path integrals for stochastic processes an introduction

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Path Integrals For Stochastic Processes

Author : Horacio S Wio
ISBN : 9789814449052
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 60 MB
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This book provides an introductory albeit solid presentation of path integration techniques as applied to the field of stochastic processes. The subject began with the work of Wiener during the 1920's, corresponding to a sum over random trajectories, anticipating by two decades Feynman's famous work on the path integral representation of quantum mechanics. However, the true trigger for the application of these techniques within nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and stochastic processes was the work of Onsager and Machlup in the early 1950's. The last quarter of the 20th century has witnessed a growing interest in this technique and its application in several branches of research, even outside physics (for instance, in economy). The aim of this book is to offer a brief but complete presentation of the path integral approach to stochastic processes. It could be used as an advanced textbook for graduate students and even ambitious undergraduates in physics. It describes how to apply these techniques for both Markov and non-Markov processes. The path expansion (or semiclassical approximation) is discussed and adapted to the stochastic context. Also, some examples of nonlinear transformations and some applications are discussed, as well as examples of rather unusual applications. An extensive bibliography is included. The book is detailed enough to capture the interest of the curious reader, and complete enough to provide a solid background to explore the research literature and start exploiting the learned material in real situations. Contents:Stochastic Processes: A Short TourThe Path Integral for a Markov Stochastic ProcessGeneralized Path Expansion Scheme ISpace-Time Transformation IGeneralized Path Expansion Scheme IISpace-Time Transformation IINon-Markov Processes: Colored Noise CaseNon-Markov Processes: Non-Gaussian CaseNon-Markov Processes: Nonlinear CasesFractional Diffusion ProcessFeynman–Kac Formula, the Influence FunctionalOther Diffusion-Like ProblemsWhat was Left Out Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers interested in stochastic analysis and statistical physics. Keywords:Path Integrals;Wiener Integrals;Stochastic Processes;Brownian Motion;Fractional MotionsKey Features:Offers an introductory presentation of path integral techniques focused on the realm of stochastic processesPresents the application of these techniques to the analysis of non-Markov and/or non-Gaussian process, as well as fractional motions discussed only in specialized articles, presented in a clear and didactic wayMost useful to become acquainted with these stochastic techniques for its application in real situations

Path Integrals In Physics

Author : M Chaichian
ISBN : 075030801X
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 20 MB
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Path Integrals in Physics: Volume I, Stochastic Processes and Quantum Mechanics presents the fundamentals of path integrals, both the Wiener and Feynman type, and their many applications in physics. Accessible to a broad community of theoretical physicists, the book deals with systems possessing a infinite number of degrees in freedom. It discusses the general physical background and concepts of the path integral approach used, followed by a detailed presentation of the most typical and important applications as well as problems with either their solutions or hints how to solve them. It describes in detail various applications, including systems with Grassmann variables. Each chapter is self-contained and can be considered as an independent textbook. The book provides a comprehensive, detailed, and systematic account of the subject suitable for both students and experienced researchers.

An Introduction To Stochastic Processes And Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics

Author : Horacio S Wio
ISBN : 9789814434638
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 85 MB
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This book aims to provide a compact and unified introduction to the most important aspects in the physics of non-equilibrium systems. It first introduces stochastic processes and some modern tools and concepts that have proved their usefulness to deal with non-equilibrium systems from a purely probabilistic angle. The aim is to show the important role played by fluctuations in far-from-equilibrium situations, where noise can promote order and organization, switching among non-equilibrium states, etc. The second part adopts a more historical perspective, retracing the first steps taken from the purely thermodynamic as well as from the kinetic points of view to depart (albeit slightly) from equilibrium. The third part revisits the path outlined in the first one, but now undertakes the mesoscopic description of extended systems, where new phenomena (patterns, long-range correlations, scaling far from equilibrium, etc.) are observed. This book is a revised and extended version of an earlier edition published in 1994. It includes topics of current research interest in far-from-equilibrium situations like noise-induced phenomena and free energy-like functionals, surface growth and roughening, etc. It can be used as an advanced textbook by graduate students in physics. It also covers topics of current interest in other disciplines and interdisciplinary approaches in engineering, biophysics, and economics, among others. The level of detail in the book is enough to capture the interest of the reader and facilitate the path to more learning by exploring the modern research literature provided. At the same time, the book is also complete enough to be self-contained for those readers who just need an overview of the subject.

An Introduction To Stochastic Processes And Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics

