particle swarm optimisation classical and quantum perspectives chapman hall crc numerical analysis and scientific computing series

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Particle Swarm Optimisation

Author : Jun Sun
ISBN : 9781439835777
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66. 67 MB
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Although the particle swarm optimisation (PSO) algorithm requires relatively few parameters and is computationally simple and easy to implement, it is not a globally convergent algorithm. In Particle Swarm Optimisation: Classical and Quantum Perspectives, the authors introduce their concept of quantum-behaved particles inspired by quantum mechanics, which leads to the quantum-behaved particle swarm optimisation (QPSO) algorithm. This globally convergent algorithm has fewer parameters, a faster convergence rate, and stronger searchability for complex problems. The book presents the concepts of optimisation problems as well as random search methods for optimisation before discussing the principles of the PSO algorithm. Examples illustrate how the PSO algorithm solves optimisation problems. The authors also analyse the reasons behind the shortcomings of the PSO algorithm. Moving on to the QPSO algorithm, the authors give a thorough overview of the literature on QPSO, describe the fundamental model for the QPSO algorithm, and explore applications of the algorithm to solve typical optimisation problems. They also discuss some advanced theoretical topics, including the behaviour of individual particles, global convergence, computational complexity, convergence rate, and parameter selection. The text closes with coverage of several real-world applications, including inverse problems, optimal design of digital filters, economic dispatch problems, biological multiple sequence alignment, and image processing. MATLAB®, Fortran, and C++ source codes for the main algorithms are provided on an accompanying CD-ROM. Helping you numerically solve optimisation problems, this book focuses on the fundamental principles and applications of PSO and QPSO algorithms. It not only explains how to use the algorithms, but also covers advanced topics that establish the groundwork for understanding state-of-the-art research in the field.

Particle Swarm Optimization

Author : Maurice Clerc
ISBN : 9781118613979
Genre : Computers
File Size : 32. 69 MB
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This is the first book devoted entirely to Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), which is a non-specific algorithm, similar to evolutionary algorithms, such as taboo search and ant colonies. Since its original development in 1995, PSO has mainly been applied to continuous-discrete heterogeneous strongly non-linear numerical optimization and it is thus used almost everywhere in the world. Its convergence rate also makes it a preferred tool in dynamic optimization.

Numerical Techniques For Direct And Large Eddy Simulations

Author : Xi Jiang
ISBN : 1420075799
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 88. 22 MB
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Compared to the traditional modeling of computational fluid dynamics, direct numerical simulation (DNS) and large-eddy simulation (LES) provide a very detailed solution of the flow field by offering enhanced capability in predicting the unsteady features of the flow field. In many cases, DNS can obtain results that are impossible using any other means while LES can be employed as an advanced tool for practical applications. Focusing on the numerical needs arising from the applications of DNS and LES, Numerical Techniques for Direct and Large-Eddy Simulations covers basic techniques for DNS and LES that can be applied to practical problems of flow, turbulence, and combustion. After introducing Navier–Stokes equations and the methodologies of DNS and LES, the book discusses boundary conditions for DNS and LES, along with time integration methods. It then describes the numerical techniques used in the DNS of incompressible and compressible flows. The book also presents LES techniques for simulating incompressible and compressible flows. The final chapter explores current challenges in DNS and LES. Helping readers understand the vast amount of literature in the field, this book explains how to apply relevant numerical techniques for practical computational fluid dynamics simulations and implement these methods in fluid dynamics computer programs.

A Concise Introduction To Image Processing Using C

Author : Meiqing Wang
ISBN : 9781584888987
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59. 40 MB
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Image recognition has become an increasingly dynamic field with new and emerging civil and military applications in security, exploration, and robotics. Written by experts in fractal-based image and video compression, A Concise Introduction to Image Processing using C++ strengthens your knowledge of fundamentals principles in image acquisition, conservation, processing, and manipulation, allowing you to easily apply these techniques in real-world problems. The book presents state-of-the-art image processing methodology, including current industrial practices for image compression, image de-noising methods based on partial differential equations (PDEs), and new image compression methods, such as fractal image compression and wavelet compression. It begins with coverage of representation, and then moves on to communications and processing. It concludes with discussions of processing techniques based on image representations and transformations developed in earlier chapters. The accompanying CD-ROM contains code for all algorithms. Suitable as a text for any course on image processing, the book can also be used as a self-study resource for researchers who need a concise and clear view of current image processing methods and coding examples. The authors introduce mathematical concepts with rigor suitable for readers with some background in calculus, algebra, geometry, and PDEs. All algorithms described are illustrated with code implementation and many images compare the results of different methods. The inclusion of C++ implementation code for each algorithm described enables students and practitioners to build up their own analysis tool.

