path integrals and quantum processes

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Path Integrals And Quantum Processes

Author : Mark S. Swanson
ISBN : 9780486493060
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 56 MB
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Graduate-level, systematic presentation of path integral approach to calculating transition elements, partition functions, and source functionals. Covers Grassmann variables, field and gauge field theory, perturbation theory, and nonperturbative results. 1992 edition.

Path Integrals In Quantum Mechanics

Author : Jean Zinn-Justin
ISBN : 9780198566755
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57. 14 MB
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Quantum field theory is hardly comprehensible without path integrals: the goal of this book is to introduce students to this topic within the context of ordinary quantum mechanics and non-relativistic many-body theory, before facing the problems associated with the more involved quantum field theory formalism.

Path Integrals In Physics

Author : M Chaichian
ISBN : 9781482289503
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 77 MB
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Path Integrals in Physics: Volume I, Stochastic Processes and Quantum Mechanics presents the fundamentals of path integrals, both the Wiener and Feynman type, and their many applications in physics. Accessible to a broad community of theoretical physicists, the book deals with systems possessing a infinite number of degrees in freedom. It discusses the general physical background and concepts of the path integral approach used, followed by a detailed presentation of the most typical and important applications as well as problems with either their solutions or hints how to solve them. It describes in detail various applications, including systems with Grassmann variables. Each chapter is self-contained and can be considered as an independent textbook. The book provides a comprehensive, detailed, and systematic account of the subject suitable for both students and experienced researchers.

Path Integrals In Quantum Mechanics Statistics Polymer Physics And Financial Markets

Author : Hagen Kleinert
ISBN : 9789814273572
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 96 MB
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This is the fifth, expanded edition of the comprehensive textbook published in 1990 on the theory and applications of path integrals. It is the first book to explicitly solve path integrals of a wide variety of nontrivial quantum-mechanical systems, in particular the hydrogen atom. The solutions have been made possible by two major advances. The first is a new euclidean path integral formula which increases the restricted range of applicability of Feynman''s time-sliced formula to include singular attractive 1/r- and 1/r2-potentials. The second is a new nonholonomic mapping principle carrying physical laws in flat spacetime to spacetimes with curvature and torsion, which leads to time-sliced path integrals that are manifestly invariant under coordinate transformations. In addition to the time-sliced definition, the author gives a perturbative, coordinate-independent definition of path integrals, which makes them invariant under coordinate transformations. A consistent implementation of this property leads to an extension of the theory of generalized functions by defining uniquely products of distributions. The powerful Feynman-Kleinert variational approach is explained and developed systematically into a variational perturbation theory which, in contrast to ordinary perturbation theory, produces convergent results. The convergence is uniform from weak to strong couplings, opening a way to precise evaluations of analytically unsolvable path integrals in the strong-coupling regime where they describe critical phenomena. Tunneling processes are treated in detail, with applications to the lifetimes of supercurrents, the stability of metastable thermodynamic phases, and the large-order behavior of perturbation expansions. A variational treatment extends the range of validity to small barriers. A corresponding extension of the large-order perturbation theory now also applies to small orders. Special attention is devoted to path integrals with topological restrictions needed to understand the statistical properties of elementary particles and the entanglement phenomena in polymer physics and biophysics. The ChernoOe1/4OC Simons theory of particles with fractional statistics (anyons) is introduced and applied to explain the fractional quantum Hall effect. The relevance of path integrals to financial markets is discussed, and improvements of the famous BlackoOe1/4OC Scholes formula for option prices are developed which account for the fact, recently experienced in the world markets, that large fluctuations occur much more frequently than in Gaussian distributions."

Path Integrals For Stochastic Processes

Author : Horacio S Wio
ISBN : 9789814449052
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 40 MB
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This book provides an introductory albeit solid presentation of path integration techniques as applied to the field of stochastic processes. The subject began with the work of Wiener during the 1920's, corresponding to a sum over random trajectories, anticipating by two decades Feynman's famous work on the path integral representation of quantum mechanics. However, the true trigger for the application of these techniques within nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and stochastic processes was the work of Onsager and Machlup in the early 1950's. The last quarter of the 20th century has witnessed a growing interest in this technique and its application in several branches of research, even outside physics (for instance, in economy). The aim of this book is to offer a brief but complete presentation of the path integral approach to stochastic processes. It could be used as an advanced textbook for graduate students and even ambitious undergraduates in physics. It describes how to apply these techniques for both Markov and non-Markov processes. The path expansion (or semiclassical approximation) is discussed and adapted to the stochastic context. Also, some examples of nonlinear transformations and some applications are discussed, as well as examples of rather unusual applications. An extensive bibliography is included. The book is detailed enough to capture the interest of the curious reader, and complete enough to provide a solid background to explore the research literature and start exploiting the learned material in real situations. Contents:Stochastic Processes: A Short TourThe Path Integral for a Markov Stochastic ProcessGeneralized Path Expansion Scheme ISpace-Time Transformation IGeneralized Path Expansion Scheme IISpace-Time Transformation IINon-Markov Processes: Colored Noise CaseNon-Markov Processes: Non-Gaussian CaseNon-Markov Processes: Nonlinear CasesFractional Diffusion ProcessFeynman–Kac Formula, the Influence FunctionalOther Diffusion-Like ProblemsWhat was Left Out Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers interested in stochastic analysis and statistical physics. Keywords:Path Integrals;Wiener Integrals;Stochastic Processes;Brownian Motion;Fractional MotionsKey Features:Offers an introductory presentation of path integral techniques focused on the realm of stochastic processesPresents the application of these techniques to the analysis of non-Markov and/or non-Gaussian process, as well as fractional motions discussed only in specialized articles, presented in a clear and didactic wayMost useful to become acquainted with these stochastic techniques for its application in real situations