Author : Horacio S Wio
ISBN : 9789814502658
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 54 MB
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The purpose of this textbook is to bring together, in a self-contained introductory form, the scattered material in the field of stochastic processes and statistical physics. It offers the opportunity of being acquainted with stochastic, kinetic and nonequilibrium processes. Although the research techniques in these areas have become standard procedures, they are not usually taught in the normal courses on statistical physics. For students of physics in their last year and graduate students who wish to gain an invaluable introduction on the above subjects, this book is a necessary tool. Contents:Stochastic Processes and the Master Equation:Stochastic ProcessesMarkovian ProcessesMaster EquationsKramers Moyal ExpansionBrownian Motion, Langevin and Fokker-Planck EquationsDistributions, BBGKY Hierarchy, Density Operator:Probability Density as a FluidBBGKY HierarchyMicroscopic Balance EquationsDensity OperatorLinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and Onsager Relations:Onsager Regression to Equilibrium HypothesisOnsager RelationsMinimum Production of EntropyLinear Response Theory, Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem:Correlation Functions: Definitions and PropertiesLinear Response TheoryFluctuation-Dissipation TheoremInstabilities and Far from Equilibrium Phase-Transitions:Limit Cycles, Bifurcations, Symmetry BreakingNoise Induced TransitionsFormation and Propagation of Patterns in Far from Equilibrium Systems:Reaction-Diffusion Descriptions and Pattern FormationPattern Propagation Readership: Graduate students in physics and chemistry. keywords:Stochastic Processes;Langevin and Fokker-Planck Equations;Statistical Physics;Onsager Relations;Linear Response;Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics;Transport Processes;Noise Induced Transitions;Instabilities;Pattern Formation and Propagation “This book introduces ways to investigate nonequilibrium statistical physics, mainly via stochastic processes, and presents results achieved with such methodology … it is suitable for seminars directed towards relatively mature students in theoretical physics or applied mathematics.” H Muthsam “The present book is a good choice for a single book covering the field … suitable for undergraduate students in the last year and graduate students. They will find in it a suggestive introduction that motivates them to dig deeper into the field and to look for those topics omitted from the text … highly recommended to anyone interested in becoming acquainted with nonequilibrium statistical physics.” Journal of Statistical Physics

Path Integral Approach To Quantum Physics

Author : Gert Roepstorff
ISBN : 9783642578861
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 80 MB
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Specifically designed to introduce graduate students to the functional integration method in contemporary physics as painlessly as possible, the book concentrates on the conceptual problems inherent in the path integral formalism. Throughout, the striking interplay between stochastic processes, statistical physics and quantum mechanics comes to the fore, and all the methods of fundamental interest are generously illustrated by important physical examples.

Bayesian Probability Theory

Author : Wolfgang von der Linden
ISBN : 9781107035904
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 88. 95 MB
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Covering all aspects of probability theory, statistics and data analysis from a Bayesian perspective for graduate students and researchers.

Introduction To Stochastic Integration

Author : Hui-Hsiung Kuo
ISBN : 9780387310572
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45. 87 MB
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Also called Ito calculus, the theory of stochastic integration has applications in virtually every scientific area involving random functions. This introductory textbook provides a concise introduction to the Ito calculus. From the reviews: "Introduction to Stochastic Integration is exactly what the title says. I would maybe just add a ‘friendly’ introduction because of the clear presentation and flow of the contents." --THE MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIGITAL LIBRARY

Path Integral Quantization And Stochastic Quantization

Author : Michio Masujima
ISBN : 9783540878513
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 30 MB
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In this book, we discuss the path integral quantization and the stochastic quantization of classical mechanics and classical field theory. Forthe description ofthe classical theory, we have two methods, one based on the Lagrangian formalism and the other based on the Hamiltonian formal ism. The Hamiltonian formalism is derived from the Lagrangian·formalism. In the standard formalism ofquantum mechanics, we usually make use ofthe Hamiltonian formalism. This fact originates from the following circumstance which dates back to the birth of quantum mechanics. The first formalism ofquantum mechanics is Schrodinger's wave mechan ics. In this approach, we regard the Hamilton-Jacobi equation of analytical mechanics as the Eikonal equation of "geometrical mechanics". Based on the optical analogy, we obtain the Schrodinger equation as a result ofthe inverse of the Eikonal approximation to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, and thus we arrive at "wave mechanics". The second formalism ofquantum mechanics is Heisenberg's "matrix me chanics". In this approach, we arrive at the Heisenberg equation of motion from consideration of the consistency of the Ritz combination principle, the Bohr quantization condition and the Fourier analysis of a physical quantity. These two formalisms make up the Hamiltonian.formalism of quantum me chanics.

Numerical Evaluation Of Path Integral Solutions To Fokker Planck Equations With Application To Void Formation

Author : Michael Francis Wehner
ISBN : WISC:89010842698
Genre : Thermodynamic equilibrium
File Size : 64. 28 MB
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Multidimensional Stochastic Processes As Rough Paths

Author : Peter K. Friz
ISBN : 9781139487214
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 36. 73 MB
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Rough path analysis provides a fresh perspective on Ito's important theory of stochastic differential equations. Key theorems of modern stochastic analysis (existence and limit theorems for stochastic flows, Freidlin-Wentzell theory, the Stroock-Varadhan support description) can be obtained with dramatic simplifications. Classical approximation results and their limitations (Wong-Zakai, McShane's counterexample) receive 'obvious' rough path explanations. Evidence is building that rough paths will play an important role in the future analysis of stochastic partial differential equations and the authors include some first results in this direction. They also emphasize interactions with other parts of mathematics, including Caratheodory geometry, Dirichlet forms and Malliavin calculus. Based on successful courses at the graduate level, this up-to-date introduction presents the theory of rough paths and its applications to stochastic analysis. Examples, explanations and exercises make the book accessible to graduate students and researchers from a variety of fields.

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