Fundamentals Of Natural Computing

Author : Leandro Nunes de Castro
ISBN : 9781420011449
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 93 MB
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Natural computing brings together nature and computing to develop new computational tools for problem solving; to synthesize natural patterns and behaviors in computers; and to potentially design novel types of computers. Fundamentals of Natural Computing: Basic Concepts, Algorithms, and Applications presents a wide-ranging survey of novel techniques and important applications of nature-based computing. This book presents theoretical and philosophical discussions, pseudocodes for algorithms, and computing paradigms that illustrate how computational techniques can be used to solve complex problems, simulate nature, explain natural phenomena, and possibly allow the development of new computing technologies. The author features a consistent and approachable, textbook-style format that includes lucid figures, tables, real-world examples, and different types of exercises that complement the concepts while encouraging readers to apply the computational tools in each chapter. Building progressively upon core concepts of nature-inspired techniques, the topics include evolutionary computing, neurocomputing, swarm intelligence, immunocomputing, fractal geometry, artificial life, quantum computing, and DNA computing. Fundamentals of Natural Computing is a self-contained introduction and a practical guide to nature-based computational approaches that will find numerous applications in a variety of growing fields including engineering, computer science, biological modeling, and bioinformatics.

Matrix Computations

Author : Gene H. Golub
ISBN : 9781421407944
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38. 83 MB
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The fourth edition of Gene H. Golub and Charles F. Van Loan's classic is an essential reference for computational scientists and engineers in addition to researchers in the numerical linear algebra community. Anyone whose work requires the solution to a matrix problem and an appreciation of its mathematical properties will find this book to be an indispensible tool. This revision is a cover-to-cover expansion and renovation of the third edition. It now includes an introduction to tensor computations and brand new sections on • fast transforms• parallel LU• discrete Poisson solvers• pseudospectra• structured linear equation problems• structured eigenvalue problems• large-scale SVD methods• polynomial eigenvalue problems Matrix Computations is packed with challenging problems, insightful derivations, and pointers to the literature—everything needed to become a matrix-savvy developer of numerical methods and software.

Optimization

Author : Rajesh Kumar Arora
ISBN : 9781498721158
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37. 53 MB
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Choose the Correct Solution Method for Your Optimization Problem Optimization: Algorithms and Applications presents a variety of solution techniques for optimization problems, emphasizing concepts rather than rigorous mathematical details and proofs. The book covers both gradient and stochastic methods as solution techniques for unconstrained and constrained optimization problems. It discusses the conjugate gradient method, Broyden–Fletcher–Goldfarb–Shanno algorithm, Powell method, penalty function, augmented Lagrange multiplier method, sequential quadratic programming, method of feasible directions, genetic algorithms, particle swarm optimization (PSO), simulated annealing, ant colony optimization, and tabu search methods. The author shows how to solve non-convex multi-objective optimization problems using simple modifications of the basic PSO code. The book also introduces multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) architectures—one of the first optimization books to do so—and develops software codes for the simplex method and affine-scaling interior point method for solving linear programming problems. In addition, it examines Gomory’s cutting plane method, the branch-and-bound method, and Balas’ algorithm for integer programming problems. The author follows a step-by-step approach to developing the MATLAB® codes from the algorithms. He then applies the codes to solve both standard functions taken from the literature and real-world applications, including a complex trajectory design problem of a robot, a portfolio optimization problem, and a multi-objective shape optimization problem of a reentry body. This hands-on approach improves your understanding and confidence in handling different solution methods. The MATLAB codes are available on the book’s CRC Press web page.

Collecting And Interpreting Qualitative Materials

Author : Norman K. Denzin
ISBN : 9781483307305
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55. 57 MB
Format : PDF
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This book is the third of three paperback volumes taken from The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research, Fourth Edition. It introduces the researcher to basic methods of gathering, analyzing and interpreting qualitative empirical materials. Part 1 moves from narrative inquiry, to critical arts-based inquiry, to oral history, observations, visual methodologies, and autoethnographic methods. It then takes up analysis methods, including computer-assisted methodologies, focus groups, as well as strategies for analyzing talk and text. The chapters in Part II discuss evidence, interpretive adequacy, forms of representation, post-qualitative inquiry, the new information technologies and research, the politics of evidence, writing, and evaluation practices.

Randomized Algorithms

Author : Rajeev Motwani
ISBN : 9781139643139
Genre : Computers
File Size : 83. 23 MB
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For many applications a randomized algorithm is either the simplest algorithm available, or the fastest, or both. This tutorial presents the basic concepts in the design and analysis of randomized algorithms. The first part of the book presents tools from probability theory and probabilistic analysis that are recurrent in algorithmic applications. Algorithmic examples are given to illustrate the use of each tool in a concrete setting. In the second part of the book, each of the seven chapters focuses on one important area of application of randomized algorithms: data structures; geometric algorithms; graph algorithms; number theory; enumeration; parallel algorithms; and on-line algorithms. A comprehensive and representative selection of the algorithms in these areas is also given. This book should prove invaluable as a reference for researchers and professional programmers, as well as for students.

Desktop Grid Computing

Author : Christophe Cerin
ISBN : 9781439862148
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59. 53 MB
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Desktop Grid Computing presents common techniques used in numerous models, algorithms, and tools developed during the last decade to implement desktop grid computing. These techniques enable the solution of many important sub-problems for middleware design, including scheduling, data management, security, load balancing, result certification, and fault tolerance. The book’s first part covers the initial ideas and basic concepts of desktop grid computing. The second part explores challenging current and future problems. Each chapter presents the sub-problems, discusses theoretical and practical issues, offers details about implementation and experiments, and includes references to further reading and notes. One of the first books to give a thorough and up-to-date presentation of this topic, this resource describes various approaches and models as well as recent trends that underline the evolution of desktop grids. It balances the theory of designing desktop grid middleware and architecture with applications and real-world deployment on large-scale platforms.

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