peking university and the origins of higher education in china

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Peking University And The Origins Of Higher Education In China

Author : Hao Ping
ISBN : 9781936940370
Genre : Education
File Size : 50. 35 MB
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Renowned as one of the most distinguished universities in the world, Peking University (PKU or, colloquially, "Beida") has been at the forefront of higher education in China since its inception. Its roots arguably date to the origin of Chinese higher education. Hao Ping traces the intricate evolution of the university, beginning with the preceding institutions that contributed to its establishment, and stretching from the first Opium War of 1839 through the first of several eye-opening defeats for the then-isolated Middle Kingdom to the Xinhai Revolution and the early days of the Republic of China. Hao Ping chronicles the contentious debates between reform-minded leaders who championed Western models of learning and conservatives who favored the traditional schooling and examination system, providing readers with details about the workings of the imperial court as well as the individual officials and scholars involved in Chinese educational reform. This authoritative history of the founding of Peking University defends the university's claim to be the first modern university in China and offers insight into the formation of higher education as it exists in China today.

Education In China

Author : Qiang Zha
ISBN : 1614729301
Genre : History
File Size : 24. 82 MB
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Chinese are known worldwide as top students and scholars, but intellectuals were persecuted during the Cultural Revolution, and now only recently has attending college education been possible for the majority. China is transforming its higher-education system, now the largest in the world, to include collaboration with Western scholars and to provide history and contemporary educational access to students in rural areas. Education in China provides unique coverage of learning at all levels.

Handbook Of Education In China

Author : W. John Morgan
ISBN : 9781783470662
Genre : EDUCATION
File Size : 77. 1 MB
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The Handbook of Education in China provides both a comprehensive overview and an original interpretation of key aspects of education in the People’s Republic of China. It has four parts: The Historical Background; The Contemporary Chinese System; Problems and Policies; The Special Administrative Regions: Macau and Hong Kong. The Handbook is an essential reference for those interested in Chinese education; as well as a comprehensive textbook that provides valuable supplementary material for those studying Chinese politics, economy, culture and society more generally.

Peking University

Author : Xiaoqing Diana Lin
ISBN : 9780791483916
Genre : Education
File Size : 64. 64 MB
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Discusses the first decades of Peking University and its role in shaping Chinese intellectual culture.

Higher Education Meritocracy And Inequality In China

Author : Ye Liu
ISBN : 9789811015885
Genre : Education
File Size : 89. 95 MB
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This book investigates the changing opportunities in higher education for different social groups during China’s transition from the socialist regime to a market economy. The first part of the book provides a historical and comparative analysis of the development of the idea of meritocracy, since its early origins in China, and in more recent western thought. The second part then explores higher education reforms in China, the part played by supposedly meritocratic forms of selection, and the implications of these for social mobility. Based on original empirical data, Ye Liu sheds light on the socio-economic, gender and geographical inequalities behind the meritocratic façade of the Gaokao (高考). Liu argues that the Chinese philosophical belief in education-based meritocracy had a modern makeover in the Gaokao, and that this ideology induces working-class and rural students to believe in upward social mobility through higher education. When the Gaokao broke the promise of status improvement for rural students, they turned to the Chinese Communist Party and sought political connections by actively applying for its membership. This book reveals a bleak picture of visible and invisible inequality in terms of access to and participation in higher education in contemporary China. Written in an accessible style, it offers a valuable resource for researchers and non-specialist readers alike.

Tertiary Education At A Glance China

Author : Kai Yu
ISBN : 9789460917462
Genre : Education
File Size : 26. 31 MB
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This publication aims to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of tertiary education in China. It is the result of a partnership established between the World Bank and the Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s Graduate School of Education to collect and disseminate information on higher education in the China. Inspired by the OECD’s annual “Education at a Glance” publication, it presents data collected from several sources, including statistical publications such as the National Statistics on Education Yearbook and other statistical yearbooks, government authorities such as the Chinese Ministry of Education, and other sources, and is a significant and timely contribution to the literature and data on global tertiary education. As such, it should constitute a valuable resource for students, scholars, and policy makers interested in understanding tertiary education in the world’s most populous country.

Higher Education Handbook Of Theory And Research

Author : John C. Smart
ISBN : 9781402096280
Genre : Education
File Size : 32. 95 MB
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Published annually since 1985, the Handbook series provides a compendium of thorough and integrative literature reviews on a diverse array of topics of interest to the higher education scholarly and policy communities. Each chapter provides a comprehensive review of research findings on a selected topic, critiques the research literature in terms of its conceptual and methodological rigor, and sets forth an agenda for future research intended to advance knowledge on the chosen topic. The Handbook focuses on twelve general areas that encompass the salient dimensions of scholarly and policy inquiries undertaken in the international higher education community. The series is fortunate to have attracted annual contributions from distinguished scholars throughout the world.

Higher Education In Post Mao China

Author : Michael Agelasto
ISBN : 9789622094505
Genre : Education
File Size : 28. 37 MB
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Since the death of Chairman Mao in 1976, China has embarked upon the Four Modernizations reform programme that has transformed the social, economic and political landscape of the world's most populous nation. Higher education has been ascribed a key supporting role and has itself undergone major reforms. This book looks beyond the articulated goals and accomplishments of the modernization of higher education in China. It delves into the grass roots reality and identifies the true achievements, the unintended outcomes and the major obstacles that still have to be overcome. Incorporating twenty chapters from the new generation of scholars from inside and outside China, Higher Education in Post-Mao China presents in-depth analyses of the impact of educational reforms on tertiary educators, the curriculum, the economic structure, women, and students' values and aspirations. In conveying the Chinese experience of higher education reform over the past two decades, this book makes a major contribution to contemporary sinology and comparative education.

American Universities In A Global Market

Author : Charles T. Clotfelter
ISBN : 9780226110455
Genre : Education
File Size : 60. 65 MB
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In higher education, the United States is the preeminent global leader, dominating the list of the world’s top research universities. But there are signs that America’s position of global leadership will face challenges in the future, as it has in other realms of international competition. American Universities in a Global Market addresses the variety of issues crucial to understanding this preeminence and this challenge. The book examines the various factors that contributed to America’s success in higher education, including openness to people and ideas, generous governmental support, and a tradition of decentralized friendly competition. It also explores the advantages of holding a dominant position in this marketplace and examines the current state of American higher education in a comparative context, placing particular emphasis on how market forces affect universities. By discussing the differences in quality among students and institutions around the world, this volume sheds light on the singular aspects of American higher education.

The Cambridge History Of China

Author : John King Fairbank
ISBN : 0521243386
Genre : China
File Size : 65. 33 MB
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International scholars and sinologists discuss culture, economic growth, social change, political processes, and foreign influences in China since the earliest pre-dynastic period.

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