paleopathology at the origins of agriculture bioarchaeological interpretations of the human past local regional and global

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Paleopathology At The Origins Of Agriculture

Author : Mark Nathan Cohen
ISBN : 0813044898
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 19 MB
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Presents data from nineteen different regions before, during, and after agricultural transitions, analyzing populations in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and South America while primarily focusing on North America. A wide range of health indicators are discussed, including mortality, episodic stress, physical trauma, degenerative bone conditions, isotopes, and dental pathology.

Bioarchaeology

Author : Debra L. Martin
ISBN : 9781461463788
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26. 65 MB
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Bioarchaeology is the analysis of human remains within an interpretative framework that includes contextual information. This comprehensive and much-needed manual provides both a starting point and a reference for archaeologists, bioarchaeologists and others working in this integrative field. The authors cover a range of bioarchaeological methods and theory including: Ethical issues involved in dealing with human remains Theoretical approaches in bioarchaeology Techniques in taphonomy and bone analysis Lab and forensic techniques for skeletal analysis Best practices for excavation techniques Special applications in bioarchaeology With case studies from bioarchaeological research, the authors integrate theoretical and methodological discussion with a wide range of field studies from different geographic areas, time periods, and data types, to demonstrate the full scope of this important field of study.

Social Bioarchaeology

Author : Sabrina C. Agarwal
ISBN : 144439052X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34. 12 MB
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Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world

Bioarchaeological Analyses And Bodies

Author : Pamela K. Stone
ISBN : 9783319711140
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63. 22 MB
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This volume features bioarchaeological research that interrogates the human skeleton in concert with material culture, ethnographic data and archival research. This approach provides examples of how these intersections of inquiry can be used to consider the larger social and political contexts in which people lived and the manner in which they died. Bioarchaeologists are in a unique position to develop rich interpretations of the lived experiences of skeletonized individuals. Using their skills in multiple contexts, bioarchaeologists are also situated to consider the ethical nature and inherent humanity of the research collections that have been used because they represent deceased for whom there are records identifying them. These collections have been the basis for generating basic information regarding the human skeletal transcript. Ironically though, these collections themselves have not been studied with the same degree of understanding and interpretation that is applied to archaeological collections.

Ancient Health

Author : Mark Nathan Cohen
ISBN : 081303082X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51. 47 MB
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Twenty years ago Mark Nathan Cohen coedited a collection of essays that set a new standard in using paleopathology to identify trends in health associated with changes in prehistoric technology, economy, demography, and political centralization. Ancient Health expands and celebrates that work. Confirming earlier conclusions that human health declined after the adoption of farming and the rise of civilization, this book greatly enlarges the geographical range of paleopathological studies by including new work from both established and up-and-coming scholars. Moving beyond the western hemisphere and western Eurasia, this collection involves studies from Chile, Peru, Mexico, the United States, Denmark, Britain, Portugal, South Africa, Israel, India, Vietnam, Thailand, China, and Mongolia. Adding great significance to this volume, the author discusses and successfully rebuts the arguments of the "osteological paradox" that long have challenged work in the area of quantitative paleopathology, demonstrating that the "paradox" has far less meaning than its proponents argue.

Bones Of Complexity

Author : Haagen D. Klaus
ISBN : 0813062233
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49. 80 MB
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This volume examines the various interrelationships between social structures, skeletal biology, and health outcomes in antiquity. Bringing together studies by physical anthropologists, archaeologists, and economists, the volume attempts to gain a better understanding of the potential effects of social complexity on human biology from ancient Egypt to South America.

Bioarchaeology

Author : Clark Spencer Larsen
ISBN : 9780521838696
Genre : History
File Size : 74. 44 MB
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A synthetic treatment of the study of human remains from archaeological contexts for current and future generations of bioarchaeologists.

Across The Alps In Prehistory

Author : Gisela Grupe
ISBN : 9783319415505
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 31 MB
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At the heart of this book is the matter of how isotopic landscapes combined with data mining enriches insights on prehistoric migration and cultural transfer. Isotopic mapping is an indispensable tool for the assessment of mobility and trade in the past, but is limited by eco-geographic redundancies. An interdisciplinary research group focuses on the archaeological isotopic landscape of a reference region of outstanding importance, namely the transalpine migration route via the Brenner Pass which has been in use since the Mesolithic. Over the period of several cultural epochs, cremation was either the most common or exclusive burial custom practiced. For the first time, a systematic and large scale investigation of cremated remains was being conducted in the field of prehistoric migration research.87Sr/86Sr, 208Pb/204Pb, 207Pb/204Pb, 206Pb/204Pb, 208Pb/207Pb, 206Pb/207Pb and – if applicable - also δ18O were measured in human and animal skeletal finds, an isotopic map was established, and innovative methods of data mining and similarity research have been applied to accomplish this novel approach to studying prehistoric migration and culture transfer. The book has interdisciplinary appeal and scholars working in bioarchaeology, physical anthropology and computer applications in life sciences will find it of particular interest.

Hunter Gatherer Adaptation And Resilience

Author : Daniel H. Temple
ISBN : 9781316953419
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73. 90 MB
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Hunter-gatherer lifestyles defined the origins of modern humans and for tens of thousands of years were the only form of subsistence our species knew. This changed with the advent of food production at different times throughout the world. The chapters in this volume explore the different way that hunter-gatherer societies around the world adapted to changing social and ecological circumstances while still maintaining a predominantly hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Couched specifically with the framework of resilience theory, the authors use contextualized bioarchaeological analyses of health, diet, mobility, and funerary practices to explore how hunter-gatherers in different parts of the world responded to challenges and actively resisted change that formed the core of their social identity and worldview.

Tepe Hissar

Author : Paul Yule
ISBN : UOM:39015035344574
Genre : Hissar Hill Site (Iran)
File Size : 88. 11 MB
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