Quantum Field Theory

Author : Kerson Huang
ISBN : 9783527408467
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 41 MB
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A new, updated and enhanced edition of the classic work, which was welcomed for its general approach and self-sustaining organization of the chapters. Written by a highly respected textbook writer and researcher, this book has a more general scope and adopts a more practical approach than other books. It includes applications of condensed matter physics, first developing traditional concepts, including Feynman graphs, before moving on to such key topics as functional integrals, statistical mechanics and Wilson's renormalization group. The author takes care to explain the connection between the latter and conventional perturbative renormalization. Due to the rapid advance and increase in importance of low dimensional systems, this second edition fills a gap in the market with its added discussions of low dimensional systems, including one-dimensional conductors. All the chapters have been revised, while more clarifying explanations and problems have been added. A FREE SOLUTIONS MANUAL is available for lecturers from www.wiley-vch.de/textbooks.

Path Integral Approach To Quantum Physics

Author : Gert Roepstorff
ISBN : 9783642578861
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 35 MB
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Specifically designed to introduce graduate students to the functional integration method in contemporary physics as painlessly as possible, the book concentrates on the conceptual problems inherent in the path integral formalism. Throughout, the striking interplay between stochastic processes, statistical physics and quantum mechanics comes to the fore, and all the methods of fundamental interest are generously illustrated by important physical examples.

A Trajectory Description Of Quantum Processes I Fundamentals

Author : Ángel S. Sanz
ISBN : 9783642180927
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 7 MB
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Trajectory-based formalisms are an intuitively appealing way of describing quantum processes because they allow the use of "classical" concepts. Beginning at an introductory level suitable for students, this two-volume monograph presents (1) the fundamentals and (2) the applications of the trajectory description of basic quantum processes. This first volume is focussed on the classical and quantum background necessary to understand the fundamentals of Bohmian mechanics, which can be considered the main topic of this work. Extensions of the formalism to the fields of open quantum systems and to optics are also proposed and discussed.

Path Integral Quantization And Stochastic Quantization

Author : Michio Masujima
ISBN : 9783540878513
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 72 MB
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In this book, we discuss the path integral quantization and the stochastic quantization of classical mechanics and classical field theory. Forthe description ofthe classical theory, we have two methods, one based on the Lagrangian formalism and the other based on the Hamiltonian formal ism. The Hamiltonian formalism is derived from the Lagrangian·formalism. In the standard formalism ofquantum mechanics, we usually make use ofthe Hamiltonian formalism. This fact originates from the following circumstance which dates back to the birth of quantum mechanics. The first formalism ofquantum mechanics is Schrodinger's wave mechan ics. In this approach, we regard the Hamilton-Jacobi equation of analytical mechanics as the Eikonal equation of "geometrical mechanics". Based on the optical analogy, we obtain the Schrodinger equation as a result ofthe inverse of the Eikonal approximation to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, and thus we arrive at "wave mechanics". The second formalism ofquantum mechanics is Heisenberg's "matrix me chanics". In this approach, we arrive at the Heisenberg equation of motion from consideration of the consistency of the Ritz combination principle, the Bohr quantization condition and the Fourier analysis of a physical quantity. These two formalisms make up the Hamiltonian.formalism of quantum me chanics.

A Modern Approach To Functional Integration

Author : John R. Klauder
ISBN : 9780817647902
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56. 33 MB
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This text takes advantage of recent developments in the theory of path integration and attempts to make a major paradigm shift in how the art of functional integration is practiced. The techniques developed in the work will prove valuable to graduate students and researchers in physics, chemistry, mathematical physics, and applied mathematics who find it necessary to deal with solutions to wave equations, both quantum and beyond. A Modern Approach to Functional Integration offers insight into a number of contemporary research topics, which may lead to improved methods and results that cannot be found elsewhere in the textbook literature. Exercises are included in most chapters, making the book suitable for a one-semester graduate course on functional integration.

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