phase change the computer revolution in science and mathematics computer sciences

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Phase Change

Author : Douglas S. Robertson
ISBN : 0195157486
Genre : Computers
File Size : 55. 84 MB
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Robertson's earlier work, The New Renaissance projected the likely future impact of computers in changing our culture. Phase Change builds on and deepens his assessment of the role of the computer as a tool driving profound change by examining the role of computers in changing the face of the sciences and mathematics. He shows that paradigm shifts in understanding in science have generally been triggered by the availability of new tools, allowing the investigator a new way of seeing into questions that had not earlier been amenable to scientific probing.

Big Data In Computational Social Science And Humanities

Author : Shu-Heng Chen
ISBN : 9783319954653
Genre : Computers
File Size : 85. 36 MB
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This edited volume focuses on big data implications for computational social science and humanities from management to usage. The first part of the book covers geographic data, text corpus data, and social media data, and exemplifies their concrete applications in a wide range of fields including anthropology, economics, finance, geography, history, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and mass communications. The second part of the book provides a panoramic view of the development of big data in the fields of computational social sciences and humanities. The following questions are addressed: why is there a need for novel data governance for this new type of data?, why is big data important for social scientists?, and how will it revolutionize the way social scientists conduct research? With the advent of the information age and technologies such as Web 2.0, ubiquitous computing, wearable devices, and the Internet of Things, digital society has fundamentally changed what we now know as "data", the very use of this data, and what we now call "knowledge". Big data has become the standard in social sciences, and has made these sciences more computational. Big Data in Computational Social Science and Humanities will appeal to graduate students and researchers working in the many subfields of the social sciences and humanities.

Sociology And Complexity Science

Author : Brian Castellani
ISBN : 9783540884620
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 80 MB
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By now, most academics have heard something about the new science of complexity. In a manner reminiscent of Einstein and the last hundred years of physics, complexity science has captured the public imagination. ® One can go to Amazon. com and purchase books on complexification (Casti 1994), emergence (Holland 1998), small worlds (Barabási 2003), the web of life (Capra 1996), fuzzy thinking (Kosko 1993), global c- plexity (Urry 2003) and the business of long-tails (Anderson 2006). Even television has incorporated the topics of complexity science. Crime shows ® ® such as 24 or CSI typically feature investigators using the latest advances in computational modeling to “simulate scenarios” or “data mine” all p- sible suspects—all of which is done before the crime takes place. The ® World Wide Web is another example. A simple search on Google. Com using the phrase “complexity science” gets close to a million hits! C- plexity science is ubiquitous. What most scholars do not realize, however, is the remarkable role sociologists are playing in this new science. C- sider the following examples. 0. 1 Sociologists in Complexity Science The first example comes from the new science of networks (Barabási 2003). By now, most readers are familiar with the phenomena known as six-degrees of separation—the idea that, because most large networks are comprised of a significant number of non-random weak-ties, the nodes (e. g. , people, companies, etc.

The Oxford Handbook Of Interdisciplinarity

Author : Robert Frodeman
ISBN : 9780191053276
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79. 37 MB
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Interdisciplinarity has become as important outside academia as within. Academics, policy makers, and the general public seek insights to help organize the vast amounts of knowledge being produced, both within research and at all levels of education. The second edition of The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity offers a thorough update of this major reference work, summarizing the latest advances within the field of inter- and transdisciplinarity. The collection is distinguished by its breadth of coverage, with chapters written by leading experts from multiple networks and organizations. The volume is edited by respected interdisciplinary scholars and supported by a prestigious advisory board to ensure the highest quality and breadth of coverage. The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity provides a synoptic overview of the current state of interdisciplinary research, education, administration and management, and of problem solving-knowledge that spans the disciplines and interdisciplinary fields. The volume negotiates the space between the academic community and society at large. Offering the most broad-based account of inter- and transdisciplinarity to date, its 47 chapters provide a snapshot of the state of knowledge integration as interdisciplinarity approaches its century mark. This second edition expands its coverage to discuss the emergence of new fields, the increase of interdisciplinary approaches within traditional disciplines and professions, new integrative approaches to education and training, the widening international presence of interdisciplinarity, its increased support in funding agencies and science-policy bodies, and the formation of several new international associations associated with interdisciplinarity. This reference book will be a valuable addition to academic libraries worldwide, important reading for members of the sciences, social sciences, and humanities engaged in interdisciplinary research and education, and helpful for administrators and policy makers seeking to improve the use of knowledge in society.

