including) products by including nine detailed case studies which firmly plant the theory of the book in a real world context, making it ideal for both polymer engineers and chemists and mechanical engineers and product designers. * Complete coverage of the mechanical and design aspects of polymer foams from an acknowledged international expert: no other book is available with this breadth making this a plastics engineer's first choice for a single volume Handbook * Polymer foams are ubiquitous in modern life, used everywhere from running shoes to furniture, and this book includes nine extensive case studies covering each key class of application, including biomechanics * Offers a rigorous mechanical and microstructure perspective, plus a computer based chapter: Essential for engineers and designers alike.

Mechanical Evaluation Strategies For Plastics

Author : D R Moore
ISBN : 0849308429
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31. 11 MB
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Thermoplastics, being non-linear viscoelastic, impose constraints on testing. End products manufactured from these thermopolastics are often anisotropic and tend to complicate the relationships between laboratory test data and service performance. Mechanical Evaluation Strategies for Plastic Materials explains new testing strategies for providing service-pertinent data within a limited budget. It relates the structure of the tests and the functions that they serve to the intrinsic nature of the mechanical properties of thermoplastic materials.

Machinery Materials Science And Engineering Applications

Author : Fei Lei
ISBN : 9781315349459
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 31 MB
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This conference proceeding contains papers presented at the 6th International Conference on Machinery, Materials Science and Engineering Applications (MMSE 2016), held 28-30 October, 2016 in Wuhan, China. The conference proceeding contributions cover a large number of topics, both theoretical and applied, including Material science, Electrical Engineering and Automation Control, Electronic Engineering, Applied Mechanics, Mechanical Engineering, Aerospace Science and Technology, Computer Science and Information technology and other related engineering topics. MMSE provides a perfect platform for scientists and engineering researchers to exchange ideas, build cooperative relationships and discuss the latest scientific achievements. MMSE will be of interest for academics and professionals working in a wide range of industrial, governmental and academic sectors, including Material Science, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Information Technology and Telecommunications, Civil Engineering, Energy Production, Manufacturing, Mechanical Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Transportation and Aerospace Science and Technology.

Polymer Microscopy

Author : Linda C. Sawyer
ISBN : 9789400931398
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 87 MB
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Modern materials include a vast array of polymers and plastics which are found in applications such as housing, appliances, clothing and household textiles and automotive and aerospace industries. Thus research scientists, engineers and materials science graduate students need to be aware of the methods and techniques required to understand the structure-property relations of polymer materials. This book will review the field of the microscopy of polymers. There is a vast literature which describes the research results obtained by study of polymer materials using microscopy and other complementary analytical techniques and such studies are best left to journals on specific topics. The major objective of this text is to provide the basic microscopy techniques and specimen preparation methods applicable to polymers. The book will attempt to provide enough detail so that the methods described can be applied, and also to reference appropriate publications for the investigator interested in more detail. The selection of two authors for this text came from the desire for a comprehen sive review of polymer microscopy with emphasis on methods and techniques, rather than on research results. The synergism provided by two authors with widely varied backgrounds was thought to be important: one author (LCS) has an industrial focus and a background in chemistry whilst the other (DTG) has an academic environment and offers a background in polymer physics.

Microstructure And Texture In Steels

Author : Arunansu Haldar
ISBN : 9781848824546
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41. 51 MB
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Microstructure and Texture in Steels and Other Materials comprises a collection of articles pertaining to experimental and theoretical aspects of the evolution of crystallographic texture and microstructure during processing of steels and some other materials. Among the topics covered is the processing-microstructure-texture-property relationship in various kinds of steels, including the latest grade. Special emphasis has been given to introduce recent advances in the characterization of texture and microstructure, as well as modeling. The papers included are written by well-known experts from academia and industrial R and D, which will provide the reader with state-of-the-art, in-depth knowledge of the subject. With these attributes, Microstructure and Texture in Steels and Other Materials is expected to serve the cause of creating awareness of current developments in microstructural science and materials engineering among academic and R and D personnel working in the field.

Investigations And Applications Of Severe Plastic Deformation

Author : Terry Lowe
ISBN : 9789401140621
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 90 MB
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Material processing techniques that employ severe plastic deformation have evolved over the past decade, producing metals, alloys and composites having extraordinary properties. Variants of SPD methods are now capable of creating monolithic materials with submicron and nanocrystalline grain sizes. The resulting novel properties of these materials has led to a growing scientific and commercial interest in them. They offer the promise of bulk nanocrystalline materials for structural; applications, including nanocomposites of lightweight alloys with unprecedented strength. These materials may also enable the use of alternative metal shaping processes, such as high strain rate superplastic forming. Prospective applications for medical, automotive, aerospace and other industries are already under development.

Imaging And Image Analysis Applications For Plastics

Author : Behnam Pourdeyhimi
ISBN : 9780815518006
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51. 61 MB
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The broad collection of techniques gathered in this book help illustrate material/process/property relationships for a wide selection of materials and processes in the plastics industry. With the recent increases in computing power and scope, as well as advances in software engineering, imaging has already become a universal tool. Image processing and image analysis have become common expressions are widely recognized within the scientific community. The imaging techniques employed range from visible optical methods to scanning and transmission electron microscopy, x-ray, thermal wave infrared and atomic force microscopy. Image analysis is used to monitor/ characterize a variety of processes. Processes included within this book are: extrusion, injection molding, foam production, film manufacture, compression molding, blow molding, vulcanization, melt spinning, reactive blending, welding, conveying, composite manufacture, compounding, and thermosetting. Imaging techniques are also employed to characterize/quantify a number of important material properties. These include: fiber orientation distribution, homogeneity of mixing, the rate of spherulites growth, polymer crystallization rate, melt flow index, pore size and shape in foam, cell density in foam, void content, particle analysis in polymer blends, morphology, interparticle distance, fiber diameter, fatigue crack, crazing, scratching, surface roughness, fiber-length distribution, nucleation, oil penetration, peel adhesion, chemical resistance, droplet-fiber transition, electrical conductivity, dispersion and impurity content.

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