physics of climate

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Physics Of Climate

Author : José Pinto Peixoto
ISBN : 9780883187128
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 13 MB
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Peixoto and Oort have laid together their course notes with articles on observed angular momentum, water, and energy cycles in the atmosphere and oceans to give a broad perspective on the climate system.

Physics Of Radiation And Climate

Author : Michael A. Box
ISBN : 9781466572065
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 54 MB
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Our current climate is strongly influenced by atmospheric composition, and changes in this composition are leading to climate change. Physics of Radiation and Climate takes a look at how the outward flow of longwave or terrestrial radiation is affected by the complexities of the atmosphere’s molecular spectroscopy. This book examines the planet in its current state and considers the radiation fluxes, including multiple scattering, photochemistry, and the ozone layer, and their impact on our climate overall. Starting from the physical fundamentals of how electromagnetic radiation interacts with the various components of the Earth’s atmosphere, the book covers the essential radiation physics leading to the radiative transfer equation. The book then develops the central physics of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and gases and particles: absorption, emission, and scattering. It examines the physics that describes the absorption and emission of radiation, using quantum mechanics, and scattering, using electromagnetism. It also dedicates a detailed chapter to aerosols, now recognized as a key factor of climate change. Written to be used for a first course in climate physics or a physics elective, the text contains case studies, sample problems, and an extensive reference list as a guide for further research. In addition, the authors: Provide a complete derivation of molecular spectroscopy from quantum mechanical first principles Present a formal derivation of the scattering of radiation by molecules and particles Include the latest results from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC AR5) Physics of Radiation and Climate shows how radiation measurements are used to aid our understanding of weather and climate change and provides an introduction to the atmosphere. This book covers the key branches of physics with a specific focus on thermodynamics, electromagnetism, and quantum mechanics.

Physics Of The Atmosphere And Climate

Author : Murry L. Salby
ISBN : 9780521767187
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 80 MB
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Murry Salby's textbook provides an integrated treatment of processes controlling the Earth-atmosphere system for students and researchers.

The Physics Of Atmospheres

Author : John Houghton
ISBN : 0521011221
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 43 MB
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Third edition of John Houghton's acclaimed textbook for advanced undergraduate/graduate courses in atmospheric science.

An Introduction To Atmospheric Physics

Author : David G. Andrews
ISBN : 9780521872201
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 44 MB
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This work offers a broad coverage of atmospheric physics, including atmospheric thermodynamics, radiative transfer, atmospheric fluid dynamics and elementary atmospheric chemistry.

Physics Of The Environment And Climate

Author : Gérard Guyot
ISBN : 0471968285
Genre : Nature
File Size : 64. 15 MB
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Physics of the Environment and Climate GA(c)rard Guyot This introductory text reviews, for the first time in a unified form, information which is generally scattered between more specialized books in physics, meteorology, climatology, ecophysiology, agronomy and instrumental physics. In Physics of the Environment and Climate, GA(c)rard Guyot brings together physical, meteorological, ecological, and agronomical data, with a view to clarifying our understanding of complex global and climatological phenomena relating to the environment. In addition to the intrinsic scientific interest of this subject, it also has important applications in planning and production in agriculture, management of the rural environment, and evaluation of the impact of human activity on our surroundings. The first three chapters analyse energy and mass exchanges within and above the plant canopy and in the upper layers of the soil. They describe also the interaction existing between plant activity (photosynthesis, transpiration, etc.) and environmental factors. The following two chapters introduce the basic knowledge necessary for an understanding of the mechanisms affecting climates at different scales from the synoptic to local microclimates. The utilization of climatic data is then presented. Beginning with statistical analyses, the author leads on to practical applications, such as the determination of climatic risks, climatic and agro-climatic distribution in zones, and crop forecasting. The final chapter reviews the equipment and measurement methods used for the determination of various climatic factors. The broad nature of the book's approach, its inclusion of large-scale processes, explanations of how to measure climatic factors, and their use in solving practical problems in agro-climatology, will give the book immediate appeal. It provides the necessary information for land management planning from an agro-meteorological point of view, and is suitable for the undergraduate student and non-specialist reader with only a basic understanding of physics and mathematics. Readership: Students of agronomy, meteorology, climatology, geography, environmental science, atmospheric physics and environmental physics. Engineers and professionals in many fields such as agriculture, forestry, ecology, the rural environment, and the management of land, water and other natural resources.