American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066043145
Genre : American literature
File Size : 37. 37 MB
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Research Methodology In Social Science

Author : Arvind Kumar
ISBN : 8176252786
Genre : Social sciences
File Size : 90. 54 MB
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Yet Research May Be Regarded As A Useful Form Of Activity. Research, In The Sense Of Development, Elaboration And Refinement Of Principles, Together With The Collection And Use Of Empirical Materials To Help In These Processes, Is One Of Die Highest Activities Of A University And One In Which All Its Professors Should Be Engaged. Research Need Not Be Thought Of As A Special Prerogative Of Young Men And Women Preparing Themselves For A Higher Degree. Nobody Needs The Permission Of A University To Do Research And Many Of The Great Scholars Did Not Any Research In The Ordinary Sense Of The Term. Yet They Succeeded In Contributing Significantly To The Existing Realms Of Knowledge. Research Is A Matter Of Realising A Question And Then Trying To Find An Answer. In Other Words, Research Means A Sort Of Investigation Describing The Fact That Some Problem Is Being Investigated To Shed For Generalization. Therefore, Research Is The Activity Of Solving Problem Which Adds New Knowledge And Developing Of Theory As Well As Gathering Of Evidence To Test Generalization.In View Of This, The Present Attempt Is Made To Describe The Different Aspects Of Research Generally Being Conducted By The Social Scientists And It Is Hoped That It Will Be Of Great Use For All Those Concerned With Social Research.

Meta Maths

Author : Gregory J. Chaitin
ISBN : 1843545241
Genre : Computational complexity
File Size : 35. 32 MB
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This is the story of Chaitin's revolutionary discovery - the omega number. The omega number is Chaitin's representation of the profound enigma at the heart of maths, which sheds light on the very nature of life itself.

Lectures On Applied Mathematics

Author : Hans-Joachim Bungartz
ISBN : 3540667342
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 85. 70 MB
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When the DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) launched its collabora tive research centre or SFB (Sonderforschungsbereich) 438 "Mathematical Modelling, Simulation, and Verification in Material-Oriented Processes and Intelligent Systems" in July 1997 at the Technische Vniversitat Munchen and at the Vniversitat Augsburg, southern Bavaria got its second nucleus of the still young discipline scientific computing. Whereas the first and older one, FORTWIHR, the Bavarian Consortium for High Performance Scientific Com puting, had put its main emphasis on the supercomputing aspect, this new initiative was now expected to focus on the mathematical part. Consequently, throughout all of the five main research topics (A) adaptive materials and thin layers, (B) adaptive materials in medicine, (C) robotics, aeronautics, and automobile technology, (D) microstructured devices and systems, and (E) transport processes in flows, mathematical aspects play a predominant role. The formation of the SFB 438 and its scientific program are inextricably linked with the name of Karl-Heinz Hoffmann. As full professor for applied mathematics in Augsburg (1981-1991) and in Munchen (since 1992) and as dean of the faculty of mathematics at the TV Munchen, he was the driv ing force of this fascinating, but not always easy-to-realize idea of bringing together scientists from mathematics, physics, engineering, informatics, and medicine for joint efforts in modern applied mathematics. However, scarcely work had begun when the successful captain was called to take command on a bigger boat.


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ISBN : STANFORD:36105122345023
Genre : Academic libraries
File Size : 59. 16 MB
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Forthcoming Books

Author : Rose Arny
ISBN : UOM:39015054030385
Genre : American literature
File Size : 86. 96 MB
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