Die Stratosph Re

Author : Karin Labitzke
ISBN : 9783642599897
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 56 MB
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In diesem Buch wird einerseits die spannende Entdeckung der Stratosphäre selbst und verschiedener unerwarteter Phänomene in der Stratosphäre beschrieben: ein bemannter Ballonflug im Jahr 1901 bis in 11 km Höhe; eine Expedition zum Victoriasee im Jahr 1908; die Entdeckung der Ozonschicht um 1930, des "Berliner Phänomens" im Jahr 1952, des Einflusses von Vulkaneruptionen im Jahr 1982, des Ozonlochs im Jahr 1985 und des Einflusses der Sonnenaktivität im Jahr 1987. Andererseits wird gezeigt, wie diese Erscheinungen miteinander verknüpft sind und wie sie anthropogene und natürliche Schwankungen in unserem Klimasystem verursachen. Am Beispiel der Stratosphäre soll das Buch zum Verständnis der Erforschung komplizierter Zusammenhänge in der Natur beitragen.

Disrupted Networks

Author : Bruce J. West
ISBN : 9789814304313
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 23 MB
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This book provides a lens through which modern society is shown to depend on complex networks for its stability. One way to achieve this understanding is through the development of a new kind of science, one that is not explicitly dependent on the traditional disciplines of biology, economics, physics, sociology and so on; a science of networks. This text reviews, in non-mathematical language, what we know about the development of science in the twenty-first century and how that knowledge influences our world. In addition, it distinguishes the two-tiered science of the twentieth century, based on experiment and theory (data and knowledge) from the three-tiered science of experiment, computation and theory (data, information and knowledge) of the twenty-first century in everything from psychophysics to climate change. This book is unique in that it addresses two parallel lines of argument. The first line is general and intended for a lay audience, but one that is scientifically sophisticated, explaining how the paradigm of science has been changed to accommodate the computer and large-scale computation.The second line of argument addresses what some consider the seminal scientific problem of climate change. The authors show how a misunderstanding of the change in the scientific paradigm has led to a misunderstanding of complex phenomena in general, and the causes of global warming in particular.

Environmental Physics

Author : Egbert Boeker
ISBN : 9780470666753
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 52 MB
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Environmental Physics Third Edition - Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Egbert Boeker & Rienk van Grondelle, VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands Environmental Physics, Third Edition serves as an introduction to physics in the context of societal problems such as energy supply, pollution, climate change and finite resources of fossil fuels and uranium. The emphasis of this text is on physics, i.e. the concepts and principles that help in understanding the ways to produce energy efficiently or to mitigate climate change. Extra attention is given to photosynthesis due to its importance in the field of renewable energy. This thoroughly revised and updated third edition focuses on the utilization of sustainable energy and mitigating climate change. The text explains the physical mechanisms behind climate change and discusses the physics of renewable energy options. Nuclear power is treated in a separate chapter because of its social and political importance. In the final chapter political and social aspects of ‘renewable energy and climate change' are reviewed. A distinguishing feature of the text is the discussion of spectroscopy and spectroscopic methods, again from basic concepts, as a crucial means to quantitatively analyze and monitor the condition of the environment, the factors determining climate change and all aspects of energy conversion. This textbook will be invaluable to students in physics and related subjects such as physical chemistry and geophysics. It assumes a basic knowledge in physics and mathematics, and all equations are derived from first principles and explained in a physical way. Supplementary material including sections from earlier editions of this book, a description of environmental experiments for a student's labs and computer codes to expand some of the books' content are available from www.few.vu.nl/environmentalphysics

The Role Of The Sun In Climate Change

Author : Douglas V. Hoyt
ISBN : 0195357485
Genre : Science
File Size : 68. 75 MB
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The luminosity of the sun governs the temperatures of the planets. Yet the solar forcing, or driving, of climate, primarily due to changes in solar radiation, has never been well documented. Recent satellite measurements have shown that solar radiation varies as a function of time and wavelength, a concept that has been hypothesized for the past two centuries and has recently become a major topic with all the attention paid to global warming. This book reviews the physics of the concept of solar forcing, from its beginnings in the early 1800's and apparent success in the 1870's, to its near demise in the 1950's and recent resurgence. Since its emphasis is on solar variations as a driver for climate change, with only a brief discussion of other mechanisms, the book will be of most interest to students in climate studies.

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